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Full text of "Report of the Secretary of State in relation to the criminal returns of the State of Iowa"

REYNOLDS HISTORICAL 
GENEALOGY COLLECTION 



3 1833 02604 7073 

Gc 977.7 Io9ceo 1866 
Iowa. Secretary of State. 
Report of the Secretary of 
State in relation to the 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2013 



http://archive.org/details/reportofsecretarOOiowa_0 



CENSUS RETURNS 

OP THE 

DIFFERENT COUNTIES 



OP THE 



STATE OF IOWA, 



AS RETURNED IN THE YEAR 1865, 



SHOWING IN DETAIL, THE POPULATION, AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, DOMESTIC AND 
GENERAL MANUFACTURES, AND OTHER ITEMS OF INTEREST. 



PRINTED BY AUTHORITY OF TI1E CENSUS BOARD. 



WILLIAM M. STONE, Governor, ] 
JAMES WRIGHT, Secretary of State,' lp J , VTaiTC , Bftlljn 
JOHN A. ELLIOTT, Auditor op State, \^^ b «oard. 
WM. H . HOLMES, Treasurer op State, J 



ft t 



DES MOINES: 

F. W. PALMER, STATE PRINTER. 

1865. 




LEGISLATIVE DOCUMENTS, 



COMPILED BY ORDER OP THE 



1769998 



ELEVENTH GENERAL ASSEMBLY 



\ 



OF THE STATE OF IOWA, 



WHICH CONVENED IN DES MOINES, JANUARY 8, 1866. 



W. M. STONE, Governor. 

E. W. EASTMAN, Retiring Lt. Governor. 

B. P. GUE, Lt. Governor and President op the Senate. 

JAMES WRIGHT, Secretary of State. . 

JNO. A. ELLIOTT, Auditor of State. 

W. H. HOLMES, Treasurer of State. 

J. A. HARVEY, Register of the State Land Office. 

ORAN PAVILLE, Superintendent of Public Instruction. 

ED WRIGnT, Speaker of the House of Representative?. 



51136 

DES MOINES: 

F. W. PALMER, STATE PRINTER. 
1866. 



CONTENTS OF VOLUME II. 



Census Report. 

Report of Criminal Prosecutions. 

Report of Superintendent Agricultural College and Farm. 

Report of Superintendent of Blind Asylum. 

Report of Superintendent of Hospital for the Insane. 

Report of Superintendent of Asylum for the Deaf and Dumb. 

Report of the Warden of the Penitentiary. 

Report of State Librarian. 

Report of Curators State Historical Societj . 

Report of Directors of State Agricultural Society. 

Report of Committee to visit Soldiers' Orphans 1 Home. 



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82 



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35 



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36 



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37 





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41 



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45 



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CENSUS RETURNS. 



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CENSUS RETURNS. 



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10 



74 



CENSUS RETURNS. 

MISCELLANEOUS. 



STATEMENT 

Showing the totals of the several items in the Census Schedule, for the year 



1865 : 

Number of miles of Railroads finished .... 793$ 

Number of Colleges, Academies and Universities 41 

Number of Students attending Colleges, &c ' 2,337 

Number of acres of Land enclosed , 5,327,053 

Number of Fruit Trees' in bearing 636,458 

Number of Fruit Trees not in bearing 2,523,905 

Number of acres planted for Timber 20,285 

Number of rods of Hedging 331,741 

Number of bushels of Coal raised 1,666,582 

Value of Minerals raised, not including Coal .... $31,875 

Value of Manufactures. f 7,100,465 

Value of Agricultural Implements and Machinery $7,707,027 

Number of acres in Sorghum >'..-,* • • • • 21,452 

Number of gallons of Syrup from Sorghum .1,443,605 

Number of pounds of Sugar from Sorghum 8,386 

Number of hives of Bees. 87,118 

Number of pounds of Honey taken 1,128,399 

Number of pounds of Beeswax 51,434 

Number of pounds of Grapes raised 390,409 

Number of gallons of Wine made 30,779 

Number of pounds of Hops raised • 27,847 

j Number of pounds of Tobacco raised 753,626 

Number of acres of Spring Wheat 827,487 

Number of bushels harvested ' 7,175,784 

Number of acres of Winter Wheat: 116,965 

Number of bushels harvested 1,108,781 

Number of acres of Oats 577,540 

Number of bushels harvested 15,928,777 

Number of acres of Corn 1,727,777 

Number of bushels harvested 48,471,133 

Number of acres of Rye 48,992 

Number of bushels harvested 662,388 

Number of acres of Barley M/,804 

Number of bushels harvested 950,696 

Number of acres of Flax •. , 12,111 



CENSUS RETURNS. 



75 



( Number of bushels of Seed harvested 75,721 

[ Number of pounds of Lint . . .. .1,112,753 

Number of gallons of Linseed Oil 890 

Number of acres of Hungarian Grass 37,894 

Number of tons of Hay therefrom . . 63,698 

Number of acres of Tame Grasses 302,899 

Number of tons of Hay therefrom 225,349 

Number of tons of Hay from Wild Grass 713,119 

Number of bushels of Grass Seed . . . 62,114 

Number of acres of Irish Potatoes 40,198 

Number of bushels harvested 2,730,811 

Number of bushels of Sweet Potatoes. 26,222 

Number of bushels of Onions .'. ... 207,638 

Number of acres in all other crops 202,788 

Number of Hogs of all ages 1,037,117 

Number of Cattle of all ages . . . r 901,831 

Number of Milch Cows 310,137 

Number of pounds of Butter made 14,538,216 

Number of pounds of Cheese made 1,000,738 

Number of Work Oxen 37,717 

Number of Horses of all ages 316,702 

Number of Mules and Asses • • • • 14,303 

Number of Sheep in 1864 . . « « . v 1,000,541 

Number of pounds of Wool shorn in 1864 2,813,620 

Number of Sheep in 1865. • .1,450,787 

Number of Dogs I • 86,060 

Value of Sheep destroyed by Wolves and Dogs $126,148 



! 



76 



CENSUS RETURNS. 



TABLE 

Showing the average yield of some of the Staple Products in the several Counties 
in the State of Iowa in the year 1864, as returned in the Census of 1865 : 

ADAIR COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre 6.55 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre None 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre 21.05 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre 26.05 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre 10.89 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre . None 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre 60.90 

Average number of pounds of Wool shorn in 1864, per sheep 3 35 

ADAMS COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre , . . 7. 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre 9.25 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre 21.66 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre 31.20 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre 7.14 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre 12. 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre 40. 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep, shorn in 1864 2.40 

ALAMAKEE COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre 11.20 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre 12,42 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre 24. 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre — 26.20 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre 10.16 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre 12.04 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre 98.88 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep, shorn in 1864 2.80 

APPANOOSE COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre 7.16 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre 6.96 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre • 23.05 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre 17.60 

Average number of busheb of Rye per acre 13.50 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre None 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre 17.40 

Average number of pounds of Woo) per sheep, shorn in 1864 2.90 



CENSUS RETURNS. 



77 



AUDUBON COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre, 9.60 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre None 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre 21.11 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre. . 35.38 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre None 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre. . . % . 11.05 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre 44.74 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep, shorn in 1864 2.04 

BENTON COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre 13.16 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre. 11.40 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre 34.66 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre 38.50 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre. 12.33 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre. 16.50 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre 25.04 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep, shorn in 1864 2.77 

BLACK HAWK COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per a v . ; 13.88 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre 9.50 

Average number of bustiels of Oats per acre. . ! 20.50 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre 26.70 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre 14.60 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre 37.28 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre 81.25 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep, shorn in 1864 2.04 

BOONE COUNTY. 

.JLverage number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre 23.24 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre 6.14 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre 24.70 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre. 30.50 

Average. number of bushels of Rye per acre . 12.33 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre 13. 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre 38.10 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep, shorn in 1804 3.36 

BREMER COUNTY. 



Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre. 
Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre. 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre 



34.77 
34.85 
38.40 
14.14 
10.77 



78 



CENSUS RETURNS. 



Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre . .■ 91.40 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep shorn in<1864 2.84 

BUCHANAN COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre. 13.33 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre 14.75 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre 24.40 

Average number of bushels bf Corn per acre 30.12 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre . . .-. . . . 12.33 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre 13. 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre 100. 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep shorn in 18G4 3.11 

BUENA VISTA COUNTY— No Report. 

BUTLER COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre 13.41 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre 8. 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre : 32.58 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre ... 32.57 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre 12.34 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre . . . 10.12 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per', tjre , 104.48 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep shorn in 18G4 1.43 

CALHOUN COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre 11.50 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre none 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre 21.50 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre 4. 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre none 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre none 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre , 55.12 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep shorn in 18G4 3.33 

CARROLL COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre 7.75 

Average- number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre. '. none 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre 11.70 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre 23.28 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre none 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre none 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre 03.33 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep shorn in 1861 3.40 

CASS COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre 11.60 

Aveiage number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre 8.08 



CENSUS RETURNS. 



79 



Average Dumber of bushels of Oats per acre . . 24.50 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre 28. 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre 13.77 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre 15.78 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre 77.08 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep shorn in 1864 2.33 

CEDAK COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre 13.14 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre 14.50 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre 36. 0G 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre . 31. 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre 15.11 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre 16.50 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre 82.25 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep shorn in 1864 2.16 

CERRO GORDO COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre 14.38 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre none 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre 36.29 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre ' 35. 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre 11.16 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre 12.70 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre 118.84 

Average numder of pounds of Wool per sheep shorn in 1864 . . 2. 

CHEROKEE COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre 7.40 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre none 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre 10.90 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre 14. 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre fi. 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre none 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre 34. 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep shorn in 1864 none 

CHICKASAW COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre 15.05 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre 19. 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre 37.50 

Average number of bushek of Com per acre 38.05 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre 17.70 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre 13.10. 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per-acre 147. 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep shorn in 1804 . 3.14 



80 



CENSUS RETURNS. 



CLARKE COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre 4, 

Ayerage number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre . 7.25 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre 18.75 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre 23.77 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre 4.33 

Average number of bushels pf Barley per acre none 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre 42.50 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep, shorn in 1864 3.05 

CLAY COUNTY-No Report. 

CLAYTON COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre. 11.66 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre 9.60 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre 39.66 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre 34.66 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre 18.84 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre : 20.14 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre 84.25 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep, shorn in 1864 2.70 

CLINTON COUF, i Y. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre 18.33 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre , 16.14 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre 33.44 

Average number of- bushels of Corn per acre 36.28 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre 7.80 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre 11.11 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre 90.33 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep, shorn in 1864 3.33 

CRAWFORD COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre 10.25 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre none 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre 17.84 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre , 28.50 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre L 4.90 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre 16. 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre ; 55.25 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep, shorn in 1804 L 2.60 

DALLAS COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre 7.60 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre 7.14 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre 22.20 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre 17.10 



CENSUS RETURNS. 



Average number of bushels of Rye per acre . . , 11.25 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre 11.06 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre 16.10 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep, shorn in 1864 2.50 



DAVIS COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre. 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre ... 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep, shorn in 1864 

DECATUR COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre* 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre. . . .... 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre.. ..... 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep, shorn in 1864 

DELAWARE COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep, shorn in 1864 

DES MOINES COUNTY. 



Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre 10.87 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre 9.86 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre 24.16 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre... 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre. 13.2 ? 

A?erage number of bushels of Barley per acre 12.84, 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre 58.36 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep, shorn in 1864 3.0V 



•In Spring Wheat there arc 1(5 acres reported, and no account of yield therefrom. 



11.14 
12.33 
32.16 
22.77 
14,14 
19.84 
22.12 
3.33 



3.16 

6.40 
19.50 
13.40 

9.16 
none 
19.33 

2.78 



12.77 
15.12 
33.63 
36.48 
12.44 
15.88 
89.52 
3.44 



82 



CENSUS RETURNS. 



DICKINSON COUNTY. 

xVverage number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre , 8.12 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre none 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre 16. 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre 16.93 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre none 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre none 

Average number of bushels' of Irish Potatoes per acre none 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep, shorn in 1864 ... . . none 

, DUBUQUE COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre 9.75 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre 14.56 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre 32.25 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre 34.54 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre 12.81 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre 11.05 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre 69.56 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep, shorn in 1864 3.11 

EMMETT COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat pr r acre 9.98 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre none 

x^verage number of, bushels of Oats per acre 26. 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre 24.55 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre 10. 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre , 20. 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre 63.47 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep, shorn in 1864. . 2.58 

FAYETTE COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre 13.81 

xVverage number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre 16.94 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre 34.61 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre 39.81 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre 15.14 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre |. 14.87 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre L 109.54 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep, shorn in 1864 3.80 

FLOYD COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre [ 16.65 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre 11.78 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre • 37.15 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre 38.40 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre 17.21 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre 17.95 



m 

CENSUS RETURNS. 33 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre 145.82 

Arcrage number of pounds of Wool per sheep, shoru in 1864. 2.44 

FRANKLIN COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre ; 12.53 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre none 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre. . . 32.44 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre 31.46 

i Average number of bushels of Rye per acre ,.. 6.85 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre 15.46 

I Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre 80.85 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep, shorn in 1864 3.11 

FREMONT COUNTY. 

• Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre " 11.06 

1 Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre 10.95 

■ Average number of bushels of Oats per acre 24. 

1 Average number of bushels of Corn per acre 39.92 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre . 21.45 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre 10.83 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre 45.38 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep, shorn in 1%4 2.88 

GREENE COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre 8.94 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre 5.57 

* Average number of bushels of Oats per acre 16.07 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre 23.25 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre 14.08 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre none 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre 44.95 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep, shorn in 1864 4.49 

GRUNDY COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre 13.87 

I Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre. none 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre ; 41.70 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre 33.56 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre 13.78 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre 17.81 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre , . 70.76 

I Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep, shorn in 18G4 2.40 

GUTHRIE COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre 7.38 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre 7. 

I A verage number of bushels of Oats per acre 19.30 

I 



84 



CENSUS RETURNS. 



Average number of bushels of Corn "per acre . . 34.31 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre . . . 8. 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre 20. 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre 70.70 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep, shorn in 1864 3.58 

HAMILTON COUNTY. 

Average number of bushel* of Spring Wheat per acre 13.27 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre none 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre 27.81 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre 37.77 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre ... ...... 13.44 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre 12.09 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre 81.58 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep, shorn in 1864 3.34 

HANCOCK COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre 17.98 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre none 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre 34.85 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre 32.19 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre-. none 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acrii 18.26 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre 123.42 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep, shorn in 1884 . . 3.27 

HARDIN COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre 15. 

Average numbeu of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre 13.57 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre 33.47 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre 38.08 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre 19.70 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre 9.64 

1 Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre. . . 125.36 

Average number of pounds of Wool per acre 3.21 

HARRISON COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre 13.89 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre '• none 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre '. 25.28 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre '. -i 20.07 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre. [• 18. 

Average number of bushels of Bailey per acre 4. 11.18 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre 59.67 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep, shorn in 1804 g. 2.93 

HENRY COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre ,. 13.72 



CENSUS RETURNS. 35 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre 7.07 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre 21.40 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre 34.39 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre 11. 33 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre . 18.56 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre. . . 48.23 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep, shorn in 1864 3.37 

HOWARD COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre 12.10 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre 20.83 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre. . . 31.74 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre 35.90 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre 9.50 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre 15.27 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre 132.03 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep, shorn in 1864 2.84 

HUMBOLDT COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre. . . . 13.94 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre none 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre. 27.35 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre '•" 44.32 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre 14. 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre 17.01 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre 85.56 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep, shorn in 1864 4.30 

IDA COUNTY— No Report. 

IOWA COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre 12.04 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre 10.24 

Average. number of bushels of Oats per acre 33.87 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre 34.77 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre 8.06 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre 19.11 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre 88.07 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep, shorn in 1864 2.84 

JACKSON COUNTY. ! 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre 6.01 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre 16.09 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre. 24.61 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre 29.36 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre 9 91 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre 8.66 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre 48.88 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep, shorn iu 1864 , . . . . ;>.42 



86 



CENSUS RETURNS. 



JASPER COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre 14.54 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre . . 7.03 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre 30.72 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre , 37.10 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre ' 13.78 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre 16.30 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre 60.G8 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep, shorn in 1864 2.06 

JEFFERSON COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre 7.12 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre 8 19 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre 22.12 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre 30.34 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre 12.62 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre 2,27 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes 56.48 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep, shorn in 1864 3.56 

JOHNSON COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre 9.2tf 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre 11.50 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre 32.47 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre 38 07 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre 15.40' 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre . 11.47 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre 90.89 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep, shorn in 1864 2.36 

JONES COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre 0.26 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre 4.91 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre 33.40 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre 35.46 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre 13.54 

Avera-ge number of bushels of Barley per acre 1128 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre j 82.44 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep, shorn in 1864 , 2.80 

KEOKUK COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre i 7.31 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre j 8.32 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre 26.66 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre 27.41 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre . • 14 5)0 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre 9-88 



CENSUS RETURNS. 

9 AYerage number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre 78.22 

I Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep, shorn in 1864 3.68 

KOSSUTH COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre , 12.70 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre none 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre 24.21 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre 39.40 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre none 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre none 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre 83.88 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep, shorn in 1864 2.77 

LEE COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre 9.97 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre 10.38 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre 16.88 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre 28.25 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre 12.21 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre 28.56 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre 31.14 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep, shorn in 1864 3.48 

LINN COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre 10.79 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre. 13.99 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre 33.86 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre 17.90 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre 15.36 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre 16.69 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre 52.96 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep, shorn in 1864 3.77 



LOUISA COUNTY. 



Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre 14.29 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre 9.40 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre 28.51 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre 39.41 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre 11.50 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre 15.90 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre 96.18 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep, shorn in 1864 3.29 

LUCAS COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre 8.09 1 ' 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre 8.02 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre 23.H 



88 



CENSUS RETURNS. 



Average number of bushels of Corn per acre .' 23.07 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre ] 13*30 

Average number of bushels of Bailey per acre ....... none 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre 38.26 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep, shorn in 1864 3.24 

LYON COUNTY— Not Organized. 

MADISON COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre 5.97 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre. . ; 6.33 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre 14.50 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre 32.73 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre 10.21 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre 10. 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre ■ 47.42 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep, shorn in 1864, 3.02 

MAHASKA COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre 12.57 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre. 11.45 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre 28.53 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre. . . 52.22 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre 13.16 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre • 16.56 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre 5i.Vf 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep, shorn in 1864 3.52 

MARION COUNTY. 

Average, number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre 12.05 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre 10.99 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre 25.81 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre 34.89 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre. 14.78 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre 13.81 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre 54.57 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep, shorn in 1864 ^ 8.16 

MARSHALL COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre \ 15.57 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre | 18.08 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre ; 35.73 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre 35.88 

Average number of bushels of R3'e per acre 13.55 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre f 11. 81 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre 86.19 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep, shorn in 1864 2.95 



CENSUS RETURNS. 39 
MILLS COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre 13.96 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre : 19.79 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre. 9.40 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre 22.25 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre 17.29 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre 19.58 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre 53.05 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep, shorn in 1804. 3.40 

MITCHELL COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre 17.08 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre 14. 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre ■ . ... 41.30 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre . , . 37.51 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre 15.88 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre 18.94 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre '. 153.92 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep, shorn in 18G4 2.50 

MONONA COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acr, ' 13.53 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre none 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre 21 30 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre 29.75 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre 19.93 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre. 5.87 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre 69.42 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep, shorn in 1864 2.29 

MONROE COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre , 11.12 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre 9.26 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre . 15.41 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre. 18.92 

Average nu.mber of bushels of Rye per acre. 9.11 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre none 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre 27.36 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep, shorn in 1864 2.36 

MONTGOMERY COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre 12.48 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre 12.01 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre 23,29 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre 32,04 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre 11. 46 

Average number of bushels of Barky per acre 17 22 

12 



90 



CENSUS RETURNS. 



Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre 57.57 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep, shorn in 1864* 5.08 

MUSCATINE COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre 14 61 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre. 8.30 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre 37.21 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre 33.17 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre 11.80 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre 21.34 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre 40.66 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep, shorn in 1864 2.76 

O'BRIEN COUNTY-No Repoiit. 

OSCEOLA COUNTY— Not Organized. 

PAGE COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre ' 10.40 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre 12.88 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre , ; 25.22 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre 29.08 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre 15. 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre... 12.04 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre 44.34 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep, shorn in 1864 3.12 

PALO ALTO COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre 17.58 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre none 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre 30.71 

Average number of bushels of Com per acre 26.13 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre none 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre none 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre 85.23 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep, shorn in 1864 4.16 

PLYMOUTH COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre J '3.00 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre. . . none 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre | 1-73 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre 1 3.51 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre i ->-66 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre , 7.01 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acref 13.33 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep, shorn in 1864 j none 



*One T ownwhip reports 470 sheep, yielding 7,183 lbs of Wool, probably a mistake. 
Inhere are ten acres of Irish Potatoes reported and no account of the yield therefrom. 



CENSUS RETURNS. 



POCAHONTAS COUNTY. 

Average Dumber of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre , 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep, shorn in 1864 

POLK COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre. 
Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep, shorn in 1864 

POTTAWATTAMIE COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per aer< ; w . . 
Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre ..... 

Average number of bushes of Oats per acre. 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep, shorn in 1864 

POWESHIEK COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre , 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep, shorn in 1864 . 

RINGGOLD COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per aero 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre . . 
Average number of bushels of Corn per acre. . 
Average number of bushels of Rye per acre . . 
Average number of bushels of Barley per acre 



92 



CENSUS RETURNS. 



Average number o/ bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre 27.50 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep shorn in 1884 3.28 

SAO COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre 10.13 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre none 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre ; ... 20.28 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre . . 28.87 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre 3.37 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre . . ... none 

Average number of bushels vf Irish Potatoes per acre 41.14 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep, shorn in 1864* 3.63 

SCOTT COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre.. 17.42 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre 15.59 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre 37.83 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre 41.71 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre 15.60 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre. .'. 23.56 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre , 98.64 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep, shorn in 1S64 2.74 

SHELBY" COUN , Y. 

Average number ofi bushels of Spring Wheat per acre.. / 10.70 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre none 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre 21. 

Average number of bushel3 of Corn per acre 39.50 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre. . . .' none 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre 12.27 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre 83.94 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep, shorn in 1864 3.74 

SIOUX COUNTY— No Report. 

STORY COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre 9.07 

V Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre 5.83 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre L 26.04 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre 33.22 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre 12.99 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre 33.73 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre r 74.22 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep shorn in 1864 1 3.16 

TAMA COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre 1 15.61 



> 190 pounds of Wool shorn from 54 ebccp ; 205 sheep returned in which there was uc aecouut 
or the Wool shorn. 



CENSUS RETURNS. 



93 



Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre , < . . . 10.61 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre . . .. 27.66 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre 32.27 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre . 12.88 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre ; 17.49 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre, 78.58 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep shorn in 1804. 2.96 

TAT LOR COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre 6.U6 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre 6.53 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre 20. 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre 24.64 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre. 10.48 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre none 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre , 45.22 

Average number. of pounds of Wool per sheep shorn in 18G4 2.83 

UNION COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre 7.13 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre. 7.92 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre j 20.78 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre. •'. < 22.32 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre 11.59 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre 10.66 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre 40.89 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep shorn in 1864 2.63 

VAN BUR EN COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre 8.57 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre 12.06 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre 21.11 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre 23.69 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre . ... 9.99 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre • • 10.97 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre 33.43 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep shorn in 1864 3M 

Hp':'' „*,v^ ,v, J 
WAPELLO COUNTY. 

Average number of bushel3 of Spring Wheat per acre 11-64 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre 8.94 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre 26.46 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre 25.52 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre 12 .94 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre 14.37 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes, per acre - 81.81 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep shorn in 1861 ft 18 



94 



CENSUS RETURNS. 



WARREN COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre 9.10 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre 10.13 

Auerage number of bushels of Oats per acre 21.53 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre 31.53 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre . .. 12.87 

Average number of bushels ,pf Barley per acre . . 12.25 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre 58.39 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep, shorn iu 1864 2.81 

WASHINGTON COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre 10.87 

Average number uf bushels of Winter Wheat per acre 10.04 

Average number of bushels oi Oats per acre 11.85 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre 81.22 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre 14.15 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre 0.62 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre . 92.87 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep shorn in 1864 2.77 

WAYNE COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat p' acre 7.65 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre 7.06 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre 21.88 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre 17.60 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre ,. . . . 11.89 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre . . . none 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre 25.90 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep shorn in 1864 . . 3.30 

WEBSTER COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre 10.48 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre* . 4. 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre 27.06 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre . . . . 30.14 

Average nnmber of bushels of Rye per acre 20.50 

Avera'ge number of bushels of Barley per acre j 21.84 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acref '. . ..! 84.37 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep shorn in 1864 3.18 

WINNEBAGO COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre } 14.66 

Average number of bushels of Winter W heat per acre. none 

Average number of bushels of Oais per acre 38.53 

*The yield of Winter Wheat is 60 bushels from 15 acres, there being 5,5CT acres reported, iu 
which there is no account of the yield. " . ' . ,.. .' . . , 

♦•(The yield of Irish Potatoes is from 189 acrt'B. there being 1074 acres reported and no account of 
yield. 



CENSUS RETURNS. 95 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre . 33.73 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre uone 

ATerage number of bushels of Barley per acre 33.82 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per aere G2.24 

Average number of pounds of Woo) per sheep, shorn in 1864 2.43 

WINNESHIEK COUNTY* 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre 121 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre 11.1-14 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre 13.7-9 

Average number of bushels of Cjrn per acre 35.1-14 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre 13^ 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre . . . . 2 2$ 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre 91.1-5 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep, shorn in 1804 3.1-27 

WOODBURY COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre. 8.16 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre 11.66 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre 16.62 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre 20.12 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre. none 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre - 25. 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre 51. 

Average number of pounds 6f Wool per sheep, shorn in 1864 4.03 

WORTH COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre 17.29 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre. none 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre . . 32.97 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre 35.02 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre none 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre 18.82 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre . . . 108.57 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep, shorn in 1864 3.27 

WRIGHT COUNTY. 

Average number of bushels of Spring Wheat per acre 13.67 

Average number of bushels of Winter Wheat per acre none 

Average number of bushels of Oats per acre 30.70 

Average number of bushels of Corn per acre 35.91' 

Average number of bushels of Rye per acre 7.08 

Average number of bushels of Barley per acre 10.75 

Average number of bushels of Irish Potatoes per acre 69.05 

Average number of pounds of Wool per sheep, shorn in 1864 2.80 

• Report of 1803, innerted by request. | 



♦ 



96 



CENSUS RETURNS. 



TABLE 

Giving the name of each Post Office in the several Counties in the State of lorn 
with the name, number and range of the Township in which situated. 



ADAIR COUNTY. 



NUMBER. RANGE. 



NAME OF TOWNSniPS. 



NAME OF TOST OFFICES. 



75 
70. 
75. 
75. 
77. 
74, 



72. 
72. 
71. 

73 
73. 





O/S 

30,,. , 




30 




31 




31 , 




33 




84 




34... ., 




34 , ", 




34 . , 




33 


i32 .....1 



Summerset 
Harrison . . . 
Grand River 
Greenfield. . 
Jefferson . . . 
Washington 



Fontaneile 
Arbor Hill 
Hebron . . . 
Greenfield. 
Holliday . . 
Adair 



ADAMS COUNTY. 



Quincy 

Queen City. 

Jasper ... , 

Washington 

Carl : 

Colony iNevinsville . 

AL AM A REE COUNTY. 



Quincy 

Queen City 

Simpson .. 

Mt. Washington 
Carl 



4. .... . 

3 

5...... 

5 

6 

5 

5 

2 and 3 

3 and 4 
5 

5....;. 

5...... 

4 

6 

G 

3 

5 

6 

G 



Center . 

Fairview 

Franklin 

French Creek. 

Hanover 

Jefferson 

Jefferson 

Lafayette 

Lansing 

Makee 

Makee 

Makee 

Paint Creek . . 

Post 

Post ......... 

Taylor ... 
Union City . . . 
Union Prairie. 
Waterloo 



Elon 

Ion 

Volney ...... 

French Creek 
New Galena. . 
Kossville ... . 

Fandor 

Village Greek. 

Lansing 

Waukon 

Lycurgus. 

Makee 

Waterville 

Postville 

Sybrand 

Haper's Ferry 
Clear Creek . . 
Union Prairie 
Dorchester . . . 



APPANOOSE COUNTY. 



16 
10 
10 
10 



Wells 

Washington . 
Udell 



Union Albany 



Wells Mills 
Orleans 
Unionville. . 



CENSUS RETURNS. 
APPANOOSE COUNTY — Continued. 



97 



fCJTBER. RANGE. 



NAME OF TOWNSIIIPS. 



NAME OF TOST OFFICES. 





16 





17 




17 




17 




18 .. 





18 .. 




>..:... 


18.... 


i 




i 


18 , . , 


r 


19 






> 


19 



VV ashington . 
Caldwell . . . . 
Douglas 
Taylor ... . 

Pleasant 

Bellair 

Center 

Chariton 

Memphis . . , 
Frankliu ... . 
Shoal Creek. 



Independence Milledgeville 



Bee Trace. , 
Caldwell .. 
Dennis . . . 
Moravia. . . 
Cincinnati. 

Nmna 

Centerville 
Iconium. . . 
Memphis . 
Livingston 
Hibbsville. 



87. 


34 


87 


35 


87 


35 


85 


. 

10 ... 


84 


9 


86 


9 


82 




ffi 


11 


82 


12 


83 


12 . , . . 


88 


11 


83 


9 




10 


89 


13 




14 


88 


14 




11 


87..'.... 


12 


87 


11 


87 


11...... 


88 


12 


80...... 


11 


881 


12 


89 


11 




12 .... 


*3 


2G 


83 


26 


84 


26 


85 


26 


83 


27 


88 


27 


84 


27 


85 ... * 


27 



AUDUBON COUNTY. 

Audubon [Hamlin's Grove 

Exira |Exira 

Oakfield |Oakfield 



BENTON COUNTY. 



Taylor . . 
Canton. . 
Polk 
Florence 
LeRoy . ... 
Iowa. 

Iowa 

Cedar . . 
Fremont 
Eldora . . 



Vinton 

Shellsburg 

Urbfl^a 

Florence 

Blairstown 

Buckeye 

Belle Plain 
Mount Auburn 

Rolin 

Williams 



BLACK HAWK COUNTY 



Waterloo... . 
Cedar Falls. . , 
Black Hawk. 

Big Creek 

Cedar Valley . 
Spring Creek. 
Spring Creek, 

Poyner 

Lester 

Pojaier 

Barclay 

Bunington . 



Waterloo. . . 
Cedar Falls. . 

Hudson 

Laport City. . 
Cedar Valley 

Energy 

Enterprise. . . 
Gilbertsville . 

Lester 

Raymond . . . 

Barclay 

Blakesville . . 



BOONE COUNTY. 



Douglas 

Worth 

Des Moines. . 

Dodge 

Cass 

Marcy 

Yell 

Pilot Mound, 



Swede Point 

Worth 

Boonsboro 

Mineral Ridge 

Prairie Hill 

Marcy 

Yough 

Cassaday's Corners , 



98 



CENSUS RETURNS. 
BREMER COUNTY. 



NUMBER. 



RANGE. 



NAME OF TOWNSIIirS. 



NAME OF POST OFFICES. 



91 
91 
93 
1)3 
93 
91 
91 
03 
93 
93 
93 
92 
71 
91 



Washington 

Jackson 

Leroy 

Sumner 

Simmer ,.. . * 
Franklin . . . 
Franklin . . . 
Frederika . . 
Frederika . . 

Polk 

Polk 

Lafayette. . . 
Jefferson . . . 
Maxfield . . . 



Waverly 

Janesville . . . 

Leroy 

Sumner 

Buck Creek . 
Grove Hill . . 
Eagle P. O... 

Tripoli 

Frederika . . 

Horton 

Syracuse . . . 
Spring Lake 

Denver 

| Maxfield . . . 



BUCHANAN COUNTY. 



87 


7 


87 


10 


90 


8 


90 


8 


89 


10 


90 


10 


90 


9 


89 


9 


89 


11 


89 


9 


88 


8 


87 


10 


90 


7 


89 


8 



80. 



83. 
82. 



Newton . 
Jefferson , 
Buffalo . 
Buffalo 
Perry . . . 
Fairbank 



Atlanta 

Brandon 
Buffalo Grove. 
Castleville . . . 

Chatham 

Fairbanks 



Hazeltou 1 Hazelton 



Washington 

Perry 

Washington 

Liberty 

Jefferson . . . 
Madison. . .'. 



independence (C. H.). 

Jessup 

Otterville. 

Quasqueton 

Sunnyside 

Ward's Corners 



Byron , IWinthrop. . . 

BUENA VISTA COUNTY — No Returns. 



BUTLER COUNTY. 



Clarksville . . . 

Shellrock 

New Hartford 
Willoughby . . 
Butler Center. 
New Albion . . 

Allican iParkersburg 

Monroe .' 

West Point 

Pittsford 

Dayton 



Butler.... 
Shellrock. 
Beaver . . . 
Beaver . . 
Jefferson , 
Jefferson 



Algonquin. 
Boylan's Grove 
Union Ridge. . . 
Elm Springs. . . 



CALHOUN COUNTY. 

1 33 | Calhoun |Lake City . . . 

CARROLL COUNTY. 

134 INewton iCarrollton . 

,33 Newton I Coon Rapids, 



CENSUS RETURNS. 
CASS COUNTY. 



99 



NUMBER. 


RANGE. 


75 


37. . , 


74 


35 , . 


70 ..... 


36 


77 


36. . 


tin 

w 

Ad 


Z 


o* 

DO 

o3 




Q1 

01 




fil 

01 

Oft 




uu 

IV 




I J 


4 


iJ 


Q 

o 


it). . . . 


q 

O 


IV 


A 

ft . ..... . 


79 


4 


79 


4 


80 


4.. 


81 


4 


ol 


Q 

O 


82 


4 


DO 

O* 


4i 


ol 


q 

O 


90 


20 


90 


22 


94 


20 


95 


20 


95 


19 


97 


19 


97 .... 


19 


07 


21 


i J 

119 140 I 


m 

90 


14 


96 


13 


96 


12 .... 




11 


95 


12 ... 


95 


14 


94 


14 


94 


14 


94 


11 


94 


13 



NAME OF TOWNSHIPS. 



NAME OP POST OFFICES. 



Cass 

Edna 

Turkey Grove 



Lewis . . . . 

EdDa ...... 

Grove City 
Gurley 



CEDAR COUNTY. 



Center 

Massillon 

Massillon. . . . 

Springfield . . 
Springfield . . 
Inland ...... 

Farmington . 
Sugar Creek. 
Rochester . . . 
Iowa. 
Springdale 
Springdale 
Springdale 
Gower 
Cass 

Center 

Pioneer 

Dayton 

Red Oak .... 



Tipton 

Cedar 

Massillon 

Loudon ... . 

Rosette 

Inland 

Durant 

Pleasant Hill . 

Rochester 

Pedee 

Springdale . . . 
West Branch . 

Downey 

Zoar 

Cedar Bluffs . . 
Woodbridge . . 
Mechanicsville 

C .aence 

Red Oak 



CERRO GORDO COUNTY. 



Mason . , 

Luke 

Gcneseo 
Mason . , 
Owen . . 
Falls ... 
Falls ... 



Mason City . . . 

Clear Lake 

Geneseo 

Bath 

Owen's Grove . 

Plymouth 

Shellrock Falls 



Lincoln |Rock 

CHEROKEE COUNTY. 
| Cherokee (Cherokee. 



CHICKASAW COUNTY. 



Deerfield 

North Washington 

Jacksonville 

Stapleton 

New Hampton . . . 

Chickasaw 

Nashua 

Bradford 

Fredericksburg . . . 
Richland ..... ... 



Deerfield 

North Washington. 

Jacksonville 

Stapleton 

New Hampton 

Chickasaw 

Nashua 

Bradford 

Fredericksburg 

Williamstown 



100 



CENSUS RETURNS. 
CLARKE COUNTY. 



NUMBER. 




NAME OP TOWNSHIPS. 


NAME OP POST OFFICES. 


73...... 


24 ; 


Liberty 




73 


25 


Fremont 




73 


26 


Washington 




73... 


27 






72 


27 


Troy 


Miiford 


72 


25 . , 






72 


24 






71...... 


24 






71 , 


26 




Le Cella 


71 


27 , . , , 







CLAY COUNTY. 

138 IClay j Peterson 

CLAYTON COUNTY. 



McGregor . . . 

Giard 

Monona 

Marion 

Wagner 

Fannersburg 

, jFarmersburg 

Clayton 

Garnavillo. . . 
Garnavillo. . . 

Reed 

Reed 

Boardman. . . 

Highland 

Sperry 

Cox Creek. , . 
Cox Creek. . . 

Volga . . . 

Jefferson , . . 
Milleville 

Mallory 

Lodomillo .. . 
Cass 



McGregor ... 

Giard 

Monona , 

Gem 

Wagner 

Fannersburg 

National 

Clayton 

Garnavillo . 

Ceres 

Clayton Center 

Seigel 

Elkader 

Highland 

Volga City ; 

Cox Creek 

Communia 

Elkport 

Guftenberg 

Millville 

New Stand 

Yankee Settlement. 
Strawberry Point . 



CLINTON COUNT V. 



Clinton 

Camanche . . 
De Witt.... 
Deep Creek 
Waterford . . , 

Welton 

Eden 

Eden 

Orange.. .. 

Olive. 

Olive 

Spring Rock 

Liberty 

Sharon 



Clinton 

Camanche . 

De Witt 

Boon Springs. 

Charlotte 

Wellon 

Low Moor 

Raimessa 

Orange 

Calamus 

Buena Vista.. 
Wheatland.. . 

Toronto 

Burgess 



101 



CLINTON COUNTY- Continued. 



HUM BE 11. 



It AM GE. 



NAME OP TOWNSHIPS. 



NAME OF POST OFFICES. 



Bloomneld 

Lyons 

Orange 



Brookfield 

Lyons 

Grand Mound 



Elk River Elk River 

CRAWFORD COUNTY. 



138 
39. 



Milford IBoyer River. 

Denison Denison 



DALLAS COUNTY. 



TO 

78 

81 

81 

81 

80 

78.. . 
78.... 
79.... 



70. 



70 

87 and 68 

70 

68 

87 and 68 
67 and 68 
69. . . . 



09. 



Adel 

Boone. . . 

Des Moines. . . 
Des Moines. . . 
Spring Valley. 
Sugar Grove. . 

Adel . . 

Union 

Linn 



15.... 
13.... 
14.... 
13. .. 
15.... 
15. .. . 

12 

13 

14 

12 

12 

15 

13 and 14 



Marion 

Perry 

Drakeville. . 
Lick Creek. 

Fabius 

Marion 

Prairie 

Grove" 

Wyaconda. 

Union , 

Union 

Fox River . 
Bloomneld 



Adel 

Boone 

Snyder . . . . 

Xenia 

Alton 

Pierce's Point 
Chattanooga. . 

Redfield 

Greenvale 



DAVIS COUNTY. 



^.bany 

Chequest . . 
Drakeville. . 

Floris 

Monterey. . . 
Oak Spring. 
Pulaski 
Stilesville . . 
Savannah . . 

Troy 

Stringtown . 
West Grove 
Bloomfield . 



DECATUR COUNTY 



80. 



69. 
69. 
70. 
70. 
70. 
67. 
07. 
67. 



00.. 
90.. 
90. : 
90.. 



25... 
25... 
26... 
24. . . 
27... 
24... 
25... 
27... 
25... 
25... 
26... 



Center 

Center 

Decatur 

High Point. . . 
Grand River. . 
Garden Grove 

Franklin 

Richland 

Hamilton 

Hamilton 

New Buda . . . 



Leon 

Franklin 

Decatur City . 
High Point. . . 
Funk's Mills.. 
Garden Grove 
Prairieville . . . 
Westerville. . . 
Nine Eagles . . 
Spring Valley. 
New Buda . . . 



DELAWARE COUNTY. 



Colony 
Elk . . . 
Honey Cr 



Colesbur; 
Greeley . 
York 



■die. 



hland 1 Mount Hope 



1'02 



CENSUS RETURNS. 
DELAWARE COUNTY— Continued. 



NUMBER. 


RANGE. 


NAME OF TOWNSHIPS. 




90 




b 






90 . . 

89 








4 










Oneida. 










89 . ... 


5 




89 


6 




88 


4 


Delhi 


88 


6 




St 


3 


South Pork 


87 


4 






87 


4 






87 


5 




87 


6 





NAME OF POST OFFICES. 



Forestville . . 
Campton .... 

ttarlville 

Al moral 

Delaware. . . . 
Manchester. . 
Masonville . . 

Delhi 

Barryville . . 
Sand Springs 
Hopkinton . . 
Uniontown . . 
Hazel Green 
Tower Hill. . 



DES MOINES COUNTY. 



il 





AQ 


A 


ou and /u 


o 




4 


il 


Q 

o 


mo 


9 




i) 




a 




A 


72 


3 




A 






iV 


A 

4 


71 


4 




4 


69 




100 . . . 


,3G 




\m 


89 


2 e ... 


90 


2 w . . . 


88 


2 e ... 


89 . . 


1 w . .. 


87 


2 w ... 


90 . 


1 w . . . 


88. .. 


1 e, . . . 


90 


1 e . . . 


89 


2 w . . . 


88 


1 w . . . 


88 . . 


1 w ... 


87 , .. 


1 w ... 


90 


1 e. . . . 


88 .... 


3 e. .. 


89 , . . 


2 w . . . 


87 4 . . . 


1 e ... 



Benton . . . 
Augusta . . 
Burlington 
Danville . . 
Franklin . . 
Huron 



Albright's. . 
Augusta. . . 
Burlington 
Danville . 
Dodgeville 
Hawk Eye 



Benton • I Kingston 

Yellow Springs 
Washington . . . 
Yellow Springs 

Danville 

Yellow Springs 



Kossuth 
LaVega 

Linton 

Middletown 
Northfield . 



Danville Parish 



Pleasant Grove 
Pleasant Grove 
Union 



Pleasant Grove 
South Flint. . . . 
Van Dvke 



DICKINSON COUNTY, 

| Spirit Lake I Spirit Lake 

JOkoboji jOkoboji... 



DUBUQUE COUNTY. 



Julien 

Liberty 

Table Mound 

Iowa 

Cascade 

Concord 

Vernon 

Jefferson 

New Wine . . 

Taylor 

Taylor 



Dubuque 

Allison 

Ballyclough . 
Bankstown . 

Cascade 

Cottage Hill. 
Derrinane . . 
Dnrango . . . 
Dyersville . . 
Epworth . . . 
Farley 



White Water Fillmore 



Jefferson 
Mosalem 



Jefferson 

King 

New Vienna. 
Ogden 



CENSUS RETURNS. 
DUBUQUE COUNTY— Continued. 



103 



1 e. 

2 w 
2 e. 
1 e. 
1 w 

1 e. 

2 w 



NAME OP TOWNSHIPS. 



Vernon 

Liberty 

Table Mound. 

Jefferson 

Iowa . 

iJefferson 



NAME OF POST OFFICES. 



Peosta 

Pin Oak 

Rockdale 

Sherrill's Mound 

Tivoli 

Wapaton 



I Dodge i Washington 



EMMETT COUNTY. 



lEstherville lEstherville 

Emmett Emmett . . 



FAYETTE COUNTY. 



93. 
93. 
93. 
91. 
91. 
90. 



10. 

7. 

9. 
10. 



7. 

7. 

8. 
10. 
10. 

9. 

7. 
10. 

7. 

7. 
10. 

7. 
10. 

9. 



1C. 
16. 
16. 
18. 
18. 
18. 
17. 
17. 



20. 
20. 
20. 
20. 
22. 
i22. 



Richland ... 

Clermont. . * 

Auburn 

Eden. 

Dover 

Pleasant Valley. 
Westfleld. . . . . , . 

Ulyria 

Ulyria 

Westfield. 

Fremont 

Oran ........ 

Jefferson 

Putnam 

Richland 

Fairfield 

Fairfield 

Eden. 



Bethel 

Clermont . . . 

Douglas 

Eden 

Eldorado. . . . 

Elgin 

Fayette 

Ulyria. ...... 

Leo , 

Li-na. 

Mill 

Oran 

Otsego . . 

Putnam . 

Richfield 
Taylorville . 
Brush Creek. 
Waucoma . . . 



Ulyria Wadena 



Banks. 
Windsor . . . 
West Union 



Wilson's Grove 

Windsor 

West Union . . . 



FLOYD COUNTY. 



St. Charles 

Floyd 

Floyd 

Rock Grove . . . , 

Rock Grove . . . 

Rockford jRockford 

Union Marble Rock 

Ulster".!!.! Ulster ..... 



Charles City 

Floyd 

Watertown 

Rock Grove City. 
Nora Springs 



FRANKLIN COUNTY. 



Clinton 

Clinton 
Washington 

Reeve 

Morgan 



Chapin 

Shobe's Grove. 

Hampton 

Maysville 

Olisville 



Morgan Oakland Valley 



104 



CENSUS RETURNS. 
FREMONT COUNTY. 



NUMBER. 



RANGE. 



NAME OB 1 TOWNSHIPS. 



69. 
07. 
70. 
67. 
69. 
69 
69. 
69 



.83 
82. 
83. 
85. 



87. 



80. 
80. 
81. 
80. 
79. 
78. 
78. 
79. 



86. 
87. 
88. 
87. 
86. 



94. 
97. 



87. 
87. 
86. 
86. 
87. 
87. 



89. 
88. 
89. 
89 



123. 
23. 



Sidney.. . 
Franklin. 

Ross 

Madison . 
Fisher . . . 
Monroe . 
Benton . . 
Scott 



NAME OF POST OFFICES. 



Sidney 

Hamburg 

Tabor 

McKissick's Grove. 

Manti 

Cory 

Gaston 

Plum Hollow 



GREENE COUNTY. 



Jefferson . . . 
Washington 
Kendrick. . . 
Kendrick. . . 



New Jefferson. 

Rippey 

Kendrick , 

Northville 



GRUNDY COUNTY. 

1 17 |Palerino ... | Grundy Center 

GUTHRIE COUNTY. 



Cass iPanora .. 

Dodge Moffitt's Grove 

Highland I Dodge 

Center ^uthrie Center , 

Bear Grove Bear Grove 

Thompson Dalmanutha .. . 

Penn Maxville 

Jackson Morrisburg 



HAMILTON COUNTY. 



.23 i Scott ....,Randall 

24 Lyon.. ILakin's Grove 

\25. ! I Boone | Webster City . 

26 Webster . IHomer 

26 Marion | Hook's Point . 



HANCOCK COUNTY. 

I Amsterdam I Upper Grove. 

I Ellington | Ellington 



HARDIN COUNTY. 



Eldora 

Eldora 

Union 

Providence 
Tipton 

Tipton 

Jackson . ,.. 

Clay 

Hardin 

Ellis 

Etna 

Alden 



Eldora 

Delanti 

Union 

New Providence. 
Point Pleasant. . , 
Tipton Grove. . . 

Berlin 

Lithopolis 

Iowa Falls 

Cottage 

Fontain 

Alden 



CENSUS RETURNS. 
HARRISON COUNTY. 



105 



1CMUER. RANGE. 



NAME OP TOWNSHIPS. 



NAME OP POST OFFICES. 



Lagrange. . . 

St. John 

Cincinnati . 
Jefferson . . . 
Jefferson . . . 
Jefferson . . . 

Calhoun 

Clay..... . 

Boyer ... . 

Magnolia . . 

Raglan 

Harrison . . . 
Little Sioux 



Harris Grove 

St. John 

Yazoo 

Reed's Hill . . . 
Jeddo City . . . 
Whitesboro. . . 

Calhoun 

Mod ale 

Woodbine . . . 
Magnolia 

Raglan 

Olmsted 

Little Sioux . . 



HENRY COUNTY 



•I. 

03... 
93... 



73 


5 




78 


6 




18 


7 


Jefferson 


....... 


5 




W 


7. 




71...... 


5 




71 


6 




71 


7.. 




71 


7 


Tippecanoe 


70 


5 




70 


6 




70 


6 




70 


7 




70 


7 




70 


7 





Winfield 

Wayne 

Marshall 

Cotton Grove. 

Trenton 

Louden 

Mt. Pleasant. . 

R ->me 

Oakland Mills 
Lowell ....... 

Boyle's Mills. . 
East Grove. . . 

Salem 

Hillsboro 

Vega 



HO WARD COUNTY". 



too 


11 


100 . . . 


12 


100 


13 




11 


if 


11 


M 


12 




13.. , . . 


00 


14 


•7and98 


11 , .. 


07 and 98 


12 


07 and 98 


14 



Albion .;. 

Forest City 

Chester . 

Albion 

Vernon Springs 
Howard Center . 

Saratoga 

Jamestown 
New Oregon. . . 

Paris. 

Afton 



Albion 

Foreston 

Chester 

Linn Springs . . . 
Vernon Springs. 
Howard Center. 

Saratoga 

Riceville 

New Oregon . . 

Paris 

Busti 



HUMBOLDT COUNTY. 



29.... 
29... . 
30.... 



Dakota. . . 
Humboldt 
Wacousta 



Dakota 

Lett's Creek, 
Wacousta . 



87. 



.]40. 
14 



IDA COUNTY\ 
| Cor win |Ida 



106 



CENSUS RETURNS. 
IOWA COUNTY. 



NUMBER. 


KANGE. 


01 


11 


78 


11 


OA 




70 




78 


10 


81.. 


12, . 


80 


11 


80 , , 


12,. , 


79 . 


10 


78. . 


11.. .. 


78.. 


10 


81 


12 , 


QA 

o4 


-< 

1 


84 


1 


cH 





84 


2 and 3 


QA 

ni 


A 


QA 




84 


5 


84 





QA 


17 


84 


6. 


QK 


1 


QK 

oO 




a 


QK 


Q 







Qli 

OO 




a 


OK 

85 







QK 


A 


QK 

00 ..... . 


ft 




QK 


K 


Q(l 


1 


Qft 


O 






87 , ,. 


3 


86 


4 


86., .. 


5 


87 


4 


87 


4 


85 


1 


84 , ... 


4 


_ >■ • ; 
80 




7ft 


1 


80 


21.. .. 


81 


21 


79 


20,. .. 


78 


21 


78 


21.. . 


78 


21.. .. 


78 


18 .... 


78.. ... 


17 



NAME OF TOWNSHIPS. 



Marengo 

English 

Iowa 

Greene ...... 

Fillmore 
Honey Creek 

Sumner 

Hartford 

Troy 

English 
Fillmore . . . 
Honey Creek 



NAME OF POST OFFICES. 



Marengo 

Millersburg 

Homestead . . . 

Jones . . j 

Foote 

Kosta 

Genoa Bluffs. . . 

Ladora 

Stelapolis. . : . . . 
North English. 

Lytle City 

Prairie Creek. . 



JACKSON COUNTY. 



Monmouth 

Monmouth 
South Fork. . . 
Maquoketa City. 
Union Center. . 
Spragueville . . , 

Van Buren 

Iowa 

Union 



Monmouth . . 
Mill Rock . . . 
Waterford . . 
Maquoketa . . 

Fairfield 

Spragueville 
Van Buren . . 
Mount Alger. 
Sabula 



Iowa terling 



Brandon 

Farmers Creek 
Farmer's Creek 
Farmer's Creek 
Wagonsburg. . . 

Perry 

Jackson 

Washington . . . 
Washington . . . 

Butler 

Otter Creek 

Richland 

Prairie Springs 

Bellevue . . 

Bellevue 

Tete des Morts. 
Tete des Morts. 

Brandon 

Fairfield 



Canton 

Iron Hill 

Fulton 

Farmer's Creek 

Otter Creek 

Andrew 

Higginsport . . . 
Spring Brook. . 

Wickliffe 

Garry Owen. . . 
Otter Creek . . 

Cottonville 

LaMotte. . . 

Hickory Grove 

Bellevue 

St. Donatus 

Spruce Creek. . 

Ozark 

Summerbill 



JASPER COUNTY. 



Newton 

Fairview 

Poweshiek 

Clear Creek . . . 
Mound Prairie. 
Des Moines . . . 

Des Moines 

Des Moines 

Elk Creek 
Linn Grove. . . 



Newton 

Monroe 

Greencastle. . 

Clyde 

Colfax 

Vandalia 

Prairie City . 
Dairy Grove. 
Galesburg . . 
Lyunville . . . 



i 



CENSUS RETURNS. 
JEFFERSON COUNTY. 



107 



FVXBER. 



RANGE. 



NAME OF TOWNSHIPS. 



NAME OF POST OFFICES. 



10 
10 

8 
9 
9 
9 
9 
8 
8 
8 
11 
11 
10 
11 



Fairfield 

Liberty 

Lock ridge 

Pen a 

Buchanan 

Penn 

Cedar 

Lockridge 

Round Prairie 

Walnut 

Locust Grove. 
Locust Grove. 
Black Hawk. . 
Polk 



Fairfied. . 

Liberty ville . . . 
Lockridge 
Pleasant Plain. 

Salina 

Walnut 

Wooster , 

Glen dale ; 

Glasgow 

Germanville . . , 

Brookville 

Batavia 

Baker 

Abingdon 



JOHNSON COUNTY. 






CO 


.. . . 


7....... 


...... 


6 





5 





7 

8 


...... 


8 





6 


...... 


8 

6 





7 





8 

6. 




7 




6 





8 

6 



Washington 

Sharon. ........ 

Liberty 

Scott. . . 

Clear Creek . . . . 

Monroe. 

Washington 

Iowa City 

Monroe .\ 

New Port 

Penn . 

Oxford 

Fremont 

Jefferson. 

Big Grove 

Hardin 

Pleasant Valley. 



Amish 

Belle Air 

Bon Accord . . 

Carthage 

Copi 

Dan forth 

Frails Pierce . 

Iowa City 

Malvern 

New Port 

North Liberty 

Oxford 

Palestine ... . 

Shueyville 

Solon 

Windham ... 
Seventy Eight 



JONES COUNTY. 



84 

84. 

84 

84...... 

84 

84. 

85 

85 

85 

85 

85 

85 

85 



Oxford 

Rome . : 

Wyoming 

Madison 

Jackson ...... 

Fairview 

Fairview 

Fairview 

Clay 

Clay 

Scotch Grove. 
Scotch Grove. 
Scotch Grove. 

Wayne 

Cass 

Richland 

Richland 

Monticello 

Castle Grove. 



Oxford Mills... 
Walnut Fort... 

Wyoming 

Madison 

Isbell 

Anamosa 

Fairview 

Hyland Grove . 
Walter's Mills . 

Clayford 

Scotch Grove. . 

Johnson 

Edinburgh 

Langwortliy . . . 
Cass Center . . . 
Zurich. .... 
Bow en's Praire 

Monticello 

Castle Grove. . 



108 



CENSUS RETURNS. 
KEOKUK COUNTY. 



NUMBER. 



75.. 

74.. 
74.. 
74.. 
74.. 
75.. 
75.. 
75.. 
76.. 
75.. 
76.. 
77.. 
77.. 
77.. 
77.. 
77.. 
77.. 
77.. 
76.. 



RANGE. 

W. .7777 

10 

u 

12 

13 

11 

13 

10 

11 

11 

13 

13 

11 

11 

12...... 

11... ... 

10 

10 

10.. .. 



NAME OP TOWNSHIPS. 



Sigoumey 

Richland 

Jackson 

Steady Pan. . . 

Benton 

Lancaster 

Warren 

Clear Creek . . 

German 

German 

Washington . . 

Prairie 

English River 
English River 

Adams 

English River. 

Liberty 

Liberty 

Lafayette 



NAME OP POST OFFICES. 



Stgourney .... 

Richland 

Ioka 

Martinsburg . . 

Butler 

Lancaster .... 

Divide 

Talleyrand . . . 

Baden 

Garibaldi 

Springfield . . . 
Coal Creek . . . 

Webster 

White Pigeon. 

Aurora 

South English 

Chandler 

Edom 

Welshville . . 



KOSSUTH COUNTY. 



95. 
95. 
97. 



08.... 

69.... 

69.... 

69.... 

69.... 

68.... 

68.. . 

68.... 

68.... 

67.... 

07.. . 

67. . 

07... 

07... 

07. . 

66... 

66... 

66... 

66... 

65... 



Irvihgton 
Algona. . , 
Algona. . , 



Irvington 

Algona 

Buffalo Fork. 



LEE COUNTY. 



Green Bay 

Denmark 

Marion 

Marion 

Cedar 

Harrison 

Franklin 

Franklin 

West Point.. . 

Madison 

Jefferson 

Charleston . . . 

^Charleston 

J Van Buren 

Van Buren 

Des Moines 

Montrose 

Montrose 

Montrose Summitville 

Jackson I Keokuk 



Jollyville . . . 
Denmark . . 
Pilot Grove . . 
St. Paul .... 
Big Mound . . 
Primrose . . . 

Franklin 

Dover 

West Point. . 
Fort Madison 
Jeffersonville 
Charleston . . 
New Boston. 

Croton 

Warren 

Vincennes . . 

Montrose 

Sandusky 



82 


6 


Bertram 


86 


5.. 


Boulder 


86 


5 


Boulder 












Brown . 
Buffalo 







LINN COUNTY. 



Bertram 

Boulder 

Prairieburg 
Springville . 

Viola 

Nicot 



CENSUS RETURNS. 
LINN COUNTY— Continued. 



109 



BEll. RANGE. 



NAME OP TOWNSIIIPS. 



m. 

M. 
tt. 
83. 
M. 
86. 

m, 
m 

«v 
w 

w. 
W. 

w. 
fi, 

83. 
8!i. 

to. 



College 

Fairfax 

Fayette .... 
Franklin . . . 
Franklin . . 

Jackson 

J ackson 

Linn 

Marion City 

Maine 

Maine. 
Maine. ..... 

Monroe 

Otter Creek 

Putnam 

Rapids 

7 j Rapids 

7 Spring Grove 



NAME OP POST OFFICES. 



Western 

Fairfax 

Palo 

Mount Vernon. 

Lisbon 

Valley Farm. . . 

Paris 

Prospect Hill. . 
Marion (C. H.) 
Central City. . . 

Wapsey . . 

Waubeck 

Dry Creek 

Lafayette 

Banner Valley. 
Cedar Rapids". . 
Kingston City , 
Spring Grove. , 



Washington i Center Point 



LOUISA COUNTY. 



14. 


4 


15 


5 


13 


5 


75. . .. 


4 


15 


3 








4 




3. 


18 


2 




5....... 




2 


15 


2 




4.. 


n 


3 







Marshall 

Columbus City. 
Columbus City . 

Concord 

Grand View . . . 
Morning Sun . . 
Morning Sun 
Grand View. . . 

Eliot 

Oakland 

Port Louisa . . . 

Jefferson 

Morning Sun . . 

Wapello 

Columbus City. 



Cairo 

Clifiqn 

Columbus City. 
Fredonia ....... 

Grand View. . . 

Mid Prairie 

Morning Sun . . 
Ononwa 

Palo Alto 

Port Allen 

Port Louisa . . . 
Poolesborough 
Virginia Grove 

Wapello 

Louisa Center. . 



LUCAS COUNTY. 



72. 



8'- 

71 

73. 

72. 

7a. 

13 



76 

75. 



121 • 


Chariton 




23 






22, 


Warren . 




22 








Jackson . 
Cedar . . . 




20 




20 

20 


Pleasant. 



Chariton 

Argo 

Freeland 

Freedom 

Tallahoma . . 
Cedar Grove. 
Lagrange. . . 



LYON COUNTY. 

03-100. . |4^-48. . . |Not Organized. .' -I No Post Offices 

MADISON COUNTY. 



126. 

m 



.ICrawford [Ellsworth . 

J South I st - Charles 



110 



MADISON COUNTY — Continued. 



NUMBER. RANGE. 



NAME OF TOWNSHIPS. 



NAME OF POST OFFICES. 



..26 

..27 

..27 

..28 

..28 

.28 

..29 

..129 

Cent'r oil County. 



Ohio 

Scott 

Walnut 

Madison; 

Monroe 

Monroe , 

Webster . . . 

Grand River 

Center Winterset 



Ohio 

Queen's Point 

Peru 

North 

Clanton 

Kasson 

Middle River . 
Venus 



MAHASKA. COUNTY 



Cedar 

Des Moines. 
Jefferson . . . 
Jefferson . . . 

Scott 

Scott 

Scott 

Oskaloosa . . 
White Oak 
Monroe 
Monroe 
Monroe . . . 
Black Oak. 
Richland . . 
Richland . . 

Prairie 

Prairie ... 
Union*. . . . 



Fremont 

Given 

Eveland Grove 

Brock 

Auburn 

Belle Fountain. 

Scott 

Oskaloosa 

White Oak 
Indianapolis . . 

Hopewell 

Comet 

Leighton 

Peoria 

Granville 

Flint 

New Sharon. . 
Union Mills . . . 



Pleasant Grove Agricola 



MARION COUNTY. 



74. .. . .119 


77 


21 




21 


74 ..... 


20 .... 


74 


21 


74 


18 


75 .... 


18 .... 


74 .... 


20 . 


74 


18 ..... 


75 


18 


75 


19 


77 


20 


77 




74 


21...... 


76 


18 


76 




77 


20 


76 




84 


118 


84 




• 





Perry 

Franklin 

Washington 

Dallas 

Liberty 

Clay 

Washington 

Liberty , 

Clav 

Knoxville (C. H. 

Red Rock 

Summit 

Dallas 

Lake Prairie . . . 
Pleasant Grove . 

Red Rock 

Swan 



Attica 

Bennington 

Caloma 

Columbia 

Dallas 

Ely 

English Settlement. 

Gosport 

Hamilton 

Jola 

Knoxville 

Mennon 

Newark 

Newbern 

Pella 

Pleasantville 

Red Rock- 

Wheeling 



MARSHALL COUNTY. 

Marshall IMarshalltown. 

Marietta | Marietta 



CENSUS RETURNS. 
MARSHALL COUNTY— Continued. 



Ill 



NAME OP TOWNSHIPS. 



NAME OP POST OFFICES. 



Bangor.., ... 

Minerva 

Eden 

Eden 

Timber Creek. 

Le Grand 

Vieuna 

Iowa 

Iowa 

Liberty 



Bangor 

Minerva 

State Center. . 

Edenville 

Timber Creek 

Le Grand 

Vienna 

Albion 

Norris 

Illinois Grove. 



MILLS COUNTY. 



Glen wood . . 

Rawles 

Platteville . . 
Anderson . . . 
Silver Creek. 
White Cloud. 



Glen wood 

Wahaughbonsey 

Pacific City 

Benton . 

Mt. Olive 

White Cloud . 



MITCHELL COUNTY. 



Mitchell. . . 
Mitchell... 
Osage . . . . . 
Burr Oak.. 
Wayne . . 
Jenkins . . . 
Jenkins . . . 
Douglas . . . 
Staceyville 
Otranto . . 
Otranto . . . 
St. Ansgar. 
New-burg. . 



West Mitchell 

Mitchell 

Osar& . . . . , . . . 

Caru iff 

Wentworth. . . 
Riceville 

Doran 

Nelson 

Staceyville . . . 

Otranto 

Mona 

St. Ansgar . . . 
Newburg 



MONONA COUNTY. 



85.!,... 


45 . 


46 ... 


M 


44 


88 


44 


85 


43 , , 


«. 


43. 










n 

72 


17 

16 


78 


17 . 


78 


18 


78 


19 


78...... 


19 . . 


73 


19 


71.. .. v . 
71 ..... 


19, . .. 


19 . 


73 


18 



Franklin 

West Fork. . . . 

Belvidere 

Belvidere 

Maple 

Spring Valley. 
Belvidere 



Onawa 

West Fork 

Areola 

Belvidere. .... 

Mapleton 

Preparation . . . 

Castana 

King's Ranche. 



MONROE COUNTY. 



Troy 

Mantua 

Bluff Creek. 

Union 

Cedar 

Cedar 

Cedar 

Jackson 

Jackson 

Guilford.... 



Albia 

Cuba 

Half Way Prairie. 

Lovilla •. 

Coalton 

Weller 

Thompsonville . . . 

East Melrose 

Osprey 

Georgetown 



112 



MONTGOMERY COUNTY. 



NUMBER. 



RANGE. 



NAME OP TOWNSHIPS. 



NAME OF POST OFFICES. 



72. 
71. 
73. 
72. 
72. 
71 



77. 

77. 

78. 

78. 

78. 

78 

77. 

76. 

•77. 

78, 

78. 

77. 

77. 



03. 



79. 
80. 
81. 
78. 
79. 
78. 



2 v/ 
1 w 

1 w 

2 w 

3 w 

4 w 
4 w 
4 w 
1 v/ 
1 c . 
1 e . 
1 w 
4 \v 



|31. 



22. 
23. 
22. 
23. 
24. 
|23. 



Washington 

Jackson 

Douglas . . . 
Frankfort . . 
Red Oak , . . 
West '. . . 



tSciola 

Villiska 

Grant 

Frankfort 

Red Oak Junction 
Can's Point ...... 



MUSCATINE COUNTY. 



Bloomington 
Sweetland . . 

Wilton . 

Moscow 
Goshen ...... 

Wapsinonoc . 

Pike 

Orono 

Sweetland . . 
Fulton .... , 

Fulton 

Sweetland . 
Pike 



Muscatine 

Summit 

Wilton 

Moscow , 

Atalissa 

West Liberty 

Pike 

Orono 

Fairport 

Pleasant Prairie . 

Praire Mills 

Sweetland Centt r 
Lacey 



O'BRIEN COUNTY— No Report. 
OSCEOLA COUNTY —Not Organized. 
PAGE COUNTY. 



70.... 




39 


69... . 




36..... 












67... 




37 


67... 




36 


69. . . 




38 


96... 




33 


95... 




31 


94 . 




31 



Pierce. 
Nebraska. , 
Nodaway. 
Harlan . . 
Amity. . . 
Buchanan 
Tarkio . . . 



Franklin 

Hawleyville 

Clarinda 

Page City 

College Springs. 

Center 

Tarkio City 



PALO ALTO COUNTY. 



Ernmetsburgh 
West Bend . . . 
West Bend . . . 



Emmetsburgh 
Fern Valley . . 
West Bend . . . 



PLYMOUTH COUNTY— No Report. 
POCAHONTAS COUNTY. 
Des Moines IRol fc 



POLK COUNTY. 



Beaver 



Washington 

Allen 

Saylor 



Mitchellville 
Greenwood . 
Peoria City. 

Avon 

Saylorville . 



Four Mile |Rising Bun 



CENSUS RETURNS. 
POLK COUNTY— Continued. 



113 



w. 

t*. 
m. 



RANGE. 



NAME OP TOWNSniPS. 



NAME OP POST OFFICES. 



Beaver . . 
Camp . . . 
Madison. 



124 Des Moines. 



Apple Grove. 

Adelpbi 

Polk City . . . 
Des Moines. . 



POTTAWATTAMIE COUNTY. 
43 and 44 Kane Council Bluffs 



44. 
39. 
40. 
40. 
44. 



Crescent Crescent City. 

Knox Newtown 

Center Big Grove 

Macedonia j Macedonia . . . 

Rockford i Wilton 



POWESHIEK COUNTY. 



28. 
31. 
29. 
29. 
29. 
30. 
|30. 
128. 



35. 



Jackson Montezuma. . 

Bear Creek Brooklyn 

Grinuell Grinnell 

Sugar Creek Mill Grove .. 

Union Forest Home 

Jackson Sherman 

,Deep River jDeep River.. 

(Washington ITyro 



RINGGOLD COUNTY. 



Sand Creek. . 
West Fork . . 
Lot's Creek. . 
Lot's Creek. . 
Mount Ayr. . 
Washington , 
Middle Fork 
Athens 



Rose Hill 

Redding 

Ringgold .... 

Caledonia 

Mount Ayr. . . 

Eugene 

Engart Grove. 
Cross — . 



SAC COUNTY. 



I Jackson |Sac 

Sac j Grant City 



SCOTT COUNTY. 



80 


2 e 


79 


2 e.... .. 


80 


1 e 


78 


2 e 


77 


2 e 


78 


3 e 


f0 


1 e .... 


78 and 79 


4 e .... 




5 e 


78 and 79 


3 e 


80 


1 e 


78 


4 e. ... 


70 


5 e 


80 


1 e 


80 


fe 


78 


2 e 



Hickory Grove. . 

Liberty 

Blue Grass 

Buffalo 

Davenport 

Liberty 

Davenport . 

LeClaire 

Davenport 

Liberty 

Pleasant Valley. 

Princeton 

Liberty 

Winneld 



Allen's Grove. . . 

Amity '.. 

Big Rock 

Blue Grass 

Buffalo 

Davenport 

Dixon 

Gilbert 

LeClaire 

Mount Joy . . . . 

New Liberty 

Pleasant Valley. 

Princeton 

Round Grove. . . 
Walnut Grove • . 
Wolcott 



114 



CENSUS RETURNS. 







SHELBY COUNTY. 

1 

__. ;■ s 


NUMBER. 


RANGE. 


NAME OF TOWNSHIPS. 


NAME OF POST OFFICES. ! 

j 


797.' 777 


38 


Harlan 






37 






81 


40 


Galland's C4rove 


Manteno ■ 



SIOUX COUNTY— No Report. 
STORY COUNTY. 





00 




00 




O'l 


CO 

O^r 


i 

rit 




Ct A 


83 


24 


84 


24 


85 


24 


- 


<5o ..... . 


Q«i 


01 


06 


^ 


82 


13 


82 


13 


83., 


15 


00 






■i /J , L 




16 


82, 


14.. 


85 


14 


83 


15 




16 . 










m , , 


35 


70 . , 


34, . 


69 


34 






72 


129 


72 


28.. , , 


73 


287, 


71 


'31 


69 


9 ,,, 


70 


9, ., 


63...... 


8, . , 


70 


11... . 


63 , , , . 


8 



Nevada 

Indian Creek. 
Union. ...... 

Palestine 
Washington . 
Washington . 

Franklin 

Lafayette , . . 
Howard 
'New Albany 



Nevada 

Iowa Center. . . . >. 

Cambridge 

Point Palestine . . 
New Philadelphia. 

College Farm 

Camden 

Story City 

Sheffield 7. ........ 

Colo 



TAMA COUNTY. 



York 

Salt Creek 

Salt Creek 

Toledo 

Toledo 

Indian Village. 
Indian Village. 

Richland 

Buckingham . . 

Crystal 

Spring Creek. . 



Waltham . . . 
West Irving . 

Chelsea 

Iuka 

Toledo 

Oxford 

Butler vilte . . 

Helena 

Buckingham, 

Crystal 

Spring Creek 



TAYLOR COUNTY. 
Benton. . iBedford 



Jefferson . . . 

Dallas 

Holt 

Washington 
Polk 



Platteville 
Memory. . 

Holt 

Gravity . . 
Siam 



UNION COUNTY. 



Union 

Jones 

New Hope 
Platte .... 



Aflon 

Patriot . . . 
New Hope 
Union City 



VAN BUREN COUNTY. 



Washington 

Union 

Bonaparte 
Village .... 
Farmington 



'Bentonsport . . , 
Birmingham. . . 

Bonaparte 

Doud's Station, 
Farmington , . , 



CENSUS RETURNS. ' 
VAN BUREN COUNTY—Continued. 



115 



RANGE. 



NAME OP TOWNSHIPS. 



NAME OF POST OFFICES. 



Harrisburg . 
Des Moines. 

Village 

Village 

Van Buren . 
Van Buren . 
Chequest . . . 
Jackson . . . 
Vernon 
Van Buren . 
Village . . . 
Des Moines. 
Jackson . . . 
Washington 
Van Buren . 

Cedar 

Des Moines. 
Washington 

Vernon 

Union 



Gainsborough . 

Home 

Hickory 

Iowaville. . . ,. . 

Keosauqua 

Kilbourn 

Lebanon 

Milton ... 

Mount Sterling 

Mount Zion 

New Market. . . 

Niles 

Oak Point 

Pierceville 

Pittsburg 

Sheridan 

Upton 

Utica 

Vernon , 

Winchester . . . 



WAPELLO COUNTY. 



Washington 
Washington 
Agency 

Adams 

Polk ....... 

Competine. . 
Cass ....... 



14 Richland 



Dahlonega. 
Columbia. . 
Richland . . 

Center 

Center 

Green — 



Ashland 

A)] me 

Agency 

Amador 

Christiansburg 

Competine 

Chilicothe 

Comstock 

Dahlonega 

Eddyville 

Kirkville 

Ottumwa 

Port Richmond 
Port Isabel .... 



WARREN COUNTY. 



24.. ... 

22 

22..... 

23 

24 

25.. .. 

23 

23 

22 

22 

25 

25 



Washington . 

Palmyra 

Richland 

Allen 

Greenfield . . 

Virginia 

Liberty 

Otter 

White Breast 

Union 

Jefferson 

Linn 



Indianola 

Palmyra 

Hartford 

Carlisle 

Greenbush 

New Virginia. . . 
Lawrenceburg . 
Hammondsburg. 

Lacona. 

Saudyville 

Fort Plain 

Norwalk 



WASHINGTON COUNTY. 



Washington 
Brighton . . . 
Clay 



Washington 
Brighton . . . 
Clay 



116 



CENSUS RETURNS. 



WASHINGTON COUNTY— Continued. 



NUMBER. RANGE. 



75. 
75. 
77. 
77. 
76. 
77. 
75. 
74. 
74. 
77. 



NAME OF TOWNSHIPS. 



NAME Op POST OFFICES. 



Dutch Creek . 
Dutch Creek . 
Lime Creek. . . 
English River. 

Highland 

Iowa 

Oregon 

Washington . . 

Crawford 

Iowa 



Dutch Creek 

Valley 

Wassonville 
Richmond . 

Dairy 

Davis Creek 
Ainsworth. . 

Lake 

Crawford . . . 
Yatton 



WAYNE COUNTY. 



70..., 

TO..., 

70... 

70... 

70... 

09... 

69... 

G9... 

08... 

67... 

67... 

67... 



Wright ! Confidence 



Union 

Union 

Washington 
Richmond . . 

Clay 

Corydon 
South Fork. . 

Walnut 

Grand River. 
Grand River 
Monroe . . 



Bethlehem . . 
New York . 

Cambria 

Lucerne 

Lewisburg. . . 

Corydon 

Promise City 

Kniffin 

Grand River 
Clio 

Qpfcinto 



WEBSTER COUNTY. 



SO. 
88. 
86, 
87, 



98 ! 


24...... 


96 


7...... 


96 


7 


96,. .. 


8 


96 , , . .-. 


9 , ... 






96 




97 


7 


97 


9 , . 


97 




98 


8 


98 


8 , . 


99.. . 


7 ... 


99 , 


8 


99 


8 , . 


99 


9 


99 


10 , . 


100 


8.. . . 



28 i Wahkonsah 

27 1 Washington 

28 Dayton 

28 1 Sumner 

Otho 



Fort Dodge. . . 
Border Plains. 
West Dayton . 

Buchanan 

Otho 



WINNEBAGO COUNTY 



WINNESHIEK COUNTY. 



Bloomfield . 
Bloomfield . 
Military .... 
Washington 
Washington 
Washington 
Prankville. . 

Calmar 

Culmar 

Decorah. .. 

Decorah 

Pleasant 

Canoe 

Canoe 

BlulTton 

Orleans 

Hesper 



Castalia 

Winneshiek . . 

Ossian 

Fort Atkinson 

Festina 

Old Mission . . 

Frank ville 

Spillville 

Calmar 

Decorah 

Freeport 

Locust Lane. . 
Spring W ater. 

Canoe 

Bluirton 

Morgan 

Ilesper 



117 



WINNESHIEK COUNTY— Continued. 



aU-MBEK. RANGE. 



100 


i). . 


100 


10 


100 


10 


*9 


47.. 


89 


42 


8G .... 


48 


bO 


44 


88 


48. . 


100 


20. . 






100.... 


21 . 


D3 


24 




23 


00 


20 


yi 


26 


92 


26 


93 


m 



NAME OP TOWNSHIPS. 



Burr Oak. 
Fremont . 
Fremont . 



NAME OP POST OFFICES. 



Burr Oak 

Plymouth Rock. 
Twin Springs. . 



WOODBURY COUNTY. 
Sioux City 'Sioux City 



Correctionville 
Little Sioux 
Little Sioux 
Woodbury. . 



Correctionville. 

Oto 

Smithland 

Woodbury . . . 



WORTH COUNTY 



North wood 
Buston . . . 
Hartland . . 



North wood. 
Bristol .... 
Hartland . . 



WRIGHT COUNTY. 



24 iBelmond . . . 

Iowa 

Troy ....... 

Eagle Grove. 

Liberty 

Boone. , — 



Belmond 

Fryeberg 

Bach Grove . 
Eagle Grove. 
G^dfield . . . . 
Ltini ■ 



118 



CENSUS RETURNS. 



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CENSUS RETURNS, 



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122 



CENSUS RETURNS. 



-A. CIST 

Of ihe County Officers of the several Counties in the State of Iowa, with tfu time 
of ihe expiration of the official term of each. 



ADAIR OOJJWVY-FontantUe, County Seat. 

R, JS. Evviug, County Judge, term expires January, 1808. 

W. R. Hall, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1867. 

T. M. Moore, Treasurer, term expires, January, 18G8. 

W. Taylor, Recorder, term expires January, 1807. 

P. G. Sage, Sheriff, term expires January, 1808. 

S. W. Pry or, County Surveyor, term expires January, 18G8. 

W. Taylor, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, 1808. 

James McMaster, Coroner, term expires January, 1808. 

ADAMS COUNTY-^%, County Scat. 

3. II. Bugbee, County Judge, term expire ■> Tanuary, 1808, 
John Bixby, Clerk District Court. 
A. Ramsey, Treasurer, term expires January, 1808. 
A. Ramsey, Recorder. 

J. W. Stewart, Sheriff, term expires January, 1808. 

A. A. Nolon, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1808. 

J. S. McCauIey, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, 1808. 

S. Crane, Coroner, term expires January, 1808. 

ALAMAKEE COUNT Y—Uiming, County Seat. 

O. S. Conkey, County Judge, term expires January 1808. 

J. G. Orr, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1807. 

Michael Healy, Treasurer, term expires January, 1808. 

Patrick Rider, Recorder, term expires January, 1807. 

J. A. Townsend, Sheriff, term expires January, 1808. 

Henry Dayton, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1808. 

Thos. Nachtway, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, 1868. 

David Harper, Coroner, term expires January, 1808. 

APPANOOSE COUNTY-..Cfe/item%, County Seat. 

S. M. Moore, County Judge, term expires January, 1808. 

J. Rummell, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1807, 

G. S. Stansberry, Treasurer, term expires January, 1808. 
S. M. Moore, Recorder, term expires January, 1807. 

H. II. Wright, Sheriff, term expires January, 1808. 



CENSUS RETURNS. 



1 



E. D. Skinner, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1868. 

J. K. Morey, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, 1868. 
Jacob Shaw, Coroner, term expires January, 1868. 

AUDUBON COUNT Y—Exira, County Seat. 

J. S. Jenkins, County Judge, term expires January, 1868. 

A. 1. Brainard, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1867. 

A. B. Houston, Treasurer, term expires January, 1868. 
J. Grain, Recorder, term expires January, 1867. 

U. ITerrick, Sheriff, term expires January, 1868. 

P. I. Whitted, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1868. 

B. P. Thomas, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, 1868. 
I. M. Bowdish, Coroner, term expires January, 1868. 

BENTON COUNTY— Vinton, County Seat: 

B. R. Sherman, County Judge, term expires January, 1868. 
James Chapin, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1867. 
J. II. Shutts, Treasurer, term expires January, 1868. 

F. Lyman, Recorder, term expires January, 1867. 
E. Bigelow, Sheriff, term expires January, 1868. 

P. E. Smith, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1868. 

A. N. Dean, Superintendent of Schools, term ^ .ires January, 1868. 

E. H. Cowell, Coroner, term expires January, 1868. 

BLACK HAWK GOUN TY— Waterloo, County Seat. 

S. D. Shaw, County Judge, term expires January, 1868. 

D. J. Coleman, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1867. 

John Ellwell, Treasurer, term expires January, 1868. 

James McClure, Recorder, term expires January, 1867. 

W. P. Brown, Sheriff, term expires January, 1868. 

J. Ball, County Surveyor, term expires Jauuary, 1868. 

J. C. Yates, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, 1868. 

S. N. Pierce, Coroner, term expires January, 1868. 

BOONE COUNT Y — Boonsboro, County. Seat. 

M. R. Ramsey, County Judge, term expires January, 1868. 

C. Weston, Clerk District Court, term expires January. 1867. 
J. B. Hulburt, Treasurer, term expires January, 1868. 

A. C. Lowrie, Recorder, term expires January, 1867. 

Geo. W. Crooks, Sheriff, term expires January, 1868. 

L. Regan, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1868. 

M. T. Harlan, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, 1868. 

John Mitchell, Coroner, term expires January, 1868. 

BREMER COUNTY— Waterly, County Seat. 

O. F. Avery, Couuiy Judge, term expires January, 1868. 



124 



CENSUS RETURNS. 



II. C. Moore, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1867. 

W. V. Lucas, Treasurer, term expires January, 1808. 

Lewis Case, Recorder, term expires January, 1807. 

N. M. Smith, Sheriff, term expires January, 1808, 

H. S. Hoover, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1868. 

C. B. Roberts, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, 1868. 

J. J. Merrill, Coroner, term expires January, 1868. 

BUCHANAN COUNTY — Independence, County Seat. 

W. II. Barton, County Judge, term expires' January, 1808. 

E. Brewer, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1867. 

Edson B. Older, Treasurer, term expires January, 1808. 

T. J. Marinus, Recorder, term expires January, 1807. 

A. Crooks, Sheriff, term expires January, 1808. 

J. W. Myers, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1868. 

S. G. Pierce, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, 1868. 

II. II. Hunt, Coroner, term expires January, 1868. 

BUENA VISTA COUNTY — Prairfeville, County Seat 

Not reported, County Judge, term expires. 

M. S. Jamison, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1867. 

Mot reported, Treasurer, term expire? 

Wm. S. Lee, Recorder, term expires January, 1807. 

Not reported, Sheriff, term expires. 

Not reported, County Surveyor, term expires. 

Not reported, Superintendent Schools, term expires. 

Not reported, Coroner, term expires. 

BUTLER COUNTY— Butler Center, County Beat 

A. J. Tompkins, County Judge, term expires January, 1868. 
J. W. Davis, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1867. 
, John Palmer, Treasurer, term expires January, 1868. 
J. H. Hall, Recorder, term expires January, 1807. 
M. Hollenbeck, Sheriff, term .expires January, 1868. 
M. D. L. Neice, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1868. 
W. H. Guy, Superintendent Schools, term expires January, 1868. 
G. Murphy, Coroner, term expires January, 1808. 

CALHOUN COUNTY — Lake City, County Scat. 

Haynes Parker, County Judge, term expires January, 1808. 

S. H. Richardson, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1867. 

Charles Amy, Treasurer, term expires January, 1868. 

Charles Amy, Recorder, term expires Jannary, 1867. 

Wm. Miles, Sheriff, term expires January, 1868. 

S. H. Richardson, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1868. 

Charles Amy, Superintendent Schools, term expires January, 1803. 

Henry Sifford, Coroner, term expires January, 1808. 



CENSUS RETURNS. 



125 



CARROLL COUNTY— Carrollton, County Seat 

Wm. H. Price, County Judge, term expires January, 1868. 
Win. Gilley, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 186?, 
L. McCurdy, Treasurer, term expires January, 1868. 
Thomas. Elwood, Recorder, term expires January, 1867. 
St. A. Davis. Sheriff, term expires January, 1868. 
Robert Hill, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1868. 

C. C. Mulloy, Superintendent Schools, term expires January 1S6S, 
Coroner, (none reported). 

CASS COUNTY — Lewis, County Scat 

D. A. Barnett, County Judge, term expires January 1S68. 

Wm. Waddle, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1867, 

W. Warwick, Treasurer, term expires January, 1868. 

EL Temple, Recorder, term expires January, 1867. 

V r . M. Bradshaw, Sheriff, term expires January, 1868. 

A Wakefield, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1868. 

II. G. Smith, Superintendent Schools, term expires January, 18.68. 

J. Woodward, Coroner, term expires January, 1868. 

CEDAR COUNTY— Tipton, County Seat. 

J. C. Belts., County Judge, term expires January, 1868, 

Sylvan us Fate 3, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1867* 

G. P. Ingman, Treasurer, term expires January, 1868, 

J. C. Bettg, Recorder, term expires January, 1867. 

John D. Shearer, Sheriff, term expires January, 1868. 

F. A. Gates, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1868. 

C. A. Pound, Superintendent Schools, term expires January, 1868, 
Thomas James, Coroner, term expires January, 1868. 

CERRO GORDO COUNTY— Mason City, County Scat 

W. E. Thompson, County Judge, term expires January, 1868. 

B. F. Hartshorn, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1867. 

T. G. Emsley, Treasurer, term expires January, 1868. 

E. Randall, Recorder, term expires January, 1867. 
II. A. Marsh, Sheriff, term expires January, 1868. 

George E. Frost, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1868. 
J. S. Church, Superintendent Schools, term expires January, 1868. 
A. C. Owen, Coroner, term expires January, 1868. 

CHEROKEE COUNTY — Chcvokec, County Seat 

G. F, Miller, County Judge, term expires January, 1868. 

0. S. Wright, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1861, 
Carlton Corbett, Treasurer, term expires January, 1868. 
Oarlton Corlrett, Recorder, term expires January, 1868. 



CENSUS RETURNS. 



F. Stiles, Sheriff, term expires January, 18G8. 

J. H. Davenport, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1868, 
George Fisher, Superintendent Schools, term expires January, 1868. 
O, S, Wright, Coroner, term expires January, 18GS. 

CHICKASAW COUNTY— Mw Hampton, County Scat 

G. A. Hamilton, County Judge, term expires January, 1868. 
0. O. Case, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1867. 
W. W. Berdsall, Treasurer, term expires January, 1868. 

i>. E. Morton, Recorder, term expires January, 1867. 

John Dixon, Sheriff, term expires January* 1868. 

S. H. Young, County Surveyor, term expires January, 18 68, 

J. C. Johnson, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, 1888 

L. H. Weller, Coroner, term expires January, 186S. 

CLARKE COUNTY- Oceola, County Seat. 

James Rice, County Judge, term expires January, 1888. 

A. H. Burrows, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1867. 

Win, G. Kennedy, Treasurer, term expires January, 1868, 

H. H. lless. Recorder, term expires January, 1867. 
Wm. L. Brown, Sheriff, term expires January, 1808. 

A. C. Rarrick, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1868. 

James Jenkins, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, lSGfc-. 

Samuel Webster, Coroner, term expires January, 18G8. 

CLAY COUNTY— Peterson, County Scat. 

j. L. Crosier, County Judge, term expires January, 1868. 
R. B. Crego, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1867. 
J. J. Bicknell, Treasurer, term expires January, 1868. 
C Kirckner, Jr., Recorder, term expires January, 1867. 

G. C. Kindlcspire, Sheriff, term expires January, 1868. 

J. L. Crozier, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1868. 

H. L. Chesley, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, 186b 
P. W. Breckink, Coroner, term empires January, 1868. 

CLAYTON COUNTY— Mkader, County Scat. 

A. C. Rogers, County Judge, term expires January, 1868, 

IT. S. Granger, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1867. 

J. C. Yaupel, Treasurer, term expires January, 1868. 

J. Oglesbee, Recorder, term expires January, 1867. 

E. Boardman, Sheriff, term expires January, 1868. 

R. J. McLelland, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1863. 

Geo. Cook, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, 1868. 

II. D„ Brownson, Coroner, term expires January, 1868. 



CENSUS RETURNS. 



127 



CLINTON COUNTY— Be Witt, County tkal. 

Iko. 13. Young, County Judge, term expires January, 18G8. 

Win. Familton Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1867- 

Hubert "Williams, Treasurer, term expires January, 1808. 

I). Whitney, Recorder, term expires January, 1807. 

Robert Ilogle, Sheriff, term expires January, 1808. 

D. B. Hart, County Surve} r or, term expires January, 1808- 

R J. Crouch, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, ISGri 

hcob Loy, Coroner, term expires January, 1808. 

CRAWFORD CO UNT Y— Denuon , County Scat. 

S. E. Dowe, Couuty Judge, term expires January, 1868. 

A. D. Malony, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1867. 

Morris McHenry, Treasurer, term expires January, 1808. 

Morris McHenry, Recorder, term expires January, 1867. 

8. P. Gardner, Sheriff, term expires January, 1868. 

Morris McHenry, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1868. 

II. C. Laub, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, 18(38 

I S. Comstock, Coroner, term expires Januar}', 1868. 

DALLAS COUNT Y—AM, County Scat. 

J. Perkins, County Judge, term expires January, 1868. 

Cole Noel, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1807. 

T. S. Graham, Treasurer, term expires January, 1808. 

J. Perkins, Recorder, term expires January, 1807. 

,1. M. Byers, Sheriff, term expires January, 1868. 

H. II. Moffat, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1868. 

Win. Hajstiogs, Superintendent of Schools-, term expires January, 1868; 

W. M. Thornburg, Coroner, term expires January, 1868. 

DAVIS COUNTY— Bloomfidd, County Seat. 

Wm. Yan Benthusen, County Judge, term expires January, 1868. 

Win. J. Law, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1867. 

U. T. Peak, Treasurer, term expires January, 1868. 

A. H. Hill, Recorder, term expires January, 1867. 

John W. Scott, Sheriff, term expires January, 1868. 

J. M. Hughs, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1868. 

Samuel Dysart, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, 18M 

H. M. York, Coroner, term expires January, 1868. 

DECATUR COUNTY— ton, County Scat. 

Robert Rinnear, County Judge, term expires January, 1868. 
Francis Varga, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1867. 

C. Thompson, Treasurer, term expires January, 1868. 
S. N. Judd, Recorder, term expires January. 1807. 



128 



CENSUS RETURNS. 



Geo. Woodbury, Sheriff, term expires January, 1868. 

S.. W. Sears, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1869. 

J. W. Penny, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January 1808. 

J. T. Shelton, Coroner, term expires January, 18(58. 

DELAWARE COUNTY- Delhi, County Seat, 

J. B. Boggs, County Judge, term expires January, 1868. 

E. 0. Clemens, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 18G7 

J. M. Holbrook, Treasurer, term expires January, 1868. 

O. E. Taylor, Recorder, term expires January, 1867. 

A. E. Martin, Sheriff, term expires January, 1868. 

IT. G. Doolittle, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1868. 

R, W. Tirrill, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, 1868. 

L. A. Looinis, Coroner, term expires January, 1868. 

DES MOINES COUNTY— Bu rim {/ton, County Heat. 

3. C. Power, County Judge, term expires January, 186b. 

Win. Garrett, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1867. 

Win. B. Kenny, Treasurer, term expires January, 1868. 

S, Pollock, Recorder, term expires January, 1867. 

A. S. Perry, Sheriff, term expires January, 1868. 

C\ Hendler, County Surveyor, term c ires January, 1868. 

J. K. McCulloch, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, 1866. 

S. B. Burge, Coroner, term expires January, 1868. 

DICKINSON COUNTY— Spirit Lake, County Seat. 

II. C. Owen, County Judge, term expires January, 1868. 

Orson Rice, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1867. 

W. B. Brown, Treasurer, term expires January, 1868. 

Milton Smith, Recorder, term expires January, 1867. 

David Bennett, Sheriff, term expires January, 1868. 

R. A. Smith, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1868. 

John Smith, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, 1868. 

Henry Meeker, Coroner, term expires January, 1868 

DUBUQUE COUNTY— Dubuque, County Seat. 

S. Hempstead, County Judge, term expires January, 1868. 

M. C. Lepper, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 186/, 

Wm. G. Stewart, Treasurer, term expires January, 1868. 

W. Lewis, Recorder, term expires January, 1867. 

D. A. Mahony, Sheriff, term expires January, 1808. 

J. T. Everett, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1808. 

J. J. E. Norman, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, 18GS 

J. O'llea Cautillon, Coroner, term expires January, 1808. 



CENSUS RETURNS, 



121) 



EMMETT COUNTY -rEstherville, County Seat. 

County Judge, term expires. 
A A. Pregray, Clerk District Court,. term expires January, 1867. 
No report, Treasurer, term expires. 
11 Craves, Recorder, term expires Janiiry, 18(57. 
Nti report, Sheriff, term expires. 
No report, County Surveyor, term expires. 
No report, Superintendent of Schools, term expires. 
No report. Coroner, term expires. 

FAYETTE COUNTY — Wed Union., County Seat. 

John Koker, County Judge, term expires January, 18G3. 

Jos. Hobspn, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1867. 

Jus, Stewart, Treasurer, term expires January, 1868. 

I! 11. Kenyon, Recorder, term expires January, 1867. 

I P. Babcock, Sheriff, term expires January, 1808. 

B D. Gazley, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1868. 

A. M. Felts, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January , 1808. 

S.. E; Robinson, Coroner, term expires January, 1808. 

FLOYD COUNTY— G'Aarte* City, County Scat. 

A. Root, County Judge, term expires January, 18. 

•I V. W. Montague, Clerk District Court, term expires January. 1807. 

11. Wilbur, Treasurer, term expires January, 1808. 

(I. H. Eastman, Recorder, term expires January, 1807. 

I. . 8. Ilorr, Sheriff, term expires January, 1808. 

II. C. Inman, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1868. 

11. Stearns, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, U3C8," 
E Crowell, Coroner, term expires January, 1803. 

FRANKLIN CO UN TY—Ifa mpton, County Seat. 

A. North, County Judge, term expires January, 1808. 

I). W, Dow, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1808. 

George Heed, Treasurer, term expires January, 1808. 

George Reed, Recorder, term expires January,' 1807. 

A Pickering, Sheriff, term expires January, 1808. 

O. Smith, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1808. 

N. U. Chapman, Superintendent of Schools. 

S II. Carter, Coroner, term expires January, 1863. 

FREMONT omJNTY---N<'.7,v../, County Scar. 

Alex. WiLon, County Judge, term expires January, 1808. 

J. L. Mitchell, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1807. 

Giles Cowles, Treasurer, term expires January, 18.08. 

JSl. A. Webster, Recorder, term expires January, 1807. 

17 



C,:V$UB RETURNS. 



S\ T. Cromwell, Sheriff, term expires January, 1868. 
A. R. Brewer, County Surveyor, term expires Janury, 186$ 
J. M. Hood, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, 
J as. G . Gray, Coroner, , term expires January, 1868. 

CtREENE COUKTY— New Jeffenon, County Beat 

A. Anderson, County Judge, term expires January, 1808. 

J. D. Howard, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 180' 

James Stanford, Treasurer, term expires January, 1808, 

T. G. Stiles, Recorder, term expires January, 1807. 

J. Betebarner, Sheriff, term expires January, 18G8. 

G. S. Toliver, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1808. 

J. C. Lovejoy, Superintendent of Schools, term expires Januur 

James Thornton, Coroner, term expires Januaiy, 18G8. 

GRUNDY COUNTY— ®nmd$' Center, County Scat. 

D. E. Munn, County Judge, term expires January, 1803. 

J. M.. Comstock, Clerk District Court, term expires January, i 
A. F. Willouglib3 T , Treasurer, term. expires January, 1808. 
A. F. Willlouhgby, Recorder, term expires January, 1807, 
J. M, Young, Sheriff, term expires January, 1808. 
J. II. Pritchard, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1808 
O. J. Jonas, Superintendent of Sch' Is, term expires January, 
C. G, Courtight, Coroner, term expires January, 1808. 

K - GUTHRIE COUNTY— Panora, County Seat, 

11. Brown, County Judge, term expires January, 1803. 

Wm. Maxwell, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 18 

T. E. Harbour, Treasurer, term expires Januaiy, 1808. 

Chas. Haden, Recorder, term expires January, 1807. 

J. W. Cummins, Sheriff, term expires January, 1808. 

E. Smith, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1808. 

T. S. Wilson, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January 
R. Diliey, Coroner, term expires January, 1803. 

HAMILTON COUNTY— Webster City, County Seat 

Isaiah Doane, County Judge, term expires. January, 1808. 
II. Sweeney, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 185? 
Hiram Bennett, Treasurer, term expires January, 1808. 
Isaiah Doane, Recorder, term expires Januaiy, 1867. 

II. C. Hillock, Sherilf, term expires 

James Fauglit, County Surveyor, term expires 

O. A. Holme:, Superintendent of Schools, term expires - — — 

ii Saekelt, Coroner, term expires 



CENSUS RETURNS. 



HANCOCK COUNTY— Ellington, County Seat. 

P. Haywood, County Judge, term expires January, 1868. 

J. M. Elder, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1807. 

H. N. Brockway, Treasurer, term expires January, 1868. 

A. D. Hians, Recorder, term expires January, 1867. 

A. Yerrington, Sheriff, term expires January, 1868. 

James Crow, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1868. 

C. C. Way, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, 1808. 

S. "VVhilcomb, Coroner, term expires January, 1868. 

HARDIN COUNTY— McZara, County Beat. 

Ellis Parker, County Judge, term expires January, 1868. 

R. F. Ripley, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1867. 

L. E. Campbell, Treasurer, term expires January, 1868. 

E. S. Sawin, Recorder, term expires 

A. F. Wood, Sheriff, term expires January, 1868. 

E. Andrews, County Surveyer, term expires January, 1868. 

E. Jessup, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, 1868. 

S..B. Cunningham, Coroner, term expires January, 1868. 

HARRISON COUNTY— Magnolia, County Beat 

J. M. Harvey, County Judge, term expires January, 1868. 

A. G. Hard, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1867. 

Geo. S. Bacon, Treasurer, term expires January, 1868. 

J. H. Smith, Recorder, term expires January, 1867. 

J. Q-. Downs, Sheriff, term expires January, 1868. 

J. A. Parkin, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1888. 

R. N. Day, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, 1868. 

J. Mintun, Coroner, term expires January, 1868. 

HENRY COUNTY— Mt. Pleasant, County Beat. 

J. B. Drayer, County Judge, term expires January, 1868, 

J. P. Grantham, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1867. 

C. V. Arnold, Treasurer, term expires January, 1868. 

H. J. Howard, Recorder, term expires January, 1867. 

W. A. Simons, Sheriff, term expires January, 1868. 

Jas. Hanks, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1868. 

8. L. Howe, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, 1868. 

C. F. Devoe, Coroner, term expires January, 1868. 

HOWARD COUNTY — JS r cw Oregon, County Beat. 

D. O. Preston, County Judge, term expires January, 1868. 

A. Kimball, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1867. 
J. F. Webster, Treasurer, term expires January, 1868. 
W. H. Patterson, Recorder, term expires January, 1867. 



132 ' ' CENSUS RETURNS. 

/ 

J. F. Powell, Sheriff, term expires January, 18G8. 
P. N. Glathart, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1868. 
J. W. Lee, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, 1868. 
J. J. Clemmer, Coroner, term expires January, 1868. 

HUMBOLDT COUNTY— Dakota City, County Seat. 

John Deckey, County Judge, term expires January, 1868. 

A. W. McFarland, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1807. 

Charles Bergk, Treasurer, term expires January, 1868. 

Charles Bergk, Recorder, term expires January, 1867. 

J. C. Cusey, Sheriff, term expires January, 1868. 

E. Collins, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1868. 

Q. D. Coyle, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, 1868, 

E. F. Hartwell, Coroner, term expires January, 1868. 

IDA COUNTY— itftf. County Seat. 

J. II. Moorhead, County Judge, term expires January 1868. 

W. J. Magoner, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1867. 

N. E. Edwards, Treasurer, term expires Jauuary, 1868. 

W". J. Magoner, Recorder, term expires January, 1867. 

0. Waterman, Sheriff, term expires January, 1868. 

M. G. Aldrigh, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1868. 

Coroner not reported. 

IOWA COUNTY. —Ma vengo, County Seat. 

A. II. Willits, County Judge, term expires January, 1868. 

Win. G. Springer, Clerk District.Court, term expires January, 1867. 

N. B. Vineyard, Treasurer, term expires January, 1863. 

John Miller, Recorder, term expires January, 1867. 

E. D. Akers, Sheriff, term expires January, 1868. 

G. B. Wheeler, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1868. 

James Root, Jr., Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, 1868. 

A. W. Childress, Coroner, term expires Jauuary, 1868. 

JACKSON COUNTY— Andrew, County Seat. 

A. L. Palmer, County Judge, term expires January, 1868. 
' E. J. Holmes, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1867. j 
R. M. Smith, Treasurer, term expires January, 1868. 
W. L. Redmond, Recorder, term expires January, 1867. 
W. 8. Belden, Sheriff, term expires January, 1868. 
S. C. Wilson, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1868. 
D. A. Fletcher, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, 1868. 
J. F. Fairbanks, Coroner, term expires January, 1868. 

JASPER COUNTY— Newton, County Seat. 

ft G. Howe, County Judge, term expires January, 1868. 



CENSUS RETURNS. 



13 



J. A. Seaton, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1807. 

J. B. Eyerly, Treasurer, term expires January, 1868. 

J. C. Wilson, Recorder, term expires January, 1807. 

J. M. Rogers, Sheriff, term expires January, 1868. 

J. Collin, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1868. 

D. Craig, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, 1868. 

II. Newell, Coroner, term expires January, 1868. 

JEFFERSON COUNTY— iUrjkU, County Seat. 

Thomas Morgan, County Judge, term expires January, 1868. 

Wm. Long, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1867. 

Wm. S. Moore, Treasurer, term expires January, 1868. 

George H. Case, Recorder, term expires January, 1867. 

J. S. Gantz, Sheriff, term expires January, 1868. 

A. R. Fulton, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1868. 

S. Sampson, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, 1868. 

J. B. Simsou, Coroner, term expires Januaiy, 1868. 

JOHNSON COUNTY — Iowa City, County Seat. 

Jonn Williams, County Judge, term expires January, 1868. 

J. C. Culbertson, Clerk District Court, term exp : is January, 1867. 

A. C. Younkin, Treasurer, term expires January, 1868. 
J. B.' Lee, Recorder,' terrn expires January, 1867. 
John Wilson, Sheriff, term expires January, 1868. 

D. A. Shafer, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1868. 

8. D. Price, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, 1868. 

0. Startsman, Coroner, term expires — • . 

JONES COUNT Y — A n am osa, County Seat 

D. McCarn, County Judge, term expires January, 1868. 

G. P. Deitz, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1867. 

L. Schoonover, Treasurer, term expires January, 1868. 

James S. Perfect, Recorder, term expires January, 1867. 

D. Kinert, Sheriff, term expires January, 1868. 

D. L. Blakeslee, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1868. 

L. R. Carpenter, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, 1868. 

V. C. Williston, Coroner, term expires January, 1868. 

KEOKUK COUNTY— Sigoumey, County Beat. 

John Rogers, County Judge, term expires January, 1868. 

J. A. Donnell, Clerk District Court, terra expires January, 1867. 

L. McCoy, Treasurer, term expires January, 1868. 

James E. Woods, Recorder, term expires January, 1867. 

J. T. Parker, Sheriff, term expires January, 1868. 

J. B. Peck, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1868. 

b. V. Smock, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, 1868. 

B. F. Crocker, Coroner, term expires January, 1868. 



134 



CENSUS RETURNS. 



KOSSUTH COUNTY-Algona, County Seat. 

L. Rist, County Judge, term expires January, 1868. 

James L. Paine, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1807. 

Jerome E. Stacy, Treasurer, term expires January, 1868. 

Jerome E. Stacy, Recorder, term expires January, 1867. 

Samuel Read, Sheriff, term expires January, 1808. 

L. H. Smith, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1868. 

C. Taylor, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, 1808. 
A. C. Call, Coroner, term expires January, 1868. 

LEE COUNTY— Keokuk, Fort Madison, County Seat. 

A. Jaegar, County Judge, term expires January, 1808. 

D. II. LaSuer, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1807. 
Wm. P. Lowery, Treasurer, term expires January, 1868. 

J. W. Frow, Recorder, term expires January, 1807. 

J. A. Bishop, Sheriff, term expires Jauuary, 1868. 

O. F. Riiley, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1868. 

Z. B. Bowers, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, 1868. 

IT. Scheever, Coroner, term expires January, 1868. 

LINN COUNTY- J^w<, County Seat. 

J. Elliott, County Judge, term expires January, 1868. 

A. J. McKean, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1867. 

R. T. Wilson, Treasurer, term expires January, 1868. 

J. J. Daniels, Recorder, term expires January, 1867. 

Hiel Hale, Sheriff, term expires January, 1868. 

J. M. Greer, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1808. 

II. S. Bradshaw, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, 1868 

M. Farnam, Coroner ? term expires January, 1868. 

LOUISA COUNTY— Wapello, County Seat. . 

S. E. Jones, County Judge, term expires January, 1868. 

John Hale, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1807. 

W. S. Kremer, Treasurer, term expires January, 1868. 

J. A. Brown, Recorder, term expires January, 1867. 

E. B. Lacey, Sheriff, term expires January, 1868. 

W. C. Blackstoue, County Surveyor, term expires January, 180S. 

A. Mil Inline, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, 1808. 

J. Sample, Coroner, term expires January, 1808. 

LUCAS COUNTY— Charlton, County Seat. 

R. McCormick, County Judge, term expires January, 1808. 
N. B. Gardner, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1867. 
E. T. Edginton, Treasurer, term expires January, 1808. 
A. Collins, Recorder, term expires January, 1807. 



CENSUS RETURNS. 



1 



fl. Lyoian, Sheriff, term expires January, 1868. 

W. K. Larimer, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1868. 

0. H. Younkin, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, 1858. 

Jus. Weaver, Coroner, term expires January, 1808 

LYON COUNTY — Not Organized. 

MADISON COUNTY— Winter set, County Seat. 

N. W. Garretson, County Judge, term expires January, 1868. 

M. R. Tidrick, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1867. 

R. A. Stitt, Treasurer, term expires January, 1868. 

0. A. Moser, Recorder, term expires January, 1867. 

J. F. Brock, Sheriff, term expires January, 1868. 

0. A. Moser, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1808. 

J. S. Goshorn, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, 18G8. 

D. D. Davidson, Coroner, term expires January, 1868. 

MAHASKA COUNTY- Oskuloosa, County Scat. 

Samuel Thompson, County Judge, term expires January, 1868. 

Richard Dumont, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1867. 

J. A. Young, Treasurer, term expires January, 1868. 

John Larmer, Recorder, term expires January, 18C^ 

J. W. Ilinsley, Sheriff, term expires January, 1868. 

N. Caven, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1868. 

J. F. Everett, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, 1808. 

R. Miller, Coroner, term expires January, 1868. 

MARION COUNTY— KnoxviUe, County Seat. 

J. Brobst, County Judge, term expires January, 1868. 

Geo. Kruck, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1867. 

W. T. Cunningham, Treasurer, term expires January, 1868. 

iJos. M. Clark, Recorder, term expires January, 1867. 

A. White, Sheriff, term expires January, 1868. 

D. N. Hamilton, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1808. 

Wm. E. Wright, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, 1808 

J. A. Welsh, Coroner, term expires January, 1808. 

MARSHALL COUNTY— Marshalltown, County Seat. 

T. A. Lampman, County Judge, term expires January, 1868. 

.1. L. Williams, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1867. 

H. A. Gerheart, Treasurer, term expires January, 1868. 

John Turner, Recorder, term expires January, 1867. 

T. E. McCracken, Sheriff, term expires January, 1868. 

Win. Biemner, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1808. 

C. II. Shaw, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, 1808. 

Win. B. Waters, Coroner, term expires January, 1.868. 



CENSUS RETURNS. 



MILLS COUNTY— Glenwood, County Seat. 

L. A. Nelson, County Judge, term expires January, 1868. 

II. A. Copeland, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1867. 

Win. H. Taft, Treasurer, term expires January, 1868. 

L. A. Nelson, Recorder, term expires January, 1887. 

J. T. Deupree, Sheriff, term expires Januarj', 1868. 

G. Seeger, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1808. 

Ii. S. Williams, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, 1868. 

Wra. Snuffin, Coroner, term expires January, 1868. 

MITCHELL COUNTY— Mitchell, County Seat. 

A. S. Faville, County Judge, term expires January, 1868. 

C. S. Prime, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1867. 

Charles Sweeney, Treasurer, term expires, January, 1868. 

G. S. Needham, Recorder, term expires January, 1867. 

S. S. McKinley, Sheriff, term expires January, 1868. 

M. Hunt, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1868. 

Alva Bush, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, 1868. 

Samuel Fay, Coroner, term expires January, 1868. 

MONONA COUNTY — Onawa, County Seat. 

C. C. Bisbee, County Judge, term expires January, 1868. 
T. Elliott, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1867. 
J. E. Sellick, Treasurer, term expires January, 1868. 
E. D. Dimmick, Recorder, term expires January, 1867. 

E. R. Pierce, Sheriff, term expires January, 1868. 

C. H. Hoibrook, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1868. 

Wm. A. Doeward, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, 1808. 

F. F. Roe, Coroner, term expires January, 1868. 

MONROE COUNTY — Albia, County Seat. 

N. B. Humphrey, County Judge, term expires January, 1868. 

Henry Miller, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 186?. 

H". Hickenloper, Treasurer, term expires January, 1868. 

J. R. Duncan, Recorder, term expires January, 1867. 

A. McDonald, Sheriff, term expires January, 1868. 

J. N. Massey, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1868. 

E. M. Bill, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, 1868. • 

E. T. Knight, Coroner, term expires January, 1868. 

MONTGOMERY COUNTY —Franklin , County Seat. 

W. G. Ewing, County Judge, term expires January, 1868. 

W. W. Mtriitt, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1867. 

J. B. Packard, Treasurer, term expires January, 1868. 

J. B. Packard, Recorder, term expires January, 1867. 



CENSUS RETURNS. 



13? 



John Shafer, Sheriff, term expires January, 1808. 

William Dunn, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1808. 

A. Beeson, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, 1868. 

R. D. Sperry, Coroner, term expires January, 18G8. 

MUSCATINE COUNTY — Muscatine, County Seat. 

H. H. Benson, County Judge, term expires January, 1808. 

J. W. Jayne, Clerk District Court, term expires January. 1807. 

M. L. Mikesell, Treasurer, term expires January, 1863. 

C. S. Foster, Recorder, term expires January, 1867. 

A. E. Keith, Sheriff, term expires January, 1868. 

J. A. Mathewson, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1868. 

R. H. McCampbell, Superintendent of Schools, term expires .J auuary, 1868. 

J. Blaid, Coroner, term expires January, 1868. 

O'BRIEN COUNTY— O'Brien, County Seat. 

John Moore, County Judge, term expires January, 1868. 

II. C. Tilfcy, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1867. 

A. Murray, Treasurer, term expires January, 1868. 

A. Murray, Recorder, term expires January, 1867. 

j. C. Furber, Sheriff, term expires January, 1868. 

H. H. Waterman, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1868. 

M. Lewis, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, 1868. 

J. Hawks, Coroner, term expires January, 1868. 

OCEOLA COUNTY — Not Organized. 

PAGE COUNT Y — Claniula, County Seal. 

J. R. Moreledge, County Judge, term expires January, 1863. 

Jacob Butler, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1867. 

H. Dorsey, Treasurer, term expires January, 1868. 

T. Wallace, Recover, term expires January, 1867. 

G. W. Burns, Sheriff, term expires January, 1868. 

E. Miller, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1868. 

J. A. Woods, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, 1868. 

J. Kincade, Coroner, term expires January, 1868. 

PALO ALTO COUNTY — Peolie, County Seat. 

P. Mulroney, County Judge, term expires January, 1868. 
James Hickey, Clerk District Court,' term expires January, 1867. 
J. P. White, Treasurer, term expires January, 1868. 
J. M. Mulroney, Recorder, term expires January, 1867. 
P. Nowlau, Sheriff, term expires January, 1868. 
J. P. White, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1868 
J. II. Underwood, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, 
J H. Underwood, Coroner, term expires January, 1868. 



8 



CENSUS RETURNS. 

Plymouth county— miboum, County scat. 



F. Held, County Judge, term expires January, 1808. 
A. C. Sheetz, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1807. 
A. E. Rea, Treasurer, term expires January, 18G8. 
A. E. Rea, Recorder, term expires January, 18G7. 
P. Smith, Sheriff, term expires January, 1808. 
A. C. Sheetz, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1888. 
A. C. Sheets, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, 180N. 
Coroner not reported. 

POCAHONTAS COUNT Y—Milto n , County. Seat. 

S. N. Harris, County Judge, term expires January, 18G8. 
A. II. Malcomb, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1807. 
Wm, H. Hart, Treasurer, term expires January, 1868. 
R. Struthers, Recorder, term expires January, 18G7. 
Henry Jar vis, Sheriff, term expires January, 18G8. 
11. Struthers, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1808. 
W. D. McEwin, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, 1808. 
E. Hammond, Coroner, term expires January, 18G8. 

POLK COUNTY— Moines, County Seat. 

W. G. Bentley, County Judge, term expires January, 18G8. 

H. H. Griffiths, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1807. 

J. B. Tiffin, Treasurer, term expires January, 18G8. 

John Jack, jr., Recorder, term expires January, 1807. 

N. McCalla, Sheriff, term expires Januaiy, 18G8. 

J. B. Bailsman, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1808. 

h. Brown, Superintendent Schools, term expires January, 1868. 

W. F. Tate, Coroner, term expires January, 18G8. 

POTTAWATTAMIE COUNTY— Council Bluffs, County Seat. 

John Bratton, County Judge, term expires January, 1868. 

E. F. Burdick, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1867. 

T. Tosterven, Treasurer, term expires January, 18G8. 

W. G. Crawford, Recorder, term expires January, 1867. 

H. H. Field, Sheriff, term expires January, 18G8. 

D. Tosterven, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1808. 

A. E. Clarendon, Superintendent Schools, term expires January. 1868. 

J. Boulden, Coroner, term expires January, 1868. 

POWESHIEK COUNTY— Montezuma, County tint. 

J. W. Dalbrey, County Judge, term expires January, 1808. 
J. W. Cheshire, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1807. 
S. Bates, Treasurer, term expires January, 1808. 
N. Carr, Recorder, term expires January, 1807. 



CENSUS RETURNS. 139 

J|. Carr, Sheriff, term expires January, 18G8. 

T. J. Drain, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1868. 

9. J. Brick, Superintendent Schools, term expires January, 1808. 

H. h. Heckman, Coroner, term expires January, 18G8. 

RINGGOLD COUNTY— Ml Ayr, County SeaU 

I. W*. Keller, County Judge, term expires January, 1868. 
Tbos. Ross, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1867. 
J. T. Williams, Treasurer, term expires January, 1868. 

W. Poor, Recorder, term expires Januaiy, 1867. 
D. B. Marshall, Sheriff, term expires January, 1868. 

C. W. Dake, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1868. 

A. Johnson, Superintendent Schools, term expires January, 1868. 
Win. Caviu, Coroner, term expires January, 1868. 

SAC COUNTY— Sac City, County Seat. 

J. Alexander, County Judge, term expires January, 1868. 

W. H. Ilohbs, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1867. 

D. Carr Early, Treasurer, term expires January, 1868. 
N. W. Condron, Recorder, term expires January, 1867. 
VV. Cory, Sheriff, term expires January, 1868. 

0. H. Wright, County Surveyor, term expires January, 18C8. 
R. Ellis, Superintendent Schools, term expires January, 1808. 

E. B. N. Strong, Coroner, term expires January, 1868. 

SCOTT COUNTY — Davenport, County Seat. 

R. Linderman, County Judge, term expires January, 1868. 

M. D. Snyder, Clerk District Court, A term expires January, 1867. 

T. K. Fluke, Treasurer, term expires January, 1868. 

J. Thorington, Recorder, term expires January, 1867. 

J. M. Lyter, Sheriff, term expires January, 1868. 

0. P. Campbell, Coum , Surveyor, term expires January, 1868. 

Win. 0. Hiskey, Superintendent Schools, term expires January, 1868. 

J. J. Tomson, Coroner, term expires January, 1868. 

SHELBY" COUlsTY—JIarlan,. County Seat. . 

N. Ward, County Judge, term expires January, 1868. 

H. C. Holcombe, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1867. 

M. II. Adams, Treasurer, term expires January, 1868. 

M. II. Adams, Recorder, term expires January, 1867. 1 

A. Crandall, Sheriff, term expires January, 1868. 

A. Rubendall, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1868. 

J. M. Woods, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, 1808. 

8. I). Sunderland, Coroner, term expires January, 1868. 



140 



CENSUS RETURNS. 



SIOUX COUNTY— Bminm done at. Sioux City. 

L. J. Griggs, County Judge, term expires January, 1808. 

E. L. Si one, Clerk of the District Court, term expires January, 1807. 

J. Bell, Treasurer, term expires January, 1808. 

J. Bell, Recorder, term expires January. 

Sheriff — not reported. 

County Surveyor— not reported. 

Superintendent of Schools- not reported. 

Coroner— not reported. 

STORY C O UN T Y—Ne dad a , County Seat. 

R. H. Mitchell, County Judge, term expires January, 1808. 

J. A. Fitchpatrick, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1807. 

T. C. Davis, Treasurer, term expires January, 1808. 

E. C. Evans, Recorder, term expires January, 1807. 

IT.. F. Murphy, Sheriff, term expires January, 1808. 

W. G. Allen, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1808. 

J. G. Reekie}', Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, 1808. 

0. P. Robinson, Coroner, term expires January, 1808. 

TAMA COUNTY — 1 Uedo, County Seat. 

T. A. Graham, Counly Judge, term expires January, 1808. 

D. D. Applegatc, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1807. 

A. J. Wheaton, Treasurer, term expires January, 1808. 
Jacob Yeiser, Jr., Recorder, term expires January, 1807. 
K. Dexter, Sheriff, term expires January, 1808. 

H. Jacobs, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1808. 

T. L. Downs, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, 1808. 

N. Fisher, Coroner, term expires January, 1808. 

TAYLOR COUNTY — Bedford, County Seat. 

D. W. Atkinson, County Judge, term expires January, 1808. 

E. T. Smith, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1807. 
E. Rose, Treasurer, term expires January, 18G8. 

D. Underwood, Recorder, term expires January, 1807. 

John Campbell, Sherilf, term expires January, 1808. 

S. J. Hall, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1808. 

W. B. Snow, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, 1808. 

B. If. Baker, Coroner, term expires January, 1808. 

UNION COUNTY— Afto n , County Seat. 

J. F. Bishop, County Judge, term expires January, 1808. 
G. \V. Beymer, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1807. 
Ira Seeley, Treasurer, term expires January, 1808. 
* J. F. Bishop, Recorder, term expires January, 1807. 



CENSUS RETURNS. 



II. Carter, Sheriff, term expires January, 18G8. 

Wm. Painter, County Surveyor, term expires January, 18(58. 

If. Keating-, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, 1868. 

J. B. White, Coroner, term expires January, 18G8. 

VAN BUREN CO UNT Y— Kemau qua , County Seal. 

II. Strickling, County Judge, term expires January, 1868. 

J. A. Miller, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1807. 

J. 8. Sloan, Treasurer, term expires January, 1868. 

E. Godard, Recorder, term expires January, 1867. 

J. C. McCrary, Sheriff, term expires January, 1SG8. 

Ira Claflin, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1868. 

D. G. Perkins, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, 1868. 
L W. Thornburg, Coroner, term expires January, 1868. 

WAPELLO COUNTY — Ottu m ica, County Seal. 

Jus. S. Porter, County Judge, term expires January, 1868. 

L. M, Godley, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1867. 

Jos. llayne, Treasurer, term expires January, 1868. 

II. B. Jones, Recorder, term expires January, 1867. 

G. A. Derby, Sheriff, term expires January, 1868. 

G. D. Haekworth, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1868. 

B. A. Spaulding, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, 1808. 

A. h. Chamberlin, Coroner, term expires January, 18G8. 

WARREN COUNTY— Indianola, County Seat. 

J. I). Ingalls, County Judge, term expires January, 1868. 

Chas. McKay, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1867. 

P. P. Henderson, Treasurer, term expires January, 18G8. 

J. D. Ingalls, Recorder, term expires January, 1867. 

J. J. Cozad, Sheriff, term expires January, 1868. 

Levi Reeves, Comity Surveyor, term expires January, 1868. 

J. C. Clarke, Sup Jintendent of Schools, term expires, January, 1853. 

J. M Russell, Coroner, term expires January, 1868. 

WASHINGTON COUNT Y— Washington, County Seat. 

8. Bigger, County Judge, term expires January, 1868. 

C T. Jones, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1867. 

R. Glasgow, Treasurer, term expires January, 1868. 

Win. R. Jelfrcy, Recorder, term expires January, 18G7. 

8. E. Hawthorn. Sheriff, term expires January, 1808. 

E. Ross, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1868. 

0. Thompson, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, 18G8. 
R W. McElory, (kroner, term expires January, 1868. 



142 



CENSUS RETURNS. 



WAYNE COUNTY— Corydon, County Scat. 

M. Read, County Judge, term expires January,. 1808. 

B. W. Fullerton, CJerk District Court, term expires January, 1807. 

J. Prugh, Treasurer, term expires January, 1808. 

A. R. Meredith, Recorder, term expires January, 1808. 
W. M. Littell, Sheriff, term expires January, 1868. 

B. Moore, Count/ Surveyor, term expires January, 1808. 

D. Kirk, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, 1868. 
W. D. Ellis, Coroner, term expires January, 1808, 

WEBSTER COUNTY— Furl Dodge, Count!/ Sad 

Isaac Young, County Judge, term expires January, 18G8. 

R. E. Carpenter, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1807; 

J. Fuller, Treasurer, term expires January, 1808. 

J. L. Cheyney, Recorder, term expires January, 1807. 

A. F. Blackshire, Sheriff, term expires January, 1808. 

Thos. Harlan, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1808, 

& N. Wilson, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, 1868. 

J. F. Beyers, Coroner, term expires January, 1808. 

WINNEBAGO COUNTY— Forest City, County Scat. 

8. Tennis, County Judge, term expires January, 1803. 

E. I). Hinman. Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1807. 
D. Secor, Treasurer, term/expires January, 1808. 

J. P. Gardner, Recorder, term expires January, 1807. 

Charles Lutz, Sheriff, term expires January, 1808. 

A. Oulman, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1808. 

C. A. Stedman, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, 1868. 

D. Bray, Coroner, term expires January, 1808. 

WINNESHIEK COUNTY— JDecorah, County Seat. 

G. It. Willc i, County Judge, term expires January, 1808. 

S. W. Mattisim, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1807. 

G. N» Holoway, Treasurer, term expires January, 1808. 

J. E. Powers, Recorder, term expires January, 1807. 

A, Arne3on, Sheriff, term expires January, 1808. 

E. Baldwin, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1808. 

J. M. Wedgcwood, Superintendent of Schools, tarn expires January. 1868, 
0. McKay, Coroner, term expires January, 1803. 

WOODBURY COUNTY— Sioux City, County Scat. 

J. H. Snider, County Judge, term expires January, 180S. 

F. J. Lambert, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1807. 
T. J. Stone, Treasurer, term expires January, 1808. 

• .A., Graninger, Recorder, term expires January, 1807. 



CENSUS RETURNS. 



143 



J. Flogy, Sheriff, term expires January, 18G8. 

J. C. C. Hoskins, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1868. 

E. Rockwood, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, 1868 
I.eroy Snider, Coroner, term expires January, 1868. 

WORTH COUNTY -Xorthicood, County Seat. 

E. Smith, Comity Judge, term expires January, 1868. 

H. V. Dwelle, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1867, 

I). McKercher, Treasurer, term expires January, 1868. 

I). McKercher, Recorder, term expires January, 1867. 

A. L. Towne, Sheriff, term expires January, 1868. 

L. Dwelle, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1868. 

James Keeler, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, 1508. 

& P. Cravath, Coroner, term expires January, 1868. 

WRIGHT COUNTY— Grant, County & at. 

i. Morris, County Judge, term expires January, 1868. 

0. A.. McKay, Clerk District Court, term expires January, 1867 

IV K. Eastman, Treasurer, term expires January, 1868. 

IV K. Eastman, Recorder, term expires January, 1867. 

Ii W. Culver, Sheriff, terms expires January, 1868, 

J. Morris, County Surveyor, term expires January, 1868. 

IV E. Train, Superintendent of Schools, term expires January, 1868. 

Q. G. Pritchard, Coroner, term expires January, 1868. 



144 



CENSUS RETURNS. 



OFFICIAL REGISTER, 



STATE OFFICERS. 



OFFICERS. 



OFFICES. 



ADDRESS. 



TIME EXPIRES. 



Hon. 
Hon. 



W. M. Stone 

E. W. Eastman,. . 



Hon. B. F. Cue 
Hon. James Wright.. 

E. M. Wright.. 
Hon. J. A. Ellioit... . 

S. A. Ayres. . . . 
Hon. W. H. Holmes. 



Knoxville. . . 

Eldora 

Fort Dodge. 
Des Moines. 



C. P. Holmes j Deputy 



Governor 

Lieutenant-Governor . 
Lieut. Governor Elect 
Secretary of State. . . . 

Deputy 

Auditor of State 

Deputy 

Treasurer of State, Des Moines. '1st January 



Des Moines. 



January .. . 
January . . . 
January .. . 
1st January 



1st January 



1868 
1866 
1868 
1867 



18G7 



Hon. Gran Faville, 
L. Coulter. . . 

Hon. J. A. Harvey. 
D. 13. Jones. . 

Hon. F. E. Bissell . 



Sup't Public Instruction. 
Clerk and State Librarian 
Register State Land Otliee 

Clerk 

Attorney General 



Des Moines. 



Des Moines. 



Dubuque. 



1st Januarv 



1st January 
1st, January 



1867 



1868 



1861 



1807 



SUPREME COURT. 



Hon. R. P. Lowe 

Hon. J. F. Dillon 

Hon. C. C. Cole 

Hon. Geo. G. Wright. 

Hon. Jj. Kinsey 

Hon. T. F. Withrow. . 



Chief Justice* , . . .(Keokuk 

Judge 

Judge 

Judge 

Clerk 

Reporter 



.list January 1868 
Davenport . jlst January 1870 
1871 
1872 



Des Moines, jlst January 
Des Moines, list January 

Des Moines. I 

Des Moines. ! 



UNITED STATES CIRCUIT COURT. 



Hon. Sam'l Miller. . . . I.ludge. . . 
Hon. W. G. Woodward Clerk. . . . 
Hon. Caleb Baldwin . . . 'Attorney. 















Council Blf's 







UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF IOWA. 



Hon. J. M. Love. . . . 
Hon. J. D. Burns. . . . 
Hon. Peter Melendy. 



Judge 

Clerk 

United States Man-hal . 



Keokuk 

Dubuque. . 
Cedar Fulls 



UNITED STATES SENATE. 



Hon. J. vV. Grimes . . . .j V. K Senator . . . . . '. 7.. . | Burlington . . I March 1 1871 

♦ One vacancy to be filled this winter | March . . • 1 1 807 



CENSUS RETURNS. 



146 



REPRESENTATIVES IN CONGRESS. 



u 

Ufa 



OFFICERS. 

Hon. J. F. Wilson. 77! 

Hon. Hiram Price 

Hon. Wm. B. Allison. 
Hon. J. B. Grinnell . . . 
Hon. J. A. Kasson 
Hon. \V. A. Hubbard. 



OFFICES. 

Representative. 
Representative. 
Representative. 
Representative. 
Representative. 
Representative. 



ADDRESS. 



Fairfield 

Davenport. . 
Dubuque — 
Grinnell 
Des Moine3. 
Sioux City. . 



TIME EXPIRES. 



March 
March. 
March. 
March. 
March. 
March. 



1867 
1867 
18C7 
1807 
ISC 7 



A LIST 



Of lue District, Judges and District Attorneys of the several Judicial Districts: m 
the State of Iowa, with the Post office address of each. 



©WTHICT. 

"lit Dist. 

*1 Dist. 

M Dist. 
1 4th Dist. 
HtUDist. 

«th Dist. 
/ 7tb Dist. 

tith Dist. 

tth Dist. 
lOlh Dist. 
11th Dist. 



Francis Springer. . . 

H. II. Trimble 

J. G. Day 

Isaac Pendleton 

Charles C. Nourse. . 
Wm. Loughridge . . . 
J. Scott Richraan.. . 

N. M. Hubbard 

James Burt 

E. H. Williams..... 

John Porter 

Win. 15. Fairfield... 



Wapello 

Bloomfield .. 

Sidney 

Sioux City. . 
Des Moines. 
Oskaloosa.. . 
Muscatine. . . 

Marion 

Dubuque 

Clermont . . . 
Eldora ... . 
Charles City. 



| ATTORNEY. | 

Joshua Tracy 

Amos Harris 

C. E. Millard 

Henry Ford.. . 

H. W. Maxwell... 
H. S. Winslow . . . . 
Lyman B. Ellis 

C. R. Scott 

George Wattson. . . 
Milo McGlathery . . 

D. D. Chase 

John E. Burke 



ADDRESS. 

Burlington. . 
Ccnterville . . 
Gleuwood. . . . 
Magnolia .... 
Indianola. . . . 

Newton 

Lyons 

Anamosa .... 

Delhi 

West Union . . 
Webster City 
Waverly ... 



146 



* CENSUS RETURNS. 



LIST OF PRACTICING ATTORNEYS IN THE STATE OF IOWA, 



ADAIR COUNTY— No Repokt. 

ADAMS COUNTY. 

Quincy— F. M. Davis, John Berby. 

ALAMAKEE COUNTY. 

Waukon— L. O. Hatch, R. W. Wilder, F. C. Ransom, F. H. Goodykunis. 
Lansing— Geo. W. Camp, S. H. Kinne, M. M. Webster, L. E. Fellows. Ross- 
ville— Geo. R. Miller. 

APPANOOSE COUNTY. 

Centerville— Amos Harris, Henry Tannehill, Joshua Miller, Thos. WL Fee, S, 
M. Moore. 

AUDUBON COUNTY. 

Exira— Thos. S. Lewis. 

BENTON COUNTY. 

Vinton— John Shane, B. R. Sherman, J. C. Traer, J. McCartney, W. C. Con- 
nel, G. W. Sells, S. Vanatta. 

BLACK HAWK COUNTY. 

Waterloo— J. S. George, Bag & Allen, C. D. Gray, S. P. Braiuard, W. F. 
Bishop, L. Chapman, W. H. Curtis, Alson Bailey. Cedar Falls— A. T. Brown, 
S. H. Packard, Wm. H. McClure, C. P. Brown, I. B. Powers. 

BOONE COUNTY. 

Boonsboro— C. W. Lowrie, W. R. Lawrence, D. L. Wilber, I. J. Mitchel, I. N. 

Kidder, N. Hudson, C. W. Williams, Bittenger, John A. Hull, J. F. Eccles- 

ton, E. Waterbury, N. L. Earner, J. S. Smith. 

BREMER COUNTY. 

Waverly— Geo. W. Ruddick, Jno. E. Burke, John Ellis, O. F. Avery, G. C. 
Wright. 

BUCHANAN COUNTY. 

independence— D. S. Lee, Jas. Jounson, J. S. Woodward, L. VY. Hart, 1). D. 
Holdridge, Joel Lope, W. G. Donnon, C. F. Leavitt, W. Chandler. 

CLAYTON COUNTY. 

McGregor— Rueben Noble, E. Odell, Thos. Updegraff, J. F. Stonemau, L). Ltf- 



CENSUS RETURNS. ] 4 7 

ftngwcll, J. W. Vanornam, A. J. Jordan. Garnavillo— A. Brown, J. O. Crosby, 
Swn'l Murdock. Elkader-B. T. Hunt, R. O. Price, S. T. Woodward. Yankee 
I Settlement— S. R. Peet. 

FAYETTE COUNTY. 

West Union— S. S. Ainsworth, Ainsworth & Miller, McClintock <fc Rickel, Mc- 
Olalhury & Berkey, D. P. Campbell, Geo. B. Edmonds, S. B. Zeigler! Favette— 
W. B. Lakin. 

BUENA VISTA COUNTY— No Report. 

BUTLER COUNTY. 

Clarksville— Fletcher & Baunan, Roselle. Butler Centre— W. A. Lathrop, 

John Palmer, Converse & Davis. 

CALHOUN COUNTY— No Attorney. 

CARROLL COUNTY— No Report. 

CASS COUNTY. 

Lewis— Jas. W. Brown, Henry Temple. 

CEDAR COUNTY. 

Tipton— Bothrock & Wolf, Piatt & Spicer, Jos. W. Bull, Win. II. Tutbill, S. 
A. ftissell, John Swineford. 

CERRO GORDO COUNTY. 

Mason City— S. W. Cord, Geo. & B. F. Hartshorn, J. S. Church. 

CHEROKEE COUNTY— No Attorneys. 

CHICKASAW COUNTY. 

New Hampton — M. C. Ayers, J. H. Powers. Bradford— A. G. Case 1 . Law- 
rence. 

CLARKE COUNTY. 
Osceola— James Rice, M. B. Ruse, P. J. Goss, R. A. Dague, E. F. Riley, C. R. 
Johnson. 

CLAY COUNTY— No Report. 

CLAYTON COUNTY. 

McGregor— Thos. Updegraff, Elijah Odcll, R. Noble, J. T. Stoueman. Elka- 
der — Hunt & Price, Woodward & Young. Garnavillo— Crosby & Brown. 

CLINTON COUNTY. 

DeWitt-K. W. Wheeler, P. C. Wright, J. C. Palley. Lyons-A. R. Cotton, 
Ellis Bros. Clinton— M. H. Tyrrell, Isaac Baldwin. Camanche— Geo. B. Young 

CRAWFORD COUNTY. 

Donisou— S. J. Comfort, James M. Butler, Hubert Clark. 

DALLAS COUNTY. 
Viell—J. Perkins, J. R. Reed, W. S. M. Abbott, Willard & North. 



148 



CENSUS RETURNS. 



DAVIS COUNTY. 

Bloomlleld— M. II. Jones, J. B. Weaver, W. J. Hamilton, D. Palmer, A. Steckel, 
8. S. Curruthers, S. T. Ballard, John Snoddy. 

DECATUR COUNTY. 

Leon— Samuel Totroy, J. S. Warner, J. W. Woods, J. W. Warner, Thomas 
Porter, J. W. Penney. " 

DELAWARE COUNTY. 

Delhi— J. M. Bray ton, George Wattson, Z. A. Willman, W. M. Hartshorn, L. 
N. Ingalls. Manchester —A. S. Blair, S. L. Doggett, D. R. Blaisdell, S. G. Van 
Anda, Ray B. Griffins. 

DES MOINES COUNTY. 

Burlington— D. Rorer, J. C. & B. J. Hall, M. D. Browning, Tracy & Newman, 
P. II. Smith, D. Y. Overton, Clark Marble, Isaac Morris, C. H. Phelps, H. W. 
Starr, E. G. Wright, A. T. Hay, O. C. Wightman, C. Ben Darwin, George Rub- 
ertson, John Lahee, W. E. Adams, T. J. Trulock, II. O. Browning, George Fra- 
zee, J. J. Heider, J. 0. Power, George D. Lane. 

DICKINSON COUNTY. 

Spirit Lake— Orson Rice. 

DUBUQUE COUNTY. 

Dubuque— Griffith & Knight, Bis3cll & Shiras, Wm. Mills & Sou, Allison, Crane 
& Rood, Beach & Gray, O'Ncil & Craigin, Wilson & Doud, Adams & Robinson, 
Cady & Bowman, Monroe & Dewey, W. T. Barker, H. T. McNulty, J. H. Shields, 
Edward McCeeny, Willingtou Weigly, B. W. Poor, R. E. Bishop, M. B. Mulkorn. 

EMMETT COUNTY- No Report. 

FAYETTE COUNTY. 

West Union-Milo McGlathery, McClintock & Rickel, Felt & Harmon, J. J. 
Berkey, S. S. Ainsworth, S. B. Zeigler, D. P. Campbell. 

FLOYD COUNTY. 

Charles City— H. O. Pratt, Starr & Patterson, R. G. Reiniger, G. P. Boullon. 
Rockford— R. N. Matthews. Marble Rock— Wm. II. Johnson. Nora Springs— 
W. P. Gaylord. 

FRA.NKLIN COUNTY— No Report. 
FREMONT COUNTY. 
Sidney— L. Lingeufeltcr, J. N. Cornish, Robert Payne, Millard & GjOey. 

GREENE COUNTY. 
New Jefferson— Dan Mills, Albert Head, Henry Potter. 

GRUNDY— No Attokmiy. 
GUTHRIE— No RicrotiT. 



CENSUB RETURNS. ] 4 9 

HENRY COUNTY. 

lit. Pleasant— A. H. Bereinan, Marsh & Craig, Wookou &. Bowman, Ambler 
4 Ambler, Palmer & Berernau. 

HOWARD COUNTY. 

NewQregon — C. E. Berry, Goodrich cVs Mead, D. O. Preston. Verijon Spring 
—Foster & Breckenridge. 

HUMBOLDT COUNTY. 

Dakota—A. W. McFarland. 

HAMILTON COUNTY. 
\Vcb8ter City— D. T). Chase, Jacob Skinner, D. D. Miracle, W. J. Coyell. 
HANCOCK COUNTY. 
„ IJpper Grove — C. D. Prichard, M. P. Roscrans. Ellington— James Croft; 
HARDIN COUNTY. 
Bldora— E. W. Eastman, W. J. Moir, 11. L. Huff. 

HARRISON COUNTY. 
Magnolia— Henry Ford, P. D. Mickel. J. H. Smith, T. E. Haycock. 

IDA COUNTY. — No Rkfort. 
IOWA COUNTY. 

I Marcn/;o— John Miller, C. Hedges, II. M. Martin, J. H. Freeman, J. II. Hum- 
phrey. 

JACKSON COUNTY. 

Bellevue— Booth, Graham & Woo J. Andrew— B. F. Thomas, W. L. lied mood. 
Ma(iuoketa— S. D. Lyman. 

JASPER COUNTY. 

Newton— J. W. Sennett, 0. 0. Howe, G. R. Shays, Wmalow«fc Lindley, S. G. 
jSmith. Grcencastio— W. C. Don Carlos. 

JEFFERSON COUNTY. 

Fairfield— Stubbs & McCord, Negus & Culbertson, J. D. Jones. 

JOHNSON COUNTY. 

Iowa City— John Williams, Kirkwood & Jcwett, Luse & Griffith, Edmunds A 
Ranson, Miller & Strong, Robison & Patrerson, Fairall & Boal, Templin & Cor 
nell, Geo. W. McCleary, Clark & Bro., Blackwell & Kneeling, W. J. Haddock, 
Theo. M. Davis, Wm. P. Glisten, L. P. Frost, LeGrand Byington, Gilarian Fol- 
ftoni, W. C. Hobart. 

.JONES COUNTY. 

Anamosa— F. S & J1.10. McKean, C. R. Scott, J. L. Sheran, S. T. Pierce. G. W . 
K*iel(l, Jno. S. Stacy, W. G. Hammond, O, Burk, D McCain. 



150 



CENSUS RETURNS. 



KEOKUK COUNTY. 

Sigouniey— Wrodin & Sampson, H. E. Haines, C. IT. Mackey, T. C. 8. Coopeii 
1). P. Olh'.', G, Wilkinson. 1 

kossuth county—no report, 
lee county. 

Keokuk — Rankin & McCr &ry, R. H. Gilmore, Henry Strong", P. T. Loniuxl 
Miller & Jaeger, H. Scott Howell, Win. Edwards, J. M. Reed, Gibson Browne] 
Webster Ballinger, J. L. Rice, Dixon & Marshall, Leech & Mumm. Fort Madi-i 
son— John Van Valkenburg, J. M. Beck, Casey & Hollman, F. 0. Dorr, H. C.j 
Stempcl, Charles Docrr. Dover — Semple A Kinley. Montrose — W. IT. Morrison. 1 
West Point— E, Perdew. 

LINN COUNTY. 

Marion — Preston & Son, Smyth & Young, Hubbard & Stephens, Byam, Sey- 
mour A Hassell, W. G. Thompson, Thos. Corbett. John Mitchell, J. C. Davis, E. 
Latham, D. L. Palmer, J. A. Gray, Daniel Lothian. Cedar Rapids— Greene, Dud- 
ley & Beit, VVhittam & Church, J. J. Child, C. M. Hollis, Boyd & Kimher, R. H. 
Gilmore Mt. Vernon— J. T. Rice. 

LOUISA COUNTY. 

Wapello— J S. Hurley, D. N. Sprague, A. M. Williams, Royal Prentiss, .). M. 
Edwards, John Bird B F Wright, G. T. Whisler. 

LUCAS COUNTY. 

Chariton— E. K. Edwards, T. M. Stuart, W. S. Dungan, J. W. Wilkinson, E. 1J. 
Woodward, R. McCormick, N. B. Conaway. 

MADISOJSf COUNTY. 

Winterset— Leonard & Mott, McPherson & Murray, Elliott & Ruby, V. Wain- 
w right, Lewis Mayo, W. H. Lewis, Ttios. C. Gilpin. 

MAHASKA COUNTY. 
Oskaloosa— J no. \\. Needham, Seevers & Williams, Philip Myers, Crookham 
A Rheinhart, BancL^ft & Warren, Fisher & Seevers, John F. Lacy. 

MARION COUNTY. 

Knoxville— Atherton & Gamble, J. E. Ncal, Bennett & Fresh, J. L. McCor- 
mack, S. J. Anderson, Stone, Ayres & Curtis, Knoxville and Pella. Pella— Ben- 
nett & Bousquet, T. M. Merill, II. P. Scholte, Jas. Monohorn. 

MARSHALL COUNTY. 

Maishalltown— Boardman& Brown, Henderson & Co., L. W. Giiswold, Bradley 
A Caswell, S. Tryon. 

MILLS COUNTY. 

Glenwood— Wm, Hale, J. D, Edmondson, J. M! Dewey, W. 0. Watkins, I). H. 
Solomon, 0. E. Millard, J. Y. Stone. 



CENSUS RETURNS. 
MITCHELL COUNTY. 



151 



H West Mitchell— D. W. Poindexter, A. H. Dunlap, F. M. Atherton. Osage— 
■p«l Foreman, H. K. Eaton. Mitchell — D. G. Frisbie. 

MONONA COUNTY. 

Onaua-B. D. Holbrook, Addison Oliver. 

MONROE COUNTY. 

I Albia— Perry & Townecnd, Yocuin & Yocum, Anderson & Deshiell, Hammond 
: I Robb. 

MONTGOMERY COUNTY-Not Re pouted. 
MUSCATINE COUNTY. 

Huscatine— Richmond & Carskaddon, Cloud & Broornhall, Howard. A: Dan- 
lard, W. F. Brownell, Henry O'Conner, Jacob Butler, A. J. Leffingwell. 

O'BRIEN COUNTY— No Attorney. 

PAGE COUNTY. 

I Clariuda— N. B. Moore, J. S. Mclntyre, T. R. Stockton, J. R. Morledge, A. R. 
Anderson. 

PALO ALTO COUNTY-No Report. 
PLYMOUTH COUNTY— No Attorney. 
POCAHONTAS COUNTY— No Report. 
POLK COUNTY. 

W. G. Bentley, P. F. Bartle, J. R. Barcroft, Levi J. Brown, E. G. Coe, J. M. 
Dorr, J. M. Elhvood, S..S. Ethirdge, Finch, Clark & Rice, Folson & Embree, G. 
L Godfrey, Holmes & Crane, M. B. Hoxie, David Hillis, E. J. Ingersoll, B. N. 
Klnyon, J. K. Lyon, John Mitchell, McIIenry & Kendall, M. D. McIIenry, George 
J. North, R. G. & B. W Orwig, Phillip & Phillip, Polk & Hubbell, Stephen Sib- 
ley, G. A. Stewart, Capt. I. N. Thomas, Wilhrow & Smith, White & Chester, 
Williamson & St. John. 

POTTAWATTAMIE COUNTY. 

Council Bluffs— Jas. D. Test, W. C. James, C. E. Stone, J. W. Sigler, I. L. Fet 
ler, Robt. Percival, Clinton & Sapp, C. Baldwin, D. W. Price, L. W. Ross, R. L. 
Douglas, W. 0. Crawford, J. C. Turk, T. J. Street, Frank Street. 

POWESHIEK COUNTY. 

Montezuma— M. E Cutts, D. H. Emery, J. W. Dulby. 

RINGGOLD COUNTY. 



Ml. Ayr— W. T. Laughlin, O. W. Keller, M. Benington. 



CENSUS RETURNS. 



SAC COUNTY. 
Sac City— Wm. Crouncr, [). Carr Early, John Alexander. 

SCOTT COUNTY. 

Davenport— Davison & True, Grant & Smith, Lane & Day , Browa & Sully| 
P..: tnam & Rogers. 

SHELBY COUNTY — No RepOKT 
SIOUX COUNTY— No Report. 

i 

STORY COUNTY. 

Nevada— J. L. Dana, F. D. Thompson, Geo. A. Kellogg, J. S. Fraaier, E. B. 
Potter, John Scott. 

TAMA COUNTY. 
Toledo— G. R. Struble, W. H. Stivers, A. Stoddard. 

TAYLOR COUNTY. 
Bedford— L. T. McCown, S. J. Hall, R. B. Kinsell. 

UNION COUNTY. 

A ft on— N. W. Rowell. . 

VAN BUREN COUNTY. 

Keosauqua— Joshua S. Sloan, H. Strickling, J. C. McCrary, Kuapp & Wrigbt, 
J. F. Smith, Robert Sloan, C. Baldwin. Bentonsport — D. G. Perkins, B. Jones. 
Birmingham— H. C. Clinton. Farmington— G. W. Ringue. Lebanon— L. W. 
Petit. 

WAPELLO COUNTY. 

Ottumwa— H. B. Hendershot, E. L. Burtan, E. H. Stiles, M. J. Williams, A. W. 
Gaston. 

WARREN COUNTY. 

Iadianola— M. Yf Maxwell, L. Todhunter, J. E. Williamson, H. McNeil, P. 
G Bryan, W. M. Marshman. 

WASHINGTON COUNTY. 

Washington— Lewis & Bennett, McJunkin & Henderson, Patterson & Sherman, 
John Wiseman, Wm. Scofield. 

WAY r NE COUNTY. 

Corydon—S. L. Glasgrow, John nay es, Jun., Taylor & TUofiaa*, Free! and & 
McClanahan, L. D. McKinly, D. Kirk. 

WEBSTER COUNTY— No Repokt 
WINNEBAGO COUNTY 

Fcrest City— R. Clark. 



CEN8U3 RETURNS 

WINNESHIEK COUNTY— No Hkpokt 
WOODBURY COUNTY. 
Ifoiu City—- Hudson & Joy, S. T. Davis, John Carrier, O. C. Treadwny 

WORTH O.QUNNV. 
fforthwood-J. M. Perry, W. D. Staplin. Bristol— li. K Walker 
WRIGHT COUNTY— No A/rvoitNEY. 



'%* 



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REPORT 



OP TUE 



SECRETARY OF STATE, 



IN RELATION TO THE 



OHTMTjSTA.Ij eetuens 



OF TIIE 



STATE OF IOWA, 



FOR THE YEARS A. D. i864-5. 



JAMES WRIGHT, SECRETARY OF STATE. 



DES MOINES: 

F. W. PALMER, STATE PRINTER. 
1SG5. 



STATE OF IOWA, OFFICE OF SECRETARY OF STATE, ) 
Des Moires, 15th November, 18G5. j" 

y To the General Assembly of the State of Ioiva : — 

In compliance with Section 64, Chapter 6, of the Revision of 
J8G0, I have the honor to report to you an abstract of the Crimi- 
nal Returns of the State of Iowa, for the years 1864 and 1865, 
which report embraces all the returns which have been received 
f op to this date. 

Respectfully submitted, 

JAMES WRIGHT, Secretary of State. 



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40 



CRIMINAL PROSECUTIONS. 



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41 



-A_ STATEMENT 

■L" . * 

jp Showing the crimes for which persons were prosecuted, and the occupations, 
character or habits, and nativity of the persons prosecuted, in the Stale of Iowa, 
for the year ending the 31st day of October, A. D. 1864, as Air as reported by the 
Clerks of the District Courts: 

THEIR CRIMES. 

Six cases were for the crime of murder ; 4 murder in the second degree ; 5 man- 
daughter; 1 arson; 15 assault with intent to kill; 17 assault with intent to inflict 
frent bodily injury ; 4 assault with intent to commit rape; 1 assault with intent 
to rob and steal ; G7 assault and battery ; 18 assault; 8 burglary; 1 robbery; 2 
conspiracy; 2 counterfeiting; 4 perjury; -11 adultery; 55 larceny; 4 rape; 12 will- 
ful trespass; 18 trespass; 3 seduction; 1 obstructing railroad; 1 manufacturing 
intoxicating liquor; G7 selling intoxicating liquor; 1 selling and giving intoxica- 
ting liquor to Indians ; 15 intoxication ; 231 nuisance; 3 false pretense; 2 theft; 
I horse stealing ; 31 malicious mischief; 4 gambling; 35 permitting gambling ; 
> 15 illegal voting; 3 having counterfeit money; 8 riot; 1 keeping house of ill 
fttue; 1 forcible defilement ; 1 breaking jail ; 5 contempt of court; 4 obstructing 
highway; 8 under bonds to keep the peace; 5 misdemeanor; 1 threats; 1 resist- 
ing an officer; 1 shooting stock; 1 malicious maiming of beasts; 2 ill fame; 1 
offering challenge ; 16 neglecting to drill ; 1 burning prairie; 5 aiding prisoners 
lo escape ; 4 disturbing the peace ; 28 crimes not reported. 

THEIR OCCUPATIONS. 

Farmers, 190; millers, 4; grocers, 37; saloon keepers, 64 ; merchants, 38", 
whisky sellers, 6 ; hotel keepers, 31 ; loafers, 4 ; laborers, 51 ; teamsters, 6 ; house- 
keepers, 10 ; laboring girl, 1 ; druggists, 8 ; horse dealers, 2 ; carpenters, 7 ; wagon 
maker, 1 ; blacksmiths, 8 ; servant, 1 ; wheelwright, 1 ; baker, 1 ; gamblers, 2 ; 
lawyer,!; shoemak rs, 6 ; masons, 6 ; mechanics, 2; saddler, 1; distillers, 3; 
itage driver, 1; clerks, 12; butcher, 1; boatmen, 2; sportsman, 1 ; soldiers, 3 ; 
broom makers, 2 ; drainer, 1 ; milliner, 1 ; saulder, 1 ; pauper, 1 ; boy, 1 ; teach- 
ers, 2; uherilf, 1 ; physicians, 3 ; engineers, 3 ; none, C; prostitutes, ; unknown, 
64; not reported, 155. 

THEIR CHARACTERS OR HABITS. 

Good, 130; very good, 3; generally good, 16; tolerably good, 6; moderately 
good, 3 ; previously good, 1 ; not good, 37; bad, 86 ; steady, 9 ; unsteady, 1 ; 
sober, d; temperate, 09 ; ifitompei'fttp, luj moral, 4 j immoral, §j dilatory,! 1 , B©t 
loyal, 1; wild, 1 ; fair, 14 , genteel, 1 ; doubtful, 1 ; moderate, 7; industrious, 3; 
trifling, 1 ; vicious, 1 ; loose, 6 ; medium, 21 ; drinking, 2; gambling, 3 ; low, 4 ; 
indifferent, 2 ; regular, 4; dissolute, 6; excellent,!; not bad, 1 ; strangers, 2 ; 
rqugh, 1; quarrelsome, 3; dissipated, 1 ; hard set, 5; nix, 3; unknown, 81 ; not 
reported, 229. 
6 



42 



CRIMINAL PROSECUTIONS. 



THEIR NATIVITY. 

The reports of nativity are very meager — only about one-half of the eases are 
given. Of the cases given, 80 are said to be natives of America ; 58 of the United 
States. Where the State is given, G are of Illinois; 30 of Indiana; 4 of Iowa; 5 
of Kentucky ; 2 of Louisiana ; 1 of Maryland ; 3 of Massachusetts ; 1 of Missis- 
sippi ; 5 of Missouri ; 15 of New York ; 20 of Ohio ; 9 of Pennsylvania ; 1 of 
Rhode Island ; 2 of South Carolina ; 1 of Vermont ; 2 of Virginia ; and 2 of 
Wisconsin. 

Of the foreigners, 1 was of African descent; 4 of Bohemia; 8 of Canada; of 
England ; 7 of France ; 41 of Germany ; 2 of Hungary ; 57 of Ireland ; 1 of 
Norway ; and 3 of Scotland. 

READ AND WRITE. 

Of the cases reported under this head, 400 could read and write; 45 could not; 
1 could in Dutch ; 1 could not read ; and 1 could read. 



CRIMINAL 



PROSECUTIONS. 



43 



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44 



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CRIMINAL PROSECUTIONS. 



47 



Of the 7G2 cases of criminal prosecutions for the year ending the 31st day of 
Koyember, 1864, 2 persons were sentenced to be hung, (the sentence in one case 
*'"wu commuted to imprisonment in the Slate prison for life) ; 41 sentenced to iin- 
jpriaonment in the penitentiary; 7 to pay fine and costs and imprisonment in 
county jail; 12 to pay fine and go to county jail; 3 to pay costs and be impris- 
oned in county jail; 15 to be imprisoned in county jail, making 37 who were 
Imprisoned in county jail, with various other penalties attached; 291 to pay fine 
%nd costs; 11 to pay fine and costs and committed until paid; 1G9 to pay fine; 
lft to pay costs; 10 discharged on the payment of costs; 1 liquor destroyed and 
*C©st9; 1 fine coats and recog. ; 5 to keep the peace; 1 compromised under the 
Statute ; 2 nolle prosequi ; 1 executed by soldiers ; 57 dismissed ; 32 acquitted ; 6 
tot tried; 13 not guilty; 9 escaped; G not sentenced; 15 still pending ; 2(5 sen- 
tences not reported. 

Of the 99 Counties in the State of Iowa, 2 are not organized; 24 report no pro- 
locutions; and 9 have failed to report. 



48 



CRIMINAL PROSECUTIONS. 




CRIMINAL PROSECUTIONS. 



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CRIMINAL PROSECUTIONS. 



51 



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52 



CRIMINAL PROSECUTIONS. 



Of the 97 counties in this State, 65 reported costs in District Court. Of these 
17 did not report costs in Justice Courts. Three did not report costs of Grand 
Jury, and six did not report any fees paid District Attorneys. In 14 counties 
persons were sentenced to imprisonment in the Penitentiary. In 15 counties per- 
sons were sentenced to imprisonment in the county jails, and in 47 counties fines 
were imposed. 



CRIMINAL PROSECUTIONS. 



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93 



SYNOPSIS 

Of the Criminal Prosecutions in the several counties in the State of Iowa Tor the 
year ending the 31st cbiy of October, 18G5. 

CRIMES. 

There were 922 cases of criminal prosecutions in the State of Iowa during the 
year ending the 31st day of October A. D. I860. Of these 9 were charged with 
murder, 3 manslaughter, 1 arson, 28 assault with intent to kill, 15 assault with 
latent to inflict great bodily injury, 3 rape, 3 assault with intent to commit rape, 
79 assault and battery, 31 assault, 122 larceny, 3 perjury, 2 forgery, 17 burglary, 
17 keeping gambling house, 43 permitting gambling, 5 gambling, 2 threatening, 3 
threatening to kill, 1 threatening to shoot a man, 1 threatening to beat, 1 threat- 
ening to inflict great bodily injury, 1 malicious threats, 225 nuisance, 115 selling 
liquor, 2 conspiracy, 28 malicious mischief, 35 willful trespass, 5 lewdness, 1 
cheating, (J seduction, 1 abduction, 11 intoxication, 4 disorderly, 7 illegal voting, 
I affray, 1 keeping diseased sheep, 1 poisoning sheep, 1 firing a pistol in the 
streets, 1 bigamy, 1 prostitution, 3 keeping house of ill-fauiee, 1 incest, 2 disturb- 
ing religious meeting, 1 embezzlement, 1 robbery, 1 kidnapping, 21 breach of 
peace, 5 riot, 1 slander, 5 resisting an officer, 3 burning prairie, 2 aiding to con- 
ceal stolen goods, 1 threatening to commit a public offense, 1 selling mortgaged 
personal property, 1 shooting stock, 1 injuring stock, 1 horse stealing, 1 cheating, 
3 obstructing highway, not reported, 32. 

SENTENCES. 

As follows: To the Penitentiary, 57; Penitentiary and fine, 1 ; Penitentiary 
and costs, 8 ; county jail, fine and costs, 2 ; county jail and fine, 7 ; county jail 
and costs, 4; county jail, 20; fine and costs, 310; fine and committed until 
paid, 8 ; fine, 221 ; to pay costs, 52 ; discharged on payment of costs, 19 ; dis- 
charged, 30; still pending, 35 ; dismissed, 44 ; acquitted, 54 ; escaped, 4 ; compro- 
mised by parties, 2; r rae or imprisonment, 1 ; to pay costs and keep the peace, 3; 
recognizance and costs, 3; recognizance, 11 ; procedendo on the Justice, 3; not 
reported, 20. 

NATIVITY. 

As follows, to-wit : Africa, 2; America, 1C2; Bohemia, 2 ; Canada, 5; Eng- 
land^; France, 2; Germany, 140; Holland, 9; Ireland, 83; Norway, 3; Prus- 
sia,!; Scctland, 2; Switzerland, 1 ; United States, 75; Wales, 1. 

Connecticut,!; Illinois, 6; Indiana, 30; Iowa, 21 ; Kentucky, 4; Louisiana, 1 . 
Maine, 2; Massachusetts,!; Michigan, 1 ; Missouri, ; New York, 25; North 
Carolina, 2; Ohio, 42; Pennsylvania, G; South Carolina, 2 ; Tennessee, 2; Texas, 
1 ; Virginia, 5; Vermont, 4; Unknown, 114; Not reported, 214. 

OCCUPATIONS. 

241 farmers, 50 laborers, 3 mechanics, fi shoemakers, 5 blacksmiths, 3 carpeu - 



94 CRIMINAL PROSECUTIONS. 

ters, 1 locksmith, 1 tinner, 2 wagon-makers, 1 wood cutter, 2 servants, 2 wash- 
women, 7 loafers, 8 housewives, 6 soldiers, 2 distillers, 4 brewers, 205 saloon keep- 
ers, 1-1 grocers, 1(> hotel keepers, 83 merchants, 18 druggists, 1 boatman, 2 ped- 
dlers, 2 gamblers, 5 clerks, 1 traveler, 2 doggery keepers, 4 traders, 2 ex-sheriffs, 

4 teachers, 2 preachers, 2 insurance agents, 3 freight agents, 1 vagrant, 2 drovers, 

5 teamsters, 2 miners, 3 barbers, 2 liverymen, 2 ferrymen, 2 masons, 2 postmasters, 
1 liquor agent, 1 daryman, 1 horse stealer, 1 machinist, 1 physician, 1 thief, 1 
broom maker, 1 keeper of a house of ill-fame, 20 none, 43 unknown, 170 not 
reported. 

CHARACTER OR HABITS. 

The character or habits are reported as follows: Very good, 4; good, 142; 
previously good, 12; generally good, 18; not good, 39; not bad, 59; bad, 45; not 
generally bad, 1; temperate, 54; intemperate, 38; loose, 10; fair, 19; thieving, 
3; gambling, 1 ; doubtful 9; not generally good, 1 ; hard, 3; shiftless, 2 ; variable, 
1; meddling, 11 ; quiet, 3; dissolute, 2 ; usually steady, 1 ; steady, 7; selling whis- 
ky, 9; moderate, 5; dangerous, 2; trifling, 1; subject to fits, 1; unsteady, 3, 
quarrelsome, 5 ; medium, 7; rough, 1; moral, 15; indolent, 1; lazy and vicious, 1 ; 
immoral, 7 ; dissipated, 8 ; regular, 2; lewed, 1 ; the lowest, 5; rather tough boys, 
3; industrious, G ; unknown, 100; and the remainder of the 922 were not report- 
ed. The returns do not show the true state of character or habits as they should, 
the above is as reported to this office. 



CRIMINAL PROSECUTIONS. 



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CRIMINAL PROSECUTIONS 99 

The undersigned cannot, close this Report without renewing the suggestion 
Bide in the Report to the 10th General Assembly, in reference lo the importaa :e 
if the collection of the Criminal Statistics of our State. 

An extraordinary effort was made to induce the Clerks of the District Court in 
tie several counties, to make the Report contemplated in Section 349 of the Code, 
j tut failed to bring out a full Report. It seems to me that this matter is of so 
much importance that it demands the special attention of the General Assembly. 
Would it not be wise to refer this matter to the several District Attorney's, requir- 
ing them to collect all facts appertaining to criminal prosecutions, and present 
them to the Attorney General, to be by him properly collated and reported to the 
General Assembly. This seems to me to be the natural way in which to collect 
U-d report all facts connected with Criminal Prosecutions. 
ttewpec i f » j My, bruit tecL 

JAMES WRIGHT, 

Secretary of State. 



OFFICE SEC>Y AND 8UPEIUN TEN DENT ) 
IOWA STATE AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE AND FARM, [ 
COLLEGE FARM, January 1, 1866. ) 

2o the Honorable Senate and 

Home of Representatives of the State of Iowa : 

In pursuance of law I Lave to make the following report of the 
proceedings of the Board of Trustees of the Iowa Agricultural 
College and Farm for the year 18G5. Also, I herewith transmit 
a brief history of the Institution from its organization in 1858, 
up to the present time, together with the reports of the Executive 
and Building Committee, and Architect, as follows, to-wit: 



REPORT OF THE SECRETARY 

OF THE 

IOWA AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE AND FARM. 

m 



f According to instructions, I beg leave to make a plain and con- 
cise statement of the condition, history and wants of the College 
tad Farm, from 1858 to 18G6. 

At the session of the Legislature of 1858, an act was passed pro- 
viding for the establishment of a State Agricultural College and 
Farm, with a Board of Trustees, which shall be connected with 
the entire agricultural interest of the State. M. W. Robinson, 
Timothy Day, John Wright, G. W F. Sherwin, Win. DuaneWil- 
aou, Richard Gaines, Suel Foster, J. W. Henderson, Clement 
Coffan, E. II. Williamson, and E. G. Day, were appointed the first 
trustees. Clement Coffan and E. H. Williamson would not serve. 
Peter Melendy and John Fattee were appointed to fill their seats. 

The institution is managed by a Board of Trustees, who are ap- 
pointed by the Legislature, one being taken from each Judicial 
District in the State, and embracing the Governor and President 
of the State Agri^'tltural Society, being in all fourteen members. 

The Board serves without pay for their services. Its officers are, 
a President pro tern., a Secretary and Treasurer, and an Executive 
Committee of three to act during the interim of the meetings of 
the Board. 

In 1858 the Legislature passed an Act, appropriating ten thous- 
and dollars for the purchase of a Farm on which to locate an Ag- 
ricultural College. A farm was purchased in 1859 in Story County, 
situated about midway between Nevada and Boonsboro, and about 
thirty miles directly north of Des Moines. 

The Cedar 'Rapids, and Missouri Railroad is now running directly 
through the farm, coming into it on the east side about ninety rods 
north of the south line, and running diagonally through it, bearing 



4 



AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE AND FARM. 



north-west, and leaving it on the north line within about twenty 
rods from the north-west corner, dividing it so as to leave about 
one hundred and sixty acres on the north side and about four hun- 
dred and eighty-eight acres on the south side of the Railroad. The 
farm contains six hundred and forty-eight acres, and is admirably 
adapted to the purposes of the institution, embracing all the lead- 
ing varieties of soil in the State. It is well watered by Squaw and 
Clear creeks running through the farm, Squaw creek on the east, 
Clear creek on the west sides, affording an inexhaustible supply of 
pure stock water. 

Near the center of the farm there are several fine springs, af- 
fording a good supply of water. The timber is principally black 
walnut, oak, elm, white maple, linn, cotton-wood, ash, hickory and 
numerous other valuable varieties. 

The farm contains six hundred and forty-eight acres lying in a 
body, being about four hundred rods long from east to west, and 
about two hundred and fifty-nine rods wide from north to south. 
After deducting the one hundred and fifty acres above described, 
there remain four hundred and ninety-eight acres of prairie laud 
suitable for grass and grain. There is probably not far from one 
hundred and eighty acres of low bottom land, about one hundred 
of which is covered with timber; the remainder is equally divi- 
ded between wet and dry bottom. 
Tjic low land in the timber is a rich, deep, black, sandy loam, with 
clay subsoil, but not inclined to hold water on the surface. Next 
west adjoining the timber is a fine smooth, level tract of low land, 
remarkably well adapted for grass, but could, by a judicious system 
of drainage, be bnverted into a most productive corn land, not ex- 
celled in the West. Beyond this, to the north-west, is a large tract 
known in this State as second bottom land, being level, dry and 
very rich, .and remarkably productive for almost every crop grown 
in this latitude. The soil is a mixture of black sand, fine gravel, 
and rich black alluvium and prairie soil proper, comprising, per- 
haps the most desirable soil known to the agriculturist. West of 
this is a large tract of level prairie, the soil being dry, slightly in- 
termixed with fine gravel in places, with clay subsoil, being a fair 
representative of the prevailing prairie soil of the State. On the 
north-west corner of the farm is a tract of perhaps forty acres of 
clay soil, most of which is covered with a heavy growth of oak. 



AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE AND FARM. 



5 



Walnut and hickory timber. Though called clay soil, this land is 
t fair specimen of what is known in this State as "barrens' 1 and 
u timber land." The soil is a mixture of prairie and clay, with 
heavy clay subsoil, and is considered the best wheat and fruit land 
in the Western States. On the south bide of the farm is about 
ainety acres of high rolling prairie, intermixed with gravel, and 
well adapted for almost any grain crops, being warm and dry, the 
'•ravines which intersect it, carrying off all surplus water in the 
wettest seasons. The gravel contained in the soil is mostly on the 
surface, and is turned under by the first plowing, nearly disappear- 
ing after cultivation. There arc five sand and gravtd banks on the 
farm, furnishing an inexhaustible supply for building purpose.-, 
and for grading roads, walks and yards. 

There is also on the farm good clay for making brick convenient 
to where the College is now being built. 

THE IMPROVEMENTS 

consist of a good, substantial, brick farm house, with a basement 
of stone, making a cellar under the whole building. The house is 
completed except painting, and when finished will cost about four 
thousand dollars. The brick were manufactured on the farm. 
There is also a good barn on the place, well finished and painted, 
of good bight, and is forty-two by sixty feet in size, capable of pro- 
viding storage room for grain, and shelter for the necessary teams 
and stock connected with the farm. There is a good stone base- 
ment under the barn, and a large yard inclosed by a substantial 
fence. Also a fine smoke and ash house fourteen feet square, built 
of brick. 

A great portion of the work and material used in the erection of 
these buildings was furnished in payment of voluntary subscription 
by citizens in the vicinity. 

There is about four hundred acres of the farm inclosed by a sub- 
stantial fence, a part of which is built by boards and posts, live (5) 
hoards high, and the remainder of rails, staked and ridcred, eight 
rails high. The fences arc built of good material and are put up 
in a very substantial manner. Of the land enclosed about one 
hundred and fifty-one acres are under cultivation. 

There is a line young orchard of about four hundred thrifty trees, 
ntfar the house, inclosed by a good fence. This experiment has sat- 



6 



AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE AND FARM. 



isfied the people in the vicinity that the prevalent opinion that 
fruit cannot be raised upon our open prairies is entirely erroneous. 
Fine apples have been grown upon many of these trees, which had 
been planted out but four years, on level, open prairie. To be suc- 
cessful, it only requires ordinary care, such as one would bestow 
upon a corn crop, and the farmers are profiting by this demonstra- 
tion placed before their eyes. The trees on the farm were donated 
by Mr. Jas. Smith, the well known nurseryman of Des Moines. 

About seventy-five grape vines have been planted near the 
orchard, of several different varieties, among which are the Con- 
cord, Clinton, Isabella and Catawba. They are doing well, mak- 
ing a fine growth and producing some fruit. 

Building material can be found in abundance on the farm and in 
the immediate vicinity. The necessary wood to burn the brick can 
be procured from down timber, which is fast going to waste, and 
the best kind of clay and sand for the manufacture of the brick is 
found in abundance on the farm. Stone can be had within three 
and a half miles, and lime within six miles of the farm. 

The farm, which has been fully described, was purchased at a 
cost of $5,379.12. In consideration of having the college building 
located at that place, the citizens of Story and Boone counties 
made, liberal donations of lands, money, labor and material to the 
amount of about seven thousand dollars, to assist in improving the 
farm and erecting the necessary farm buildings. 

DONATIONS. 

Story county donated ten thousand dollars in the bonds of the 
county, bearing seven per cent, interest. There is also appro- 
priated the proceeds of the sale of five sections of land in Jasper 
county, known as the Capitol lands. The value of the lands is 
about $17,000. 

It was expected that the Legislature of 1860 would have made 
an appropriation sufficient to commence the erection of suitable 
college buildings, but as the financial condition of the State would 
not justify it, an appropriation was not asked fur. At tho session 
of 1802, an appropriation was not expected, as the whole finances 
of the State were needed to meet the extraordinary expenditures 
incident to the suppressing of the rebellion. Hence nothing had 
been done to add to its prospective revenue since the Institution 



AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE AND FARM. 7 

ip ■ 

was organized, until the last session. AVe have done what we 
deemed prudent in opening a farm and erecting thereon buildings 
iuitabie for a dwelling for a farmer, and also shelter for the crops 
And animals. 

Beyond the expenditures necessary to place the farm under a 
(air state of cultivation, the Trustees did not feel justified in 
making appropriations from the limited amount in their hands, 
bat preferred reserving the best of the assets for an endowment to 
meet the expenses of the Institution when in operation, hoping 
that when it had the ability the State would make the needed ap- 
propriation for college buildings. But, during this time the people 
of the State generally supposed that the buildings were erected, 
and that the college would soon be opened to the public ; and 
many applications have been made to receive students. Had it 
not been for the extraordinary condition of the financial matters of 
the State, such would doubtless have been the condition of the In- 
stitution on the opening of the present year. It is now about 
seven years since the purchase of the College Farm. If all this 
could not have been done, a general expectation or hope at least, 
was felt by its friends generally, that the farm would be open for 
experimental husbandry. Even this could not be accomplished 
under the circumstances without involving an expenditure which it 
was thought would not be justified by the people of the State, un- 
less the college institution was fully provided for. 

In July, 1862, Congress appropriated to the several loyal States 
in the Union, for agricultural colleges, 30,000 acres of land for 
each Senator and Representative in Congress. The amount under 
this grant to th State of Iowa was 240,000 acres. Any State ac- 
cepting this grant is required by the terms of the grant to erect 
the necessary college buildings without using any of the proceeds 
of the lands for that purpose, within five years from the time of 
acceptance of the grant. The State of Iowa, at the special session 
in September, 1SG2, accepted the grant, with this and other condi- 
tions imposed therein. The lands have been selected by an agent 
every way competent, appointed by the Governor and approved 
by the Board of Trustees of the College, as required by the accep- 
tance law of the State, and they have been approved and certified 
to the State. 

• They embrace some of the best unentered lands in the State, 



8 



AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE AXD FARM. 



and when prepared for sale will command the attention of the im- 
migrants. As the interest on the proceeds of the sales of these 
lands is exclusively devoted to meet the annual expenditures of 
the Institution, there will be a fund soon created to sustain the In- 
stitution. This munificent grant having relieved the Board from 
any anxiety in regard to the future endowment of the Institution, 
they felt that a portion of the reserved assets might safely be used 
to place the farm in a condition to experiment upon crops ; the 
purchase of several of the leading races of improved animals of all 
kinds, and testing their value by crossing on native breeds ; best 
mode of feeding, shelter, &c, and in beautifying the farm with 
useful trees and shrubbery, and preparing fully for the work con- 
templated in the establishment of the Institution. 

Such is a brief history of the Institution under the management 
of the Board of Trustees, which is almost exclusively confined to 
the farm and the operations thereon. The next point is the col- 
lege proper, and the courso of studies to be pursued therein, which 
are specified in the organic law as follows, with some other provis- 
ions in regard to students, &c. 

The course of instruction shall include the following branches, 
to-wit : 

Natural Philosophy, Chemistry, Botany, Horticulture, Fruit 
Growing, Forestry, Animal and Vegetable Anatomy, Geology, 
Mineralogy, Meteorology, Entomology, Zoology, the Veterinary 
Art, Plane Mensuration, Leveling, Surveying, Book-keeping, and 
such mechanical arts as are directly connected with agriculture. 
Also such other studies as the trustees may from time to time pre- 
scribe not inconsistent with the purposes of this act. 

The Board of Irustees shall establish such professorships as 
they may deem best to carry into effect the provisions of this act. 

Tuition in the College herein established shall be forever free to 
pupils from this State over fourteen years of age, and who have 
been residents of the State six months previous to their admission. 
Applicants for admission must be of good moral character, able to 
read and write the English language with ease and correctness, 
and also pass a satisfactory examination in the fundamental rules 
of arithmetic. 

The trustees upon consultation with the professors and teachers 
shall from time to time establish rules regulating the number of 



AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE AND FARM. 



9 



hours, to be not less than two in winter and three in summer which 
•hall be devoted to manual labor and the compensation therefor, 
and no student shall be exempt from such labor except in case of 
lickness or other infirmity. 

OBJECT OF THE INSTITUTION. 

The Iowa State Agricultural College has for its object, to asso- 
ciate a high state of intelligence with the practice of Agriculture 
tnd the industrial or mechanic arts, and to seek to make use of this 
intelligence in developing the agricultural resources of the country 
and protecting its interests. It proposes to do this by several 
means. 

1. As a purely educational institution its course of instruction 
ib to include the entire range of Natural sciences, but will embrace 
most especially a practical bearing upon the every day duties of 
life, in order to make the student familiar with the things immedi- 
ately around him, and with the powers of nature he employs and 
with the material through the instrumentality of which, under the 
blessings of Providence, he lives and moves and has his being; 
and since Agriculture, more than any other of the industrial arts 
combined, it follows that this should receive by far, the highest 
degree of attention. The course of instruction is to be thorough 
80 that it will not only afford the student the facts of science, but 
will discipline his mind to habits of thought, and enable him fully 
to comprehend the abstract principles involved in the practical ope- 
rations of life. In doing this it is not deemed possible to educate 
every agriculturalist, artisan, mechanic and business man in the 
State, but to s hd out a few students educated in the college course, 
that they, by the influence of precept and example, may infuse new 
life and intelligence into the several communities they may enter. 
A single individual who is thoroughly educated in the principles 
and practice of an art followed by a community, will often exert a 
more salutary influence upon the practice of this art by the com- 
munity, than would result from sending the whole community to 
a school of lower order than that which he attended. A single 
practical school of the highest order in Paris (the Ecole Polytech- 
nique), during the last generation, made France a nation celebrated 
alike for profound philosophers, great statesmen, able generals and 
♦ military men, and civil engineers. If one high school of practi- 
2 



10 



AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE AND FARM. 



cal character is established, .subordinate schools, affording the 
elementary education of the latter, will follow in due time. 

2. As a practical education the Trustees of the Iowa Agricultu- 
ral College have adopted the fundamental principle, that whatever I 
is necessary for man to have done, it is honorable for man to do, 
and that the grades of honor attached to all labor, are dependent 
upon the talent and fidelity exhibited in performing it. It is fur- 
ther considered essential as a part of the student's education that 
he be'taught the practical application, in the field and laboratory, of 
the principles of his studies in the class room ; and manual labor is 
also necessary for the preservation of health, and the maintenance 
of the habits of industry. An incidental but not unimportant re- 
sult of the operations of these principles is a reduction of the cost 
of tuition by the value of the labor, so that the College can take 
students at very low rates of admission. 

All students, without regard to pecuniary circumstances, are, 
therefore, obliged to perform manual labor as an essential part of 
the College education and discipline and training. In these res- 
pects consists a most essential difference between the idea associa- 
ted with manual labor and that of all other attempts made hereto- 
fore to combine manual labor with study. Instead of the idea of 
poverty and want being associated with those that labor, that of 
laziness and worthlessness is associated with those who refuse to 
work efficiently, and the experience of established institutions has 
already most assuredly shown that no young man of whom there is 
any hope for future usefulness in life, is insensible to the disgrace 
which thus attaches to the lazy, who will work only as they are 
watched, and cheat their fellow-students by refusing to do their 
share of the labor assigned them, and nothing is more conclusively 
settled than that those students who are most studious and indus- 
trious in class, work the most efficiently, and are the most trust- 
worthy in the performance of their daily work. 

3. As an Experimental Institution our College has an unbound- 
ed field for labor. The principles of Agricultural Science, which 
shall ultimately constitute the subject of instruction in its class 
rooms will be a prominent and important branch of it. The devel- 
opment of no other department will yield richer and more lasting 
results, or confer more substantial benefit upon agricultural prac- 
tice than this. Much time, however, is required to make thorough 



AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE AND FARM. 



11 



and reliable experiments— tliey will not pay at once. As well might 
the farmer expect to reap his crop the day he sows his grain. 
They will, however, ultimately pay a thousand fold, as have the 
practical application of the sciences of electricity, heat and optics in 
the present day, paid for the half century of apparently unpractical, 
purely scientific investigations that led to the results now obtained 
through them. 

The design of this institution is different from all other educa- 
■ tional institutions in the country, excepting one in Pennsylvania, 
and one in Michigan, now in successful operation. By the union 
of labor and study, they are both placed in their proper position, 
and thus only are exhibited in their true dignity. Here they are 
taught to walk together, and that separation is degrading to both. 
The student's mind and hands are first prepared to promote skill 
and success in the important and honorable occupation of cultivat- 
ing the soil, but he will be almost equally fitted to fill with honor 
any other position in life. There is thus supplied a practical and 
equal education so much needed by the great body of our farmers, 
and cheap enough to be embraced by all. " The farmer who claims 
such an equal education for his son, feels an imperative neeessity Tor 
an institution such as this. Tie sees that the son of a farmer who has 
been a four-years' course at our old Colleges, returns with his eyes 
and his thoughts, and the best of his mind directed away from the 
objects which worthily and usefully occupy his father and his broth- 
ers. He is useless and inferior in the sphere of his home ; he can- 
not labor; he must go from home ; he is driven from it ; lie can do 
nothing but enter a profession, and in any profession he may enter, 
if he cannot m air Y a conspicuous mark, he is a miserable thing at 
best, and almost certain to fall into ruinous habits and to become 
their victim. And the unhappy and disappointed father loses not 
only the cost of his education, his own struggles and expended en- 
ergy, but in three cases out of four, the son himself. How differ- 
ent the case in circumstances which such an institution as ours is 
destined to establish. The boy in great part aids to work out his 
own education. Instead of dragging on his father, he aids him; 
instead of wasting his physical abilities, through want of exercise, 
he labors and develops them ; while his mind is being stored with 
both practical and refining knowledge, his hands are educated to 
eKpertncss in a thousand operations, and his body to grace and 



12 



AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE AND FARM. 



strength. How delightful will he the meeting between the grad- 
uate of our Agricultural sehuul and his father and brothers. He 
lias stores of information for them, and there is mutual interest, 
and subjects of conversation in everything around. The proud and 
gratified father will bless the means by which Ins highest wishes 
have been accomplished." So plain is the need of this course of 
training, even to the dullest mind, and so plain is the method of 
establishing it, it is wonderful np to this day, that such schools are 
only commencing in this country. 

The inquiry will naturally be made in regard to the cost of edu- 
cating and sustaining a scholar in the college for one year. In 
the Farmers' High School of Pennsylvania, the price for hoard, 
lodging, washing, fuel and lights, is fixed at $200 per annum. 
The cost in our institution would not exceed the sum from which 
would be deducted the amount credited for labor on the farm. 
The tuition is made free by law. 

TUB PRESENT BOARD OF TRUSTEES. 

President — fin. II. Holmes, Polk county. 

Secretary — Peter Melendy, Black Hawk county. 

Treasurer — M. W. Robinson, Des Moines county. 

Members — Suel Foster, Muscatine county ; Thomas Holyoke, 
Poweshiek county ; James A. Bronson, Jones county ; John Mc- 
Donough, Clarke county; Joseph McGowan, Appanoose county; 
P. Henkly, Fayette county ; P. Cadwell, Harrison county ; L. Q. 
Hoggett, Story county. 

JKx-oJjicio Member — Gov. Win. M. Stone, Marion county. 

Executive and' Building Committee. — Wm. II. Holmes, Peter 
Melendy, James A. Bronson. 

I herewith submit a statement, exhibits and receipts, and expen- 
ditures of the farm and college building from the commencement 
in the winter of 1858, to the first day of January, 1S6G : 

RECEIPTS. 



Appropriation by the State in 1858 

Bonds of Story county. . 

Notes of individuals ' 

Subscriptions 



* $ 10,000 00 
10,000 00 
1,420 00 
920 00 



AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE AND FARM. 13 

731 acres of land in Story and Boone counties (deeds) 4,925 00 
250 acres of land in Story and Boone counties (bonds) 1,090 00 

1860. 

Interest on Story county bonds $ 700 00 

Received for cattle G5 00 

Received for produce on farm 18 94— $ 783 94 

1861. 

Interest on Story county bonds $ 700 00 

Received for wheat on farm 100 00 

Received for produce on farm. 67 50 

Received for rent of farm 53 03— $921 13 

1862. 

Interest on Story county bonds $ 700 00 

Rent of form . . .- 200 00 

Charges on farm 12 63— $912 63 

1863. 

Interest on Story county bonds $ 700 00 

Story county orders 160 00 

Rent of farm 106 00 

Value of craps . . . 497 50 

Old crop . . . . 25 00— $1,488 50 

1864. 

Interest on Story county bonds $ 700 00 

Value of crops... 2,271 90 

Received for one yoke of cattle 160 00 

Sale of buckwheat ! 20 00 

Keeping stock .... 81 45 

Boarding hands 276 08 

Lumber and wood for college. 1,534 35 

Interest on bonds 160 00 

Jasper county lands-. ; 16,000 00— $21,203 78 

1865. 



Interest on Story county bonds 
Sale of sorghum 



$ 879 20 
89 00 



14 



AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE AND FARM. 



Sale of wool . 150 00 

Sale of potatoes, corn, oats and pig 29 65 

For boarding hands 259 39 

Sale of Story county lands 807 00 

Sale of Jasper county lands 1,453 79 

Sundry items ... . 375 00 

Received from Fitzpatrick. 126 38— $4,169 41 



$59,834 39 



EXPENDITURES. 

Expenditures up to January 1, 1861 : 

For purchasing Farm, 648 J acres 

For location 

For improvement of same up to date 

For President's per diem and expenses 

For Agents, stationery, &c 

For farm, house, barn, tools, labor and seeds 

1861. 



For farm, house, barn, agents and miscellaneous. .... 2,385 99 

1862. 

For farm, agents, and improvements. 1,813 62 

1863. 

For expenses of farm and agents 2,288 35 

For expenses of farm, and agents' mileage :". 523 22 

For expenses of rails, breaking prairie.... ... 148 86 

For expenses of breaking prairie, and wheat 144 25 

1864. 

Expenses of selling Jasper Co. lands 99 69 

" Executive Committee 200 51 

« Plan of College and Photographs 385 00 

" Farm house, stock, tools, and furniture. .. 6,448 37 

" Farm, fencing and breaking, Slc 2,789 45 

" Stock and fuel 300 00 

" Executive Committee 762 48 



$ 5,379 12 
349 97 
873 10 
274 30 
176 50 
4,434 24 



AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE AND FARM. 



15 



1865. 

Expenses of farm, out houses and agents : 

j Expenses of farm up to Jan. 1, 1866 6,166 22 

" Robinson bill 16 75 

" Murry, January meeting Capitol 4 00 

$35,962 17 

Total receipts $ 59,834 39 

Total expenditures 35,172 22— $24,662 17 

I -Receipts of College Lands and cash from State : 

Received from Auditor 1861-1865 $20,000 00 

Received from Government 240,000 acres 

of land, estimated value at $2,00 per acre 480,000 00- 500,000 00 
Of these lands there has been leased 57,436.34 acres 
at a total value of $109,459.44 upon which there has 
been paid, advance interest $7,740.13 as an endow- 
ment to the Institution. 
Expenses of College foundation and making brick. . . 20,000 00 
Making a grand total of receipts from State, donations 

from counties, individuals, and Government 559,834 39 

Total expenditures up to date 55,172 22 

$504,662 17 

Thus it will be seen, the financial condition of the Institution 
is in a healthy state. The State has given to the farm proper 
110,000, and she has property for this small outlay amounting to 
$59,834.39. The land is worth $10,000 more than the State gave 
for it, thus ma" ing the farm proper worth to-day $69,834.39, and 
with the munificent grant from the Government, valued at $480,000 
— makes a grand total value of $567,834.39. 

The design of Agricultural Colleges is so little understood by 
the people generally, it would not be amiss to state briefly their 
objects. They are intended to develop and adapt a system of in- 
struction which shall embrace to the fullest extent possible those 
departments of all sciences which have a practical or theoretical 
bearing upon agriculture and agricultural interests ; which, while it 
shall be sufficiently thorough to afford good mental discipline, shall 
also afford a larger share of practical knowledge peculiarly adapted 
*to the necessities and calling of a farmer, and which none of the 



16 



AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE AND FaUM. 



other classes of colleges arc competent to perform. Science and 
art should go hand in hand. We find men all over the enlig-ht-, 
ened world working at agricultural sciences, who know too little 
about agricultural practice, whilst almost the entire agricultural ' 
community know nothing about science. These great interests 
can only be effectually united in agricultural institutions of learn- 
ing, where all that science teaches, can be brought before those who 
are devoted to agricultural practice. 

The education of our farmers as such, beyond every other class 
of our community, is the worst provided for; hence none are more 
liable to imposition as the result of their ignorance of scientific 
instruction. No branch of human industry is suffering so much 
for want of the application of scientific principles in its va- 
rious operations as is Agriculture at the present time. It is only 
necessary to instance the general ignorance which prevails in the 
veterinary art — the treatment of diseases of animals, a knowledge 
of which would save thousands of dollars annually to the State. 

Where is agriculture practiced most successfully ? In those 
counties where farm schools and colleges exist to the greatest ex- 
tent. To quote the words of Prof. Pugh, of the Pennsylvania 
Farm School, who visited the principal farm schools in Europe, 
"Proud old England, energetic Scotland, rising Ireland, extended 
Russia, decaying Austria, little Denmark, and despotic France — 
all Europe, from the Mediterranean to the Baltic and the Baltic 
to the Urals, is alive on the subject of agricultural education, and 
what science has done, is doing, and is capable of doing for agri 
culture. And we may now come back and ask ourselves what re- 
publican' America, ,, what this great agricultural nation, with her 
millions of broad acres, has done and is doing for agricultural edu- 
cation and agricultural science, and what science has done for her. 
Where are her agricultural schools ? Where are her agricultural 
colleges % Where are her agricultural investigations ? which are 
to help the scientific men of the old world to develop the great 
principles of agricultural science, that must one day be to the 
farmer what the theory of navigation is to the mariner, or the 
principles of surveying to the man who measures land. Where 
are the agricultural bureaus to collect agricultural statistics and 
enable us to know just what the country is doing and what it is 
not ? We ask and wait, and echo answers ' Where !' " These 



AGRICULTURAL COLLKGE AND FARM. 



17 



questions are as pertinent to Iowa as to Pennsylvania, where they 
were uttered. Indeed, more so. A Pennsylvania farmer in Iowa 
ih looked upon as one worthy of imitation in any community in 
our State. If a State farm school is needed there, as it is acknowl- 
edged to be by the expenditure of more than $100,000 to establish 
One, its necessity is four-fold greater here. 

The amount mentioned as necessary to put a Farm School in 
•uccessful operation is so small that not a mill of tax would have 
I to be added to the present tax. That it will be properly expended 
you are referred to what has been accomplished with the small 
sum of $10,000 appropriated by the State. It was the first move- 
ment of any importance which had ever been made by the Legis- 
lature of the State, recognizing a return of a small portion of the 
money — most of which came from the tillers of the soil — by giving 
it to infuse and diffuse through their sons an enlightened system 
of Agriculture. It is now recognized as one of the Institutions of 
the State, and as it represents the leading interests of the State it 
should at least be fostered to an extent equal to any of the others. 
But its friends have not pressed it, principally because the others 
needed immediate aid to sustain them, and the finances of the State 
were required therefor to their utmost limit. This difficulty is not 
now in the way, and to secure nil that is needed it is only neces- 
sary for our people to make known their wishes through petitions 
to the Legislature. May it not be hoped then that they will take 
this matter in hand at once and secure a fair proportion of the 
money which is obtained from agriculture to be returned to aid in 
promoting this greit interest, which is admitted by all who have 
examined it, to stand in the most earnest need ? It is peculiarly a 
Farmers' College, intended to elevate the profession of the farmer, 
and unless it is recognized and urged as such by the farmer upon 
the attention of the Legislature, it will never amount to anything. 

u Such institutions as ours are experiments," says the doubter. 
Admit it in that sense, and what is proven by it? Absolutely 
nothing. On the contrary, our most useful and profitable modes 
of culture, discoveries in mechanics, in surgery, in medicine, in 
navigation- — in brief, in every department of life are the results of 
experiments — toilsome and expensive experiments — and experi- 
ments are continually going on, and new developments are daily 
being made, the results of which tend to the welfare of man. Are 



18 AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE AND FARM. 

we so perfect in obtaining from the rich soils of our State " all that 
is hidden therein " that we need no further information ? It is 
generally admitted that we are not. Then let us experiment and 
experiment, especially when the cost is fully within our means, 
until we attain as near perfection as is destined to the finite mind. 
Let those who doubt this mode of accomplishing the desired end 
present a better, and it will be adopted. Until then let us make 
the best use of the lights around us and the means in our pos- 
session. 

But what have we upon which to base our enterprise. "We can 
exhibit to the people of the State, a farm near 650 acres in a state 
of improvement and cultivation, with sufficient capabilities to sus- 
tain every individual who can be accomodated in a College build- 
ing that costs the sum of $100,000, even if such a building is com- 
pleted within eighteen months from this time. Also a fund which 
will at that time show an actual or good prospect of an annual rev- 
enue of upwards of $12,000 annually, sufficient, with the support 
received from the farm, to sustain five professorships. 

All this was done, thanks to many friends of the enterprise, in 
and out of the Legislature, upon the basis of the small sum of ten 
thousand dollars appropriated by the State. We must not stop here, 
is the hope of every well wisher to the prosperity of our highly 
favored State, and it is not necessary that we should. Our reputa- 
tion also as an enlightened agricultural people will suffer in the 
eyes of her sister States, if the effort is now abandoned. May it not 
be confidently expected then that every friend to the agricultural 
development of the State, will give our infant institution his in- 
fluence and support, and make its objects and aims better known 
to those for whose especial benefit it is intended ? 



REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT. 



To the Board of Trustees of the Iowa State Agricultural College 
and Farm : 

< Gentlemen : — In compliance with the law creating the offices of 
' Superintendent and Secretary, I beg leave to make the following 
report : 

I was elected to till the position of Superintendent and Secretary 
of the Iowa Agricultural College and Farm, on the lGth day of 
January, 18.65. I consented to hold and perform the duties de- 
volving upon the two offices nntil the next meeting of the Board, 
which was held at the Farm on March 22d, at which time I 
begged to be excused from serving as Superintendent and Secre- 
tary for various reasons, one of which was, that J could not move 
on the Farm, the law requiring the said officer to live on the Farm, 
and as shown from the minutes, I was unanimously retained as 
Superintendent and Secretary, to fill the offices the best I could 
without moving on the Farm, 

I therefore beg leave to make a full statement of my duties as 
Superintendent. I have spent considerable time in looking after 
the interests of tl 'i Farm. I have made ten trips to the Farm, and 
six trips to Clinton, three to Dubuque, two to Chicago, one to 
Davenport, and one to Muscatine, two to Pes Moines, and one to 
Fort Dodge, making in all twenty-four trips — making in time one 
hundred and thirty-five days. I have spent twenty days in office 
writing up minutes, attending to correspondence, and making out 
reports. 

FARM. 

The following is a statement of the work on the Farm since the 
first day of January, 1865, up to the first day of January, 1806, 
giving the costs of the same, and the receipts. 

I thought it best not to sow much wheat, consequently there wat 



20 



AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE AND FARM. 



but fourteen acres sown of Tea and Fife wheat. Field marked 
" A ' : on the plat was sown to Tea on stalks, and stands thus : 

six AGUES. 

To breaking and clearing up stalks — to one day of man and team, 



at $3 per day $3.00 

To seed wheat (10 bushels) 10.00 

li i day's sowing wheat 1.12 

" \\ days' harrowing 4.50 

" f day's rolling. 2.25 

u 1 day's cutting with machine.. 5.00 

" J day's cradling 1.12 

" 5 days' binding and setting 8.50 

" 1 day's resetting 1.50 

" 2 teams hauling and stacking G.00 

u 3 hands stacking 5.00 

" thrashing 99 bushels of wheat ■ 11.52 

$59.51 

« " v -" : '^ • Cr. ;;:m 

By 99 bushels of wheat $99.00 

By straw 5.00—104.00 



Profits $44.49 



Field " B," 8 acres of Fife wheat. Four acres were plowed in 
the spring — balance on corn stalks. The four acres were sown to 



timothy and clover, which are doing nicely. 
Field " B " stands thus : 

To 2J days', plowing $8 25 

66 13 bushels seed wheat, at 85 cts 11 05 

" 1 day's sowing 1 75 

" If days' Harrowing 5 25 

" f day's rolling 2 25 

" 1 day's cutting with machine 5 00 

" 1 day's cutting with cradle 2 25 

" 6^- days' binding and setting 10 87 

" 1J days' resetting 2 G2 

" 2 days' teams and men hauling and stacking 6 00 

'* 2 days' extra men 5 25 

" thrashing 106 bushels of wheat 12 71 



$73 25 



AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE AND FARM. 



21 



Ok. 

By 106 bushels of wheat, at 90 ct& $95 40 

By straw 5 00—100 40 

$27 15 

Total expended on Fields " A " and " B" (14 acres) $132 76 

Total value of wheat and straw 204 40 

Balance $71 56 

OATS. 

Field " O," 24 acres, sown on fall plowing — twelve acres to tim- 
othy—has made a good sod. The harvesting of this field was 
tedious, a greater portion being very heavy and lodged. 



To 2f days' sowing oats. $5 50 

" 75 bushels oats for seed, at 50 cts 37 50 

" 5 days' harrowing 15 00 

" 3 days' rolling 9 00 

" 6 days' cutting with reaper and two hands 37 00 

" 1£ days' mowing with scythe 2 50 

" 23 days' binding and setting 37 50 

" 4 days' two teams and men stacking 24 00 

" 12 days' work of men stacking 21 00 

u expenses thrashing 936 bushels oats 56 16 



$245 16 

Ce. 

By 1036 bushek of oats, at 35 cts $362 60 

By straw 15 00—377 60 



$132 44 

Field "D," containing IS acres, sown to oats, of which about 
one-half was on fall plowing and the balance on corn-stalk ground, 
both of which were of very large growth and were badly lodged, 
and the ground being very wet, it made very bad harvesting. In 
this field only one-half of the crop was bound up. 



To 56 bushels of seed oats, at 50 cts $28 00 

" 2 days' sowing oats 4 00 

3^- days' harrowing 10 50 

u 2 days' rolling .• 6 iC 



22 



AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE AND FARM. 



To 4 days' cutting with machine . 24 00 I 

" 1 day's mowing with scythe 1 50 

" 4 days' (two men and two teams) stacking 24 00 J 

" 4 days' (three men) stacking 20 00 

SiiY oo 

Or. 
$236 25 

10 00—246 25 

$129 25 

Total value of crop on fields C and D, containing 42 acres . . 623 85 



" cost " " " " 362 1G 



Total profit $261 09 

CORN. 

Field "E" containing fourteen acres, fall plowing: 

To 8 days' plowing $ 24 00 

" 1 day's harvesting 3 00 

" 3 bushels seed corn . 3 00 

" 1 day's marking off ground 3 00 

" 1J days' planting corn with planter 6 50 

" 4 days, with shovel plow at $2.25 9 00 

" 2 days' 2d plowing with buggy plow at $3.00 6 00 

" If days' 3d plowing 5 25 

" 2 days' 4th plowing 6 00 

" Expenses of husking 65S bushels 43 20 



$108 95 

Cr. 

By 658 bushels of corn at 40cts .$263 20 

By coarse feed 10 00-$273 20 



Profit $164 25 

Field " F " containing seven acres, planted to corn. The results 
of this field are not so favorable on account of the ground being 
so wet that it was not worked as well as it should have been. 

To 3J days' plowing. $ 10 50 

" 1 day's harrowing 3 00 

u f day's marking . 1 50 



By 675 bushels of oats, at 35 cts 
By straw 



AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE AND FARM. 



23 



I To J day's planting 2 25 

" 1 day's 1st plowing, with buggy plow. . .. 2 00 

2 days' 2d plowing with shovel plow 4 50 

'* expenses of husking 210 bushels * 14 90 

$39 65 

Cr. 

; By 210 bushels of corn at 40cts $84 00 

1 By stalk field , . 3 00— $87 00 

$47 35 

Field " Gr " containing nineteen acres : 

To 2 days' breaking corn stalks $ 4 00 

" 1£ days' raking and burning stalks, &c 6 50 

" 10 1 days' plowing 31 50 

" If days' harrowing : 4 50 

" 1J days' marking off 3 75 

" If days' planting corn. . . 6 00 

" 6 days' replanting on account of bad seed 9 00 

M 3 days' plowing corn first time 9 00 

" 5f days' cross plowing with shovels 12 37 

" %\ days' plowing with buggy plow 7 50 

" 5 days' killing buckwheat 7 50 

" husking 912 bushels of corn 54 72 

Total cost $156 34 

Ce. 

By 912 bushels of corn at 40cts $364 80 

By stalk field. . 7 00— 371 80 

$215 46 

Field " II" containing nine acres : 
To 1 day, two men and two horses breaking corn stalks. .$ 4 50 

" 1 day's raking and burning 4 50 

" 5J days' plowing,... 16 50 

" 1 day's harrowing 3 00 

" f day's marking off 2 25 

" \\ days' plowing corn 4 50 

" 3 days' crossing with shovels 2 25 

" 1 j days' plowing with buggy plow 3 75 



24 



AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE AND FARM. 



To 1J days' crossing with plow J 4 50 

" husking 381 bushels of corn 2(5 07 



$72 42 

Cr. 

By 381 bushels of corn. $152 40 

By stalk field 5 00— $157 40 

Profit $84 98 

There were also two acres of corn planted in the orchard which 
was mostly fed out when green to stock. No account was ren- 
dered. Yalued at $10.00. 

Total value of corn, Fields E, F, G, & IT, and orchard con- 
taining 51 acres, 899 20 

Total cost of corn crop, 371 24 



Profits, .. $527 96 

SORGHUM. 

Field " I " containing two acres, planted to Sorghum. 

To i day's breaking and burning corn stalks, 2 00 

" 1 day's plowing, . . 3 00 

" | day's marking off, 75 

" 2 days' planting, . . . . 3 00 

" 3 days, with hoes, 4 50 

" 1J days' plowing, * 4 50 

" 12 days' stripping and cutting, 18 00 

" 3 days, man an d team, hauling, 9 00 

" 30 days' manufacturing, 46 00 

" 12 days' team on mill, : 20 00 

" 3 cords of wood, 9 00 



$119 75 

Ok. 

By 265 gallons of Sorghum, of very nice quality, 
at 65 cents, . . . . . $172 25 



Profit, $52 50 



AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE AND FARM. 



25 



POTATOES. 

' About one half acre planted to potatoes. The seed was sent to 
the Farm by Suel Foster. 

To 10 bushels of seed, $ 15 00 

| " £ day's plowing ground, 2 25 . 

" i day's harrowing and marking, 1 50 

" 1 day's cutting potatoes, 1 50 

" 4 days' planting, 6 00 

¥ 1 day's plowing, . 3 00 

" 3 days' hoeing, ]. 4 50 

u 4 days' killing potato bugs, 00 

" 8 days' digging potatoes, 12 00 

' $51 75 

Ok. 

By 130 bushels potatoes, w T hich, if kept till spring, 
should sell for at least one dollar per bushel,. . . 130 00 

. Profit, 78 25 

ROOT CROP. 

About three-fourths of an acre was prepared and sown to Car- 
rots, Turnips and Mangel Wurzel, but a portion of the ground 
was so wet that they drowned out. 

To 3 days spent in hauling manure, 9 00 

" If days' plowing, harrowing and ridging, 4 50 

" 9 days' raking, preparing and seeding, 13 50 

" 8 days' hoeii.g and weeding, 12 00 

" 4J days' gathering roots. 6 75 



45 75 

Ck. 

By 84 bushels of Carrots, at 50 cents, $ 42 00 

By 98 bushels turnips and Mangels, 34 30— 7G 30 



Profit, 30 65 

BEANS. 

About one-half acre was planted to Beans. 

'to k day's plowing and harrowing, 1 50 

4 ~ ^ 



26 AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE AND FARM. 



To 1 day's planting, 1 50 

u 1J days' hoeing and plowing, 2 25 

" 1 day's pulling, stacking, &c, 3 0Q 

" i day's thrashing, . 75 



9 00 

Ob. 

By 3|- bushels of beans 7 00 

Loss 2 00 



GARDEN. 

To 4 days' hauling manure. . . . 

" 1 day's spading 

" 2 days' plowing 

44 days were spent in planting, sowing, weeding, tend- 
ing shrubbery, small fruits, young orchard, grape vines, 

flower beds, &c. . . 

To 2 days, horse and plow, 

90 00 
Cr. 

By Early June and Early Jackson potatoes, of which we 
commenced to use on the 8th of July, and supplied 
brick-yard hands with potatoes from garden, which crop 
is estimated at 100 bushels, which will sell at $1.00 per 



bushel 100 00 

Estimated value of other garden vegetables 75 00 

175 00 

Deduct expenses... 92 00 

Profits $85 00 

HAY. 

The hay was cut about 1^ miles from the barn, drawn to it, and 
stacked. The account stands thus : 

To 44 days' time of men and teams Ill 00 

Cr. 

By 68 tons of hay at $5.00 per ton 340 00 

Profit ; ....$229 00 



12 00 
1 50 
G 00 



66 00 
4 50 



AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE AND FARM. 



27 



HUNGARIAN HAY. 



Two tons of Hungarian hay— cost 8 80 

Two tons of Hungarian hay, valued at. 15 00 



Profit $6 20 

RECAPITULATION. 

TOTAL VALUE OF CHOPS FOR THE YEAR 1865. 

PROFIT. 

Value of 14 acres of wheat $204 40 

Cost of 14 acres of wheat 134 86— $ 69 54 

Value of 24 acres of oats 623 85 

Cost of 24 acres of oats 362 16— 261 69 

Value of 51 acres of corn 899 20 

Cost of 51 acres of corn... 371 24— 527 96 

Value of 2 acres of sorghum 172 25 

Cost of 2 acres of sorghum 119 75 — 52 50 

Value of i acre of potatoes 130 00 

Cost of acre of potatoes 51 75 — 78 25 

Value of £ acre of root crop 76 30 

Cost of f acre of root crop 45 75 — 30 55 

Value of garden — 2 acres 175 00 

Cost of garden— 2 acres 92 00— 83 00 

Value of 68 tons of hay @ $5 . . . . 340 00 

Cost of 68 tons of hay @ $5 Ill 00— 229 00 

Value of 2 tons of Hungarian hay 15 00 

Cost of 2 tons of Hungarian hay 8 80— 6 20 



Net profit on produce $1,338 69 



The following amount of labor has been done on the farm out- 
side of field work. During the first four months of the year it 
required the entire attention of one man to take care of the stock, 
as the cars were running through the farm, and the danger of stock 
being killed made it necessary to thus employ a man. Ffty-five 
days were spent in odd jobbs, attending to stock, lumber, cutting 
wood and posts, hauling manure, working in orchard, building 
fence, &c. This amount of work done from January 4th up to 
JIarch 24th. 

Four days spent in grading about house, sowing grass seed — re- 



28 



AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE AND FARM. 



suit, a nice lawn ; five days spent in plowing, harvesting, ditching 
and sowing grass seed in west barn yard — making a fine grass 
plat ; nine days sowing grass seed and harrowing, on prairie east 
side of farm — the result, a good fair patch of timothy ; nine days 
after lumber, seed wheat, and repairing fences ; six days killing 
caterpillars in orchard, preparing willow cuttings, husking corn, 
&c. ; five days setting out willow cuttings (about one mile). [It 
required much labor to prepare the ground. The willows have 
done well, and bid fair to make a good fence. It is the intention 
of the Executive Committee to plant the west and north sides of 
the farm with a belt of willows.] Five days digging pit for cattle 
scales and hauling material for the same ; four days setting out 
fruit trees ; four days setting out shade trees in lawn in front of • 
farm house ; six days setting one hundred evergreens in nursery; 
three days setting out small fruit trees and shrubbery in garden ; 
seven days preparing ground and setting out 114: dwarf and stand- 
ard fruit trees and 31 grape vines ; ten days digging foundation of 
wood shed, hauling stone, sand, and attending masons ; five days 
hauling timber and lumber for wood-sheed, raising wood-shed, lay- 
ing up fence around College foundation, unloading lumber, &c. ; 
six days shearing sheep ; nine days digging foundation, hauling 
material for verandah ; four days repairing well ; six days spent in 
killing potato bugs ; five days cleaning out willow hedge ; 2^ days- 
in garden among fruit trees; up to 23d of June: Seven days making 
sheep pens and trimming orchard ; twelve days digging drain and 
laying tile from house cellar ; 9J days digging foundation for smoke 
house, hauling brick and sand for same ; four days hauling lumber 
at mill ; three da) s grading and hauling brick for pavement ; eight 
days digging foundation for privy, and hauling brick, sand and 
lime ; twelve days for lime, moving wool, making hay rack, making 
gates and hanging ; 8J days after evaporator, setting same, sellifig 
land, &c. ; eight days after castings for cane mill, hunting stock, 
&c. ; sixteen days building hog sheds, sheep racks, sheep yards, 
hunting borers in orchard, and grading around out-buildings ; thir- 
teen daye trimming and laying down grape vines, taking ewes to 
Grinnell, mulching trees, &c. ; three days to Des Moines with sor- 
ghum ; six days grinding feed. Up to December 31, making in all 
282 days. 



AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE AND FARM. 29 

AMOUNT OF LABOR EMPLOYED OX FARM DURINQ THE YEAR, FROM JAN- 
UARY 1st, 1865, to January 1st, 1866. 

Thomas Hood, 3 months, at $28 per month $ 84: 00 

Thomas Hood, 8 months, at $30 per month 240 00 

Jacob Moine, 2 months, at $18 per month 36 00 

Edward Wittser, 1 month, at $15 per month 15 00 

John Hall, 8 months and 12 days, at $30 per month 253 32 

Fleming Snelling, 2 months, at $28 per month 56 00 

Win. Marsh, 21 days, at $25 per month 20 16 

Wm. Manhanett, 5 months and 18 days 142 28 

Ilenry Hocks, 2 months and 20 days, at $20 per month. . 55 40 

Alex. l)obin, 27 days, at $30 per month 31 05 

John Nyers, 64 days, at $1.25 per day 80 00 

Sylvanus Manhanett, 23 days, at $1.25 per day 28 75 

Win. Marsh, 5 days, at $1.25 per day 6 25 

Fleming Snelling, 5 J- days, at $1.00 per day 5 50 

James Harris, 19^ days, at $1.00 per day 19 50 

B. F. Iback, 15 days, at $1.25 per day 18 75 

I. Roberts, 57i days, at $1.50 per day 88 50 

Samuel Itodney, 5 days, at $1.50 per day 7 50 

John Rodney, 5 days, at $1.50 per day 7 50 

Alexander Miller, 12 days, at $2.25 per day 27 00 

Hans Bacon, 2J days, at $1.50 per day 3 37 

Clark Bacon, 5 days, at $1.50 per day 7 50 

Thrashing hands, 16 days 24 00 

Husking hands, 17 days, at 1.25 per day 21 25 

Husking hands, 9 days, at 1.75 per day 15 75 



In summing up the work on field crops, &c, I am satisfied, from 
careful observation, that it has cost nearly one-third more than, it 
would in ordinary seasons, and owing to the heavy rains in the 
spring months the result is not so satisfactory as it would have 
been under other circumstances. 

In the sorghum account there has been some outlay that has not 
been charged to that account — several hours were spent in setting 
the mill and building the arch for evaporation ; defective parts of 
the mill broke, therefore causing some delay in mending. We 
used Skinner's Climax Adjustable Sugar Mill, manufactured by E. 
W. Skinner of Madison, Wisconsin. It has peculiar features and 



30 



AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE AND FARM. 



merits, and deserves a special recommendation. We give a de- 
scription. It differs from other mills in two important points. 
1st. In the use of bearers and weights to regulate the pressure of 
the rollers instead of set screws or keys. 2d. In the arrangement 
of its driving gear on the top of the mill and in attaching the 
sweep to the standards bolted to the periphery of the crown wheel. 
The advantage of this arrangement of the gearing will be apparent 
to all who have had much experience in the use of sugar cane 
mills ; but it must be seen in operation to fully appreciate the ad- 
vantage gained by the use of the bearers and weights. They in- 
sure a constant unvarying pressure of five to eight tons, as desired, 
on each end of the lower back roller. This presses the largest, aa 
well as the smallest stalks equally dry, and with much less power, 
it is claimed, than is required by any other mill, which is doubtless 
the fact. They also guard against breakage. The examining com* 
mittee of the Illinois State Fair tested its efficacy on the largest 
and smallest stalks run through side by side, and by handsfull run 
through indiscriminately. In each case the begasse was much 
dryer than from the set screw or rigid mills. 

Another advantage is claimod for this mill, which becomes ap- 
parent in making syrup from juice pressed by it. When two or 
more stalks fall in cross-ways or on top of each other the adjusta- 
ble roller will ease up and allow the lump to pass through without 
extracting the rank green juice from the bark or joints. A rigid 
mill, if keyed up sullicient to pass single stalks tolerably dry, 
requires great power to carry such knots through, and the extra 
pressure takes from the bark or rind its disagreeable juice which ia 
deleterious in mr 1 ing good syrup. 

The weight of the mill is eleven hundred pounds. It has three 
rollers sixteen inches long, and ten inches in diameter. It is well 
and substantially planned and put together. 

Mr. Skimmer also manufactures a large sized adjutable mill for 
large works or plantations, a model of which was ou exhibition at 
the Illinois State Fair. This mill has a compound leverage which 
gives great additional pressure, without corrresponding increase 
of weight. Either mill can be geared to run any power or speed. 
We regret that we cannot give the prices of the several sizes made 
by Mr. Skinner. 



AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE AND FARM. 



31 



COOK'S EVAPORATOR. 

We used one of Coo/vS Evaporators, furnished us by Ransom 
lkrtle, of Independence, Iowa, at one half the cost, and it has given 
good satisfaction, and we can cheerfully recommend it to the farm- 
ers of Iowa. The quality of syrup is very fine, clear and trans- 
parent, and of a rich, delicious flavor. 

STOCK. 

The stock has not done as well as could be expected, owing to 
the fact, we had not the convenience of taking care of the same as 
we should have done. I could not make the improvements de- 
sired, owing to the want of funds. 

The following statement will show the condition and number of 
fine stock, together with the common stock now on the farm ; 
together with the increase, cost of keeping, &c. 
I did not think it advisable to purchase the remainder of the stock 
recommended at last meeting, for good reasons; first for the want 
of funds ; second, for the want of proper buildings to take care of 
the stock. One of our fine Durham heifers lost a calf— in calving. 
The cars on the railroad killed one of our fine Leicester ewes, worth 
$150. I have not presented bill for several reasons, one of which 
is, I was doing all in my power to have them fence the railroad 
running through the farm, and for this cause did not want to have 
any trouble until it was accomplished. 

HORSES. 

The following ip/tlie list of Common Stock, ages and value of 
each : 

One span of work horses, 10 and 11, Bill and Charley, $250 00 
One bay mare 7 years old, weight 1310 pounds, a fine 



animal, 200 00 

450 00 

CATTLE. 

One red cow 8 years old, Polly, 40 00 

One white cow 8 years old, Lucy, 35 00 

One white cow 8 years old, Tibby, 35 00 

One red calf, half Ayrshire, 7 days old, 5 00 



32 AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE AND FARM. 



One roan cow, 3 years old, Jule, 30 00 

One ox, 5 years old, Turk, 87 50 

One ox, 5 years old, Tom, 87 50 



320 00 

SHEEP. 

30 high grade Spanish ewes, valued at $20.00 per head, 600 00 

21 grades at 7 00, . 147 00 

22 lambs at 8 00, . 176 00 



923 00 

HOGS. 

5 fat hogs, worth $150 00 

7 summer hogs, value 84 00 234 00 

FOWLS. 

53 chickens, valued . 14 25 

8 bronzed turkeys, . . 24 00 38 25 



1965 25 

DURHAM CATTLE— FINE STOCK. 

One red heifer 3 years old, Jassaraer.. 500 00 

One red and white heifer calf 2£ months old, College 

Belle, ...s ■". 100 00 

One red heifer 3 years old, Red Rose, 500 00 

One roan heifer 3^ years old, Zelleah, .... 1000 00 

One red bull calf 1 J years old, Alexander, 250 00 



2350 00 

AYRSHIRE. 

One red bull 2 J years old, Henry Clay, 300 00 

DEVON. 

One Devon heifer 2J years old, Heroine, 100 00 

One Devon heifer 2.] years old, Pride, 100 00 

One Devon bull calf 8 months old, Juno, ... 200 00 

One Devon calf 6 months old, Creole, 20 00 



SHEEP— SPANISH. 
One pure thoroughbred Spanish ewe, Cora Smith, . . . , 300 00 



AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE AND FARM. 33 

One pure bred Spanish ewe, Rose Smith, 250 00 

Oue pure bred Spanish buck lamb, Gov. Stone 1000 00 

One pure Spanish buck lamb, Tiger 2d, 300 00 

One pure Spanish buck 2 years old, Beauty, 200 00 

COTSWOLD. 

One Cotswold buck 3 years old, 150 00 

One Cotswold buck 1| years old, 200 00 

Three Cotswold ewes, 225 00 

LEICE3TER8. 

One buck, Leicester, Imported, 5 years old, 200 00 

One buck lamb, (a model,) Ohio, 200 00 

One Leicester ewe, 200 00 

SOUTH DOWN. 

One South Down buck 7 years old,. 50 00 

Four South Down ewes, in lamb,. 400 00 

One South Down ewe lamb, 75 00 

Three South Down buck lambs, 300 00 

HOGS -HOSPITAL BREED. 

2 breeding sows, 14 months old 100 00 

BERKS HIRES. 

One Berkshire boar, 13 months — " Iowa Boy " 75 00 

Two " sows, 13 " 100 00 

Five " pigs, 3 " 75 00 

Four ",. crossed with Hospital 20 00 

Total 7,390 00 

RECAPITULATION. 

Total value of fine stock in 18G6 7,390 00 

w " " 1SG5. . 3,04G 00 

4,834 00 



Value of increase of stock 1,330 00 

« . " " old stock... 3,504 00—4,834 00 

Value of common stock 1,960 25 

" 4 " fine stock 7,390 00 



34 



AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE AND FARM. 



Total value of stock 9,350 25 1 

One pair of shepherd pups 40 00 

9,390 25 



LIST OF HARNESS, IMPLEMENTS AND TOOLS ON THE FARM JAN- 
UARY 1, I860. 



HARNESS. 



1 set of double harness (wagon) . 40 00 

1 « " « " 25 00 

7 leather halters 7 00 

1 riding bridle 2 00 

4 horse blankets 10 00 

2 surcingles. . . 150 

2 curry-combs 1 00 

2 brushes 1 50 

88 00 

FARMING IMPLEMENTS, TOOLS, &c. 

1 "Woods" Reaper 100 00 

1 " Mower.... 65 00 

1 sulky hay rake (Frost & Bradley) 30 00 

1 corn mill (Joice's) 715 00 

1 corn planter. 50 00 

1 corn cultivator (mills of Des Moines) 60 00 

1 corn cultivator (Frost & Bradley) 35 00 

1 cane mill (Skinner's) 165 00 

1 evaporator (Cook's) .... . 60 00 

1 Fairbanks' cattle scales 250 00 

1 log wagon 110 00 

1 two-horse Shutler wagon 110 00 

1 pair bob-sleds 30 00 

3 harrows 36 00 

1 grain drill 50 00 

1 Garden City (Frost & Bradley) 12 00 

1 cast steel plow (Smith's) 15 00 

1 Moline plow 7 00 

2 '< R" coulters 12 50 



AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE AND FARM. 35 

1 shovel plow (single) 4 00 

1 " " (double) 5 00 

3 hoes 2 25 

1 scoop shovel 2 00 

8 spades 3 00 

1 spade 1 75 

1 pick 75 

2 shovels 2 00 

1 shovel 75 

3 pitchforks ( . 3 75 

2 manure forks 2 50 

1 manure fork 75 

1 spading fork 1 00 

1 garden rake. . . , 1 00 

2 axes 3 00 

lax.. ... 1 00 

2 hatchets . . 1 00 

1 scythe and snath 2 00 

4 wooden rakes 1 00 

1 hay knife 1 25 

1 grindstone.. . . 4 00 

5 water pails. 1 25 

1 set of measures 75 

20 grain sacks 6 00 

1 feed box 4 00 

3 pair sheep shears 5 00 

500 sheep labels. , 9 00 

1 pair toe shears 1 50 

2 punches 1 00 

1 sodder iron 2 50 

2 brands for tools 8 00 

1 wheelbarrow 5 00 

3 cable chains 20 00 

1 draft chain 3 00 

1 straw cutter 20 00 

I pair large pinchers 1 25 

1 corn knife 50 

1 monkey-wrench 1 25 

2 cast-iron wrenches 50 



36 



AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE AND FARM. 



1 cross-cut saw . 6 00 

1 corn basket 50 

110 lbs. nails . 12 10 

1 set of carpenters' tools and chest 30 00 

$1,455 35 

FURNITURE IN FARM HOUSE. 

i office stove . . . . 14 00 

1 parlor stove 9 00 

7 office chairs 15 75 

5 cane-seated chairs (office) 12 50 

I lounge 3 00 

1 extension table 18 00 

1 desk 30 00 

Total value of furniture 102 25 

" " " tools, &c 1,455 35 

Total value of furniture, tools, &c 1,557 00 

Grand total of stock, implements and tools for 

1865 . 4,645 75 

Grand total of same for 1866 — 

Stock ., ....9,390 25 

Tools, implements, &c 1,557 60 



Grand total 10,947 85 

Total value of crops for 1865 1,338 69 

12,286 69 

Less cost of keeping stock for 1865 500 00 

Total ■. ... 11,786 54 

IMPROVEMENTS. 

The farm house is now finished, with the exception of painting 
the inside work, which we would recommend to be immediately 
done. 

VERANDAH. 

A beautiful verandah has been put up since our last meeting, iq 
front of the farm house, at a cost of $300. It is built substantially, 



AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE AND FARM. 



37 



and it relieves the bare walls of the house, and will be a protection 
to it. 

A WOOD-HOUSE AND WORKSHOP 

has been erected, east and adjoining the back part, on the lean-to 
of the house. It has been built of wood and put up in a substan- 
tial manner, at a cost of $056.75. It is well painted, with blinds 
to the windows, with a division in the center — one part for wood- 
house and the other for workshop, and room for the hands to 
spend their leisure hours. Length of building 18 w 30 feet. 

PRIVY. 

A good double privy has been built of brick, 10 m 10, in a good, 
substantial manner, at a cost of $150. 

SMOKE AND ASH HOUSE. 

A neat and substantial smoke and ash house has been built of 
brick, 8 x 12 feet, got up in a tasty style, suitable for model build- 
ing, at a cost of $130. 

BOOK CASE. 

A book case has been put into the office the entire length of the 
north side of the office, made of good black walnut, with cupboard 
and solid doors below, and glass doors above, with room for 2,000 
volumes, at a cost of $200. 

PAVING. 

The area between, the wood-house and main' building has been 
paved, making a good dry walk, at a cost of $25. 

CATTLE SCALES. 

A set of Fairbanks' four-ton scales have been put in the barn- 
yard, at a cost of $200, which I thought expedient to have on the 
farm. 

TREES AND SHRUBBERY. 

There have been several hundred ornamental and shade trees, 
and shrubbery, set out. I deemed it essential to make an ample 
lawn, with here and there a tree, with shrubs for fragrance, and 
evergreens to relieve the golden of the summer day ; with border- 
ed walks and quiet nooks, the embowering shade of tree*, with 



38 



AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE AND FARM. 



beautiful trailing vines, and shrubs, and flowers. A tree undoubt- 
edly is one of the most beautiful objects in nature, in its many 
shapes ; one of the greatest sources of interest and character in 
landscapes. By the judicious employment of trees we may effect 
almost any amount of alteration and improvement within the scope 
of landscape scenery. 

GRAPE VINES, ifcC. 

The following is a list of grapes that have been set out the past 
year : 6 Delawares, 2 Isabellas, 4 Hartford Prolifics, 4 Logan, 4 
Diana, 6 Rebecca, 2 Towa. We have mislaid the list of fruit trees 
and cannot give it now. Would recommend experimenting in 
the horticultural department. 

TAME GRASS. 

The amount of tame grass sown on the farm is not large, and I 
would recommend the seeding of all the meadows and pastures in 
tame grass as soon as it can be done. Whole amount of land 
sown, 43| acres. On old ground — Timothy, 12 acres ; Timothy 
and Clover, 4 acres ; Clover and Blue Grass, 2J- acres ; sown on 
prairie soil and harrowed in, and is doing well, 25 acres. Total. 
43J acres. 

EVERGREENS. 

There has been a large lot of small evergreens experimented 
with the past year, which have not done well. We have now 
about 160 Cedars that are growing nicely ; 600 Balsam Fir, Nor- 
way Spruce, Piris, White Cedar and Hemlock that are doing 
well, and will, if care is taken with them, make good, symmetrical 
trees. 

DRAINS. 

The cellar has been drained, taking about one hundred feet of 
four-inch tile (the small tile were used, but would not do). The- 
cellar is now completed, drained, and in good condition, at a cost 
for 100 feet of tile at 25 cents per foot, of $25 ; cost of labor, $21.81. 
Total cost, $46.81. 

BREAKING. 

The breaking done on the farm for the year 1S65, amounts to 
29 acres, 18-J acres of old ground which had lain idle for three 



AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE AND FARM. 



39 



years and was equivalent to new ground, 10£ acres of new sod. 
There was employed for breaking the above, one yoke of cattle 
And one span of horses. Time taken, two men and teams 18 days, 
at $6.00 per day, $108.00 at a cost of $3.72 per acre. 

We would recommend the breaking of at least 50 acres per year 
until all is broken up. 

Whole number of acres of old ground broken, 126. New, 29. 
Total, 155 acres. 

WILLOWS. 

There has been about one mile of willow cuttings set out on the 
north side of the railroad, and along the west side of the farm. 
The season was favorable for starting the cuttings, and if they have 
a fair chance this coming season, will make a fine belt for a wind 
breaker. We would recommend the planting, on the north line of 
the farm the entire length, this fine willow for a screen, back ground 
and protection from north and west winds. The cuttings planted 
this year were obtained by Mr. Foster, from Overman & Edwards, 
of Illinois, as a gift to the farm. The cost was but the transpor- 
tation. 

FENCING. 

There has been about 437 rods of post and board fence built this 
year (1865), commencing at the south-east corner of the orchard 
fence, running south to the south line, thence east on the road to 
the east line of the farm ; thence north 50 rods, half the distance 
to the railroad. The other half was to have been built by Mr. 
lloggett, which has not been done. 

There are on th v farm 240 rods of post and board fence, of post 
and rail fence 148 rods, of Virginia rail fence 374 rods, as follows: 



Post and board fence 437 

" " u hard-wood lumber. 240— 677 

Virginia rail fence 374 

Post and rail fence 148 



Total number of rods 1150 

Cost of fence in 1865 : 
It has taken 983 posts, cut from the farm timber, valued 

at 15cts $ 147 45 

It has taken 18,345 feet of pine lumber bought at Clinton 

at a cost of 605 38 



40 



AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE AND FARM. 



Forty days' labor on same, at $1.50 00 00 

Fourteen days' labor on same, at 1.75 14-50 

Eleven and a half days' of man and team hauling at $3.00 34 50 

Paid on contract of building fence 30 50 

$901 33 

There has been built on the line of the railroad a good fence, 
post and board, the entire lengh, south side of the railroad, about 
one mile, and the men promised to build the whole length on the 
nortli side of the road, — thus fencing the entire road through the 
farm. By thus fencing the road, it gives us about 170 acres of fine 
bottom and upland pasture. I made several trips to Clinton on 
the fence matter, to induce the railroad company to build the fence 
along the line of the road. 

I would recommend the fencing of the entire farm ; it will take 
about GOO rods of fence ; and also to leave a thirty foot road around 
the north, east and west sides of the farm. We would recommend 
the fencing of the fields as the plat of the Superintendent shows 
the divisions. 

COLLEGE LANDS. 

A resolutiou was offered at the last meeting, requiring the Ex- 
ecutive Committee to sell or lease the College lands, and to have 
the same patented. 

We have appointed the lion. Geo. W. Bassett, as General Agent, 
with instructions to plat, &c, in accordance with the resolution. 
Below find report of Mr. Bassett. 

LAND OFFICE OF THE IOWA AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE, ) 
Foiit Dodge, Iowa, December 31, 1805. ] 

To Peter Melendy, Secretary of the Iowa Agricultural College : 

In compliance with your request, the following report respecting 
sales and leases of the lands belonging to the College, and included 
in the grant made by act of Congress, approved July 2d, 1862, is 
hereby submitted for your consideration. 

These lands, in all, amounting to two hundred and twenty -four 
thousand one hundred and sixty-nine 37-100 (221,1G0 37-100) 
acres were, on the 15th day of July last, by order of the Executive 
Committee, first offered for sale or lease, under the provisions of 



AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE AND FARM. 



41 



chapter 117, of the acts of the 10th General Assembly of the State 
of Io wa. 

At the present date, December 31, 1865, there have been leased 
57,430.34^ acres, at a total valuation of $109,459.44, upon which 
there has been paid advance interest. $7,746.13. In a majority of 
cases advance interest was collected upon leases from the date up 
to January 1, 1867, making the date of payment of interest uniform 
on all leases, as a matter of convenience both for this office and for 
the lessee. 

The available endowment of the College now affords, in annual 
interest payable at this office, an income of $6,567.56. 

There remain of the total grant, undisposed of, 166,733.03 acres 
of about the same average \ alue as that already leased, making the 
total value of the grant, under the present appraisement, about 
$427,266.85. Though the sales may not be so rapid, yet the lands 
will, under the present mode of disposition, in a few years be made 
available and afford an ample endowment, placing the institution 
upon a permanent basis, and rendering it self supporting. 

The leases were made in conformity to the provisions of the act 
of the 10th General Assembly, above referred to, for a term of five 
years, at six per cent, per annum, payable in advance, upon the ap- 
praised value of the lands made at the date of the lease with aright 
of purchase to the lessee at the expiration of the term. A copy of 
the form used is herewith transmitted. 

Much inconvenience was at first experienced from a want of 
proper books of record, plats, maps and blanks, but that inconven- 
ience is now removed, and we have prepared and in use at this 
office a " Eegister of Lands," in which is recorded the entire grant 
in quarter sections, with the number of acres in each tract, and the 
appraised value. Also a " register of sales and leases," in which 
are entered the sales and leases, with date, name of lessee or pur- 
chaser, a description of the tract and valuation, and the amount of 
interest or principal secured. One book of township plats, two 
books for sectional plats with the College lands marked thereon, a 
cash book, and a map of the Fort Dodge and Sioux City Land 
Districts. 

The lands having been offered in the market at a favorable time, 
when an unprecedented immigration was tending to the Upper Des 
Moines Valley, a rare opportunitv was offered for the disposal of 



42 



AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE AKD FARM. 



the grant, while the facilities offered to actual settlers by the ad- 
mirable method of leasing have greatly tended to the settlement of 
this part of the State. Only about one quarter of the entire grant 
has been disposed of, and it is generally desired that the remainder 
6hall not long be withheld from occupation by those seeking homes 
in our State. No absolute sales have been made, and no lands of- 
fered since the sixth instant, the date of the receipt of your order 
withdrawing them from market. 

GEO. W. BASSETT, 
Agent for the sale of the Iowa Agricultural College Lands. 

RECOMMENDATIONS. 
BEE CULTURE 

Should be encouraged in our State. No branch of agriculture in our 
State could be made so profitable as this in proportion to the labor 
and capital expended, and we would recommend the Executive 
Committee to procure at least six stands of pure Italian bees, and 
that steps be taken to build a model apiary. 

A w T riter says : This interesting branch of husbandry is progress- 
ing with the increase of population and presents a much higher av- 
erage per inhabitant than Illinois or Wisconsin in 1859. For Iowa 
in that year it was 1 H-lOOths of a pound, Illinois 81-100 of a pound 
and Wisconsin only 29-lOOths of a pound. Iowa ranks over Illi- 
nois GO-lOOths of a pound, over Wisconsin 1 12-100thsof a pound 
and over both together 41-100ths of a pound. This is a very flat- 
tering exhibit for Iowa over her Western sister States. Whether 
our climate is more favorable or that our farmers give bee-culture 
more attention w r eare not advised, probably both have their influ- 
ence. We merely state the facts, leaving for others to give the 
causes. It is a branch so remunerative that we are astonished 
greater attention is not given to it. The average product per hive 
in Iowa in 18G2, was nearly 13 pounds. 

FENCING AND PLATTING THE FARM. 

I would recommend the platting and dividing the farm into 
fields and lanes, according to the Superintendent's plat. I think 
the land on the south side of the orchard fence should be used as 
lawns*for our line stock, to be kept at the proper seasons, and that 



AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE AND FARM. 



43 



we group native and foreign trees promiscuously through the 
ground, taking for the centre of the group, the oak and the ches- 
uut, which are among the largest and the noblest of our trees ; the 
spruce, hemlock, ash and beach, locust and hickory, the cotton- 
wood, sycamore, walnut, soft maple— the arrangement of these 
should be the subject of careful study. Groups should be always 
composed of one principal tree, larger and taller than the rest, 
with others grouped around as subordinates. Plant trees most 
certainly, and wherever they would be a beauty or a refreshment, 
let their roots begin to pierce the mould above which their branches 
may year after year wave with a fascinating grace and variety — 
like which there is nothing else in nature. There are many things 
that we might mention, but time will not permit. 

All of which is respectfully submitted, 

PETER MELENDY, Superintendent 



44 



AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE AND FARM. 



REPORT OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTER' 



To the Honorable Board of Trustees of the Iowa State Agricultural 
College : 

Gentlemen: — Your Committee would respectfully beg leave to 
make the following report for the year 18G5 : 

The duties of the Committee for the last year have been labori- 
ous, requiring much time to discharge the many important obliga- 
tions devolving upon us. 

The infancy of the institution has been carefully matured and 
sustained by the many friends who have constantly given it their 
fostering care, expending their time, their labor and private resour- 
ces, without hope or desire of public preferment, or reward, though 
it has attained the stature, the vigor, and the dignity of manhood. 
The capacity of our connection with the interests of the institution, 
and knowing the wants of the same, compel us to make a lengthy 
and minute report of every department of the Farm and College, 
and to call on the Trustees and the General Assembly for aid to 
enable us, your committee, to accomplish the great work for which 
it is destined. We have met with much opposition and complaint 
from many quarters, and with this all, we have removed many false 
prejudices of the community to develop and elucidate this great 
work of elevating labor. 

Your Committee have had. several meetings at the Farm and 
College. The many duties we had to perform, passed at your last 
meeting in March last, we have attended to, as the reports here- 
with attached show. We present to your honorable body the re- 
port of the Superintendent and Secretary, report of the Secretary, 
the history of the Institution from the organization up to the pre- 
sent time, report of the Farmer, report of the Building Committee, 
report of Architect, report of Brick Maker, report of Agent of Ag- 
ricultural lands, all of which we hope you will h'nd elaborative 
enough. 

Wti have deemed it of the utmost. Importance for the interests of 



AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE AND FARM. 



45 



the Institution to thus make a full history, and objects of the Insti- 
tution from its organization to the present time, thus placing all 
information that the people of the State require to understand the 
objects of the Institution, of its progress and operations. The peri- 
odical meeting of your body is a fit time and an appropriate occa- 
sion on which to impart this information in detail. 
I And we would especially call the attention of the Board to the 
financial condition of the Institution. AVe would like to have made 
more improvements, and to have put the farm in a better condi- 
tion. It has been thought best to proceed slowly and certainly, as 
a measure of economy and prudence, rather than involve the In- 
stitution. 

Your committee was instructed to appraise the lands in Story 
and Boone counties. We submit the following : 

AITRA13AL OF " DONATED LANDS " IN STORY AND BOONE COUNTIES 



NOW REMAINING ON HAND. 

In Story county, five hundred and thirty-six acres 53(5 

In Boone county, one hundred and sixty acres 160 

Total 696 

Aggregate value of the same, $4,880. 



Your committee sold the following lands in Story, Boone, and 



Jasper counties : 

To A. J. Graves, the nw. \ of ne. |, sec. 15, T. 83, R. 
21—40 acres ; se. i of sw. J, sec. 10, T. 83, E. 21—4 
acres, at six dollars per acre . 480 00 

To Roberts, ne. i of sw. i, sec. 28, T. 84, R. 23—40 
acres, at seven dollars per acre. 280 00 

To Watts, nw. jof nw. J, sec. 25, T. 84, R. 23—40 acres, 
at five dollars ; one hundred dollars down, and one 
hundred dollars in one year 200 00 

To Ballard, e. side se. \ of ne. J, sec. 31, T. 85, R. 23 - 

25 acres, at live dollars 125 00 

To Barnerd, sw. i of se. { : , sec. 9, T. 84, R. 2G— 4 acres, 
at ten dollars ; one hundred thirty-three dollars and 
thirty-three and one-third cents down, note 12 months 
one hundred thirty-three dollars aud thirty-threecents, 
and 2t months for one hundred thirty-three dollars 
and thirty-three cents 400 00 



46 



AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE AND FARM. 



JASPER COUNTY. 

To Sidney Wellems, n. i sec. 4, T. 78, R. 20—320 acres, 
at fourteen dollars and forty cents ; four hundred and 
eighty dollars down, four hundred and eighty dollars 
in 12 months, four hundred and eighty dollars in 24 
months , 1,440 00 

Total amount 2,925 00 

Paid down " 1,278 33J 

Balance due 1,040 66J 

TITLES AND SUBSCRIPTIONS. 

Your committee have examined the most of the titles of the 
lands donated in Story and Boone counties, and rind them all right. 
We have also placed the subscription lists in the hands of John 
Scott, of Nevada, to collect. We find a number of the amounts 
can be collected* We are not able to make a full report as to the 
amount of good, and the amount that cannot be collected. 

CHANGE OF ROAD. 

Your Committee have made arrangements to exchange lands 
with P. L. Foster in changing the road on the south side of the 
Farmj so soon as the Legislature will give us the authority. Your 
Committee have expended about twenty dollars in making road on 
the south side of Farm. The amount appropriated is $100. We 
deem it essential that the road should be immediately finished to 
prevent travel across the Farm. 

SETTLING BRICK ACCOUNT. 

Your Committee have settled with Chamberlain & Bronson in 
the matter of making brick, as follows ; by paying them $268, thus 
closing up the unsettled account. 

STORY COUNTY BONDS. 

Your Committee have attended to the matter of requesting the 
Board of Supervisors of Story County to levy a tax for the pur- 
pose of taking up the bonds of said county now held by us as a 
donation to College and Farm. We made the request, and we un- 



AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE AND FARM. 



47 



derstand that they have made a levy for the tax for the amount of 
$1,000, for the next year. . 

BILLS ORDERED PAID. 

Your Committee have drawn orders on the Treasurer for the 
gmounts ordered to be paid at your last meeting. 

Your Committee would most respectfully submit the following 
report of receipts and expenditures on Farm account for the year 
1S65: 

RECEIPTS AND EXPENDITURES 
By the Executive Committee, for the year 1865, 



RECEIPTS. 

1865. 

January 13th. Received from Treasurer $1750 00 

February 17th. Received from Treasurer 1500 00 

May 21st. Received from Treasurer 500 00 

May 8th. Received from Treasurer 250 00 

June 9th. Received from Treasurer 800 00 

August 10th. Received from Treasurer 190 00 

May 10th. Received from Melendy 205 00 

August 15th. Received from sale ot land, Roberts. . . 186 66 

September 6th. Received from sale of land, Ballard, 125 00 

December 1st. Received from sale of land, Watt. ... 100 00 

January 1st, 1866. Received from farm 118 65 

Tanuary 1st, 1866. Received from sale of land, Graves 160 00 



$5885 31 

EXPENDITURES. 

January 1st, 1866. By vouchers herewith submitted . . $6805 62 
Excess above receipts 76 21 



48 



AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE AND FARM. 



REPORT OF BUILDING COMM ITTEE, 1864 



To the Urn. Board of Trusties of the lows State Agricultural 
Farm and College : 

Gentlemen :— Your Committee would beg leave to make the 
following report : Your Committee was elected on the loth day 
of June, 18G4, to perform the important duties devolved upon them. 
We have met at the farm eight times. At our first meeting in 
June, we advertised for bids for the excavation and stone work. 
The bids were opened on the 11th day of July, 1801. We let the 
excavation t ) W. J. Graham at 24£ cts. per yard; stone-work to 
Scott & TCerney, of Des Moines, at six dollars per perch of twenty- 
live feet, and for surface work seventy cents per foot for cut-stone, 
door and window sills. 

We employed Mr. John Browne as architect at fees of tive per 
cent, on the cost of the building, with the proviso in the contract 
as follows : u This contract maybe discontinued at the option of 
either party." AVe let a contract to Mr. Warner, of Boonsboro, to 
furnish all the joists, studding, square and roof timbers, at $26.50 
per M., delivered at the building. The contract was' drawn up and 
signed by the Building Committee, and left with John Browne to 
get the contract sig.ied. This Mr. B. neglected to do. 

Mr. Graham failed to get the excavation done in time for the 
stone masons. The time for the work to be finished was the first 
week in September. We put on the job the farm hands and teams 
and finished the work. Mr. Graham complains of our architect 
not attending to his duties, therefore putting the work back. We 
have paid Mr. Graham one hundred dollars. The excavation by 
Mr. G. was 1128 yards of surface work. 

STONE WORK. 

Messrs. Scott & Kerney have laid something over 400 perch of 
rougW wall, estimated at $4.50 per perch, amounting to $1,800. 



AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE AND FARM. 



49 



They have also finished about 200 feet of cut-stone sills, at 70 
cents per perch, worth $140. There are about one hundred and 
8cvcnty-five perch of stone on the ground. It will take about one 
hundred perch mare to finish the rough work. They failed to get 
their contract done, which was the middle of November. They 
claim damages from Mr. Graham. Your Committee have paid them 
$2,500.00, 

BRICK WORK. 

The brick contract was let to Chamberlin & Co., of Jones 
county, to burn seven hundred and fifty thousand, at $5.85 per 
thousand, and the College furnish the wood. The first kiln of 
200,000 was burned well, but unfortunately too much lime gravel 
was in the clay which burst the brick; in accepting this kiln there 
was a deduction of 10 per cent. We have paid them on this kiln 
$1010.00. 

The second kiln contained about 100,000 of better made than 
the first, but not as a burn. We have paid $451.00 on this kiln. 
The kiln is on the land of Mr. Porter, formerly owned by W. J. 
Graham, adjoining the farm. We will have to pay to Mr. Graham 
20cts per thousand. The first hundred thousand nothing to be 
paid on. 

The whole amount paid to Chamberlin & Co., is $1,338.82. 

CARPENTER WORK. 

The carpenter work has been done by the carpenter on the farm, 
Mr. Kellogg. The work done has been principally the doors, and 
window frames. We were not furnished the plan6, nor the esti- 
mates on the carpenter work by our Architect. We were com- 
pelled to employ Mr. Kellogg by the day. The carpenter work 
has cost $250.00 ; lumber $100.00. 

ARCHITECT. 

In consequence of neglect of duty to the interests of the Col- 
lege, we discharged Mr. Browne early in September. In October 
we wrote to Secretary Wilson, to call on Mr. Browne for the plans 
and specifications. Mr. B. refused to deliver them. 

We thought it necessary to employ another architect to report 
sft the meeting in January, the condition of the foundation, and if 
1 



50 



AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE AND FARM. 



necessary to recommend changes, and to make new plans and 
specifications, and estimates, for which we have paid Mr. Browne 
$350. We employed Mr. Edwards, who went to the farm in De- 
cember, and who will make a report to your Honorable body. In 
discharging Mr. Browne, we thought it for the interest of the Insti- 
tution. 

A statement of moneys received and expended on the College 
building by the Building Committee for the year 1864 : 

MONEYS RECEIVED. 
FROM WUOM RECEIVED. BY WHOM RECEIVED. AMOUNT. , 

Auditor of State Chairman of Committee . . .$ 6,300 00 

$0,300 00 

MONEYS EXTENDED. 
no. v'r? TO WHOM PAID. ON WHAT ACCOUNT. AMOUNT. 

1. Sundry individuals. .. Advertising freight & lime. $ 71 05 

2. Scott & Kerney Stone work 2,502 00 

3. John Browne Plan of CoJl. building 350 00 

4. W.J. Graham.. Excavation of cellar, &c 100 00 

5. Suel Foster Lumber, tile and freight 133 25 

6. J. M. Kellogg Work on window frames. . . 250 00 

7. Talbott Lumber for frames 28 64 

8. Telegraph Company. . .Dispatch to Kellogg 2 00 

9. College Farm Lumber, wood, &c , 1,534 35 

10. Chamberlin & Co Making brick 1,338 82 

11. Kelly..... Advertising College 10 00 

$6,320 11 

Expended over amount received $20 11 

Vouchers in the hands of the Auditor of State. 
Most respectfully submitted, 

SUEL FOSTER, ) 

PETER MELENDY, [ Executive Com. 

J. A. BRONSON, ) 



AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE AND FARM. 



51 



REPORT OF THE BUILDING COMMITTEE, 1865. 

Tour Committee laid before this Board in March last, a state- 
ment of their doings in the way of making contracts and preparing 
for the prosecution of the work on the College building. As soon 
a8 the season would permit, work on the foundation was resumed, 
but on examination, the walls showed that the work of last year 
was entirely worthless, owing to the manner in which it was put 
up, and the materials used in its construction. 

Under the direction of the architect, (Mr. Dunham,) the old walls 
were torn down and the excavation enlarged, and new, substantial 
walls put up. 

Your Committee acted upon the supposition that the foundation 
was all important, and that should we consent to the erection of 
walls upon the foundation then begun, we should be justly charge- 
able with a disregard of the interests of the institution and of the 
State. 

The work now done is (in our opinion) of the best quality, and 
the foundation all that could be desired. 

The excavation in 186i, was hurriedly done and the dirt 
left in heaps immediately about the foundation site, in consequence 
of which the water was running into the foundation from some 
distance about the same. In order to remove this difficulty, Mr. 
Robertson was directed to do the necessary grading, and, in the 
meantime to place the dirt excavated by him, where it would be 
wanted so as to avoid similar difficulties in the future, and at the 
same time secure an early completion of the grading. 

The failures in the manufacture of brick for the first year w^ere 
to us all a source of trouble and disappointment ; fears were enter- 
tained that we should not be able to get such brick as should be 
used in the construction of such a building. 

After a careful examination of the material on and about the 
College Farm by the Architect and Mr. Robinson, it was decided 
to open a new yard on the farm. This was attended with consider- 
able expense, but w r e are gratified in being able to say that we 
have succeeded in obtaining a better article of brick than can be 
found anywhere else in central Iowa at a cost below what common 



52 



AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE AND FARM. 



brick are now selling for at this and other points in the State. It 
is to us a source of satisfaction to be able to say that the work done 
this season is so much accomplished towards the completion of the 
College building. "We have now about eight hundred thousand 
brick ready for the walls. 

The foundation is all in, making twenty thousand feet of stone 
work. A coal vault in the rear of, and attached to the center of the 
building is finished. The grading around the building is all com- 
pleted and in readiness for such improvement as may be deter- 
mined upon in the spring. 

The following statement will show the receipts aud expenditures 
of the Committee since the commencement of the last year : 

STATEMENT 

Of moneys received and expended on the College Building by the 
Building Committee for the year 18G5 : 

MONEYS KECEIVEl). 

From Auditor of State $13,700 00 

From Farm Fund (borrowed). 603 49 

$14,303 40 

. MONEYS EXPENDED. 

Paid S. A. Robertson, month of April, (voucher on file), $ 790 75 

" same, month of May, (voucher on file) 1,545 93 

u " " June, " " 1,656 38 

" " " Jul}-, Aug., and Sept., (voucher on file). 2,690 35 

" Robert Scott, work on College, (voucher ,on file) 3,771 00 

" C. A. Dunham, Architect, (voucher on file) 300 00 

" Chamberlain & Bronson, balance on brick account 



for 1864, (voucher on file) 200 00 

" wood choppers, as per vouchers 609 46 

s< for lumber, nails, labor, &c, furnished from Farm 

Fund.. 1,999 31 

" Robertson for services in superintending brick 

making, 1865 720 17 



$14,283 35 



AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE AND FARM. 



53 



RECAPITULATION. 

Amount of moneys received from all sources $14,303 40 

" " expended 14,283 35 

Balance funds on hand 20 14 

FINAL STATEMENT 

Of moneys received and expended on the College Farm during 
the years 1864 and 1865: 

MONEYS RECEIVED. 

From the Auditor of State, 1864 $ 6,300 00 

" " " « 1865 13,700 00 

Total receipts ..$20,000 00 

MONEYS EXPENDED. 

By Building Committee, 1864, (as per vouchers) $ 6,320 14 

" ' " 1865, « " 14,283 58 

$20,603' 72 

Amount paid out above appropriation $603 72 

Received from Farm Fund $603 49 

Error 23 

$603 72 

Account of expenditures stands thus: 
Amount paid Chamberlain & Bronson, brick making, 

(250,000).......... $1,538 82 

Am't paid Robertson on brick, (550,000) . 5,925 61 

Am't paid Scott for stone-work 6,850 95 

Am't paid for lumber, nails, hauling brick and wood, 

arches and carpenter work on frames 6,288 11 

Error . . . . . .'."i., . . . 23 

$20,603 72 

Amount of property on hand belonging to College Edifice, to- 
wit : 

Tools, bedding, and household goods. $ 650 81> 

Boarding house, 6,994 feet lumber 244 8U 



54 AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE AND FARM. 

Lime house, 1,650 feet lumber 57 75 

9,000 feet lumber for brick vard 315 00 

1 

$1,268 53 

From which amount deduct amount due Farm Fund.. . 264 58 

Net value stock on hand $1,003 95 

STATEMENT "A.V 

Agricultural College to Farm Fund — 

To amount borrowed from Farm Fund 603 49 

Farm Fund to Agricultural College — ■ 

To brick for Farm 338 91 

Balance due Farm from College Fund $264 58 

COST OF BRICK FOR YEARS 1864 AND 18G5. 

1864— 250,000 made by Chamberlain & Co., at $6.95 

perM., ... .. .. $1,738 82 

1865— 550,000 made by S. A. Robertson, at $8 per M., . . 4,432 08 

Total cost, 800,000, at average cost $7.71 per M., $6,170 90 



REPORT OF C. A. DUNHAM, ARCHITECT IOWA AGRICULTURAL 
COLLEGE BUILDING. 

To the Building Committee and Board of Trustees of the Iowa 
State Agricultu al College ; ■ 

Gentlemen: — In making this report, I will give you a statement 
of all which is worthy of note, that has been done upon the 
College Building, and the condition of the works when they came 
under my direction, also of certain changes which have been made 
in the plans of the building. 

On the first day of February, 1865, I received the" appointment 
as Architect for the College building from lion. W. II. Holmes, 
Chairman of the Executive Board. In his letter to me he sug- 
gested that the form and dimensions of the lecture room might be 
greatly improved, and authorized me to make any other improve- 
ment in the original plans, which I might deem beneficial, curtail- 



AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE AND FARM. 



55 



ing the cost wherever it could be done without injury to the con- 
venience and general appearance of the building. 

Upon inspection of the original drawings, it was found that the 
Lecture Room was in such a form that it would be impossible to 
use it for the purpose for which it was intended. There was no 
place to put the speaker's stand, so that what he was talking about 
could be heard understandingly half way across the room, and it 
could not be seated so as to accommodate one-fourth of the num- 
ber of scholars, with a full attendance. 

The stair-cises came next under my observation; found them to 
be one-half the usual width of stairs in buildings of this and simi- 
lar classes. They were arranged in the worst form conceivable. I 
enlarged that part of the building and put in two good, broad stair 
cases easy of ascent and descent, and giving by the arrangement 
two more external doors to rear of the building. 

The Library and Laboratory were next taken in hand. Upon 
inspection of the original plans you will find four small rooms 
where there are but two in the plans now presented. As Chem- 
istry is one of the most important studies to be taught in the insti- 
tution, I concluded that it should have as large a room as could be 
made for it without changing its location or increasing the size of 
the building. The same might be said of the Library. 

The towers were found to be of great size and out of proportion 
to the balance of the building. At the external angles of the 
towers there were large, meaningless buttresses, looking like stran- 
gers in a strange place. The dimensions of the towers were di- 
minished seven feet each on the ground, which will reduce the cost 
considerably. Tne buttresses were discarded; also the large balco- 
nies of a costly character of design and workmanship. They were 
to be constructed of wood liable to decay in a few years, unless 
given the best attention, with paint and brush, and the use of 
them is more than I have been able to discover. They certainly 
could not have been intended for ornament ; if so it was a bad in- 
tention. In the northeast tower the construction of two of its 
sides was found to be most remarkable, some 10 feet in height was 
found to show brick walls erected upon a light wooden partition, 
supported by what was intended to be a truss, without any me- 
chanical principle of construction being properly applied to resist 
th*e load which it was designed to sustain. \ doubt very much 



56 



AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE AND FARM. 



whether it would sustain its own weight any considerable time. 
The walls will now receive their support from iron columns. All 
of these changes were made in the plans, and submitted on the 
22d day of February, 186.5, to the Building Committee at the 
College Farm, and on that day I saw what had been done the year 
previous on the College building. The foundation walls were 
about one-fourth built, some were up their full height, they were 
covered in on the top with straw, and well protected around their 
bases. The walls looked very good, what could be seen of them; 
there were a few slight fractures which I could not account for at 
the time, but which will be accounted for hereafter. Met with the 
Committee and the changes were discussed. 

Mr. Melendy suggested that there should be a Museum room 
close to the Lecture room, where anatomical and other specimens 
should be kept close at hand, to be readily introduced upon the 
lecturer's stand whenever wanted to illustrate and convey more 
forcibly the ideas of the lecturer. For arrangement of room see 
plans accompanying this report. The next most important change 
was the abandonment of the system of heating the building by 
steam, which would cost not less than thirty thousand dollars, three 
fifths of the estimated cost of the whole building, besides the en- 
tailment of heavy expenses annually; a first class engineer would 
have to be employed to attend to it, one who could do all the nec- 
essary repairs, or otherwise in case of a derangement of its proper 
working, or bursting of pipes, &e,, there would have to be a ma- 
chinist from some city to do the necessary repairs, w r hile the whole 
school might be left, in a very cool condition for some length of 
time. Mr. Melenuy advocated the system of warming the building 
by hot air furnaces, on the principle of great economy and yearly 
savings to the Institution, and it was approved by the other mem- 
bers of the Committee. In making excavations for the furnace 
cellars it became necessary to take down some of the walls that 
were built, and then the cause of the fractures was discovered. It 
appears that the excavations for the cellar and foundation walls 
had been made just the size that the building was to have been. 
The contractors made single-faced walls, using the best stone on 
the inner face, where it would show their work to best advantage. 
In many places the walls were several inches thicker at the top 
than*they were at the base. Those parts of the wall between the 



AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE AND FARM. 



57 



bank arid the inside course of stone were found to be filled with all 
kinds of stone rubbish, occasionally bedded in mortar composed 
mostly of sand and loam. If there was any lime in its composition 
my eyes failed to discover it. You all know that it requires the 
best wall where it has the greatest weight to sustain. The walls 
referred to were exactly the reverse, and let me say to you, there 
never could have been a brick wall twelve inches in thickness, 
built upon it two stories in height, without its falling down or frac- 
taring so badly that it would have to be taken down ; and it was 
of such bad workmanship, and partly of such bad materials, that it 
had to be all rebuilt this past season, and now in place of them you 
have good, substantial, double-faced walls, built true to a line on 
both sides, well bonded and tied together. In the original plans 
there was no provision made for the thorough ventilation of the 
rooms. 

In the plans now submitted, the rooms are designed to be venti- 
lated as follows : Opposite to where the warm air is admitted into 
the rooms, registers will be placed in the floors, of the same size as 
those that admit tbe warm air, opening to flues in the walls which 
will lead the vitiated air to the roofs ; it will there be thrown off 
through ejectors. There will be small registers placed near the 
line of the ceiling in each room opening into the flues above men- 
tioned. 

A few other items I wish to say a few words about, in regard to 
the defects in the original plans. The author of the specifications 
says the principal roofs must be covered with slate, but the towers 
and dormer windows fire to be covered with pine boards, not ex- 
ceeding ten inches in width, and their joints covered with moulded 
battens, three inches wide, a style of finish not much used on pub- 
lic buildings in this country to my knowledge. The sashes to the 
dormer windows could only be raised about five inches to admit air, 
which would make the attic rooms anything but desirable study or 
sleeping apartments on a hot summer day or night. The cornice 
to the building was to have been cf the most elaborate design and 
workmanship, and of a style wholly unsuited to a building of this 
character. The elevations are so different in design that it is almost 
impossible to believe that they were for the same building; in fact 
it would be impossible to work them up together, nor do they agree 
with the story plans. The second section or form of roofs was not 
3 



58 



AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE AND FARM. 



developed in the drawings, or referred to in the specifications. 
The form of the roofs was to be of a very expensive kind, requiring 
two sets of timbers; this has been made straight in the design 
accompanying, using but one set of timbers. There was but one 
external door, on the principal story floor plan, now there are three. 

I trust that you will excuse me for thus going into details, but I 
wished to be thoroughly understood, in the reasons for the changes 
being made. A few words about the brickmaking and the pres- 
ent condition of the works and then I am through. The bricks 
that were made in the year 1861, were good solid bricks, but were 
lilled with lime pebbles, and when the rains came in contact with 
them, and afterwards the frost, the lime in the pebbles slacked 
and burst out pieces, destroying them for facings for the building, 
but they will answer every purpose for the interior walls. On the 
22d day of February, 18G5, the Building Committee received 
propositions from several brickmakers, and finally made a contract 
with S. A. Eobertson, of Des Moines, who has proved to be master 
of his profession, to make one million of brick, the number neces- 
sary to complete the building. After looking over the ground, I 
directed him to make a new yard and use the top soil instead of 
the bank clay, which was used the year previous, and the institu- 
tion has been well paid by so doing. They will have a superior 
quality of brick, the best I have seen west of the Mississippi river. 
There are now made S50,000. The stone foundation walls are one 
foot above the final grade line, over eight hundred perch having 
been built the last summer. They have been all covered in and 
the premises properly graded. Accompanying this will be found 
detailed estimate^ of costs for erecting and completing the balance 
of the work on the building. Accompanying this estimate will be 
the drawings as now approved by the Committee. These esti- 
mates are taken and based upon quantities measured on the plans 
and drawings by a builder of large experience. The cost of work- 
manship and materials has been ascertained with great labor and 
considerable trouble. All of which is very respectfully submitted. 
Your obedient servant, 

C. A. DUNHAM, 
Architect Iowa State Agricultural College Building. 

Burlington, Iowa, ISTov. 22, 1805. 



AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE AND FARM. 



59 



REPORT OF SUPERINTENDENT OF BRICK. 



Des Moines, January 1, 18G6. 
To the Executive Committee of Agricultural College and Farm : 

Gentlemen: — The undersigned would respectfully make the 
following report of his operations as Superintendent of making 
the hrick for, and laying the same on the College Building, and such 
other work as was required by you. 

At your request I went to the College Farm in February last to 
make an examination of the condition of the work, and having 
made such examination concluded a contract with you, which was 
modified by a subsequent agreement in the month of April. 

The first thing to be done was to determine the site for a brick- 
yard. After a careful examination of the clay and the brick made 
therefrom the year previous, I was satisfied the old yard should be 
abandoned— there was too much limestone in the clay, the brick 
would crack and crumble. Making a thorough investigation, 1 
selected a site in the timber as the most eligible location, notwith- 
standing it would cost heavily to clear and grade the same. Good 
brick you must have, and I saw no better chance for gaining that 
object, and so reported to you, and you were pleased to approve pf 
my selection. Mr. Dunham, the Architect, examined the ground 
selected, and joined with me in recommending the same to your 
favorable consideration. 

In the month of April, work was commenced on the yard and 
pushed forward as rapidly as possible and we were ready for brick- 
making in May. There being no suitable place for boarding and 
lodging the men employed, it was necessary to build suitable 
buildings, and in accordance with your instructions to build the 
same with the least possible expense compatible with the health 
and comfort of the men, a building, 1G x 60 feet, was commenced 
upon my arrival on the ground. There was a difficulty in procur- 
ing lumber, and thereby the work somewhat delayed, and hero I 
must give my thanks to Mr. Graves, the farmer, tor his efforts and 
advice in procuring material. The buildings were completed early 
in May. The necessary bedding, cooking utensils, &c, were pro- 
cured,* cooks employed, and from that time on, the men were 



60 



AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE AND FARM. 



well satisfied, and I think considerable money saved, besides bav- 
ins: the men close to their work. 

Being so far from any large mart, of trade, much difficulty oc- 
curred in procuring provisions, tools and other necessary articles; 
hence delays were sometimes unavoidable and expenses were some- } 
what increased; but, upon the whole, 1 think those of you who 
know the difficulties were well satisfied to find the total expendi- 
tures much less than would have been expected, under the circum- 
stances. 

Owing to a change in the plan of the basement of the College, 
it was necessary to do a large amount of excavation — more than 
had been done the year previous — and I was also ordered to en- 
large the area of the old cellar and basement some eighteen inches 
around the entire building where mason-work had been done be- 
fore. This was a work of much difficulty, and, necessarily, slow 
and tedious, but absolutely necessary to make a two-faced wall. 
And in making this excavation, I moved the earth to the east side 
of the building where it was needed to fill and terrace. 

The architect also ordered me to grade around the entire build- 
ing. This required a fill on the east side and south and part of the 
north ends, and the removal of the dirt which had the year before 
been placed on the west side, and there also make two feet of an 
excavation. 

There was some work required around the Farm House, and at 
your request I built foundation for portico, pointed up building, 
built smoke-house and privy, and did some paving. All the brick 
used came from College Building. 

Notwithstanding the extremely bad weather during the greater 
part of the first four months — hard on brickmakers and masons — 
losing thousands of brick on account of the heavy storms and rains 
— the character of the clay and the scarcity of covering lumber — 
yet, I think I can, with some little pride, refer to the amount of 
work done and the quality of brick made. The clay was difficult 
to work, cracking in the yard, and at times I almost despaired, but 
after experimenting, working and trying, first-class brick were 
made, and can be made hereafter. 

On the 16th day of August I received a notice from you to sus- 
pend operations, the money appropriated by the General Assembly 
being nearly exhausted. This was a grievous disappointment 



AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE AND FARM. 



61 



Everything was- working harmoniously, the weather was fine, and 
I had hopes of making up during the fall months for the delays and 
vexations of the spring and summer months, and thus reduce the 
coat per thousand of the brick at least one-third. Personally, also, 
it worked a hardship. I had given up my business in this city, 
and it being too late to make new arrangements, lost the best part 
of the season. Before I left the Farm, the tools used in the work 
were gathered together and safely stored away, the boarding house 
goods and chattels cleaned and packed, and all things left in good 
shape for a renewal of operations in the spring. The missing and 
broken tools, and articles, I am happy to say, made but a small list. 

The accompanying exhibit will show the amount of money ex- 
pended by me, and the different purposes for which expended. 

In closing my report, I must give to the Executive Committee my 
warmest thanks for their kindness towards myself, and the readi- 
ness with which you, so far as possible, furnished me with advice 
and funds to push forward the work. I am also under many obli- 
gations to the architect, Mr. Dunham, a gentleman whose skill, 
judgment and honor need no enconium from me. 

Account of work done and money expended under direction of 8, 
A. Robertson on Agricultural College and Farm during the 
year 18G5. 

BRICKYARD — PREPARING SAME. 



95 days' work at $2 00 $190 00 

23 days' work at 3 50 80 50 

20 days' teaming at 4 00 80 00 350 50 

BOARDING HOUSE — BUILDING. 

16 days, Carpenter, at 4 00 . 64 00 

16 days, Carpenter, -at 2 00 32 00 96 00 

LIME HOUSE, TOOL HOUSE, AC. 

h days, Carpenter, at 4 00 20 00 

5 days, Carpenter, at 2 00 ........... . 10 00 30 00 

EXCAVATION — BASEMENT COLLEGE BUILDING. 

April— 48 15-100 days' labor at 2 00 : . 96 30 

" * 14 25 100 days' teaming at 4 00 57 00 153 30 



62 



AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE AND FARM. 



May— 76 75-100 days' labor at 2 00. . . 153 50 

" 39 clays' teaming at 4 00 15G 00 300 50 

June— 27 days' labor at 2 00 54 00 

44 6 days' teaming at 4 00 24 00 78 00 

j u l y _10 15-100 days' labor at 2 00 32 30 

44 14 days' teaming at 4 00 56 00 88 30 

August— 41 19-100 days' labor at 2 00 82 38 82 38 

GRADING — JUNE AND JULY. 

67 and 75-100 days' labor, at $2.00 $135 50 

24 and 87-100 days' hauling, at $4.00 . . 99 50— $235 00 

August— 35 days' labor, at $2.00 70 00 

10 days' hauling, at $4.00 40 00— 110 00 

WELL DIGGING AND WALLING. 

37^ days' labor, at $2.00 $75 00— 75 00 

HAULING. 

250 cords of wood, at $1.00 $250 00 

Lumber from Nevada 20 00 

Sundries 44 44 12 00 

Goods, provisions, &c, different places 100 00 — 382 00 

Sand to College 25 00 

Lumber from ilailroad 30 00 



COLLEGE' — BRICK-WORK. TURNING ARCHES. 



24 days— masons, at $4.00 96 00 

23 days— tenders, at $2.00 46 00 

Lime on same — 62 bushels, at 55 cts 34 00— 176 10 

Pumping water from cellar 25 00 

HARDWARE. 

Tools> household goods, bedding, &c, as per vouchers. . $650 89 

FARM HOUSE. 

29 days 5 mason work, at $4.00 . $116 00 

14} days, tender, at $2.00 29 50 

70 bushels lime, at 55 cts. . . 38 50— 184 00 

$3,080 97 



AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE AND FARM. (53 

In building the boarding house, the following amount of lumber 
was used : 

Native lumber 1,520 feet 

Pine lumber -.5,474 feet.— 6,994 

LIME HOUSE. 

Native lumber 450 feet. 

Pine lumber 1,200 feet.— 1,650 

BRICK YARD. 

Pine lumber (estimated) 8,000 feet. 

FARM HOUSE. 

Brick from College. 33,891 

Three kegs of nails were used during the season. The cost of 
the nails and lumber was never returned to me, and hence I cannot 
give the figures. 

Respectfully yours, • 

S. A. ROBERTSON, 
All of which is respectfully submitted, &c, 

PETER MELENDY, 

Su-pt. and Sedy Iowa Agricultural Farm and. College. 



OPINION OF THE ATTORNEY GENERAL. 



[A question having been raised as to whether the Agricultural 
College lands are taxable, the opinion of the Attorney General 
was solicited, and that officer has kindly •communicated it as fol- 
lows.] 

OFFICE OF ATTORNEY GENERAL, ) 
Des Moines, Iowa, Jan. 25, 18G6. j" 

Eon. W. II. Holmes, President pro tern., and Peter Melendy, Secre- 
tary, dkc, of the Iowa Agricultural College — 

Gents : You ask if the lands granted by the State of Iowa to the 
Iowa Agricultural College by Chap. 117 of the 10th General As- 
sembly, are liable to taxation under the revenue laws of the State. 

These lands were granted by the United States to Iowa for a 
specific purpose. (See Act of Congress, July 2, 1862.) 

The State of Iowa accepted the grant for the purpose specified, 
and on the 29th day of March, 186-1, an Act was passed by the 
General Assembly granting these lands to the Iowa Agricultural 
College ; and in said Act it is provided that said College should 
have authority to lease "for a term of ten or more years, any of 
said lands— the lessee to pay six per cent interest per annum upon 
the appraised value of said lands, with the privilege of purchasing 
•the same at the expiration of the lease, at their appraised value at 
the date of the leaso 

All the rights of the lessee are derived under and by virtue of 
leases made in accordance with the terms of the foregoing pro- 
vision. 

It is provided in the Code, Sec. 712, that "lands bought from 
the United States or this State, and whether bought on cr<3dit or 
otherwise, are liable to taxation." 

The only question then, is whether these agricultural lands are 
under the law, and the contracts given bought on a credit or other- 
wise. 

$ 



66 



AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE AND FARM. 



My opinion is they are not. The persons holding the leases m 
not purchasers — they have neither paid for the land, nor have tbej 
agreed to pay for the same. 

The lease may he an agreement to sell, but it is not an agree* 
merit to buy, for no one is bound to pay. 

My opinion therefore is that these lands are not subject to taxa- 
tion under any law now in force. 

F. E. BISSELL, Attorney General. 



SIXTH BIENNIAL REPORT 



I ( > W A [N8TIT tJTION 



EDUCATION OF THE BLIND, 



LOCATED AT VINTON, 



TO THE 



ELEVENTH GENERAL ASSEMBLY, 



DECEMBER, 1865. 



DES MOINES: 

P. VV. PALMER, STATE PRINTER. 
1800. 



OFFICERS AND TEACHERS. 



TRU STEE.S: 

JAMES McQUIN, President. 
REED WILKINSON, Secretary. 
JAMES CIIAPIN, Treasurer. 
ROBERT GILCHRIST, 
ELIJAH SELLS, 
JOSEPH DYSART. 

teachers: 

PRINCIPAL, 

REED WILKINSON. 

ASSISTANT TEACHERS, 

MRS. L. S. B. WILKINSON 
MISS AMELIA BUTLER. 

TEACHERS OF MUSIC, 

JACOB NIERMEYER, 
MRS. JOSE P. CISNA. 

TEACHER OF MECHANICS, 

JOHN CISNA. 

TEACHER OF BEAD-WORK, ETC.. 

MISS A. M. RITTGERS. 

MATRON, 

MRS. N. A. MORTON. 

STEWARD, 

G. W. PERKINS. 

PHYSICIAN, 

W. P. LATHROP, M. D. 



TRUSTEES' REPORT. 



To the General Assembly of the State of Iowa : 

Though not specially required by law to report to your Honor- 
able Body, the Trustees of the ''Institution for the Education of 
the Blind," beg leave to present some matters for your considera- 
tion, which to them seem essential to the future prosperity of tin- 
Institution. 

Hon. Norman W. Isbell and Hon. Kush Clark, appointed Trus- 
tees by the Act of the 10th General Assembly, approved Feb. 27, 
1861, failed to qualify, and Gov. Stone appointed Robert Gilchrist, 
of Benton county, and Joseph Dysart. of Tama county, to fill the 
vacancies. 

When the present Board organized in August, lSo'l, they found 
the condition of affairs such as to require important changes in 
nearly every department. The position of Principal was tendered 
to and accepted by Ilev. Heed Wilkinson, whose character as a 
ripe scholar and successful educator had been well attested by 
eminent citizens of our own and other States. Experience has 
shown the choice to be a happy one. lie immediately introduced 
order and system throughout, and established a rigid yet parental 
discipline, which has been well maintained. His zealous and per-' 
sistent efforts to raise the moral tone of the Institution have been 
crowned with success. 

A majority of the Board attended the annual examination in 
May last, and were highly gratified with the proficiency exhibited 
by the pupils in the various branches usually taught in common 
schools and Academies, as well as in music, trades and handicraft, 
it was apparent that diligent exertions had been made to secure 
thoroughness in all attainments. 

The appropriations heretofore, nimle have been exhausted upon 
|Jie main building, work-shop, and other improvements. About 



6 



INSTITUTION FOR THE BLIND. 



twenty stoves are used to warm the rooms. It is plain tiiat there 
are just so many chances for the destruction of the Institution 
buildings by tire. In similar Institutions in adjoining States, a 
heating apparatus takes the place of these stoves, thereby avoiding 
this almost alarming risk of fire, as well as the frequent damage 
to the clothing of the pupils, by coming in contact with overheated 
stoves. We consider that safety and economy both require the 
purchase and introduction of such an apparatus at an early day. 

There is no insurance on the building or furniture. The Trustee* 
doubt whether, under the law, they have authorit3 r to cause it t<» 
be insured. 

It lias been found necessary to keep some cows and a team at 
the Asylum, but great inconvenience has been felt for want of a 
barn for shelter, and for storage of hay and grain for their use. 
We therefore ask you to make an appropriation of three thousand 
dollars for the construction of a barn, wood sheds, hog pen, fencing, 
and other incidental improvements. 

The appropriations made by the 10th General Assembly for the 
current expenses of the Institution were based on the prices of the 
necessaries of life and merchandise, at the time of its sitting. You 
are well aware that these have greatly advanced since that time: 
hence it has been almost impossible during the last year to keep 
the current expenses within the limits of the appropriation. We 
see nothing to indicate the speedy return of former low prices; 
and in our judgment forty dollars per quarter for each pupil for 
the next two years will be necessary to keep up the current ex- 
penses of the Institution. 

The duties of Matron are arduous. The mental, physical and 
moral endowments necessary for the position, but few possess. 
Happily for the interests of the Institution, these are found to be 
possessed in an eminent degree by the present incumbent, Mrs. 
N. A. Morton, whose rare executive ability, motherly care, and 
tender sympathy for the sick, entitle her to the highest praise; 
The Trustees consider $250.00 an inadequate compensation, and 
would suggest that the salary of Matron be raised or the restriction 
removed, so as to allow the Board to fix her salary, as in case of 
all other officers and employees except the Principal. 

If fostered and sustained by you in the future in the same liberal 
manner as hitherto, the Blind Asylum of Iowa will, ere long, ho 



INSTITUTION FOR THE BLIND. 



entitled to the first rank among the charitable institutions of the 
country. 

JAMES McQULN, 1 
JOSEPH DYSART, I 
ROBERT GILCHRIST, \ Trustees. 
ELIJAH SELLS, 
JAMES C HA PIN, J 



s 



INSTITUTION FOtt THE BLIND. 



REPORT OE Tlf K S UPERINT END KNT. 



His KcGellency , William M. Stone, Governor of Iowa : 

Sib — In compliance with an Act of the Tenth General Assem- 
bly, the seventh biennial report of the Iowa Institution far the 
education of the blind is herewith presented. 

In discharging this duty, I am happy to report a continued and 
increasing prosperity of this noble State charity. I am happy to 
report also, a cheerful and hearty co-operation of the Trustees, 
Teachers and officers, in the effort to carry out the designs of its 
benevolent founders. 

The result, by the blessing of God, has been most propitious. 
Our numbers have constantly increased. Content, order, and gen- 
eral happiness have prevailed ; and the progress of the pupils in 
science and literature, in the mechanic arts and general culture, 
lias been most gratifying to their friends, and eminently satisfac- 
tory to visitors from abroad who have favored us with their calls. 

While thus cheered and strengthened by success achieved, we 
do not forget that we are not perfect. But we aim at perfection— 
and confidently hope, by patient and persevering efforts, to raise 
many a young man and young woman from a state of comparative 
helplessness and dependence for support on the charity of others, 
to a positinn of honor, usefulness and the ennobling independence 
of self support. 

OUR NUMBEK. 

The whole number enrolled for the time covered by this report, 
is sixty-three — a number as great, if not greater than has been 
reported at any former period. Of this number five have finished 
their coarse and left ; five are temporarily absent, and one has died. 
The remaining fifty-three are now members of the Institution. 

Eighteen of the number now present arc new pupils, having 
never been here before. 



INSTITUTION FOR THE BLIND. 



9 



Fur diligence in study, for energetic efforts for improvement, 
and for success in mastering the several branches ol science and 
Hit, to which their attention has been directed, they are rarely ex- 
celled by any school or academy for the seeing. With teachers to 
£uide them who are " apt to teach," they learn as fast as the seeing. 
And justice to the pupils requires me to say that their zeal for 
knowledge and persevering application to 6tudy, are worthy of all 
praise. The exceptions to this remark are very few indeed. The 
great majority evince a due appreciation of the privileges here ac- 
corded them by a wise and liberal legislation. 

TEACHERS AND OFFICERS. 

This" institution has six teachers besides the Principal. Two for 
the branches usually taught in academics — two for music, and two 
for the mechanical departments. Each teacher is amply qualified 
for his or her trust, and is kind and faithful in the discharge of 
every duty. This is manifest to every visitor. Their works praise 
them. 

.Nor should less be said of the Matron and Steward. Both are 
persons of experience, and exercise the duties of their office with a 
faithful and wise reference to the comfort of the household, and 
the best interests of the Institution. 

GOVERNMENT. 

This is parental, patient, kind and decided. The discipline of 
the Institution aims at two things, — a proper restraint, and the 
formation of a good character. It is deemed to be as much the 
duty of the educator to aid his pupils in the formation of correct 
principles, as to aid them in the acquisition of useful knowledge. 
To train, and store the intellectual powers with knowledge, and 
neglect the morals, is to put a sword into the hands ofa mad man. 
While, therefore, our principal object is to discipline the mind and 
store it witli knowledge, the formation of character is not neglected. 

COURSE OF INSTRUCTION. 

This embraces, in addition to music, and the reading of Eaised 
Print, instruction in all the branches included in the Common 

Scliodl system of the State. 

9 



10 



INSTITUTION FOR THE BLIND. 



It embraces, also, Algebra, Geometry, Intellectual and Moral 
Philosophy, Chemistry, Natural Philosophy, and the theory of 
Surveying. Especial attention is given to Music, for the reason 
that many of the blind are expected hereafter to give instruction 
in this science as a means of support. And for the same reason, 
all the pupils are taught some handiwork or trade. The males are 
taught to make brooms and brushes, and the females bead-work, 
knitting and sewing. In these several branches of industry they 
make very great proficiency. 

CURRENT EXPENSES. 

The appropriations made by the last Legislature for current ex- 
penses, although very liberal, in view of what was then expected, 
as to the price of labor and the expense of living, yet as things 
have turned out, have proved quite insufficient for carrying forward 
the Institution with ease and comfort, to say nothing of advantage. 
We have had to economize in every possible way to get along at 
all. In a course of retrenchment we have discarded not only all 
luxuries, and some comforts, but have even lessened that degree of 
variety in articles of diet which is generally deemed essential to a 
healthy state of body and mind. Nor do we see any end of high 
prices near at hand. It is hoped, therefore, that the Legislature 
will be inclined so to increase their appropriations for our current 
expenses, that they shall correspond to the increased expense of 
living, since their last appropriations were made. 

NUMBER OF BLIND IN IOWA. 

The number of blind persons in our State is about three hundred. 
In view of this fact, it might very naturally be supposed that a 
larger number than we now have, ought to be here. And so there 
should be. But the consideration of a few facts will modify our 
judgment on this point. This Institution is a School, and not an 
Asylum ; an Academy, and not an Almshouse. A large part of 
the blind of the State are too old to go to school. A larger part, 
perhaps, too young. A third class are too feeble and sickly ; and 
a few have been educated in the older States before coming to Iowa. 
When, therefore, the whole number in the State has been dis- 
counted to the amount of the sum total of the classes named above. 



INSTITUTION FOR THE BLIND. 



11 



the number left of suitable age, health and capacity, to receive an 
education, is quite small, — considerably less than a hundred. 

This opinion is the result of careful observation and inquiry. 
During the last vacation, the Superinteudent spent forty days trav- 
eling in the service of the institution. During that time, he trav- 
eled with horse and buggy more than 1,100 miles, and thoroughly 
canvassed seventeen counties in the eastern part of the State. The 
information gained by this canvass led to the above named conclu- 
sion. The percentage of our whole number of blind, now in a 
course of education, is greater than in some other and older States. 
Greater than in Ohio or Illinois, yet there are undoubtedly many 
at home who ought to be here, and would be, if the character and 
object of the Institution, and its facilities for giving an education 
were more fully known. 

MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS. 

The appropriations made by the last legislature for improvements, 
have been carefully applied to the objects for which they were 
intended. 

But our wants are not fully supplied. Other improvements art* 
greatly needed to remedy present inconveniences, and to add the 
needful facilities for carrying out properly, the purposes for which 
this institution was founded. Among these, I may mention a new 
piano forte, and some instruments for the Band. So great is our 
need in this regard, that nearly one-fifth of the pupils, who need 
lessons in the use of these instruments, cannot be accommodated. 

But the Trustees in their application to the legislature for 
special appropriations, will specify the particular objects for which 
they are asked. 

Tables or Schedules exhibiting the receipts and expenditures 
of the institution for the last two years, will accompany this report. 
All of which, it is hoped, will be satisfactory. 

The Trustees, with equal regard to economy and utility, have 
taken great pains to improve the Asylum grounds. Almost all 
are put under cultivation ; and more than 300 trees, ornamental, 
shade and fruit, have been planted and are doing well. 

In concluding this report, allow me to remark, that the citizens 
of Iowa have reason to be proud of their noble State charities. 
They are paying institutions. Iowa has made herself a noble 



12 



INSTITUTION FOR THE BLIND. 



record by the part she has borne in our late struggle for national 
Life and existence. But her wise and benevolent legislation, as 
exemplified in her Common School System, and her Asylums, has 
contributed not less really, if less abundantly, to give her that 
enviable position which she now occupies amongst the rising em- 
pires of the West. To her youthful vigor and manly virtues, they 
give grace'and beauty. They give her self-respect at home and 
consideration abroad. They give increased value to her lands, and 
attract the better class of immigrants from every country to her 
hospitable home. These valuable results are secured, so far as 
this Asylum is concerned, by a tax of only four cents per annum 
on each $1000 of the taxable property of the State. These invest- 
ments pay them. They are among the most remunerative of all 
investments of public capital. 

The following tables exhibit the number of pupils who have been 
and are now connected with the Asylum, and such facts respecting 
them as the law requires. Also the receipts and expenditures for 
the time now reported, will be found under their appropriate heads. 
Respectfully submitted, 

REED WILKINSON, Superintendent. 

Vinton, December, 1865. 

The whole amount of current expenses from Jan. 1, 1861:, to 



Sept 1, 1864 . ....$0,990.45 

From September 1, 1804, to December 1, 1805, the current ex- 
penses are as follows : 

Salaries of Principal and teachers $2,950.00 

Salary of Steward. 064.50 

Salary of Mai ron 325.00 

Mileage of Trustees 74.00 

Labor V. 1,382.92 

Supplies . . 423.86 

Furnishing 906.57 

Repairing 174.49 

Shop expenses . . . 575.97 

Minor improvements 83.05 

Oils, paints and drugs 192.95 

Groceries and provisions 5,082.08 

Stock feed 187.51 



INSTITUTION FOR THE BLIND. 13 

Live stock purchased 214.99 

Music, and musical instruments 94.17 

Fuel... . '., 1,270.64 

Livery stable bills 9.00 

Periodicals and printing 60.52 

Stationery 7.75 

Beads for Industrial Department 18.26 

Sundries 146.70 

Medical attendance .... . 135.00 



$21,970.38 

The mechanical departments have been well sustained, whether 
we judge of them by the mechanical knowledge gained by the 
pupils, or the amount of work done. 

As I have not the means at hand of exhibiting in detail the con- 
dition of these departments for the first eight months of 1864, 1 
give their expenses and receipts from September 1, 1864, to Decem- 



ber 1, 1865, only. 

MALE DEPARTMENT. 

.Received for brooms, &c, sold $1,144.34 

Expended for materials, same time 575.97 

Proceeds 568.37 

FEMALE DERAILMENT. 

Received for bead and worsted work $332.90 

Expended tor materials, same time . . . . : 151.15 

Proceeds. $181.75 



Note.— $33.95 worth of bead-work was contributed by the girls to the Sanitary 
Fair, at Chicago. 



INSTITUTION FOR THE BLIND. 



TREASURER'S REPORT. 



CURRENT EXPENSE ACCOUNT. 

Dk. 

Jan. 1, 1864. To cash on hand as per last report,. $ 1,586 08 

Feb., 1804. To cash received from State appropriation, 2,175 00 

May, 1864. To cash received from State appropriation. 2,710 00 

Aug., 1864. To cash received from State appropriation, 2,710 00 

Nov., 1864. To cash received from State appropriation,. . . 2,320 00 

Feb., 1865. To cash received from State appropriation, 2,200 00 

May, 1865. To cash received from State appropriation, 2,290 00 

Aug., 1865. To cash received in (drafts less ex. $5.75,) 2,284 25 

Nov., 1865. To cash received in (drafts less ex. 8.85,) 2,521 15 

To cash from shop and miscellaneous sales, 1,070 60 



. Total,. $21,957 08 

Cr. 

Jau. 2, 1865. By paid O. Clarke, warrant No. 61, $ 136 10 

. . . . ."i ". . . .Mrs. II. L. Clarke, warrant No. 62, 48 61 

July 1, 1865. . ..." J. Cbapin, adv. on mo. expenses, warrant No. 65.. 3,100 00 

. . .". . . ." u " " « " " ". . 66.. 450 00 

" " "....for Cyclopedia,. .. "...."..67.. 72 75 

. . ." u " " " paid teachers, warrant No. 68. . . 450 00 

. . ." " " N. C. Robinson, for teaching, warrant No. 69 161 00 

.Miss Amelia Butler, teaching, warrant No. 70 100 00 

.0. Clarke, 3 qrs as Principal, warrant No. 71 525 00 

.0. Clark, miscellaneous expenses, warrant No. 72. 672 27 

.Mrs. H. L. Clark, 3 qrs. sal. as Mat.,. . .." 73. 186 75 

J. Chapin, Cash adv. on June exp's, . . ." 74 700 00 

.0. Clark, serv. as Sec'y of Board, " 75 25 00 

ark, for subsistence for July, warrant No. 76. 251 67 

J. Cummings, on exchange horses, warrant No. 77 50 00 

phine Porter, assist't teacher, warrant No. 78. 25 00 

N. C. Robinson, assistant teacher, warrant No. 79. 39 00 

, J. Cbapin, paid for wood and hay, warrant No. 80 235 50 

,0, Clark, for subsistence agent, warrant No. 82. . . . 338 67 

9,. . . u J. McQuin, mileage, warrant No. 83 15 00 

,J. Dysart, mileage, warrant No. 84 6 00 

R. Gilchrist, services on committee, war. No. 86.. . 6 00 

.J. Chapin, services on committee, war. No. 86 6 00 

,S. Tracy, Steward, warrant No. 87. 40 00 



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INSTITUTION FOR THE BLIND. 15 

Oct. 10, 1865. By paid S. Tracy, Subsistence for Sept., warrant No. 88. . . 748 G4 

" u ..." . . .H. D. Day & Co., bill goods, warrant No. 89 350 GO 

". . . . .'** " O. Clark, for subsistence and furniture, war. No. 90 1G2 01 

Nov. 16,... "....".... S. Tracy, Steward, warrant No. 92.. 40 00 

" " " S. Tracy, subsistence for Oct., warrant No. 93 089 71 

Dec. 5, " "... .J. Chapin, books and stationery, war. No. 95 10 85 

" " " R. Wilkinson, 1 qr. sal. as prin., war. No. 95 175 00 

" " Mrs. Wilkinson, 1 qr. sal. as teacher, war. No. 9G. 100 00 

" ". .. 41 Mrs. N. A. Morton, 4 m's as matron, war. No. 97.. 75 00 

" « " S. Tracy, Steward, warrant No. 98 90 00 

" « " John Cisna, teacher, warrant No. 99 50 00 

" " " Mrs. Cisna, teacher, warrant No. 100 25 00 

" . . ," Maggie Marrin, teacher, warrant No. 101 37 50 

" " " Jacob Neiermyer, warrant No. 102 87 50 

" u . . .J. Chapin, adv. oh sub. for Nov., warrant No. 103. 729 79 

" " " Miss Butler, teacher, warrant No. 104 75 00 

Jan. 7, " " J. Chapin, subsistence for Dec, warrant No. 105. . 834 72 

" ". . . .". . . .J. McQuin, mileage, warrant No. 106 5 00 

Jan. 7, 1865. By paid J. Dysart, mileage, warrant No. 107 12 00 

. ." " " J. Chapin, services on com., warrant No. 108 12 00 

.." " " R. Gilchrist, services on com., warrant No. 109.. . 12 00 

Feb. 6,.." " S. Tracy, subsistence for Jan. 7, warrant No. 110.. 643 48 

March 4, 1865. . ." J. Chapiu, subsistence for Feb., warrant No. 111.. 1,311 31 

". . ." " R. Wilkinson, 1 qr. sal. as Prin., warrant No. 112.. 175 00 

". . .** " Mrs. Wilkinson, 1 qr. sal. as teacher, war. No. 113.. 100 00 

". . ." " . . . .Miss Butler, 1 qr. sal. as teacher, war'nt No. 114.. 75 00 

"... <( " Mrs. Morton, 1 qr. sal. as matron, war. No. 115.. 62 50 

". . ." ",. . .S. Tracy, steward, warrant No. 116 135 00 

" John Cisna, teacher, warrant No. 117 50 00 

". . ." " Mrs. Cisna, teacher, warrant No. 118 25 00 

". . ." " Maggie Marrin, teacher, warrant No. 119 37 50 

". . ". . . .Jacob Neiermyer, teacher, warrant No. 120 87 50 

April 4,. . ." " J. Chapin, subsistence for March, war. No. 121... . 872 40 

May 1,. . . ." ". . . J. Chapin, subsistence for April, war. No. 122.. . . 499 82 

May 31,. . ." "....S. Tracy, subsistence for May, warrant No. 123. . . 739 76 

...." " " R. Wilkinson, 1 qr. sal. as Prin., warrant No. 125.. 175 00 

. " " Mrs. Wilkinson, 1 qr. sal. as teacher, war. No. 120.. 100 00 

. . . " " Miss Butler, 1 qr. sal. as teacher, war. No. 127 75 00 

. . . ." " " Mrs. Morton, 1 qr. sal. as matron, war. No. 128.. . G2 50 

. . . ." " " . . . .8. Tracy, 1 qr. sal. as steward, warrant No. 129. . 135 00 

. . . ." " ". . . .Mr. Cisna, teacher, warrant No. 130 50 00 

. .. ." " ". . . .Mrs. Cisna, teacher, warrant No. 131 25 00 

" ". Maggie Marrin, teacher, warrant No. 132 37 50 

" " v " Jacob Neiermyer, teacher, warrant No. 133 87 50 

" " w Mrs. Wilkinson, teacher, warrant No. 135. ..... . 100 00 

" " u Miss Butler, teacher, warrant No. 136 75 00 

" " " Mr. Cisna, teacher, warrant No. 137 50 00 

. " ". . . .Mrs. Cisna, teacher, warrant No. 138 25 00 



16 



INSTITUTION FOll THE BLIND. 



Ma} 7 31, 1865. By paid Maggie Marrin, teacher, warrant No. 139 37 50 

u . " . . J. Neiermyer, teacher, warrant No. 140 87 50 

Sept. 1,..." u R. Wilkinson, Principal, warrant No. 141 175 00 

" 44 .Mrs. Morton, matron, warrant No. 142 62 50 

44 " " J. Chapin, subs. June, July & Aug., Avar. No. 143 810 81 

41 " 44 S. Tracy, steward, warrant No. 144 135 00 

Oct. 18, . . . 4l 44 . . . .J. Chapin, subsistence for Sept., warrant No. 145. 945 90 

4 4 1 4 44 R. Wilkinson, traveling exp., warrant.No. 146... 77 45 

Dec. 2, . . . 44 44 Mrs. Wilkinson, teacher, warrant No. 148 100 00 

. 4 4 44 G. W. Perkins, steward, warrant No. 155 112 50 

44 44 44 J. Chapin, subsistence for Oct. and Nov., warrant 

No. 156.. 1,651 91 



$21,970 88 

IMPROVEMENT ACCOUNT. 

Dr. 

May 11, 1864. To State Warrants, as cash $ 600 00 

Sept. 4, 1864. ... 4t 44 44 600 00 

Oct. 20, 1864. ... 44 ." 44 800 00 

Jan. 30, 1865. ... 44 44 44 1,000 00 

June 17, 1865. ..." 44 "... 1,000 00 

Aug. 17,1805. ..." ". 44 1,000 00 

Shop and miscellaneous sales 52126 

$5,521 20 
Ck. 

By paid M. W. Parker, for trees and setting orchard $ 218 85 

. . ." W. H. Young, for fencing ... 233 96 

. . ." Samuel August, for setting fence 28 00 

. . ." J. L. Hunt, for fruit and ornamental trees 206 23 

. . ." T. S. Palmer, for barrels 4 00 

. . . 44 C. S. Merwin, for clothes wringer 7 00 

. . C. 8, Merwin, for willow fence 20 00 

. . ." Brook, Sanders & Co., sundry bills for teaming 35 30 

. . .". . . .J. Tracy, for evergreens and setting 80 31 

. . ." J. McCarlin, for lumber for fence 59 60 

. . ." E. M. Stedman, for grass seed and potatoes 6 90 

. . . 4< Harvey Jack, for maple seed 2 00 

..." . . . J. C. Stone, for mole ditch 10 80 

. . ." M. Donelan, for repairing pumps, &c 3 00 

. . ." Henry Bommer, laborer .... 47 00 

. . .". . . .D. Andrews, for breaking prairie 35 00 

. . ." L. Ralyea, for seed oats 5 00 

. . . " J. M. Crandall, for iron bolts 19 50 

. . .' 4 J. Cbapin paid G. Chase for wood blocks 1 50 

. . ." L. D. Bordwell, timber lor area wall 40 00 

» . , 44 . . . .Donelan, Arnold & Reed, for masonry on wall 623 00 



INSTITUTION FOR THE BLIND. \!j 

By "paid Donclan, Arnold & Reed, for sewers, paving, &e. . 2-14 25 

"... .P. B. Smith, for kiln of brick 640 00 

, . Watrous& Co., freight bills 18 00 

.,. .*' Cutler, Witbeck & Co., lumber for railing 31 05 

. . W. Stickney, for making railing 100 00 

.T. S. Palmer, paints and oil 18 45 

J. Chapin, paid Watrous's freight bills. Bit 

. 4 \ . . .W. W. Ilanford, for publishing proposals 4 00 

Royd & Sanderson, contract for building shop 2,717 35 

. i . .II. Stanton, for lumber 11 11 

.William Jack, for lumber. 2 71 

.J. Western, for painting 8 00 

. . 44 . . . J. McCoy, carpenter, for repairs 29 50 



$5,521 2€ 

From the foregoing it will be seen that orders have been drawn on the current 
expense account, and paid by the Treasurer, to the amount of $13.30, over acio 1 
above the total cash receipts from all sources. 

JAMES C1IAPIN, Treasurer. 



3 



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22 



EXERCISES. 



A TABLE EXHIBITING THE ORDER OF EXERCISES FOR EACH DAY 

IN THE WEEK. 

Pupils rise at 6 o'clock, A. M. 
Breakfast at 6. V " 44 
Recreation. 

Morning Service, 7:20 to 8 A. M. 

Three classes in Arithmetic, from 8 to 9 A. M., on Monday, Wednesday aud 
Friday. 

Three classes in English Grammar, from 8 to A. M.. Tuesday, Thursday and 
Saturday. 

A class in Physiology from 9 to 10 A. M., ) 

- On Monday, Wednesday & Friday. 
A class in reading raised print froui 9 to 10, ) 

2 classes in Orthography, with defln's,9 to 10, Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday. 

A class in Algebra, from 10 to 11 ) 

( Monday, Wednesday and Friday. 
A class in Writing, from 10 to 11 ) 

A class in Mental Philosophy, 10 to 11. . . j _ ' 

- Tuesday, Wednesday and baturday 

A class in Physical Geography, 10 to 11. . ) 

A class in History, from 11 to 12 ) _ 

> Each day, except Suuday. 
Orchestra, from 11 to 12 \ 

Dine at 12 o'clock each day. 

A class in Geometry, from 1 to 2 P. M. j 

;- Monday, Wednesday and Friday. 
A class in Writing, from 1 to 2 P. M ) J 

A class in reading Raised Print, from 2 4 to 3, Monday, Wednesday and Friday. 

A class in Geography, from 2 to 3, Tuesday and Thursday. 

Two classes in Mechanical department, from 2 to 4 each day. 

Choir, from 4 to 5 eacl day. 

Recreation, from 5 to 6 o'clock each day. 

Supper at 6 o'clock each day. 

Music from to 7. 

Class in English Literature, from 7 to 8 each day. 

Class in theory and composition of Music, from 8 to 9, Monday and Thursday. 
On Sabbath, Bible Class from 8 to 9 o'clock A. M. 
On Sabbath, Lecture from 3 to 4 P. M. 

Pupils attend church at such places as they or their parents or guardians prefer 



NOTICE TO APPLICANTS. 23 



NOTICE. TO APPLICANTS, 



This 'school is strictly educational, and not for the treatment of 
disease. The annual term commences the first Wednesday in Sep- 
tember and closes the fourth Wednesday of June, giving July and 
August as a vacation in which the pupils visit their homes and 
friends. 

Scholars from Iowa, of suitable age and capacity for education, 
and who conform to the regulations of the institution, will receive 
their boarding and instruction at the expense of the institution. 
Their friends will be expected to furnish them with a competent 
supply of clothing, and to be at the expense of their traveling to 
and from the institution. 

Pupils may be admitted from other States upon payment of $170 
per annum. 

Applications should be addressed to Reed Wilkinson, Principal, 
Vinton, Benton county, Iowa, and should contain answers to the 
following questions : 

1st : What is the name, age, residence, nativity and cause of 
blindness of the applicant? Who is the nearest friend, and to what 
post-office should the reply be sent? 

2d : Is the applicant of sound mind, free from contagious diseas- 
es, and of sufficient .physical strength to receive an education \ 

8d : Is he or she totally blind ? If not, is the degree of blindness 
such as to prevent the acquirement of an education in a school for 
the seeing \ . • 

4th : How has the applicant been heretofore employed ? What in- 
struction has he or she received, and at what age did he or she be- 
come blind ? 

5th : Who will provide clothing fur the applicant, and take 
charge of him or her during vacation ? 

Upon proper answers to the foregoing questions, parties interested 
will be notified as to the result of the application. 



24 NOTE. 



N O T E . 



The thanks of the teachers and pupils of the Iowa Institution 
lor the Education of the Blind, are hereby tendered to the proprie- 
tors of the following newspapers : " Iowa State Register," " Cedar 
Valley Times," and 44 Vinton Eagle/' for a copy of each sent 
weekly and gratuitously to the Institution. 



REPORT 



or 



THE OFFK'EHH 



OF THE 



IOWA HOSPITAL FOE INSANE, 



TO THE 



GOVERNOR OF THE STA LE OF fOWA, 



FOR THE FISCAL YEARS 1864-5. 



DES MOINES: 
F. W. PALMER, STATE PRINT SE. 

1866. 



OFFICERS OF THE HOSPITAL 



BOARD OF TRUSTKKiS. 

MATURIN L. FISHER, Pup^idknt Farniersburg 

MARTIN L. EDWARDS Ht. Pleasant 

JNO. R. NEEDHAM „.* Oskalcxwa. 

ANDREW McCLURE. ... , Mt Pleasant 

JOS. H. MERRILL :oitumwa. 

LU K E PALMER Burlington 

.!. M. SHAFFER Fairfield. 

RESIDENT OFFJpEKS. 

MARK RANNEY, M. P.. Superintendent 

11. M. BASSETT, M. D.. Assistant Plirsieiu: 

UEORUE JOSSELYN Steward. 

MRS. ANNA B. JOSSELYN Matron. 



EEPORT. 



To His Excellency y Wm. M. Stone, Governor of the /State of Iowa: 

The Trustees of the Iowa Hospital for the Insane respectfully 
submit their Third Biennial Report. 

The Trustees have, at length, the satisfaction of reporting that 
the Hospital is finished, in all its departments, and ready for the 
reception of its full complement of patients. 

It appears from the report of the Superintendent, which is here- 
with submitted, that, at the date of the last report, there were in 
the hospital two hundred and sixteen patients ; that there have 
been admitted since, two hundred and sixty-nine; that four hun- 
dred and eighty-five have been under treatment ; that there are 
now remaining in the Hospital two hundred and eighty-four. 
During the same period one hundred and fifty-six were discharged, 
and fiifty-five died. Fifty were discharged as recovered, fifty-nine 
as improved and thirty-seven as unimproved. The whole number 
admitted since the opening of the Hospital has been six hundred 
and eighty-two, and the whole number discharged, three hundred 
and ninety- eight., . 

The report of uie Treasurer and Steward, which is herewith sub- 
mitted, exhibits the receipts and expenditures for the support of 
the Hospital, in detail, for the past two years, from which it appears 
that the aggregate receipts for the fiscal year ending November 30, 

1804, amounted to $52,015.84: 

Expenditures 53,128.12 

Excess of expenditures over receipts 512.2S 

The receipts for the fiscal year ending October 31, 1865, includ- 
ing eleven months, amounted to $01:,321:.1S 

Expenditures 03,384.87 

Excess of receipts over expenditures 939.31 

%.t the date of the last report, the price per week charged for the 



6 



JOWA HOSPITAL FOR THE INSANE. 



board and treatment of patients was three dollars. The advance 
in the cost of provisions and the wages of attendant's, compelled 
the Trustees to increase the charge to four dollars, at their meeting 
in September, 1864- ; and at the present meeting they have found 
it necessary to raise it to four dollars and twenty-live cents per 
week. 

The Act of the Legislature "making further appropriation for 
the Hospital for the Insane," approved March 22, 1864, appropria- 
ted twelve thousand dollars " to extend and repair sewers ; for 
pavement around Hospital, to finish wards, to furnish wards, to 
construct cisterns, for planting trees and improving grounds, for 
omnibus, &c, for patients and contingent expenses." In applying 
this appropriation, the Trustees were embarrassed by the great and 
unprecedented advance in the prices of materials and labor above 
what they were when the estimates were made, upon which the 
appropriation was based. They were further embarrassed by an 
unexpected demand for large and indispensable contingent ex- 
penses. It was discovered that the boilers were much damaged 
from the use of the impure water, much impregnated with lime 
and magnesia of the artesian well. To save them from total ruin, 
it was found necessary to re-set and make extensive repairs upon 
them, at an expenditure' of nearly two thousand dollars. The 
coal in the coal-house had, several times, been discovered to be on 
lire. On examination, it was believed that the coal was ignited by 
contact with a heated flue which passes under it from the boiler to 
the chimney. It was considered indispensable to construct a new 
coal house without delay in a safe situation, and at once to remove 
the coal to it. Thes; unforeseen and unavoidable contingent ex- 
penses absorbed a large proportion of the appropriation. As all 
the purposes of the appropriation could not be answered, the Trus- 
tees applied it to provide for the most urgent wants of the institu- 
tion, as follows : 

Finishing, furnishing and painting the unfinishd 



wards... $4,311.74 

Repairing and re-setting boilers 1,765.40 

Additional steam coils and flues 654.36 

Coal house and cistern. 4,275.50 

Worthington pump . . , 600.00 



IOWA HOSPITAL FOR THE INSANE. 



1 



Improvement, and additional cooking apparatus. . . 268.00 



No money has been expended for extending the sewers or laying 
a pavement around the Hospital. The rain running down the 
sides of the building has so softend the earth, that the wall in 
many places has settled, thereby doing much damage ; and besides 
the water frequently penetrates under the wall into the basement 
and becomes stagnant or flows off in the fresh air ducts, vitiating 
the air passing through them to ventilate the different wards, 
When the last report was made, it was thought, that a pavement 
around the building would remedy the difficulty ; but, on further 
examination, it is believed that a pavement would be inadequate 
to the purpose, and that it will be advisable to dig a drain around 
the building of sufficient depth to carry off the water. It is esti- 
mated that a drain, while it will be more effective, 'will be less 
costly than the pavement. 

The sewers under the Hospital are so imperfectly constructed, 
and so frequently get out of repair, the Trustees are satisfied that 
it will be necessary to abandon them altogether. They pass under 
the ventilating air chambers, so that the deleterious gas escaping 
from them are forced into the apartments of the inmates, corrupt- 
ing the air they breathe and endangering their health. It is believed 
to be expedient to substitute cast iron pipes for the brick sewers 
under the Hospital, all uniting in a common sewer at some point 
exterior to the building. By this arrangement the escape of nox- 
ious vapors, from which so much danger is to be apprehended will 
be prevented. The necessity of this improvement is more urgent 
from the approach of that dreadful scourge of the human race, the 
cholera. 

The use of the water of the Artesian well has proved so destruc- 
tive to the boilers and water pipes, that it is necessary to entirely 
dispense with the use ot it in them. In order to have a constant sup- 
ply of suitable water for washing, and for steam purposes, it will be 
indispensable to construct another cistern of sufficient capacity to 
preserve all the water that falls from the roof. 

Dr. Patterson, in a communication which accompanies this re- 
fort, recommends an appropriation for furniture, for repairing and 



Bell 



125.00 



Total 



$12,000.00 



8 



IOWA HOSPITAL FOR THE INSANE. 



painting the roof, for painting the casings of the windows, and the 
wood work of some of the wards, and improving the grounds and 
shrubbery. In this recommendation, the Trustees entirely concur. 

The original plan of the Hospital contemplated its being lighted 
by gas, and all the gas pipes for the purpose have been laid, but 
the works for manufacturing gas have not been introduced. 
In the mean time the building has been lighted by lamps burning 
kerosene. The danger from lighting by this means, a building 
occupied by the insane, has occasioned the Trustees much anxiety, 
but the delay has, in part, been made in order to ascertain the suc- 
cess of a new invention called the "Automatic Gas Apparatus," 
which, it was represented, would save the very considerable ex- 
pense of constructing gas works, and, at the same time furnish an 
abundance of light, at a much less annual cost. From the infor- 
mation which the Trustees have obtained, they are convinced that 
this apparatus has proved entirely successful, and that it is expedi- 
ent to introduce it here. The cost of constructing gas works, it is 
estimated cannot be less than five thousand dollars, while the cost 
of introducing this apparatus will not exceed eighteen hundred 
dollars. 

The appropriations necessary to make the repairs and improve- 
ments recommended, are estimated as follows : 



For digging drain § 700.00 

For cistern and connections 2,500.00 

For reconstructing sewers 2,500.00 

For painting and repairing roofs 1,800.00 

For repainting wards 850.00 

For furniture . 2,500.00 

For grounds, fencing and shrubbery. . . ) 1,500.00 

For apparatus for lighting. ... 1,800.00 

For contingent expenses 1,500.00 



15,650.00 

The Trustees deem it of the utmost consequence, .that a consid- 
erable sum should be appiopriated for contingent expenses. In 
an institution so extensive as this, accidents involving the neces- 
sity of making unforeseen repairs must inevitably happen, which 
will, unless provided for, cause serious embarrassment. 

The* Trustees have to report a serious cause for regret in the re- 



IOW A HOSPITAL FOR THE INSANE. 



9 



tirement of Dr. Patterson from the office of Superintendent. At 
the commencement of their labors, they were deeply impressed 
with the idea that the success of the Hospital, in accomplishing 
the humane design of the Legislature in establishing it, must 
chiefly depend upon the selection of a Superintendent. With this 
impression, they thought the widest fields of choice should be open. 
The names of many eminent physicians of the United States 
were before them. After much inquiry and deliberation they 
elected Dr. Patterson with high anticipations as to the results of hie 
administration of the difficult trust to which he was called. The 
former reports of the Board, and this, show that their anticipations 
have been fully realized. The talents which fitted him to shine in any 
profession, he devoted with enthusiasm to the study and practice 
of medicine. His learning, experience, and skill qualified him for 
eixiiireiice in any department of it, but he paid his particular devo- 
tion to those obscure, mysterious, and terrible maladies which as- 
sail the reason, and improve or destroy the functions of the soul. 
They lament that circumstances have forced him to abandon a de- 
partment of the profession where he had already acquired so much 
lame and accomplished so much good. 

The Trustees have also to lament the resignation of Dr. Dewey, 
of the office of Assistant Physician. Dr. Dewey entered upon duty 
with Dr. Patterson, at the opening of the Hospital, and has, at all 
times, been his faithful, skillful and efficient assistant. He has 
discharged the various duties of his post to the entire satisfaction 
of the Superintendent and the Trustees. They part with him with 
regret. 

in filling the vt ancy occasioned by the resignation of Dr. Pat- 
terson, the Trustees acted upon the same principle that governed 
their conduct in electing him. They embraced the widest field of 
choice. They elected Dr. Mack Ranney, Assistant Physician in 
the McLean Asylum, at Soinerville, Massachusetts. Dr. Ranney 
has had much experience in the department of medical practice to 
which he is now called, under Dr. Pay, Superintendent of the But- 
ler Hospital, at Providence, Bhode Island, and under Dr. Tyler, 
Superintendent of the McLean Asylum, and he is moot highly 
recommended by those distinguished physicians. 

Dr. Panney has entered upon duty, and the Trustees have 



1 



10 



IOWA HOSPITAL FOR THE INSANE. 



reason to believe that he will discharge the duties of the office in 
a manner equal to their high expectations. 

The act for the, incorporation and government of the Hospital for 
the Insane, appointed seven Trustees, two for two years, two for 
four years, and three for six years. The longest term, six years, 
has not elapsed, yet in this brief space, four of the seven have died. 
Col. Samuel McFarland, Dr. John I). Elbert, Dr. D. L. McGugin 
and Mr. Uarpin Ttiggs. The survivors feel, with deep sensibility, 
this fatal and admonitory incursion of death into their narrow circle ; 
they participate in the grief of the bereaved families ol their late as- 
sociates, and they lament th e loss sustained by Iowa, of so many citi- 
zens, whose virtues pointed them out for selection for the work of 
putting in operation this greatest of the charitable institutions of 
the State. They cannot refrain from paying some tribute, slight 
indeed, to the memory and the worth of their departed colleagues. 
Col. McFarland was the youngest member of the Board, yet he had 
attained the foremost rank among the legislators and politicians of 
the State. He was the author of the law under which we are now 
acting, and prepared the code of by-laws by which the institution 
is now governed. No member of the Board had more w r eight or 
influence than he. When his country summoned him to arms, he 
obeyed her voice with alacrity, and led his regiment to the field of 
battle, where he fell gallantly lighting at its head. 

Dr. Elbert was a pioneer in the settlement of the State ; he had 
been a member of the Territorial Legislature, and President of 
the Council. His generosity, his kindness of disposition, and his 
public spirit made him a suitable guardian of an institution of 
charity ; and his cordial good humor made him an agreeable com- 
panion in every circle. 

Dr. McGrugin occupied the highest rank as a physician, and he 
devoted his fine talents with zeal to the advancement of medical 
science and to the improvement of medical education. He gave 
the first impulse to the movement which resulted in the establish- 
ment of this magnificent Institution. He made a journey in the 
winter to the Capital of the State, to deliver an address before the 
Legislature on the necessity of erecting a Hospital for the Insane. 

Mr. Riggs was a man of practical and solid sense, and remark- 
able capacity for the transaction of business. The City of Mount 
Pleasant and the County of Henry had employed him in various 



IOWA HOSPITAL FOR THE INSANE. 



11 



responsible offices, the duties ot" which he discharged with exem- 
plary fidelity. It was fortunate for the county to have a citizen so 
upright and so gifted, and it was creditable to the people to em- 
ploy him in their service. 

MATURIN L. FISHER, 
MARTIN L. EDWARDS, 
JNO. R. NEEDHAM, 
ANDREW W. McCLURE, 
JAMES H. MERRILL, 
LUKE PALMER, 
J. M. SHAFFER. 
Toyva Hospital for the Ixsanr, Nov. 1, 18G5. 



12 



IOWA HOSPITAL FOR THE INSANE 



1)11. PATTERSON'S REPORT AND RESIGNATION. 



To the Board of Trustees : 

Gentlemen: — Owing to circumstances connected with the health 
of my family, and according to notice given you three months ago. 
I now resign the office of Superintendent of the Iowa Hospital for 
the Insane, and shall desire to vacate the place on or before the 
first day of October next. 

By request of your Board, before leaving the institution, the 
following brief statement is respectfully submitted : 

The last General Assembly of the State appropriated tne sum 
of $12,000 for finishing and furnishing wards for patients ; for ad- 
ditional cisterns, for sewerage, and for other necessary improve- 
ments and repairs. 

This appropriation being insufficient to accomplish all that was 
desirable and necessary, the money was expended under your gen- 
eral direction for such purposes, and in such manner as seeme d to 
promise most benefit to the institution, as follows : 



For finishing four wards, $ 1,5S0 00 

For painting and paints, '-. . ."; . .-. . . . 1,24.-0 70 

For furniture, 1,491 04 

For repairs an 1 resetting boilers, 1,765 40 

For additional steam coils and flues,. G54 3G 

For coal house and cistern, . 4,275 50 

For Worthington Pump, GOO 00 

For improvements and addition to cooking ap- 
paratus, 2G8 00 

For bell, 125 00 



Total, $12,000 00 



Many minor improvements are included in the above condensed 
statement, such as grading and fencing grounds, planting shrubb- 
ery, improvements in sewerage, digging additional well, &c, <&o. 



IOWA HOSPITAL FOR THE INSANE. 13 

Many necessary repairs have been made from the Current Ex- 
pense Fund ; thus, as in former years, unjustly increasing the cost 
of support. All these extraordinary expenses should be fully met 
by special appropriations. 

All vouchers on account of all expenditures have been examined 
and approved by a committee of your Board. Bills due the insti- 
tution, on account of support, are more than equal to outstanding 
accounts against it. 

In regard to the immediate future wants of the institution, I am 
obliged to report that the past wet season has shown the necessity 
for constructing an under drain alongside most of the outer walls 
of the buildings, in order to keep the basement dry and prevent 
the walls from settling. A pavement around the entire buildings 
will also be needed to aid in carrying off the surface water, and 
thus more perfectly protect the foundation walls. 

The water from the artesian well being strongly impregnated 
with lime and other substances, is particularly destructive to the 
boilers, and the steam and water pipes ; therefore another cistern 
of great capacity should be added, so as to save all the rainwater 
that falls on alt roofs. 

The improvements and extension of sewers mentioned in out- 
last report have been commenced and will need to be completed. 

The sulphurous carbon that falls from the top of the smoke stack 
upon the iron roofing, together with the action of the elements, is 
already damaging the roofs, threatening rapid destruction unless 
they are protected by paint, which should be done as soon as pos- 
sible. 

Some of the wai . is which have been longest occupied by patients, 
and numerous window casings and other wood-work, greatly need 
repairing, and all the wards need additional furniture. 

The fencing about the grounds, now advanced toward comple- 
tion, should be finished. The grounds should have additional 
shrubbery, further extension of walks, roads and grading. 

The estimated amount of appropriations needed for these desira- 
ble and necessary improvements, is as follows: 



For pavements around buildings $1,000 00 

For under-draining . . 000 00 

For large cistern and necessary connections 1,750 00 

For improving and extending sewers 2,500 00 



14 



IOWA HOSPITAL FOR THE INSANE. 



For repairing and painting routs 

For re-painting wards, &c 

For furniture 

For fencing „■ . , 

For grounds and shrubbery 



1,800 00 
S50 00 
5,000 00 
1,500 00 
1,000 00 



$16,000 00 

For the benefit of those who will succeed me, as well as tor the 
good of the institution, I am moved to say that the salaries of the 
resident officers arc not equal to their labors and great responsi- 
bilities. The salary of the Superintendent should nut be less than 
$2,000 a year. The State of Illinois pays the Superintendent of 
her Hospital for Insane $2,500 a year, and does nut pay too much. 

Five years ago I was elected to the office of Superintendent of 
this Institution. The statute under which I was elected fixed the 
term of office at six years, and the salary at $1,500 a year. At its 
extra session in 1862, the Legislature reduced this moderate com- 
pensation to $1,200 a year. That this reduction should have been 
made to take effect during the term for which I had been elected, 
I feel to be unjust. Having labored to the best of my ability, the 
State should have fulfilled what was rogarded, when 1 accepted 
the office, as its part of the contract. This is my only cause of 
complaint since my connection with the institution, and if the next 
Legislature think it just, even this may be remedied. 

Of all the beings made in God's image, those bereft of reason 
most need human sympathy and protection. As a rule, it is from 
their misfortunes, not their faults, that so many stumble and fall, 
where all of us waF; insecurely. For those who cannot plead for 
themselves, we bespeak a continued generous support from a gen- 
erous Christian people. 

In taking leave of the Trustees I have to thank them for numerous 
personal kindnesses, and uniform official support. During these 
first critical years in the history of this Institution, our best efforts 
have been earnestly engaged, and in common with you all I shall 
ever feel a warm interest in the continued success of this noble 
State Charity, which, from its first organization, has shared so 
largely our labors and sympathies. 

Respectfully your obedient servant, 

RICHARD J. PATTERSON. 

Iowa Hospital for the Insane, Sept. 0, 1865. 



DR. RANNEY'S REPORT. 



To the Board of Trustees of the 'Iowa Hospital for the Insane: 

Gentlemen :— During another biennial period, this Hospital hae* 
been quietly and successfully fulfilling its mission to those suffer- 
ing citizens of the State who have needed its care. Tiie system of 
moral treatment and general management, so fully described in 
previous reports, has been carried out with excellent results. The 
judicious combination of labor and recreation, a proper discipline* 
and regulation of habits, attention to diet, and a due regard for the 
general laws of health ; the avoidance of restraint, as far as possi- 
ble; the employment of attendants of a high order of general and 
moral worth ; the removal of whatever would tend to excitement 
and irritation, have been followed by quiet and order in this large 
household — to such an extent, indeed, that no misfortune of a very 
serious nature has occurred. So positive, indeed, is this result, and 
so well known to your Board, as well as to the numerous visitors 
to the Hospital, that I feel I hardly need mention it here. 

By a change in the law, the period embraced in this report is 
twenty-three months. 

Since the opening of the Hospital, six hundred and eighty-two 
patients have re^ ived its care and benefits. Three hundred and 
ninety-eight have been discharged, leaving two hundred and eighty -- 
four under treatment at this date. At the date of the last report, 
there were in the Hospital two hundred and sixteen persons; one 
hundred and seventeen men, and ninety-nine women. Since then 
there have been received one hundred and twenty -seven men, and 
one hundred and forty-two women ; in all, two hundred and sixty- 
nine ; and there have been discharged ninety-eight men, and one 
hundred and three women; in all, two hundred and one; leaving 
in the Hospital, on the 31st October, two hundred and eighty-fonr 
— one hundred and forty-six men, and one hundred and thirty-eighl 
women. 



16 



IOWA HOSPITAL FOR THE INSANE. 



Of those discharged, there were regarded as recovered, fifty — 
uinctcn men and thirty-o,ne women ; fifty-nine were more or lese 
improved — twenty-eight men, and thirty-one women; and thirty- 
seven appeared not improved — twenty-lour men, and thirteen 
women. There have died, twenty-seven men, and twenty-eight 
women — in all, fifty-five. Of these, four died of exhaustion from 
chronic insanity; three of acute mania; fifteen of diarrhea and 
dysentery; nine of consumption; ten of epilepsy; four of general 
paralysis; four of erysipelas; two of apoplexy; and one each of 
softening of the brain, abscess of the lungs, peritonitis, and diabetis. 

The following tables, extracted from the records of the Hospital, 
will be found to be of interest : 



[Men. | Women. |Total. 



Number of patients in the hospital at the date 

of last report, Dec. 1, 1863 

Admitted, to Oct. 30,1865 



Total number under care since last report 



Recovered, 

Improved, 

Unimproved, . . . . 

Died, . 

Total discharged since last report,. 



Total n amber admitted since the opening of the 
hospital , 

Total number discharged since the opening oi 



the hospital , | 202 



* Recent cases admitted . 
■(■Chronic cases admitted 
Unknown 

Total. 









117 


99 


216 


127 


142 


269 


211 


211 


485 


1 19 


31 


50 


28 


31 


59 


24 


13 


37 


27 


28 


55 


98 


1G3 


201 


318 


334: 


682 


202 


196 


39S 


116 


138 


284 


130 


138 


268 


190 


208 


407 


,1 


3 


7 






682 



Total recovered to Nov. 1, 1865 



731 81! 154 



Percent, of recoveries on all (682) patients admitted, 22.58. 

*Wken the insanity is of less than one yearly duration, the ease is called 44 Re- 
cent." 

f When of one year's, or more tktvn one year's duration, it is called " Chronic." 



IOWA HOSPITAL FOH THE INSANE. 17 

OCCUPATIONS OF PATIENTS ADMITTED. 

Domestic duties. ,> 270 

Farmers 192 

Merchants 9 

Laborers 32 

Carpenters 6 

Teachers 11 

Student 1 

Masons, ....... . 3 

Mill- Wrights 3 

Civil officer 1 

Hatter . . . 1 

Blacksmiths , 2 

Seamstresses 4 

Gardener 1 

Apothecary 1 

Colliers........ , . 3 

Preachers 3 

Tailors. . ... 2 

Plasterer 1 

No employment 29 

Barber. ........... ... .... . 1 

Sailors 2 

Soldiers . . 6 

Physicians 2 

Chair-maker 1 

Accountart 1 

Hat-braider . . . . . . . 1 

Potter. * 1 

Shoemakers 6 

Clerks 5 

Lawyer 1 

Machinists 2 

Hunter 1 

Wheelwright 1 

Artist 1 

Painters 2 

Surveyor 1 

3 



18 



IOWA HOSPITAL FOR THE INSANE. 



Printer 1 

Broom-maker 1 

Agent 2 

Actress 1 

Ship steward 1 

Confectioner 1 

Unascertained 56 

Total , , ...682 

NATIVITY OF PATIENTS ADMITTED. 

Iowa 24 

Illinois 23 

Indiana 62 

Ohio 124 

Pennsylvania 58 

Kentucky... 29 

New York 44 

Vermont 5 

Missouri .9 

Massachusetts 7 

North Carolina 8 

South Carolina 3 

Delaware 2 

New Jersey 3 

Virginia 13 

Maryland 10 

New Hampshire 4 

Maine .., 4 

Tennessee. . 3 

Connecticut 3 

New Brunswick 1 

Canada 7 

Holland 3 

Switzerland 5 

Germany 48 

Prussia 9 

Baden 5 

Bavaria 5 



IOWA HOSPITAL FOR THE INSANE. ] 

Norway. 3 

England , 13 

Scotland 4 

Ireland 66 

Wales 2 

France . . .. 3 

Sweden 3 

Bohemia. 3 

Hesse Cassel 1 

Hanover . 2 

Westphalia 1 

Unknown 60 

Total 682 

SEX AND SOCIAL CONDITION OF THOSE ADMITTED. 

MEN. WOMEN. 

Unmarried 182 104 

Married ...139 188 

Widowers 14 

Widows 31 

Unascertained 15 6 

Divorced . . 3 

AGES OF THOSE ADMITTED. 

Less than 15 years of age. 9 

Between 15 and 20 59 

" ^0 and 30 ! 218 

u 30 and 40...,. 181 

" 40 and 50 112 

" 50 and 60... . , 64 

" 60 and 70 27 

" 70 and 80 5 

M 80 and 90 1 

Unknown 6 

Total. 682 



DURATION OF INSANITY BEFORE ADMISSION. 
Less than twelve months' duration .263 



20 



[OWA HOSPITAL FOR THE INSANE. 



From one to two years 71 

From two to three years 52 

From three to five years. 83 

From five to ten years , 77 

From ten to twenty years 60 

Unknown. 70 

Total 682 

NUMBER AND CAUSES OF DEATHS SINCE THE OPENING OF THK 

HOSPITAL. 

Exhaustion from chronic insanity 10 

Exhaustion from acute mania 4 

General paralysis 6 

Dysentery and diarrhea 28 

Typho-mania 2 

Consumption 15 

Epilepsy, . . 12 

Congestive Fever 1 

Softening of the brain. 2 

Typhoid Fever 1 

Congestion of the brain 1 

Abscess of lung 1 

Congestion of lungs 1 

Peritonitis 1 

Diabetis 1 

Apoplexy 2 

Erysipelas 4 

Total of deaths . ... 92 

Per cent, of deaths on all (682) patients admitted. .13.34 

ALLEGED CAUSES OF INSANITY. 

Connected with general ill health 75 

Puerperal condition 25 

Disappointments 19 

Sun-stroke 2 

Epilepsy 70 

Injuries of the head 14 



IOWA HOSPITAL FOR THE INSANE. 



Excessive study. . 7 

Hereditary 22 

Vaccination . 1 

Concussion 1 

Spiritualism 1 

Bodily injuries 5 

Business anxieties 17 

J ealousy 3 

Exposure to cold 4 

Fright.... ... 5 

Masturbation 14 

Political excitement. 1 

Meningeal inflammation 2 

Domestic trouble 4 35 

Religious excitement 20 

111 treatment . . . , 8 

Blindness 1 

Use of tobacco 1 

Uterine disease 3 

Novel reading 1 

AVar excitement S 

Over exertion ".. 12 

Spermatorrhoea 1 

Scarlet fever 2 

Typhoid fever 4 

Suppressed menstruation G 

Change of life 2 

Pecuniary nxieties 7 

Intemperance , 2 

Disease of the brain 1 

Paralysis 1 

Hysteria 1 

Apoplexy 1 

No satisfactory causes assigned 265 

Total 6S2 



22 



IOWA HOSPITAL FOR THE INSANE. 



PLACES OF RESIDENCE OF PATIENTS IN HOSPITAL, OCT. 31, ISO 

COUNTIES. ' PUBLIC. PRIVATE. 

Alamakee 1 

Appanoose .. . . 3 

Benton 2 

Black Hawk 1 

Boone. . ,\ 1 

Buchanan 1 

Butler. . 'J . 2 

Cedar..... . 5 3 

Cerro Gordo 1 

Chickasaw 1 

Clarke ' 1 

* 

Clayton 5 1 

Clinton 4 

Dallas........... .. 1 

Davis 8 

Decatur . . 1 

Delaware 5 

Des Moines , 10 

Dubuque 16 3 

Fayette 4 1 

Hardin 3 

Henry -1 

Howard 1 

Iowa .,u 3 

Jackson 4 

Jasper 3 

Jefferson .... 9 

Johnson 7 

Jones 5 

Keokuk 3 

Lee 21 

Linn 6 

Louisa ... 5 

Lucas 5 

Madison 1 

Mahaska 3 



IOWA HOSPITAL FOR THE INSANE. 23 

Marion 5 

Marshall 3 1 

Mills.... 3 

Mitchell 1 

Monroe 2 

Muscatine 9 1 

Page 1 1 

Polk.. 5 1 

Pottawattamie. 1 

Scott 12 1 

Story 2 

Tama.... 2 

Van Buren 5 

Wapello ± 1 

Washington 5 1 

Wayne . * 1 

Winnesheik 6 

From Iowa 222 19 

" Minnesota 30 

" Nebraska. 7 1 

" Illinois 3 

" Indiana 1 

" Wisconsin . . 1 

Total ...259 25 



The large mortality from diarrhea and dysentery — our great 
toes — should engage attention, and lead to measures to prevent or 
diminish it, if possible. That something can be done in this di- 
rection I feel sure ; and strong reasons exist why there should be 
no delay. In the production of these disorders, much is due, un- 
doubtedly, to the imperfect construction of sewers and air-ducts, — 
an evil which experience proves can be remedied by a moderate 
outlay. 

Something should be done to increase our small but well selected 
library. I deem this a very important matter, and our wants in 
this respect become every day more pressing. To a large number 
of our patients the hours of hospital life could hardly be tedious, 
were they furnished with a proper supply . of reading, judiciously 



24 



IOWA HOSPITAL FOR THE INSANE. 



chosen ; for pleasant reading brings cheer even to the most inclem 
cnt weather, and, when night shuts in, the book, the magazine or 
the newspaper comes to break in upon the monotony that might 
otherwise prevail. 

I would also suggest that measures be taken without delay to 
substitute gas for our present mode of lighting the Hospital. The 
co6t, it is believed, would be but slightly enhanced, while we should 
have at command — which is very desirable — a much greater amount 
of light. However little danger there may be in the use of kero- 
sene in private families, there can be no doubt, I apprehend, of 
most serious objections to its use in such a family as this. 

The weekly, social and other entertainments have been kept up 
with great regularity, and are a source of incalculable benefit to the 
household. They are looked forward to with earnest interest, and 
any interruption is felt to be a great deprivation. Means for mak- 
ing these weekly entertainments still more beneficial, useful, and 
instructive, are wanting, and it is hoped they will not be withheld. 

Religious services continue to be held every Sunday afternoon in 
our chapel. Rev. Dr. Kern, of the Methodist church, and Rev.. 
Dr. Gunn, of the Baptist church, and Rev. J. W. Picket, of the 
Congregational church, officiate alternately. 

Work of no inconsiderable value is done by many patients; but 
its chief value lies in the health and vigor that it brings with it. 
[n addition to common employments, considerable fancy work is 
done by the ladies and their attendants, which, it is hoped, will 
swell our small but useful " amusement fund." 

Employment is found to act beneficially, by recalling the wan- 
dering mind from i f s unrealities to the common relations of life, 
ft is intended that it shall be so limited that it shall not be weari- 
some, and so judiciously varied as to call into action powers latent 
or obscured. 

I take this occasion to offer a few reflections, which may not be 
unprofitable, or out of place here. 

The histor} r of American institutions for the insane will ever be 
a matter of interest and pride. Previous to a half century ago, 
only one or two of these institutions existed in this country. Upon 
everything pertaining to the disordered intellect, the utmost igno- 
rance and darkness prevailed; and, with the ancients, many be- 
lieved insanity to arise from some supernatural cause, or to be a 



IOWA HOSPITAL FOR THE lx\SANE. 



25 



direct judgment for the violation of some human or divine law. 
Where these false and superstitious notions obtained, the unfortu- 
nate victims of this disease were subjected to a treatment from a 
contemplation of which we gladly turn ! But this dark picture, the 
legitimate result of the rude social systems of those times, is enli- 
vened by the noble efforts and wonderful achievements of two 
men, whose names have come down to us, and will be transmitted 
to posterity to mark eras in the history of insanity. Though tram- 
meled and misguided by ignorance and bigotry, St. Vincent de 
Paul in some degree rescued the insane, in some portions of Eu- 
rope, from being wholly outcasts, unfit for compassion or sympathy, 
and looked upon with terror. lie proclaimed that humanity and 
charity, as well as Christianity, demanded protection for the disor- 
dered mind. He moved the hearts of the people, and relieved the 
suffering of multitudes of his fellow-men. For more than a cen- 
tury, to him and the pious monks, his contemporaries and success- 
ors, were the insane committed in large numbers; and, though 
ignorantly, and perhaps barbarously as viewed at this time, they 
no doubt discharged their trust, in many respects, with great fidelity. 

Such was the state of things relative to the insane on the conti- 
nent of Europe, when the illustrious Pinel appeared. Full of the 
ardor, enthusiasm and confidence of a reformer, guided by the 
training of the best schools, and the teachings of science, and lib- 
erating a large number in Parisian hospitals from shocking treat- 
ment imposed by ignorance and fear, Pinel instituted the modern 
treatment of the insane, — a rational and humane treatment, which, 
perhaps, has reached its highest developement in this country. 

Long after the advent of this celebrated man, however, and the 
Muceess, wherever it was introduced, of his system, so marked by 
kindness and humanity, the condition of the insane, with a few 
shining exceptions, was almost wholly unalleviated. The Parlia- 
mentary inquiry of 1815 revealed what it were painful to dwell 
upon, but it marked an era in progress ; and although great ad- 
vances have been made, the work of improvement is still going on. 

Within a few years of the period first named, several important 
institutions sprang into existence in this country, and, as their 
records will show, took a position far in advance of similar institu- 
tions abroad, — a position that, perhaps, they have ever since well 
maintained. Making all proper allowance for a few unfortunate 
4 



26 



IOWA HOSPITAL FOR THE INSANE. 



exceptions, it yet remains indisputably true that nowhere has this 
branch of the healing art been less trammeled, less incumbered 
with empiricism, than in this country ; and to this fact much of 
the success attained is unquestionably due. 

With the success that has followed treatment has come the call 
for hospitals in successive new States, — a call which has been 
promptly met by the erection of structures, each in some or many 
of its appointment better adapted than preceding ones for the pur- 
pose for which it was designed. Cheap and plain buildings have 
been pulled down to give place to the most commodious establish- 
ments, adorned with pleasing architecture without, and embellished 
with decorative art within, and whatever can most gratify the eye, 
please the fancy, tend to divert the wandering mind to healthier 
channels, or relieve it of some of the burden it bears. These in- 
stitutions are a part of the glory of the nation, prompted by the 
highest motives, the dictates of humanity, and a wise political 
economy. They will be for long years a priceless boon to all 
classes in society, and especially to the suffering poor. From the 
history of hospitals and asylums throughout the country it can be 
shown that Iowa has not gone too far, nor been to too great ex- 
pense in providing for the most afflicted portion of her population, 
the mentally diseased. 

The mystery in which disorders of the mind were shrouded, 
having been at length dispelled, much of the enlightened treat- 
ment of the present time began to prevail, — I mean, of course, in 
well regulated hospitals, — for the term " enlightened" is sadly in- 
applicable to the treatment which has prevailed in poor houses and 
private families. TJie fact once established, that insanity is the re- 
sult of a diseased brain, or diseased organism acting upon the 
brain, the way was clear for rational treatment, so that, at the 
present play, insanity is as intelligently and successfully treated as 
most other diseases. It is like other bodily diseases in this respect, 
— that the earlier treatment is adopted, the more successful will be 
the result. But, unlike other bodily diseases, it requires, for the 
highest success, removal of the patient from home and its associa- 
tions, even isolation, in some cases most complete, perhaps for 
weeks and months. By removal to the hospital the double advan- 
tage is gained of conserving the influence of mind over matter by 
withdrawing the patient from the prolific sources of his disorder. 



IOWA HOSPITAL FOR THE INSANE. 



2? 



and the substitution of new, pleasing, and healthier mental occu- 
pation for the vagaries of mental disorder. Under no other cir- 
cumstances can the mind so successfully free itself from the tenden- 
cy to unhealthy action. Here the numerous derangements of the 
physical functions — invariable accompaniments of insanity — can be 
most successfully treated, and repugnance to treatment, if it exists, 
best overcome. Here is afforded the first opportunity, perhaps, 
after the development of disorder, to exert a strong and healthy 
moral influence. Here the advantage which experience and inti- 
mate knowledge give the hospital director is of incalculable 
benefit. The patient finds in him, at least, a friend who under- 
stands and can farthest enter into his feelings, emotions, and be- 
liefs, disordered though they be. Here, during the first remission 
of the disorder, can often be laid the foundation of recovery. Here 
he is removed from those toward whom his distrust and dislike, 
perhaps hatred, may be greatest. It is probably within the expe- 
rience of every hospital director, that patients are friendly and 
confidential with him, while ready to indulge in indiscriminate 
abuse of their families and friends, who have sought only the best 
welfare of their unfortunate relatives. The insane may not only 
manifest aversion and dislike, but they may become dangerous. 
Indeed, delusion and unreasoning mental action are often, if not 
always, dangerous. The catalogue of tragedies springing from such 
causes is extensive, and the experience of the officers of this in- 
stitution attests the correctness of this view. 

The care exercised over those who are suicidal is not the least 
of the benefits the hospital confers. In some hospitals this is a 
large class, and o e which causes the greatest anxiety, and calls 
for unceasing vigilance. That suicides will sometimes occur in 
hospitals and asylums, is shown by universal experience ; but the 
proportion of fatal results to the number of cases treated is very 
small, while ultimate success in the management of this class of 
cases is proportionally great. 

It is only reasonable to expect that, of the many patients brought 
to the hospital, there must be some who cannot be much benefited, 
and some who will be dissatisfied. This subject might be dwelt 
upon at length — but I will mention only one, and, as it seems to 
me, the chief reason of a want of success in any given case ; and 
that is, unreasonable delay at the outset, arising, it may be, from 



28 



IOWA HOSPITAL FOIL THE INSANE. 



distrust, or from a want of inforinati :m — a delay during which the 
most hopeful period is wasted, and disorder is allowed to become 
chronic. This is especially true in the mental alienation arising 
from epilepsy. Of the forty cases now in the hospital, not one 
came under treatment until three or four years had elapsed from 
the period of the first attack, and all are probably incurable. As 
knowledge advances, it is hoped that the danger of such delays 
will be more clearly seen and understood. Action should be 
prompt when the first symptoms of mental disorder become appa- 
rent ; and, with such exceptions and discrimination as have been 
indicated in previous reports of this hospital, immediate treatment 
is of the utmost importance, and its necessity cannot be too strongly 
urged. 

As in previous years, the institution has been remembered to a 
.limited extent by its friends, and through them and the press a 
considerable amount of reading matter has been furnished to 
patients, wholly, or in part, gratuitously ; and in their behalf I 
would heartily thank the donors and respectfully solicit a con- 
tinuance of these and similar favors. 

W. A. Saunders, Esq., donated $2, and t. Whiting, Esq., $5; 
Francis O. Dow, Esq., Cyclopedia of Anecdotes ; Ilulda Hoag, a 
bundle of tracts ; Mrs. P. J. Patterson, twenty-eight volumes of 
books; Dr. J. M. Shaffer, Agricultural Reports ; Dr. L. P. Ham- 
line, three volumes " Prairie Farmer," and ten volumes " Country 
Gentleman "; State Historical Society, " Annals of Iowa," for 
patients' library. 

The following donations from the proprietors were obtained 
through the age cy of A. Morton, Esq., of New York: 

Army and Navy Journal, Evangelist, Methodist, Tribune, 
(weekly,) Harpers' Weekly, Harpers' Monthly, Frank Leslie, Sci- 
entific American ($2 in the price of two copies). 

Further donations are : 

Congregationalist, Boston ; Friends' Review, Philadelphia ; Cen- 
tral Christian Advocate, St. Louis ; North-Western Church, Chi- 
cago; Chicago Daily Republican, Chicago; Hoine Journal, Mount 
Pleasant; Burlington Daily Hawk-Eye, Burlington; Washington 
Press, Washington. 

From Dr. Hamline, we have also received valuable roots, etc.; 
tarty large, fine evergreen trees from Henry Avery, Esq.; a parrot 



IOWA HOSPITAL FOR THE INSANE. 



29 



and cage from A. G. Woodard, Esq.; and from Prof. Gustavus 
Hinrich, an interesting analysis of water from the artesian well. 

To Dr. II. M. Bassett, Mr. George Josselyn, and Mrs. Ann Jos- 
selyn, Mr. L. E. Schofield, and Miss Mary P. Barney, I am under 
obligations for efficiency and valuable assistance in their respective 
departments. Acknowledgement is also due to the attendants and 
others employed in the institution, for their general faithfulness to 
the trusts reposed in them. 

Mindful of the responsibilities resting upon me, and trusting in 
yonr valuable support, gentlemen, I hope, under favor of Provi- 
dence, to maintain the high standing the Hospital has reached 
through the labors of my predecessor. 

MARK II ANNE Y, Superintendent. 

Iowa Hospital for the Insane, 
Mount Pleasant, Nov. 1, 1865. 



J 



30 IOWA HOSPITAL FOR THE INSANE. 

REPORT OF THE STEWARD AND TREASURER. 



Report of the Steward and Treasurer for t/te fiscal year eliding with 
November dOth, 1864. 

PAYMENTS. 

Balance overpaid $ 5 33 

Salaries.... . 2,450 00 

Labor 10,522 26 

Groceries 8,118 55 

Meat 7,180 88 

Flour. 2,823 87 

Provisions 6,062 87 

Coal 5,169 00 

Freights 1,702 38 

Dry. Goods 2,560 55 

Clothing... 1,142 08 

Drugs 639 14 

Hardware 280 68 

Soap 460 54 

Kepairs ; 382 32 

Light.... . .. 481 85 

Shoes....! 635 45 

Crockery.... 352 21 

Expenses 572 66 

Coffins 167 42 

Furniture 428 78 

Postage and Stationery 103 92 

Corn and Hay 340 75 

Wood 392 08 

Sundries 142 44 



$53,128 12 



IOWA HOSPITAL FOR THE INSANE. 



31 



RECEIPTS. 

Cash from Auditor of State $44,000 00 

Cash from State of Minnesota 3,380 13 

Cash from private patients 4,739 96 

' Cash from articles sold 495 75 

Cash from balance 512 28 



$53,128 12 

Outstanding liabilities 7.492 65 



Due from public patients 5,273 78 

Due from private patients 1,354 66 



$6,628 44 

Balance.... 864 21 

The foregoing is a true exhibit. 

GEO. JOSSE L YN, Steward and Treasurer. 

FARM PRODUCTS FOR THE YEAR 1864. 

Hay, 40 tons @ $10.00 400 00 

Corn, 600 bush. @ 60 cts 360 00 

Oats, 1,080 bush. @ 50 cts 540 00 

Potatoes, 600 bush. @ 90 cts 540 00 

Beets, 125 bush. @ 75 cts . 93 75 

Carrots, 120 bush. @ 75 cts 90 00 

Cabbages, 5,000 heads @ 5 cts 250 00 

Green peas, 50 bush. @ $1.50 75 00 

Beans, 40 bus 1 i @ $1.50 60 00 

Tomatoes, 100 bush. ® $1.00 100 00 

Parsnips, 75 bush. @ 75 cts 52 25 

Salsify, 25 bush. @ 75 cts. 18 75 

Squash, 400 pieces @ 5 cts 20 00 

Onions, 75 bush. @ $2.00 150 00 

Cucumbers, 6 bbls. @ $5.00. . . 30 00 

Strawberries, 8 bush. @ $3.00 24 00 

Pieplant, 600 lbs. @ 5 cts , 30 00 

Smaller vegetables 25 00 



2,858 75 
GEO. JOSSELYN, Steward, 



32 IOWA HOSPITAL FOR THE INSANE. 

Report of the Steward and Treasurer for the fiscal year ending w 
October 31st, 1865, comprising eleven months. 

PAYMENTS. 

Balance overpaid $ 512 28 

Salaries 2,639 52 

Labor 12,625 25 

Groceries. , 9,572 07 

Provisions . . . 5,064: 95 

Meat 5,798 58 

Flour 3,985 47 

Coal 5,745 72 

Dry Goods . . 3,904 89 

Clothing ! 2,091 53 

Hardware... 796 12 

Repairs . 843 35 

Corn and hay , 1,194 24 

Freights J . 2,990 04 

Drugs and oils Ij054 38 

Stationery and postage 340 54 

Soap 860 14 

Wood... 956 24 

Expenses 465 35 

Crockery 469 85 

Shoes 634 13 

Stock . .. .. 316 60 

Coffins 109 13 

Sundries.. / 422 57 

Balance.... . 939 31 



$64,324 18 

It K CKIl'TS. 

Cash from Auditor of State. $51,333 33 

Cash from State of Minnesota 5,262 96 

Cash from Nebraska Territory 317 80 

Cash from private patients. . , , , 6,194 51 

Cash from articles sold 1,215 58 



$64,324 18 

% Outstanding liabilities. 5,975 96 



IOWA H03PITAL FOR THE INSANE. fft 

Due from public patients 3,911 61 

Due from private patients 1,039 05 

$4,950 66 

Balance 1,025 30 

'he foregoing is a true exhibit. 



GEO. JOSSELYN, 

Steward and Treasurer. 

FARM PRODUCTS FOR THE YEAR 1863. 



diay, 55 tons @ $9.00. . . $495 00 

Corn, 650 bushels @ 35 cts 227 50 

Oats, 400 bushels © 25 cts 100 00 

Potatoes, 2,500 bushels @ 40 cts 1,000 00 

Beets, 150 bushels @ 60 cts 90 00 

Carrots, 50 bushels @ 75 cts 37 50 

Cabbages, 3,500 heads @ 8 cts 280 00 

Green peas, 75 bushels @ $2.00 150 00 

Beans, 35 bushels @ $1.25 . 43 75 

Tomatoes, 310 bushels @ 75 cts 232 50 

Parsnips, 90 bushels @ 60 cts 54 00 

Salsify, 32 bushels @ 75 cts 24 00 

Squash, 650 pieces @ 5 cts. . . . . . . 32 50 

Onions, 250 bushels @ 75 cts. . 187 50 

Cucumbers, 8 barrels @ $5.00 40 00 

Strawberries, 4 barrels @ $3.50 14 00 

Pie plant, 720 pounds <§ 5 cts 36 00 

Smaller vegetables . 35 00 



$3,079 25 
GEO. JOSSELYN, - 

Steward. 



APPENDIX. 



IOWA HOSPITAL FOR THE INSANE, \ 
Mount Pleasant, January 1 , 1866. \ 

ADMISSION OF PATIENTS. 

The law provides for the admission of two classes of patients, 
viz.: private patients, and public. The first named class to be sup 
ported at private expense, and the second to be supported by the 
proper county in which the patient has a legal residence. 

ADMISSION OF PUBLIC PATIENTS. 

Public patients may be admitted into the Hospital by the St> 
perintendent upon the written certificate of the County Judge 
of the County where such patients reside, with the seal of said 
County thereto attached, certifying that such patients, [naming 
them,] upon due examination had before him have been found to 
be insane, and authorizing said Superintendent to receive and main- 
tain ifiem at the expense of said County. [See Section 1479, M&o. 
Stat I860.] 

Any citizen of any County in the State may inform the County 
Judge that there . v e insane persons within the County needing 
care and attention, and when so informed, the County Judge wil l 
immediately order an investigation of the case as required by law, 
and the Superintendent, upon receiving proper application, together 
with a copy of certificate of insanity and answers to questions in 
each case, will immediately notify the proper persons when, o v 
whcthcr or not, the patient can be admitted. The Hospital being 
already filed, chronic cases must not hereafter be sent to it unless Jirsi 
regularly ordered by the Superintendent in each case, as we may here- 
after be obliged to refuse chronic, incurable patients, in order thai 
recent, curable cases ?nay be admitted. Attention to this notice may 
mm the expense of a useless journey to the Hospital, with chronic cases. 




IOWA HOSPITAL FOR THE INSANE. 



All recent cases will always be promptly admitted without pre 
vious notice, accompanied by the necessary legal papers. 



CLOTHING. 



All patients should come to the Hospital provided with a good, 
substantial supply of clothing, well selected, neatly made, and suffi- 
cient in quantity to afford frequent changes. There must be, as 
required by law, for a male patient at least three new shirts, a new 
and substantial coat, vest, two pairs of pantaloons of woolen cloth, 
three pairs of socks, a black or dark stock or cravat, two pocket 
handkerchiefs, a good hat or cap, a pair of new shoes or boots, and 
a pair of slippers. For a female, in addition to the same quantity | 
of under-garments, shoes and stockings, there shall be two woolen 
petticoats or skirts, three good dresses, a cloak or shawl, and a 
decent bonnet. Unless such clothing be delivered to the Superin- 
tendent in good order, he shall not be bound to receive the patient. 



Private patients may be admitted without any other legal process 
than the following : Any relative, guardian or friend of the patient 
may file with the Superintendent a certificate from some respect- 
able physician as to the fact of insanity — a written request from a 
relative, friend, or guardian, and an obligation, as follows : 



ADMISSION OF PRIVATE PATIENTS. 



PHYSICIAN'S CERTIFICATE. 



1 have seen and examined 
to be insane. 



and believe 



M. D 



180 . 



APPLICATION* 



I request that the above named 

he admitted as a patient into the fowa Hospital 



for the Insane. 



may 



186 . 



-To be signed by the guardian, relative or frienJ.. 



IOWA HOSPITAL KOK THE INSANE. 



37 



OBLIGATION* 

In consideration of being admitted a 

private patient into the Hospital for the Insane, located at Mount 
I'leasant, at our request, we, the undersigned, jointly and severally 
promise and agree to pay said Hospital, to the Steward thereof, at 
said Hospital, quarterly, on the first days of January, April, July 
and October, with interest at ten per cent, after said days respect- 
ively, the rate of board determined by the Board of Trustees of 
said Hospital,! to provide or pay for all requisite clothing, and 
other things necessary or proper for the health and comfort of said 
patient: to remove said patient when discharged; to reimburse 
funeral expenses iu case of death ; and if removed uncured, against 
the advice of the Superintendent, before the expiration of the three 
calendar months, to pay board for thirteen weeks, and also to in- 
demnify said Hospital for all expenses of suit, which it may incur 
in collecting said bills of board, supplies and funeral charges; the 
same to be included in the damages to be recovered in such suit. 
Witness our hands this day of. 186 . 



QUESTIONS TO BE ANSWERED, &C. 

ft shall be the duty of the relatives or friends sending private 
patients to the Hospital with the assistance of their family physi-' 
cian. and the County Judge sending public patients with such as- 
sistance as he may be able to obtain, to annex full and precise an- 
swers to as many of the following questions as are applicable to 
the case, and forward the same to the Superintendent. 

1st. What is the patient's name and age? Married or single? 
[f children, how many \ 

2d. Where was the patient born ( 

3d. Where is his (or her) place of residence '{ 

4th. What has been the patient's occupation, and reputed pe- 
cuniary circumstances '{ 

*The above obligation to be duly certified by tbe County Judge or Clerk of the 
District Court of the county where such patient resides, that the signers are good 
and responsible persons, and able to pay any sum that might be adjudged against 
them by reason of their signing such obligation, and that their signatures are 
genuine. 

fTfoe rate of board for patients from Iowa is $1 25 per week. 



38 



IOWA HOSPITAL FOR THE INSANE. 



5th. When were the first symptoms of the disease manifested, 
and in what way ? 

6th. Is this the first attack? If not, when did others occur, 
and what was their duration % 

Yth. Does the disease appear to be increasing, decreasing, or 
stationary ? 

8th. Is the disease variable, and are there rational Intervale? 
If so, do they occur at regular periods t 

9 th. Have any changes occurred in the condition of the mind 
or body since the attack? 

10th. On what subjects, or in what way is derangement now 
manifested % Is there any permanent hallucination % 

11th. lias the patient shown any disposition to injure others? 
and if so, was it from sudden passion or premeditation ? 

12th. Has suicide ever been attempted? If so, in what way? 
Is the propensity now active? 

13th. Is there a disposition to filthy habits, destruction of cloth- 
ing, breaking glass, &c? 

14th. What relatives, including grand parents and cousins, have 
been insane ? 

15th. Did the patient manifest any peculiarities of temper, hab- 
its, disposition or pursuits, before the accession of the disease — any 
predominant passion, religious impressions, &c.? 

16th. Was the patient ever addicted to intemperance in any 
form, &c.1 

1.7th. Has the patient been subject to any bodily disease? epi- 
lepsy, suppressed eruptions, discharges of sores, or ever had any 
injury of the head ? 

18th. Has restraint or confinement been employed ? ff so. of 
what kind and how long? 

10th. What is supposed to be the cause of the disease .? 

20th. What treatment has been pursued for the relief of the 
patient ? Mention particulars and the effects. 

21st. State any matter supposed to have any bearing on the case. 

No idiot shall be admitted into the Hospital. 

Section 1438, Revised Statutes of 1800, provides that "if at any 
time it becomes necessary, for want of room or other cause, in the 
general reception of patients into the Hospital , a selection shnli be 
made as follows : 



IOWA HOSPITAL FOR THE INSANE. 



39 



1. Recent cases, i. cases of less than one year's duration, shall 
have the preference over all others. 

2. Chronic cases, i. e., where the disease is more than one year's 
duration, presenting the most favorable prospects for recovery, shall 
next be preferred. 

3. Those for whom application has been longest on tile, other 
things being equal, shall next be preferred." 

Sec. 1439. " Each county shall be entitled to send patients to 
the Hospital in the proportion of insane persons in the county, and 
in case that all the insane who may apply for admission, cannot for 
some cause be accommodated, then in the selection of patients, the 
provisions of this section shall be regarded, selecting such as may 
be admitted subject to the provisions of section 30 of this act." 

In accordance with the above provisions, room will always be 
promptly made for the admission of all recent cases. 

All communications should be directed to Mark Ranney, Super- 
intendent, Mt. Pleasant, Iowa. 



/ 



SIXTH BIENNIAL REPORT 



OF THE 



IOWA INSTITUTION 

FOR THE EDUCATION OF THE 



DEAF AND DUMB, 



LOCATED AT IOWA CITY, 

TO THE 

GOVERNOR AND ELEVENTH GENERAL ASSEMBLY, 

FOR THE YEARS 1801 AND I860. 



DES MOINES: 

F. W. PALMER, STATE PRINTER. 

1866. 



TRUSTEES AND OFFICERS. 



BOARD OF TRUSTEES: 

HON. W. M. STONE, Governor, Ex-Offioio, 
HON. JAMES WRIGHT, Sec'y of State, Ex-Officio, 
N. H. BRAIN ARD, President, 
G. H. JEROME, Treasurer, 
T. M. BANBURY, 
B. TALBOT, Ex-Officio, Secretary. 

FltlNCIPAL, 

BENJAMIN TALBOT, M. A. 

ASSISTANT TEACHERS, 

EDWIN SOUTHWICK, 
D. F. STONE, 
CONRAD S. ZORBAUGII, 
MRS. SUE McC. ZORBAUGH. 

MATRON, 

MRS. MARY B. SWAN. 

V ASSISTANT MATRON, 

MRS. MARY M. ASKEW. 

THYSICIAN, 

T. S. MAIIAN, M. D. 



ItEPOIiT OF THE TRUSTEES, 



INSTITUTION FOR THE DEAF AND DUMB, | 
Iowa City, December 8, I860. \ 

To flis Excellency ) William M. Stone, Governor of loam : 

The Board of Trustees of the Iowa Institution for the Education 
of the Deaf and Dumb, have the pleasure to report that this Insti- 
tution, under their charge, is now relieved from all financial em- 
barrassment. 

The first of October, 1803, when it came under the supervision 
of its present management, it was involved in debt to the amount 
of about fourteen hundred dollars. Its furniture was correctly re- 
ported, by a committee of the Legislature, such as is usually found 
in a common alms-house. It was bare of supplies of all kinds, and 
all articles of consumption had recently advanced 50 to 150 per 
rent. 

The Legislature promptly increased the general appropriation 
for the payment of salaries, rents. &c., from $3,000 to $4>000 per 
annum, and the per capita upon each pupil for current expenses, 
trom $25 to $30 per quarter. 

From that tin 6 to the commencement of the present liscal year, 
the 0th of November last, all outstanding claims have been paid, 
the Institution has been thoroughly refurnished with wdiatever was 
deemed necessary for the comfort and health of the pupils, all ex- 
penses have been met, and at the date last named there remained 
on hand the sum of three thousand one hundred and twenty -five 
dollars and twenty-four cents ($3,125.24). This amount, however, 
was subject to the current expenses of the balance of the quarter 
ending January 1, and to the salaries of the entire quarter, which, 
when deducted, would leave the actual surplus about $1,000. 

\\ r e do not deem it probable that the next tw r o years will be more 
expensive for the Institution than the last two have been ; and. as 



6 



DEAF AND DUMB ASYLUM. 



all debts arc now paid, and the Institution well supplied, we are 
of the opinion that the per capita appropriation may be safely re- 
duced to the former rate of $25 per quarter. The additional $1,000 
to the general appropriation, made at the last session, will still be 
required ; as salaries cannot be reduced, and our rents, since the 
expiration of our former leases, have been doubled, although they 
are now low, for the amount of room required. 

The buildings now occupied are as well adapted to the uses of 
the Institution as can be expected of those not erected for the pur- 
pose ; but we would urge the fact that new buildings, complete in 
all their parts, and adapted expressly to the wants of the Institn. 
tion, must be had, before it can realize the best results to the un- 
fortunate class for which it exists. 

Little can now be done in the way of mechanical employment 
of the boys, for want of the necessary accommodations, which 
would be provided in a new set of buildings. 

The Institution is now doing all that can be expected of it under 
the circumstances. The Principal and all his assistants are faith- 
ful and untiring in their efforts, and labor to conduct it efficiently 
and economically ; in which latter respect they have certainly suc- 
ceeded. The report of the Principal will give in detail the opera- 
tions for the last two years. 

The Trustees and the Institution have recently met with a great 
loss in the death of J. P. Wood, a member of the Board, who has 
labored for many years for the success of this enterprise. His 
term of service would have expired in one year, which unexpired 
term should be filled. The term of G. II. Jerome, as Trustee, is 
also about to expire, and should be provided for. 

We commend i.gain to the watchful care of your Excellency and 
the Legislature, this unfortunate class, to whom is denied the usual 
direct intercourse with their fellow-men ; and wo do so with great 
pleasure in the fact that the finances of the Institution arc now in 
a condition entirely satisfactory. 

In behalf of the Trustees. 

N. II. BRAIN ABB, President. 

Bkn.i. Tai.kot, S,cv(tar>j. 



DEAF AND DUMB ASYLUM. 



7 



REPORT OF THE PRINCIPAL. 



To His Excellency, William M. Statie^ Governor of Iowa : 

The period has again arrived at which the reports of Public In- 
stitutions must be presented to the Governor and Legislature of 
the State ; and, in accordance with the law, the Sixth Biennial Re- 
port of the Iowa Institution for the deaf and dumb is now respect- 
fully submitted. 

Through the kind care of an ever watchful Providence, blessing 
the bounty of the State, the Institution has been permitted to con- 
tinue, without interruption, its work of mercy towards the unfor- 
tunate class for whom it was established ; lifting them, in some 
measure, out of the mental and spiritual darkness in which they 
were wrapped, and raising them nearer to an equality with their 
more favored fellows in the community. The rude shock of war, 
though it has affected, has not disturbed the operations of the In- 
stitution; and, now that peace has again spread her mantle over 
the land, its friends may hope that this, as well as the other benev- 
olent enterprises of the State, may be permitted to attain an un- 
wonted vigor and prosperity. 

To this end the careful attention of the State authorities is res- 
pectfully solicited to the present condition of the Institution, and to 
its claims upon them ; and the hope is cherished that such action 
will result as shall be for the honor of the State, and the good of 
all concerned. 

The finances of the Institution, as will be seen from the preced- 
ing report of the Trustees, are in an excellent condition ; and a 
complete classified statement is appended to this report, showing 
the disbursements from our funds since the date of last report. 
This statement does not, however, give an exact showing of the 
expenses of the two fiscal years just closed ; as there is included in 
it all payments on account of arrearages, as well as the actual cur- 
eft expenses of the Institution. 



8 



DEAF AND DITMfi ASYLUM. 



The health of the household has been disturbed by only one 
■serious irruption of disease, in the spring of 18G5, when about one 
fourth of the pupils were prostrated by measles, in an aggrava- 
ted and. complicated form, leaving many of the patients in a low 
condition from which they recovered slowly. Yet, notwithstand- 
ing the general good health of the family, four deaths have occur- 
red among the pupils since the date of the last report, three by 
disease and one by accident, viz.: 

Burnetta Huston, of diptheria, Dec. 28, 18G3; age 11 years. 

William Powers, drowned, May 30, 18G4; age 13 years. 

Mary Kosmeyer, of pneumonia following the measles, April 2, 
1 865 ; age 17 years. 

Harriet Wheeler, of cerebro-spinal meningitis, April 21, 1865 t 
age 18. 

It is a source of comfort to the officers of the Institution, and to 
the friends of the deceased, that they are able to believe that no 
care or pains were spared to avert these afflictive strokes, and that 
all the departed had gained an intelligent, and it may be hoped, 
also a saving knowledge of the way of life. 

The officers of the institution are mainly the same as two years 
ago ; the only changes being the appointment of Mrs. Mary M. 
Askew, of Louisa county, to the position of Assistant Matron, in 
place of Mrs. C. E. Stone, resigned ; and the addition to the corps 
of teachers of Mr. Conrad S. Zorbaugh, a deaf and dumb gentle- 
man from Ohio, whose natural and acquired facilities for the work 
<»f deaf mute instruction make him a valuable accession to our 
teaching force. Mr. Zorbaugh entered on his duties in January 
last, and Mrs. Askew in' September. 

The whole number of pupils in attendance the past two years is 
ninety-six, of whom sixty-eight, representing 32 cuiinties, were 
present last year, and sixty-nine, from 32 different counties, have 
entered during the present term. Ten of these become connected 
with the school for the first time in the fall of 1804, and eighteen 
the present session, showing a constant addition of uneducated 
deaf-mutes to our numbers, and proving that the Institution is still 
far from having accomplished its work. The number actually pre- 
sent, at the date of this report, is sixty-five, forty-one males, and 
twenty-four females. 

The pupils have been taught, since January last, in five classes ; 



DEAF AND DUMB ASYLUM. 



9 



the smallest number possible, with a due regard to the proper 
classification and advancement of the scholars. A single teacher 
can generally manage successfully a class of eighteen or twenty 
pupils, if they are uniform in capacity and attainment ; while even 
a dozen is too many for one teacher, if they are very unequal in 
these respects. A true economy of teaching force is to be found, 
not in reducing the number of instructors, but in increasing 
the number of pupils, so as to give more to each teacher, and still 
have them properly classified. These views led the Trustees, on 
the recommendation of the Principal, to add one to the number of 
teachers, as soon as the finances of the Institution would allow ; 
which was done during the last year, as has been stated above, 
and the benefit to the school has proved that they made no mis- 
take in so doing. In fact the same process might be extended 
stui further, with decided advantage to the pupils, if we were not 
restrained by prudential considerations. 

Btost of the pupils, it is believed, are doing well, and seconding 
by suitable personal exertions the efforts of their teachers to re- 
pair the misfortune imposed on them by their infirmity. 

The main object in a school of this kind, is to teach the pupil 
the correct use of written language — an arduous undertaking 
when we consider what and who are to be taught. Our language 
is, confessedly, by reason of its many anomalies, one of the most 
difficult to learn ; as is fully proved by the obstacles encountered 
by foreigners in attaining a fair use of it. A foreigner, too, has 
the advantage over our pupils of the free use of one written and 
spoken language when he commences the study of English. An 
ignorant deaf 1 iite has some ideas, but no words. Tie knows per- 
sons and things by sight, but not by name. Of the use of words 
he has no idea. A printed page, even in the simplest language, is 
as unintelligible to him as the most abstruse set of hieroglyphics 
ever devised. 

And even after he has gained some insight into the use of 
words, and the value and import of language, his progress can bo 
but slow. A hearing child, in the constant use of ear and tongue, 
learns unconsciously, or at least without. effort, many words which 
a deaf mute can gain only by the laborious process of writing and 
re-writing many times, even then foiling often to catch the precise 
ahade of meaning intended. So too, in reading or studying, a fa- 
2 



10 



DEAF AND DUMB ASYLUM. 



miliar word used in a new sense becomes a new word, and is to be 
learned over again by the same tedious method. 

It is generally considered very creditable progress, if a pupil in 
the course of the time usually allowed him in our State institu- 
tions, acquires a fair use of the words most commonly found in 
newspapers and books; and many fail even of this. 

The efforts of our instructors are therefore mainly expended in 
this direction — teaching the correct use of language in such forms 
as will be most serviceable in common every day life ; that the 
lack of hearing and the want ot speech may so far as possible be 
made up, and the deaf mute may be enabled to communicate by 
means of pen or pencil what he can never utter with his lips. 

But we aim to add to this great work as much of useful knowl- 
edge as can be imparted during the short stay of our pupils. They 
are therefore instructed, according to their ability, in all the ordi- 
nary branches of a good English education ; and become quite 
familiar with the rules and operations of Arithmetic as well as 
with the facts of Geography, History, Natural Philosophy, Gram- 
mar, and Natural History. Higher than this we cannot go, in the 
present condition of the Institution. Were it manned with a suf- 
ficient number of well qualified instructors we could undertake to 
do what is done in Eastern institutions, and Iowa children would 
not need as now to go to a distance to get a complete education. 
But as we are now situated, such an undertaking is neither advis- 
able nor expedient. 

A valuable adjunct to our means of instruction has been afford- 
ed during the past year, by the gratuitous contributions of news- 
papers from publishers in different parts of the State, in response 
to the request of the Principal. They have proved very accepta- 
ble to the pupils, especially when the paper has come from the 
vicinity of their homes, and have been profitable to them in excit- 
ing an interest in the news of the day, as also in arousing a keener 
desire to improve in their studies, that they may be able to read 
more intelligently. A list of the papers now received will be found 
in its proper place ; but the kindness of the publishers merits' this 
notice in the body of the report and an expression of hearty thanks 
for the aid they are affording the school. 

The moral and religious training of the pupils is provided for 
by daily chapel services, lectures on the Sabbath, and appropriate 



id 



DEAF AND DUMB ASYLUM. 



11 



lessons to be committed to memory on that day, either from a book 
prepared expressly for the deaf and dumb, or from the Scripture 
itself. 

No instruction is now given in trades, as it has seemed to the 
Trustees unadvisable to make any efforts in this direction. We have 
little space available for shop room, and no pecuniary provision 
has been made for employing suitable teachers. We are aware 
that a complete education of the deaf and dumb requires their in- 
struction in some mechanical trade. The pupils now perform all 
the manual labor that is needed about the premises ; yet a further 
portion of every day might profitably be spent in learning some 
useful trade, without any detriment to their intellectual progress, 
and we hope that the time is not far distant when instruction can 
be given in this department. 

The school suffers to a considerable extent, but individual mem- 
bers of it vastly more, from the negligence and apparent indiffer- 
ence of the friends of the pupils, a portion of whom are very defi- 
cient in that cardinal virtue, punctuality. 

The Trustees, in accordance with the practice of other institu- 
tions, have fixed the term of seven years as the period for which 
pupils shall enjoy the privileges of the institution ; but many pa- 
rents, by long delay in bringing their children to school at the 
opening of the term, and by taking them home before its close, 
cheat them out of no small portion of the time allotted to their ed- 
ucation. Some of our pupils lose, in this way, two months or more 
of every school year. 

In the scarcity of labor during the past four years of war, the 
pressure has been vo y great to draw away from the school all 
whose services could be valuable on the farm, and it has been im- 
possible, in all cases, to resist this pressure-; but it is greatly to be 
hoped that such cases in the future will be very rare and excep- 
tional, and that all our pupils will be permitted to derive all the 
benefit they can from their connection with the institution. 

A similar difficulty to the one just mentioned is experienced in 
many cases, arising from the persistent refusal or the criminal 
neglect of parents to send their children to school till they are so 
far advanced in years that it becomes almost a hopeless effort to un- 
dertake to instruct them. • 

The* age of 12 or 13 is probably the best in most cases at which 



12 



DEAF AND DUMB ASYLUM. 



to enter the institution, though the rules admit applicants as early 
as 10 ; hut many of our pupils are sent to us for the first time at 
the age of IS or 20, (and even older than that,) when their mental 
faculties are blunted by disuse, or the rust of age, and the intellect 
has become comparatively incapable of development. Such tardy 
pupils make little progress, are speedily outstripped by the more 
flexible intellects of their younger school-mates, become discour- 
aged, and drop out of school before they have completed the allott- 
ed time, and so never gain that education which the bounty of the 
State offers them, through this institution. 

It is a shame that the penuriousness, or the negligence, or the 
mistaken kindness of their friends, should do them so great a wrong. 
Et almost seems as if county or township authorities should have 
power to interfere and take the children from their parents, if they 
cannot otherwise be brought to the institution betimes. 

In other instances, strange as it may appear, this failure to send 
children to the school at the proper age, arises from ignorance on 
the part of the parents as to the location, and even as to the exist- 
ence, of the institution. Though the school is now in its twelfth 
year, and has, from the opening, been kept in Iowa City, yet within 
the past nine months several families have been found, not more 
than thirty miles from the place, with deaf children burn in Towa, 
andhiow old enough to be in school, who never till now have 
become acquainted witli the fact that the State has such an institu- 
tion in successful operation. 

It is very desirable that the officers of the institution should in 
some way be enabled to find all the deaf and dumb of the State, of 
suitable age for infraction, that their friends may be duly notified 
as to its rules, and the proper time for sending them. The persons 
appointed to take the census might be instructed to procure not 
only the name, but also the post-office address of those families in 
which deaf and dumb children are found. Ministers, teachers and 
intelligent citizens generally, might render similar service by send- 
ing information of such facts to the Principal. In this way a more 
perfect communication could be established between the institution 
and those who ought to share in its privileges. 

Our Institution, in order successfully to perform its work, should 
be able to draw to its aid and to retain in its service a good corps 
of well trained teachers. And these teachers should be perma- 



DEAF AND DUMB ASYLUM. ^3 

nently attached to the Institution to secure its highest efficiency. 

A part of our teachers, as now, may and should be well educated 
deaf-mutes. There is no reason to complain of those now con- 
nected with the Institution, and no present occasion for anticipating 
the removal of any of them ; hut if by the offer of higher salaries 
elsewhere, they should be drawn away from us, it might be difficult 
to supply their places. It should be in the power of the Institution, 
as it is certainly its policy, to protect itself against any such deple- 
tion of its teaching force. 

But the instructors should not all be deaf-mutes. Well informed 
and liberally educated speaking persons should also be found 
among the teachers. In all the Eastern Institutions, a large part 
of the teachers, sometimes even a majority, are gentlemen who 
have received a training and education which would lit them for 
any profession, and some of them would adorn any position to 
which they might aspire. . If our Institution is to stand on a level 
with others, (and it should, for the deaf-mutes of Iowa have a right 
to expect as thorough and complete instruction here as they could 
obtain elsewhere), we ought to have just as competent instructors 
as there are to be found. 

The last Legislature made a move in the right direction, in pro- 
viding for an increase of the compensation of our teachers, but 
nothing was added to that of the other officers. All the salaries are 
still below the proper point, and must be raised before those in charge 
of the Institution receive a fair return for their self-denying and 
laborious service. Much more is it the duty of the Legislature to 
afford us the means of securing in the future such teachers as shall 
be an ornament to .he school, and an honor to the State, by making 
this Institution equal to any other of its kind. 

This report would not be complete without calling the attention 
of the State authorities to the immediate and growing need of a 
building adapted to the wants of the Institution. 
' The buildings we occupy were erected partly for business pur- 
poses, and partly for use as a hotel. Though they are large enough 
to accommodate the number we now have, the school cannot be ma- 
terially enlarged with our present capacity. Yet an increase may 
reasonably and almost certainly be expected. 

The returns of the State census for 18G5, show a gross deaf and 
dumb population of 376, (a gain of 46 in two years,) of whom one- 



14 



DEAP AND DUMB ASYLUM. 



fourth at least should be in school ; w)hich tallies very nearly with 
the facts in possession of the Principal, whose records show the 
names of 98 known residents of the State who are entitled to places 
here. 

The institution should be provided at once with buildings that 
would accommodate one hundred pupils, and that could be enlarged 
with the growing wants of the school. While there is no reason to 
suppose that Iowa either does or will contain more than the usual 
proportion of deaf mutes, (a little more than one to every two 
thousand,) we must expect and prepare betimes for that increase in 
numbers which is sure to come with the rapidly advancing popula- 
tion of the State. 

Not only the prospective increase of the school, but the comfort 
and convenience of those now here, demands an immediate supply 
of this great want. The arrangements in the domestic department 
are quite imperfect, and cannot be remedied where we now are. 
The proper separation of the sexes cannot be carried out as it ought 
to be. We have little shop-room, no play-ground, no garden, no 
farm ; the shop is in the cellar, the children have to play in the 
street, and all our vegetables and supplies must be purchased, while 
we should be able to raise at least a part of what we consume. 

Every motive of humanity and of justice urges to speedy action 
mi our behalf. It is deeply to be regretted that the preliminary 
steps could not have been already taken, and estimates prepared, 
so that the Legislature could act promptly and with understanding 
in the matter. 

We can only hope that the claims of the institution will be duly 
considered, and that the present and prospective prosperity of the 
State will warrant the immediate commencement of the work we 
so much need. 

In this hepe, with thankful recognition of what has been done in 
the past, the institution is once more commended to the attention 
and care of the Governor and Legislature of the State. 

BENJAMIN TALBOT, Principal. 

Iowa Institution" for the Deaf and Dumb, ) 
Iowa City, December 8, 1805. \ 



DEAF AND DUMB ASYLUM. 15 

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS. 

The following papers are sent gratuitously to the Institution, for 
which the editors and publishers will please accept our thanks. 
They arc perused by the older pupils with pleasure, and with 
profit : 

NAME. WHERE PUBLISHED. 

Albia Union Albia . 

Anamosa Eureka Anamosa 

Bremer County Phoenix. . Waverly 

Burlington llawkeye Burlington 

Cedar Yalley Times Cedar Rapids... 

Clayton County Journal Elkader. 

Clinton Herald Clinton 

Constitution .Keokuk 

Council Bluffs Bugle Council Bluffs 

Council Bluffs Nonpareil. " " 

Decerah .Republic Decorali 

Delaware County Union Manchester 

DeWitt Observer DeWitt 

Dubuque Herald Dubuque 

Dubuque Times u 

Fort Madison Plaindealer Fort Madison 

Gate City. ... . - Keokuk 

Guardian .Independence 

Home Journal. .Mount Pleasant 

Indianola Visitor Indianola 

Lowa City Republi an Iowa City 

Iowa State Register Des Moines 

Iowa Statesman " 

Keokuk County News Sigourney 

Keosouqua Republican Keosauqua 

Lyons Mirror Lyons ; 

McGregor Commercial McGregor 

McGregor News " 

Monticello Express Monticello 

Montezuma Republican Montezuma 

Muscatine Journal Muscatine 

New Oregon Plaindealer , .New Oregon 



16 



DEAF AND DUMB ASYLUM. 



NAME. WHERE PURLISITED 



North Iowa Times McGregor 

Telia Blade ...Telia 

State Tress... Iowa City 

Union Guard . Bloomfield 

Vinton Eagle Vinton . 

Washington Tress Washington 

Western College Reporter Western 

The Institution has also been favored with a new map of Iowa, 

donated by the publisher, Silas Chapman, of Milwaukee, Wis. ; 

and the following valuable contributions of public documents have 

been made to its library : 

Hon. J. W. Grimes 18 volumes. 

Hon. Jas. Harlan 17 . . . . " . . . 

Hon. W. B, Allison 1 

Hon. J. B. Grinnell 1 

Hon. J. A. Kasson G . . . . . . 

Further contributions are respectfully solicited from any who 

feel able and willing to make them. 

BENJ. TALBOT, Trincipal of the 
Iowa Institution for the Deaf and Dumb. 



DEAF AND DUMB ASYLUM. 



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21 



RECEIPTS AND EXPENDITURES. 

RECEIPTS. 



Cash on hand Dec. 16, 1863, $ 430 10 

Cash from the State Treasury, 22,145 00 

Cash from friends of pupils, 261 81 

Cash for board, 116 00 

Cash for brooms sold, 24 doz. @ $1.25, 30 00 

Cash for sundries, . . 14 60 



$22,997 51 

DISBURSEMENTS. 
GROCERIES AND PROVISIONS. 

Fresh beef, 15,346£ lbs., $ 1,123 41 

Corned beef, 2,1061 lbs., 117 26 

Veal, 936 J- lbs.,.. 71 16 

Other meats, 578J lbs., 62 40 

Poultry, 39 59 

Fresh fish, 4 70 

Salt fish,... 27 31 

Bread and breadstuffs, 1,699 54 

Rice and corn-starch, 3 85 

Sugar, 5,295 lbs., 1,078 02 

Molasses, 497 gallons, 323 13 

Syrup, 6 J- gallons, , 9 75 

Honey, 136! lbs., . . ....... . . 30 57 

Eggs, l,158-£- uoz., 151 78 

Milk, 5,629 gallons, 297 39 

Butter, 4,236 £ lbs., 1,053 06 

Cheese, 220 lbs., 50 96 

Lard and suet, 960£ lbs., : 179 59 

Salt, 1,371 lbs., .... 26 40 

Soda and Cream Tartar, 59 lbs., 23 50 

Vinegar, 07J gallons, 38 60 

Spices, 43 95 

Essence of Lemon, 6 05 

Coffee 411 i- lbs., 172 60 

'Tea, 76 lbs.. ." 117 00 



92 DEAF AND DUMB ASYLUM. 

Sassafras, 5 lbs., . . 2 25 

Apples and Pears, 74 § bushels, . . 118 90 

Dried apples, 1,324 lbs., 173 22 

Dried peaches, 89| lbs., 13 90 

Small fruit, 9£ bushels, 15. 55 

Berries, 5G0 quarts,. 39 92 

Raisins, 9 pounds, 3 15 

Cabbage,. 03 43 

Pickles and krout, 8 43 

Tomatoes, 30 84 

Onions, 18 35 

Potatoes, 449 bushels, 214 14 

Other vegetables, . 71 18 

Ice, 20 53 

Soap, 1,1131 lbs., 107 87 

Soft soap, 220 gallons, . 51 47 

Indigo and blueing, 4 35 

Starch, 89| lbs., 11 00 

Castile soap, 5} lbs., 1 90 



$ 7,721 45 

FURNITURE AND REPAIRS. 

Bedsteads, 40, $ 205 00 

Mattresses, 20, . •, 230 00 

Blankets and comfortables, 5 pairs, 36 00 

Prints for comfortables, 370 yards, 80 24 

Batts, 115 lbs., 50 70 

Sheeting, 700 yards, 228 06 

Straw,.... 14 00 

Bed cord, 38 lbs.,.. 13 75 

Chamber furniture,. . 102 35 

Carpeting and oil-cloth, 59} yards, 64 25 

Chairs and stools, 11} dozen, 137 15 

Side-board, 18 00 

Book-case, 20 00 

Stoves, pipe, setting, &c, 236 83 

Zinc, 4 66 

* Tinware and mending, 51 82 



DEAF AND DUMB ASYLUM. 23 

Kitchen ware, 9 80 

Stone and glassware, 34 56 

Crockery, 34 05 

Tables . ... 49 50 

Table linen, 38-J- yds 37 83 

Oil-cloth and table covers 29 62 

Table cutlery 25 65 

Spoons and ladles 5 00 

Curtains and fixtures 47 37 

Crash, 82£ yds 21 12 

Spittoons 3 00 

Tongs, shovels and pokers 9 90 

Brooms, mops, &c 9 55 

Brushes — scrub, shoe, dust, &c 10 15 

Barrels, boxes and baskets 15 GO 

Wooden ware 9 15 

"Washing machine and repairs 12 50 

Laundry furniture . 9 20 

Candlesticks, lamp chimneys, &c 2 40 

Axes and handles, saws and filing 24 05 

Wheelbarrow ' 8 50 

Scales and letter balance 10 00 

Shoe tools ; . 4 30 

Bench. 2 00 

Molasses gates 1 25 

Mouse traps . i 60 

Shovels and hoes 6 30 

Carpenters' tools 2 70 

Shears and scissors. 6 15 

Repairs of pump and cistern 6 50 

Well buckets, rope, &c 7 65 

Repairs of furniture 78 60 

Lumber, and repairs on premises 86 60 

Builders' hardware. 54 17 

Sash locks, 4 doz 10 00 

Glass and glazing 38 ST 

Painting 12 00 

Gas burners and gas fittings 12 70 

# Plastering and whitewashing 21 70 



24 DEAF AND DUMB ASYLUM. 

Wall paper 6 40 

Tacks 4 72 

Bricks, and laying drain 16 00 



$2,297 42 

CLOTHING. 

Shoes, 23 pair •. $34 75 

Hose, 7 pair. . . 2 70 

Yarn 3 05 

Shoe laces, 5£ yards 6 26 

Shoe blacking- 1 30 

Shoe mending, leather and findings 114 25 

Shirts and shirting 4 20 

Coats and pants, 8 16 90 

Stuffs for boys' clothes, 12£ yards 14 93 

Cutting and trimming clothes 2 10 

Suspenders, 3 pair ; 1 50 

Muslin, 67| yards 21 90 

Stuffs for girls' dresses, 122f yards 41 07 

Trimmings for girls' dresses 385 

Bonnet and ribbon 5 45 

Vails 2 10 

Hat, gloves and scarf 1 70 

Handkerchiefs, 8 . .' 1 90 

Parasol 1 75 

Shawls, 2. . 12 50 

Hoopskirts v and bal moral 9 50 

Pins, needles, thimbles and thread . . , 29 35 

Combs . 6 55 

Buttons. 2 60 

Sewing .' 25 70 

Trunk... 4 50 

Indelible ink 2 70 



$375 06 

SALARIES AND WAGES. 

.Benjamin Talbot, Principal, 2 years $1,400 00 



DEAF AND DUMB ASYLUM. 



D. E. Stone, teacher and steward, 2 years 850 00 

E. Southwick, teacher, 2 years 750 00 

Mrs. S. McC. Zorbaugh, teacher, 2 years 350 00 

G. S. Zorbaugh, teacher, 9 months 225 00 

Mrs. II. B. Talbot, teacher, 4| weeks 22 50 

Mrs. M. B. Swan, matron, % years 500 00 

Mrs. C. E. Stone, ass't matron, 1 yr., rao's. 243 05 

M. M. Askew, assistant matron, 20 days 6 95 

T. S. Mahan, physician, 3 years 225 00 



Total paid for salaries $4,572 50 

Wages of domestics 713 97 



$5,236 47 

FUEL AND LIGHTS. 

Wood, 295f cords $1,914 20 

Gas, 84,550 feet 453 45 

Whisky, for gas meters, 7 gallons 14 50 

Candles, 102 pounds 22 17 

Oil, 4-J gallons 4 50 

Matches..... 7 60 



$2,416 42 

MISCELLANEOUS. 

Uents $1,107 00 

Schoolbooks and apparatus. 103 30 

Slates, pencils, &c 38 80 

Stationery 51 30 

Postage stamps 53 80 

Box rent and newspaper postage 7 94 

Books for library. 21 70 

Traveling expenses of pupils 23 .50 

Freight, express and drayage 19 60 

Printing and binding report, 1863 . . 125 25 

Treasurer's expenses , 15 56 

Insurance on furniture. . 29 50 

Exchange 20 00 

Livery. ; 13 25 



26 



DEAF AND DUMB ASYLUM. 



Drugs and medicines 102 95 

Surgery 5 00 

Printing and advertising : 37 00 

$1,775 45 

Total disbursements $19,872 27 

Total receipts $22,997 51 

Total disbursements 19,872 27 



Cash on hand, Nov. 0, 1805 $3,125 24 

In the hands of the Steward $55 87 

In the Treasurer's hands 3,009 37 



$3,125 24 

NOTICE TO APPLICANTS. 

The Iowa Institution for the Deaf and Dumb, is open to all 
proper subjects between the ages of ten and twenty-five. Appli- 
cants must be free from immorality, and from contagious and of- 
fensive diseases. They must also be of sound mind. 

Such persons are entitled to receive their board and instruction, 
at the expense of the Institution, for a period of seven years. Pu- 
pils from other States are charged $140 per annum, payable quar- 
terly in advance. 

The annual sessions of the school commence on the third 
Wednesday of September, and close on the third "Wednesday of 
June. 

The friends of applicants will be expected to supply them with 
sufficient and suitable clothing, so long as they are connected with 
the school. Every article should be marked with the name of the 
owner, in indelible ink. 

Applications should be addressed to Benj. Talbot, Instructor for 
the Deaf and Dumb, Iowa City, Iowa, and should state the follow- 
ing particulars : 

1. The full name of the applicant. 

2. The year, month and day of birth. 

3. The place where he was born. 



DEAF AND DUMK ASYLUM. 27 

4. The cause ofthe <lca1>H'>> ; it' not horu deaf, when nhd how 
•lid become deaf. 

Is the child' bright and active. <>r dull and stupid ( 
<>. Are there any deaf and dumb relative?? 
7. The names and address of t in 1 parents or guardian. 



BIENNIAL REPORT 



THE ¥AET)EN 

OF THE 



IOWA PENITENTIARY 

TO THE . ' 

G-OVEENOE 
ELEVENTH GENERAL ASSEMBLY. 



DES MOINES: 

F. W. PALMER, STATE PRINTER 
18G6. 



WARDEN'S REP Otlt. 



WARDEN'S OFFICE, j 
Iowa State Penitentiary, Oct. 1, 1865. \ 

To His Excellency, Governor W/n. M. Stone, and the IlonorMe tin 
Senate and Home of liejjresentati'oes : 

Herewith I have the honor to lay before you my Biennial Report 
of the doings and wants at this Institution. The past two years 
have been fraught with extravagantly high prices, consequently 
our expense general account foots up larger than formerly. We 
have had to pay double, treble, and even more than five-fold for 
many of our supplies, which, though every economy has been used 
possible, figure up largely. The articles of clothing and bedding 
have been enormous ; and yet we have been forced to use a greater 
amount of clothing in consequence of working the men more than 
usual on labor that naturally made the wear and tear greater — such 
as excavating, erecting stone wall, &c., — but all this has been un- 
avoidable. 

The sanitary condition of the Prison is and has been remarka- 
bly good, as will be seen by the Physician's Report. We have 
had but one dea'*i. 

As we have been working a large number of the men in build- 
ing yard wall, Warden's house, excavating hill, and various other 
work outside of the Prison walls, we think it speaks well for the 
discipline that we have had no escapes. It is even better than we 
had dared to hope for, under the circumstances. 

The rubble stone of the yard wall is all up, but it lacks some 
twenty-six perch of cut-stone coping to complete the top ; and most 
of the new and all of the old wall needs pointing up with good 
mortar, to make it as it should be. At this stage the appropria- 
tion ran out, and the work had to stop. Had materials and labor 
net. greatly advanced after the appropriation was made, we should 



4 



IOWA PENITENTIARY. 



Have had enough to have completed the work. As it now is, it 
will require about $1,000 to finish up with, and it should be done 
as soon as possible. 

We greatly need stone gutters put in on the west, north and east 
sides of the yard, for draining purposes — one being already in on 
the south. This will cost about $1,000, and I recommend the ap- 
propriation. 

The Warden's house is pretty nearly completed. It is a neat, 
substantial and convenient edifice, one that we may not be ashamed 
of in our State pride. '■ It contains fourteen rooms, great and small, 
besides the cellars. Its cost will somewhat exceed my expecta- 
tions, owing to the great advance in all kinds of material and 
labor after the plans were matured and the work commenced ; yet 
we will get it through with the amount appropriated and the help 
of our Prison labor. In connection with the Warden's house, we 
have built a good Clerk's office, and a substantial vault, in which 
to keep the safe,, books, papers, etc., pertaining to the Prison. It 
is a thing that has been greatly needed ever since the institution 
was established. The house needs a furnace for heating, gas fix- 
tures for lightings and water-pipes for bathing and washing facili- 
ties — all of which will cost somewhere in the neighborhood of 
$1,800. 

The building in the yard, to comprise convict kitchen, dining 
Hall, Chapel and Hospital, is being pushed forward as fast as pos- 
sible, and we expect to occupy it this winter. It is a subatantial 
edifice, 40 by 104 feet, two stories high, the first to be Kitchen and 
Dining, second Chapel- and Hospital, all to be conveniently fitted 
up with tables, sr its, desks, &c. In the Hospital room will be 
four substantial iron cells, in which invalid convicts may be left 
over night with safety, instead of having to carry them to the cell 
room. We will get the building completed within the appropria- 
tion, by tight squeezing, and do well at that. 

We are now cutting the stone fur and preparing to build the 14 
eells, necessary to complete the third tier, and hope to have them 
done this fall. Materials have been, and are yet, enormously high, 
and very hard to get, particularly dimension stone, so that we have 
been greatly delayed in the prosecution of our work on that ac- 
count. We now have 148 cells tit for occupancy, and the J 4 we 
are about to build will give us 102, which probably will be sutH- 



IOWA PENITENTIARY. 



5 



cient to do us tor the next two years, but it is a little doubtful. In 
the Spring of 1860, I had at one time 13G convicts; but as the re- 
bellion progressed our numbers diminished. We shall not be sur- 
prised to see the numbers run up higher in the next two years than 
they have ever been ; and it would be well to guard against such 
contingency. 

The present way of warming the cell room is 'very poor, and 
entirely insufficient to render it comfortable in very severe weather. 
There is but one small flue on either side to accommodate the draft 
of two large stoves ; consequently the men not only suffer from 
cold, at times, but are greatly annoyed by smoke; and the creosote 
that accumulates and runs down from the flues, is a great nuisance. 
I do not know what would be the cost of a suitable apparatus for 
properly warming the halls and cells, but doubtless there would be 
a great saving of fuel after the fixtures were once in, besides being 
much safer; I therefore recommend its careful consideration. 

Since writing the above, have got a little more information about 
it. It will cost about $1,500 for heater and pipes for warming the 
cell room, and $1,000 for Warden's house. 

The cell room should also be lighted with some kind of gas, so 
that every man could see to read and improve his mind — which is 
the only true way to effect any lasting reformation in criminals. 
In whiter, the men are in their cells from twelve to fourteen hours 
out of the twenty-four, and unless they can see to read and store 
their minds with useful knowledge, they will either hatch mischief 
or brood over their misfortunes, to the great injury of both mind 
and body. We now have tu keep the halls partially lighted by 
common lamps ; bn*va poor make-shift, at the best, and affording 
no light to most of the cells, so that a man can see to read in them. 
We, some part of the time, in winter, give the men a small lamp 
in their cells, but the cost is considerable to keep it up, to say noth- 
ing of the tilth that naturally accumulates therefrom ; and we have 
not done so as much as we should, had subsistence been cheaper. 
The cost of gas fixtures necessary to subserve our purposes, will 
be about $1,000 for cell room, and $1,000 for Warden's house. If 
there should lie a decline in iron and labor, as I anticipate, it will 
be less. 

Out' present culinary department is very poorly arranged, and 



6 



IOWA PENITENTIARY 



should, by all means, be supplied with a good range, and other 
fixtures, the cost of which will be about $1,000. 

Our wash-house is miserably arranged. ¥e require the men to 
bathe weekly, and the facilities for doing so are two long boxes, 
supplied with water carried from a cistern, by hand. Five hun- 
dred dollars would make it much better, and I ask that amount 
appropriated for wash-house fixtures. 

We now have only eighty-seven convicts in the prison, two of 
whom are females— one an old woman of sixty-five years, for life; 
the other a girl seventeen years of age, fur one year. We also 
have men here with their locks " whitened by the frosts of many 
winters," and small boys but thirteen, fourteen, and fifteen years 
old. The gray-haired sinner and the tender youth, all under the 
same discipline. The State ought, by ail means, provide a suitable 
house of correction, for the reception of these juvenile offenders, 
where they would not come in contact with old criminals, but re- ' 
ceive a different schooling from what we can <nve them here. I 
feel that I cannot too strongly present the importance of this sub- 
ject to your minds. 

We often get men here for very short terms, ranging from one 
month to one year. In my opinion a man never ought to be sen- 
tenced to the State Penitentiary for a less term than twelve months 
at least, and two years were still better. There should be a County 
Chain Gang, or some other place, to send men for petit larceny, 
vagrancy, &c., where they could be labored to advantage, and any 
sentence less than one year, should be there. Short sentences to 
the Penitentiary are just as degrading as long ones, and only seem 
to have a tendency to encourage new beginners to try again ; while 
a good long time often cooks their bacon for the future. Limit 
sentences to a good length and pardon freely for meritorious con- 
duct is my plan. 

Our " Diminution Act " is a humane law, and works well. It is 
a very great incentive to all convicts who have any of the better 
feelings of mankind left in them, to live up to the rules, in order 
to save time, and, above all, gain a restoration. A majority of 
them do it, too. I would recommend its adoption in all States 
where it does not already exist. 

Our Prison Library is not what it should be, I f it wo have a small 
ibra/J fund accumulated, which we design expending soon to re- 



IOWA PENITENTIARY. 



7 



plenish it ; when I. hope to add a considerable number of .interest- 
ing and useful volumes to the present stock, which I know will be 
hailed with joy by most of the convicts. A large per cent, of them 
are fond of reading, and should be afforded every opportunity of 
storing the mind with something useful, that they may be perma- 
nently benefited by being here. And many of them are vastly 
better in habits and mental culture when they leave ; but they 
need encouragement, and nothing will do it better than education. 

There are about eight or ten acres of vacant lands between the 
prison grounds and the river, which should by all means be added 
to the State possessions. These grounds belong to non-residents, 
and I think can be bought reasonable. It is much used and 
greatly needed in carrying on business here, and would add vastly 
to the appearance of things, if it was properly enclosed. 

The prison yard or enclosure is but 850 feet square, including 
the space occupied by the shops and other necessary buildings — 
which are sufficient to labor at least 150 men in — the new building 
for kitchen, dining room, Arc, besides several other small buildings. 
The yard is too small to subserve the purposes for which it is 
designed ; but it may be advantageously enlarged by moving the 
present wall on to the western line of the prison grounds, which 
would give us nearly as much more room as we now have enclosed. 
The cost of doing the work, with the aid of convict labor, would 
not probably exceed $7,000 or $8,000. I think it should be done, 
and recommend the appropriation. 

Our privy sewer empties into a small creek, but a short distance 
below the south-cast corner of the prison yard, and some 050 feet 
from low- water maJk, on the Mississippi river, into which it was 
designed to run the sewer ; but want of funds stopped its farther 
extention in 1S58 ; since which time it has been considered a 
grievous nuisance by those owning property in the vicinity, and I 
have often been threatened with an injunction. If such a thing 
should happen I know not what disposition could be made of the 
constantly accumulating tilth of the prison. Messrs. I\ Miller 
& Sons, through whose property the creek runs, into which the 
sewer empties, will give to the State the privilege of extending the 
sewer to the river ; audi think that justice, as well as decency, 
demands that the work be speedily completed, or the whole thing 
abandoned, and some other plan devised to carry off the filth. 



8 



IOWA PENITENTIARY. 



As for myself I know of no other feasible way of doing it. I 
therefore recommend an appropriation of $8,000 for that purpose. 

The cell room roof is getting pretty well dilapidated, and needs 
replacing with a suitable slate covering to make it somewhat fire 
proof. It has always been in contemplation to so raise the present 
walls, as to admit of two tiers of cells more being added to the top 
of those now in the building ; but this, I think, will be at- 
tended with greater expense to get the same number of cells, than 
to extend the building on the east, as the south wall of the yard 
would form the north wall of the addition, and the cut stone in the 
east end of the present building could be used in the addition, so 
that really there would only be the stone to get for the south wall 
of the extension. I am fully satisfied this is the best and most eco- 
nomical way of getting more cells. Besides, it will be much more 
convenient. Therefore, I shall only recommend that the new roof 
be put on the present building, and ask an appropriation of §4,000 
for that purpose. . 

The west end of the cell-room building, now occupied as a War- 
den's residence, should be built up with cells, and other conve- 
niences for the accomodation of female convicts. As it now is, we 
have to domicile them in the same room with the men, which is 
very detrimental to our discipline. There is room for about 36 
cells, the size of those now in use — 3 J by 7 feet, with a 7 foot ceil- 
ing — too small for comfort, surely. It will probably cost §10,000 
to do the work, and I recommend that amount be appropriated for 
the same. 

As our Prison yard is only supplied with water by cisterns and 
wells, and no fire apparatus of any kind in it, I feel that I cannot 
too strongly urge upon your honorable body the immediate neces- 
sity of an appropriation to supply the yard with plenty of water 
from the river, so that the building and State property may be se- 
cure against loss by fire at all times. The best, and perhaj)s most 
feasible way to do this is to force the water into a large cistern or 
reservoir, to be built on the hill, on the north side of the yard, from 
which water may be conducted into all the shops and buildings 
pertaining to the. prison. So arranged, the night guard could, in 
case of fire, flood any room or roof on the whole premises, without 
waiting. for any other assistance ; and thus, probably, save thou- 
sands of dollars' damage to the State. As insurance companies re- 



IOWA PENITENTIARY. 9 

fuse to issue policies on Penitentiary buildings and property, it 
behooves us to take every necessary precaution to become secure 
against lire, as far as possible. Conflagrations in prison yards are 
very common casualties, and we have had a pretty fair sample ol* 
it here ; and, without some reliable fixtures to fight it off, may have 
again. It will cost, these times, something like $10,000 to do what 
we want. But when once properly done it will be a permanent 
fixture, and make us comparatively secure from loss by fire for all 
time to come, and perhaps save the destruction of $20,000, $50,000 
or $100,000 worth of buildings and State property. It is true a 
common old fogy fire apparatus, for being worked by hand, maybe 
had for a much lc3S figure, But then we might all burn out before 
we could get men and water enough together to make it available. 
And then they are a poor make-shift at best, while the other is 
always cocked and ready for action. 

As Messrs. Winterbotham & Jones' contract for the convict 
labor expired in June, 1861, a considerable time before a new let- 
ting was consummated, we had to make the best use and disposition 
of the labor we could until Mr. Thomas Kale, the present Lessee of 
the prison labor, commenced working them, which was in January, 
1805. During the interval we managed to keep the men profitably 
employed on the work of improving the premises, excavating, 
building Warden's house, yard wall, &c. 

Thomas Hale, to whom the Commissioners appointed for that 
purpose by the last General Assembly, awarded the convict labor 
for the next ensuing ten years, associated with himself in the busi- 
ness Capt. B. W. Davis and Lieut. I. Russell, Winterbotham, 
under the style of Hale, Davis & Co. The new Lessees are now 
laboring all the men we can spare them from the State work and 
those set aside for doing chores. I think the new firm are pro- 
grossing well, and am happy to say they seem to have a due regard 
to the interests of the State, as well as their own. A true copy or" 
the new contract will be found appended. 

With the assistance of C. C. Nourse, Esq., the then Attorney 
General, we made a final settlement with Messrs. Winterbotham & 
Jones, in 1804, and wound tip everything in as equitable and satis- 
factory a manner as possible, under the difficult circumstances that 
surrounded us. The Clerk's report, below, will give the fignres. 

For general support, with present prices in prospective, we shall 
2 



10 



IOWA PENITENTIARY 



require $22,000 to last us through the next two years, aside from 
what we may realize from the convict labor. I therefore ask that 
that amount he appropriated for the purpose. Should prices re- 
cede, we will not need to draw the full amount, as I make it a rule 
to draw only aa bills are made payable. 

The way that salaries now stand, we shall need the following ap- 
propriations for salaries of officers for the ensuing two years, viz.: 



Warden, $2,000 00 

Deputy Warden, 1,500 00 

Clerk,.... 1,500 00 

Chaplain,, . . 1,000 00 

Physician, ■ 730 00 

2 Night Guards, $±5 per month, 2,100 00 

9 Day Guards, $40 per month, 8,700 00 

1 Hospital Steward, $-10 per month, 960 00 

1 Turn key, $40 per month, 900 00 



Total, $19,570 00. 



Should our numbers increase much, we shall be forced to have 
tme or two more guards. And also if we continue our improve- 
ments with convict labor, it may be necessary to employ one or 
more extra guards in consequence. I therefore recommend that a 
contingent appropriation of $2,880 be made to cover such emergency. 
As all are required to subsist themselves, the salaries are altogether 
inadequate to the amount of labor to be performed. And I have 
found it very difficult to keep good, reliable men as guards at these 
rates. Their duties are extremely onerous, through the" entire 
week, Sundays not excepted. Other States, in institutions of this 
kind, subsist their officers and guards, and require them to sleep 
nights at the prison or. within call, which is as it should be. We 
know not what emergency may arise during any night to require 
the presence of all hands aloft, and they should always be accessi- 
ble. I therefore suggest that subsistence be added to their salaries, 
as a matter of justice. 

All business we have had with other State officers has been of 
the most harmonious and satisfactory character; and I feci under 
obligations for courtesies extended. 

To my Deputy, Clerk, Physicians, Chaplain, and all other 
officers connected with the prison, I feel to return my thanks for 



IOWA PENITENTIARY. 



11 



the many obligations they have placed me under to them, for the 
faith fulness with which they have uniformly discharged their sev- 
eral arduous duties. 

Just as 1 had finished my report, I learn that the Messrs. Miller 
have purchased the above grounds. They will probably sell a por- 
tion to the State. 

1 have just received our Physician's report, in which he recom- 
mends that the Hospital Steward shall be appointed by the Prison 
Physician. This w T ould be well enough, provided the Steward was 
not required to do guard duty. As it is, lam satisfied that all 
under officers should receive their appointments from the one great 
bead, in order to save any jars or discord. 

E. A. LAYTOTa, Warden. 

recapitulation; 

For general support, fur two years from Jan. !, 1SG0. .$22,000 

For officers, for two years from Jan. 1, 18GG 0.730 

For guards, for two years from Jan. 1, 18GG 12.840 

For extra guards, for two years from Jan, 1, 18GG .... 2.880 

For fixtures for safety against fire 10.000 

For converting west wing into cells 10.000 

For extending sewer to Mississippi river 8.000 

Fur enlarging yards S.000 

For repairing cell room G.G00 

For Warden's house, heating and gas fixtures 2.000 

For convict kitchen 1.000 

For gutters 'J 1.000 

Fur wash house fixtures . . 500 



Total , §92.550 

ARTICLES OF AGREEMENT. 

Articles of agreement entered into this 21st day of November, 
A. D. 18P4, between Edward A. Layton, Warden of the Towa State 
Penitentiary, Edward Johnstone and Joel C. Walker, Commis- 
siowers for and in behalf of the State of Iowa, of the first part, 
and Thomas Tfale of the second part. 

Wiikuevs, Certain sealed proposals have heretofore been made 



0(k 



12 



t 

IOWA PENITENTIARY. 



by the party of the second part for the convict labor hereinafter 
mentioned, which proposals have been accepted by the party of the 
first part, for and in the name of the State of Iowa: Now therefore 
it is agreed — 

First— That the party of the first part doth hereby let and hire 
to the party of the second part for the term of ten years from the 
first day of January, A. D. .1865, the labor and service of not to 
exceed one hundred and fifty convicts now or hereafter to be con- 
fined in the Iowa State Penitentiary, (if so many there may be 
under the specifications hereinafter contained,) to be employed by 
said party of the second part, at the following trades and occupa- 
tions, to-wit: Coopering and manufacturing Agricultural Imple- 
ments. Nothing in this agreement shall prevent the Warden from 
employing a limited number of convicts in shoemaking and tailor- 
ing for the use of the convicts. 

Second — It is agreed by the party of the first part that for the 
use of said labor during the term of this lease the party of the 
second part shall use the following shops now situated in said 
prison yard, to-wit : all the shops, dry houses and boiler house. 
And it is further agreed and understood that for said labor, the 
\ party of the second part shall pay at the rate of forty and one-third 
(40-J-) cents per day for each convict. 

Third — And for the raw material necessary to carry on said 
trades and work, the party of the second part shall during the con- 
tinuance of this lease, have the right to use and occupy of the 
prison yard the following part thereof: all the prison yard north of 
the south wall of shop No. six (G). 

Fourth — The party of the first part further agrees that saul 
Thomas Hale shall have the privilege of going to and from said 
shops at all proper times to instruct said convicts in said trades, 
and to carry in and out materials and manufactured articles, or they 
may employ to do the same, such person or persons as the Warden 
of the Penitentiary may approve — said contractors and employes 
being, whilst within the walls of said prison yard, subject to all 
the rules and regulations now or hereafter established by the proper 
State authorities. 

Fifth — The convicts so to be employed shall be able-bodied men : 
by which term is meant, those who are capable of performing a 
reasonable day's work ; and in case of any disagreement between 



IOWA PENITENTIARY. 



13 



the party of the second part and the Warden of the Penitentiary, 
in regard to the physical ability of any convict, the same shall be 
conclusively determined by the Physician of the Penitentiary. 

Sixth — The convicts shall be guarded and kept in good disci- 
pline at the expense of the State, but the State of Iowa shall in no 
case be liable to the party of the second part for any loss by fire or 
other casualties. 

Seventh — It is further agreed that said shops shall be warmed at 
the expense of the party of the second part, and the security of the 
fixtures for said heating shall be subject to the approval of the 
Warden of the Penitentiary. 

Eighth — In estimating the per diem as aforesaid to be paid for 
each convict, the usual time for estimating a day's work, tu-wit : 
ten hours average through the year, shall be computed. - 

Ninth — It is further agreed that if at any time the number of 
prisoners in the Penitentiary should not be sufficient to supply the 
full number specified in this and other prison contracts now or 
hereafter let by authority of the State, and also sufficient for cook- 
ing, cleaning and other necessary matters, which, in the judgment 
of the Warden, it may be for the interest of the State to employ 
them, the number of able-bodied convicts not so employed by the 
Warden shall be apportioned according to the number contracted 
to each contractor, reference also being had to the skill and value 
of convicts in the several trades carried on by the different con- 
tractors. 

Tenth — If at any time the convicts assigned to the party of the 
second part within the number hereinbefore specified shall remain 
idle for want of any material or tools, or for any fault of the party 
of the second part, the party of the second part shall still be liable 
to pay said sum of forty and one-third (40-J-) cents per day fur each 
convict so unemployed. 

.Eleventh — ~No charge is to be made for such time as a convict 
may be employed in learning to read or write, or does not, from 
sickness or other cause beyond the control of said party of the sec- 
ond part, perform his ordinary labor. 

Twelfth— In case of the loss of the shops hereinbefore specified, 
or material damage to the same by fire or other casualty, by rea- 
son of which they cannot be occupied, then the party of the second 
part shall not be liable to pay for any labor of the convicts during 



14 



IOWA PENITENTIARY. 



the time tor which the State shall not furnish another or rebuild 
said sliops, nor shall the State of Iowa be liable for any damages 
for such unemployed labor until such shops can, with reasonable 
diligence, be rebuilt. 

Thirteenth — It is further agreed that the State of Iowa shall not 
carry on any of the trades hereinbefore specified within the walls 
of said prison, nor contract or lease convict labor for the same, du- 
ring the continuance of this lease, without the consent of the party 
of the second part. 

Fourteenth — All tools and implements are to be furnished by 
the party of the second part, for the use of the hands so employed 
by him. 

Fifteenth — All manufactured articles shall be removed from the 
(shops as soon as linished, and no articles shall be stored in the 
shops in a partial or unfinished condition an unreasonable length 
of time. 

The Warden shall have full power to remove, at the expense of 
the party of the second part, all articles stored or kept in the shop 
in violation of this provision, and also all shavings or other rubbish 
that will endanger the safety of the buildings. 

Sixteenth — The time of the convicts herein leased shall be kept 
by the Warden of the Prison, or his Deputy, and his books shall 
bo presumptive evidence of the correctness thereof. And a writ- 
ten statement shall be given to the party of the second part, or 
their foreman, each day. 

Seventeenth — The party of the second part shall account, with 
the Warden of the Pe iitentiary, on the first Monday in each month, 
for the labor of the convicts under this contract for the preceding 
month, and shall execute his promissory note for the amount due, 
which shall be made payable to the State of Iowa, and the sureties 
shall be liable on their bond for the amount of said note or notes, 
as upon an original undertaking by them, and each of them. Said 
notes shall be payable four months after date, and bear interest al 
the rate of six per cent, per annum after maturity. 

Ei(j]deenth-~lt is further agreed that in case the party of the 
second part shall refuse to make a settlement as aforesaid, or in 
case any note or notes given for convict labor as aforesaid, shall 
remain* unpaid after the same shall become due, and after specific 
demand thereof, then the party of the second part shall, at the 



IOWA PENITENTIARY. 



15 



election of the State Census Board of the State of Iowa, forfeit all 
rights and privileges under this agreement, and the State shall 
have the right to resume absolute control over the labor of said con- 
victs, and to re-let the same as though this contract had not been 
executed. 

Nineteenth — It is further agreed that no tinkering shall be per- 
mitted in the shops by officers, foreman, or convicts, nor shall any 
material or tools be carried from the shops to the convict cells for 
said purpose. 

Twentieth — It is further agreed that this contract shall not be 
assigned by said party of the second part without the consent of 
the Warden, with the approval of the Census Board. 

E. A. LAYTON, Warden, ) 

EDWARD JOHNSTONE, \ Commissioners. 

J. C. WALKER, J 

THOMAS HALE. 
Approved this 23d day of Nov., A. D. 1864. 

W. M. STONE, Governor, | 
JAS. WRIGHT, Sec'y State, [ n p , 
J. W. CATTELL, And. State, f Uen8ue iSoilYiL 
W. II. HOLMES, Treas., J 

FORT MADISON, IOWA, j 
June 10, 18G5. S 

To the Census Board of the State of Iowa : 

Gentlemen: Whereas, The bid of Thomas Hale, of the city 
of Fort Madison, State of Iowa, for the convict labor of said insti- 
tution, included household implements, together with cooperage 
and agricultural implements, and Whereas, said household imple- 
ments were struck out of said bid without due consideration, and 
now I, the said Thos. Hale, ask and pray that the said privilege be 
restored of manufacturing household implements under said con- 
tract, for the good and following reasons, viz. : 

That in the said manufacturing of cooperage and agricultural 
implements, articles made from hard wood, it requires the said 
Thos. Hale to purchase lighter wood, to enable Ifim to float by river 
such timber as those articles require, and that he is subject to great 
loss on said timber on account of not being able to manufacture 
household implements, and it will also require expensive addi- 
tions to the machinery in said prison to manufacture said house- 
hold implements which the said Thos. Halo does not feel justified 



16 



IOWA PENITENTIARY. 



in doing, with less than the right so to do for the full term of his, 
contract, and Whereas, E. A. Layton, the present Warden, recom- 
mends that said portion or kind of work be restored to the contract 
as originally bid for. Therefore he, the said Hale, prays that you 
may give the matter due consideration and grant said request. 
Hoping to receive a favorable reply, 

I am, very respectfully yours, 

THOMAS HALE. 

June 13, 1865. 

The modification herein meets with' my approbation and ap- 
proval. 

W. M. STOKE, Governor. 
JNO. A. ELLIOTT, Auditor. 
JAMES WRIGHT, Sec'y State. 
W. II. HOLMES, Treasurer. 
ISAAC L. ALLEN, Att'y General. 



FINANCIAL STATEMENT. 



CLERK'S OFFICE, IOWA PENITENTIARY, J 
Pout Madison, September BO, A. I). 1803. j 

To Edward A. Lav ton, 

Warden of the Iowa Penitentiary — 
Sir: In pursuance of law, 1 herewith submit the following 
financial statement of the affairs of this Institution for the two 
years, commencing October 1, 1803, and ending September 30, 
1865. C. F. WOOD, Clerk. 

Received from the State of Iowa $59,945 75 

For general support . $17,411 00 

For guards 7 salaries 12,318 75 

For officers? salaries . . 7,523 00 

For warden's house . 5,000 00 

For wall.. .. G,796 00 

For hospital building ............. 8,100 00 

For cells 2,002 00 

For cell floor. , 284 00 

For cistern 125 00 

: For"sa?e. ! . ; . . T 250 00 ' ' ' r - ; ' 

For contingent. . 10G 00 

$59,945 75 $59,945 75 

GENERAL SUPPORT FUND. 

Balance on hand October 1, 1863 $ 330 02 

For amount received from State 17,411 00 

For amount received from United States, 1,475 50 
For amount received from Winterbotham 

6c Jones 4,731 82 

Fdr amount received from Hale, Davis & 

Co 70S 00 

3 



18 



IOWA. PENITENTIARY. 





1 1 \ 7 K K 






For amount received from provisions 


30 32 






For amount received from expense gen 


1 27 25 






For amount received from gen'l support 


9 00 






r or amount voocAvs^f] fVnin fnnvlpt 


3 40 






Paid general support 




$23,792 


33 






1,047 


53 




$24,839 80 


$24,839 


86 


guards' SALARIES ] 


FUND. 






Foi* Jiinnnnt, l'pppivpd from Sfnto 


$1 2 348 75 






Paid guards' salaries 




$11,804 52 






544 


23 




$12,348 75 


$12,348 


75 


AT7TJTA V 1? li' CAT 4 IJTFC 


T,"> ITVTl 






For amount received from State. ... 


(ft At KOO fW"i 






Paid officers' salaries 




$6,681 


00 


Balance oh hand September 30, 1805.. . 




842 


00 




$7,52*1 00 


$7,523 00 


CELL * UND. 








For amount received from State. ...... 


. $2,002 00 








1 90 






Balance on hand September 30, 1S05. . . 




$2,003 


96 




$2,003 96 


$2,003 


96 



warden's house fund. 



For amount received from State $ 5,000 00 

For amount received from Winterbotham 

& Jones 1,000 00 

Brought from vault fund 250 00 

Paid Warden*! house $2,812 23 

Paid S. Atlee. .... 653 41 

Paid UTesser & Hale 595 51 

Paid John Wilson.. 431 S2 



IOWA PENITENTIARY. 19 

Paid Jacob Slyner 308 25 

Paid J. M. Layton 256 00. 

Paid A. Scott 198 00 

Paid A. B. Bonneville 158 25 

Paid H. Myers , 13G 12 

Paid George Onii 122 87 

Paid Joshua Sly nor 119 85 

Paid George Muller. . . 3G 55 

Paid McFarland & Eckliart 15 40 

Balance on hand Sept. 30, 1805 105 71 



$6,250 00 $6,250 00 

WALL FUND. 

For amount received from State $ 6,706 00 

For amount received from wall 5 50 

Paid wall $ 9S9 05 

Paid MePherson & Douglass. 1,800 00 

Paid George Muller 161 37 

Paid A. P. Bonneville ISO 75 

Paid II. Myers 22 50 

Paid A. Scott..,. 6 75 

Balance on hand Sept. 30, 1865 ' 38 08 



$6,801 50 $0,801 50 

HOSPITAL BUILDING FUND. 

For amount received from State, $ 8,100 00 

Paid Hospital building, ■ , 100 00 

Paid Hale, Davis & Co.,. 5,581 35 

Balance on hand Sept. 30, 1865, 2,415 65 



$8,1.00 00 $8-400 00 

CELL FLOCK I 'UN I). 

For amount received from State, $ 284 00 

Paid E. (i. Wilson, $ 162 50 

Balance on hand Sept. 30, 1865, 121 50 

$281 00 $281 00 



20 



IOWA PENITENTIARY 



CISTERN FUND. 



For amount received from State, . . . $ 125 00 

Paid Ilesser & Hale, $ 6 84 

Balance on hand Sept. 30, 1805, 118 16 



$125 00 $125. 00 

VAULT FUND. 

For amount received from State, $250 00 

Transferred to Warden's House, $250 00 



$250 00 $250 00 

CONTINGENT F U ND. 

For amount received from State, $106 00 

Paid C. Dunham, $ 10 50 

Paid Win. Caffery, . . ' 2 00 

Paid Chicago Tribune Co... 9 30 

Paid Gazette Co., 5 00 

Paid Daily Gate City, ' 4 50 

Paid printing and advertising) . 31 45 

Balance on hand Sept. 30, 1865, 43 45 



$106 00 $106 00 

CONVICT FUND. 



Balance on hand October 1, 1863 I 67 67 

Received from convicts on deposit 520 72 

Paid convicts..... ' $427 73 

Balance on hand September 30, 1865 160 66 

$588 39 $588 39 

GENERAL STATEMENT OF RECEIPTS AND EXPENDITURES." 

ft v v ■ M 

Dr. Cr. 



General support fund, for the past two yrs . $24,S39 86 $23,792 33 
Guards' salaries fund, " £< 
Officers' salaries fund, " M 
Warden's house fund. " " 
Wall fund, " 
Flospital building fund, 11 " 



12,348 75 11,804 52 

7,523 00 6,681 00 

6,2£Q 00 5,844 26 

6,801 50 6,763 42 

K,10.G 00 5,684 35 



IOWA PENITENTIARY. 



21 



Cell fund, for the past two years, .... 2;003 : 06 

Cell floor fund, " " 284 00 1G2 50 

Cistern fund, » l< .... 125 00 6 S4 

Vault fund, " " " .... 250 00 250 00 

Contingent fund, " 41 106 00 62 55 

Convict fund, " 588 39 -127 73 

Balance on hand Septejiiber 30, 1865 . . . . 7,710 96 



$69,22.0 46 $09,220 46 

INCOME , 112,506 63 

Convict labor for two years $10,139 61 

United States, keeping IT. S. convicts 1,475 50 

Visitors, receipts for two years 107 55 

Provisions, tallow sold 36 32 , 

Hale, Davis & Co., horse & wagon 3 VI, 708 00 

Discharged convicts, hats sold 3 40 

General support, 9 day convict labor, 9 00 

Ex. gen. aec't, wagon s'd, w'k convicts, 27 25 



$12,506 63 $12,506 63 

U ABILITIES $1,794 62 

Bills payable ' •>$ 1 95 

Convict cash on hand Sep. 30,< 1805. . . 160 60 

Guards provided for 530 00 

Officers provided for 842 00 

McFarland & W jkhart provided for.. .. 104 45 

A. 13. Bonneville provided for 54 00 

II. Myers provided for 40 50 

Ilesser & Hale provided for. . 61 06 



$1,794 62 $1,794 62 

ASSETS $33,059 *7 

Hale, Davis & Co $ 6,314 96 

Bills receivable. 16,131 47 

George Shedd 100 00 

L\ Inekeep 2,772 48 

Qash on hand September 30, 1865 7,740 96 



$33,059 87 



22 



IOWA PENITENTIARY. 



GENERAL BALANCE SHEET 

OF IOWA PENITENTIARY LEDGER, SEPTEMBER 30. A. B. 1805. 



NAMES OK ACCOUNTS. 



face of ledger. 

Oil 



IJAI.A^CKS. 



Officers' Salaries Fund 

Wall Fund 

Cell Fund 

Convict Fund 

General Support Fund 
Guards' Salaries F and 

Construction 

General Support 

Officers' salaries 

Wall 

Cells 

Hospital building. . . . 

Repairs 

Convict Labor 

Arms and ammunition 

Visitors 

Clothing and bedding 

Clerk's office 

Cell room expense. . . 

Convict expense 

Convicts' kitchen 

Discharged convict:: 
Expense; general acct. 

Escaped convicts j 

Fuel and lights ' 

Hospital BuildVFund 
Hospital expense. .... 
Library 



842.00 
0,801.50 
9,511.05 
1,203.37 
39,232.97 
8,498.75 
32,300.14 
45,048.02 
33,180.97 
39,125.79 
16.851.77 
4,015.10 
1,047 



.41* 



0,703.42 
7,510.09 
1,051.83 
38,185.44 
7,954.52 
049.00 
3,402.25 



30.G0| 



457.45 
1.87 

58.204.28 



177.05 



Postage 



Printing & advertising 
Hale, Davis & Co. . . 

Bills, payable 

Bills receivable. 

Provision 

Ileal estate 

Salaries of guards . . . 

Work shops 

Warden's expense. . . 



13-,85S.97| 
1,150.72 
02.43 
1.007.41 
IfiMM 
4,868.97 
5,504.81 
180.08 
12,412.45 
8,100.00 
1,917.56 
373.21 
209.24 
373.55 
19,015.43 
215.91 
10,131.47 
35,178.92 
700.00 
45,174.72 
7,072.50 
250.00: 



427.28 
127.48 
8.00 



3.40! 



409.20 



38.97 
5,084.35 
291.71 



4.00 
1.3,300.47 
217.80 



100.98 



20.25 
122.50 



Dr. 



$ 842.001? 



38. 
2,003. 

151. 
1,047. 
544. 
32,051, 
42,185. 
33,180, 
39,095, 
10,851, 
4,157, 
1,045, 



08 



90 
54 



53! 

23; 

44 
77 
97 
19 

HI-! 

I I 

65 
02 



177.0 



13,731.49 



1,142, 
02. 



1,007 
1,035 
4,805 
5,035 
180 
12,373 
2,415 
1,025 

oho 
O i O, 

209 
309, 
6.314 



72 
43 
41 

oo! 



241 
24! 



DO 



16,131 
35,011 

700 
45,148 
6,050 

250 



.47 
.94 

.00) 
.471 

,06 

00 



Or 



IOWA PENITENTIARY. 



2:3 



GENERAL BALANCE SHEET — Continued. 



NAMES OF ACCOUNTS. 



FACE OF LEDGER. 



BALANCES. 



I)R. 



^tate of Iowa 

Convicts 

Express 

United States 

Goo. Shedd 

J. W. Davis.... ... 

F. W. IJorminhausen. 

Joseph Huff 

A. M. Lay ton 

11. H. Unverzaught . . 

Charles Jewett 

J . Muncy 

A. Young 

F. Taylor... ...... 

A. Atlee 

Sorchtig 

F. M. Hosselton 

•J . M. Robinson 

K. A. Lay ton 

4. II. Reynolds 

0. F. Wood 

K. Whinry 

0. F. Toleman 

MeFarland & Eckhart 
A. B. Bonneville. 

II. Myers 

I lesser & Hale 
Contingent Funa.... 
P. Inskee 



j>. 
VV 
1). 

w 

A. 



ep. 



Warden's house fund. 

Warden's house 

McPlierson & DougPt 

Cistern 

Cistern fund 

Coll iloor fund ) 

Concrete floor 

.1. W. Giles ... 

C. Brewster & Co. . 



1,243.09 
16.25 
409.50 
105.50 
820.00 
1,905.05 
1,040.00 
1,391.00 
1,300.00 
1,005.00 
500.00 
520.00 
480.00 
480.00 
242.90 
240.00 
100.00 



Or. _ 
284,520.20 
1,394.03 



Dr: 



404.12 
313.50 
103.12 
1,082.03 
100.00 
3,518.91 
0,250.00 
0,334.30 
4,800.00 
0.84 
125.00j 
284.00 
102.50 
78.75 



5.50 
800.00 
1,950.05 
1,080.00 
1,431.00 
1,340.00 
1,050.00 
000.00 
500.00 
520.00 
520.00 
282.90 
280.00 
200.00 
250.00 
187.50 
187.50 
92.00 
125.00 
508.57 
307.50 
203.02 
1,143.09 
02.55 
740.43 
5,844.20 



0.84 
102.50 



1.00 



10.25 
409.50 
100.00 



284, 



43.45 
2,772.48 
405.74 
0,334.30 
4,800.00 
0.84 
118.10 
121.50 
102.50 
78.75 



452,248.50 452,248.50^, ... 

^TATE OF IOWA, \ 
County of Lee, f * 
(J. V. Wood, being duly Sworn, upon li is oath says that the foregoing "financial 
;tatcmeut of the affairs*' of the Iowa State Penitentiary, is truly made according 



24 



tOW A PENITENTIARY. 



to the best, of his knowledge and belief, and as fully as the same appears from the 
books of the said Penitentiary. C. P. WOOD. 

Subscribed and sworn to before me, Dec. 2, A. I). 1803. 
[l. s.] Witness my name, and seal of office, Dec. 2, A. D. 1805. 

D. IT. LkSUER, Clerk Dlst. Court. 



STATEMENT OF CONVICTS RECEIVED. 



Single 
Mar'ied 
Wid'cr. 
Widow 



Temp'rti 63 
Intem't I 19 
Mod'r't I 10 
I... 



3 - IMental Cul- 
\ I tivation. 

57 1 Common. . . 

38 Good 

Read, write 
Poor ....... 

None 



101 



|101 



o Crime. 

£ J 

50 Larceny 

10 Burglary 

\) Murder 

10 Counterfeiting . . 

13 Desertion 

Rape .. 

Ass't intent to kill 
Manslaughter . . . 
Larceny & consp. 
Secret, stol. goods 

[Forgery 

Robbery 

[Adultery 

(Seduction 

Ilncest 

I Bigamy 



101 



| Religious Ed- 
I ucation. 
ItteTlnTdist . . ~ 



Catholic 

Baptist 

Congrega'Lst . 

Presbyterian . 

Lutheran . . . 

Campbellile. . 

2 ;Fanatic 

2 1 Dutch Refm d. 



Christian 

Desciples .... 
Protestant . . . 
Unit. Bretli'u 

Episcopal 

None. 



29 

oo 

10 

3 

3 
2 
o 



15 



noi 



TERM. 

1 month. 
a.../ 4 ... 



4. .. 



10...".... 

16..." 

18...".... 



1 year..... 



3j." 

3. .". .7 mof 



3 days. 



4..". 
5.." 
5. .' 4 . .2 days. 



0. .' 

7..' 



l 

5 
1 
1 
5 
1 

13 

1 i l *o 

2 24 
1325 

2 '20 
1127 

3 28 
1 29 

13 30 
1 31 



NATIVITY. 



New York. 



OCCUPATION. 



5 32 
4 



10.". 



10. 4 \ .1 day 
13."* 



13. 



30 



1|30 



Ohio 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Pimn 

Ireland 

Kentucky. . . 
Missouri. . . . 
Germany. . . 

Canada , 

Rhode Island I 

5 j Iowa 

4 1 Michigan. . 

6 Louisiana. . 
4iEngland . . . 

4 1 Wales 

1 1 Virginia . . . 
4 Texas 



20iFarmers. 
15 
10 
9 

8 
8 



Tenn. ... 
St. Helena. 



N. Carolina. 



S. Carolina. . 
Mass 



Laborers. . . — 

Engineers 

Cooks- 

Carpenters 

Painters 

Clerks. 

Shoemakers. . . 

Bar be rs. 

Schoolteachers 

2 Bakers 

2} Boatmen... .'. 

I Coopers 

I I Sailors 

II Wheelwright . , 
1 'Mason .... 

1 Hotel keeper . 
1 Blacksmith . . 



1 Railroad man. 
1 Brick-layer . . 



1 Musician 



Policeman. . . . 
Watch-maker. 



COUNTY FIIUM. 

Des Moines . . . | 
Wapello... . 

Scott 

Muscatine . 



3 

3 'Mahaska. 



Lee 

Clinton 

Clayton . . . 

2 1 Polk 

2|Johnson . . . 
2iFt. Snellins 



Dubuque. . . 

Lucas 

Jones 

Bremer.. . . 

Builer 

Delaware. . . 

Henry 

Appanoose . 
Van Buren . 
Story...:... 
! Cedar , 



Prussia. . . \ 1 'Bar keeper. . . | 



Iowa. . . 
Jackson. 
Marion. 
Tarn a. . . 
Linn. . 
1 1 Page... 



lOW A PENITENTIARY. 



25 



ST ATEM EN T— Continued. 



TERM. 

10 years. . . . \ 

16." 

Life 



< 

1|48 

ibi 

8 1 45 
,.|47 
149 
51 
53 
54 
K 



65 



101 



• 2 
1 
1 

li 
2 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 

101 



NATIVITY. 



OCCUPATION. 



g j COUNTY PllOM. 







Teamster. .... 


1 
1 
1 

5 


Washington . . 
Wright. ; 


1 
1 
1 
1 






Stone-cutter . . . 








T\iW fish ip.k 
















































1 

. . . 1 ' 






... 




























101 




101 




101 



In confinement as per report October 1, 1863 70 

Total in two years 171 

CONVICTS DISCHARGED. 

By expiration of sentence 60 

By pardon 22 

1 

: l 

87 



By death 

Sent Hospital for the insane 

In confinement September 30, I860, 



171 



PHYSICIAN'S REPORT. 



Iowa Penitentiary Hospital, December tat, 1865. 
To the Warden, E. A. Layton : 

Sir : — 1 herewith present yon with my biennial report as Physi- 
cian and Surgeon to. .this institution. 

Since my last report the health of the convicts has been gener- 
ally good, there having occurred but one death. This was the case 
of John 1:1. Tnll, whose sentence had been for a long term, and he 
seemed anxious to die. Fie entered the prison on Hie '26th of 
October, 1863, and died August 2.1st, 1864, at a time when there 
was an unusual amount of sickness in our community. The Deputy 
Warden aud Hospital Steward were both sick, and you had to place 
in charge of the hospital, a man who was ignorant of the duties of 
the steward. To this 1 attribute, perhaps, the loss of this man. 
His death was unexpected to/no at the time; but I had no confi- 
dence that my prescriptions, &c, would be as carefully and accn- 
4* 



26 



IOWA PENITENTIARY. 



rately tarried out as they always have been by Mr. J. W. Davis, 
who has now "tilled the position for more than two years very satis- 
factorily to me. 

The stewardship is a very confining business. He should reside 
at the prison, in order that he could be called at any hour to carry 
out the views of the physician in cases under treatment, and to ad- 
minister to new cases until the time of the physician's regular visits, 
or to summon him, if in his judgment it is necessary. The position 
is peculiarly well suited to medical students, and should be filled 
by appointment of the physician. There should be two authorized 
who would do the duties alternately, day about ; thus giving relief 
to each other, and time for study at the physician's private office. 
By this arrangement, young men could be obtained who would be 
capable, and who would thus have fine opportunity to enter on 
the study of our profession, practically, and advantageously to 
all concerned. The salary, in this case, should be increased to about 
sixty dollars per month, or thirty* dollars for each. It would be 
just to pay this for the extra duty of being compelled to rise at 
night, when necessary. 

Pleasant Fonts, who entered the prison on the 15th of January, 
1855, a life convict, attempted to commit suicide on the 8th of 
August, 1864, by cutting his throat with a carving-knife. It was 
too dull, or he would have succeeded. It was done, as doubtless 
the crime for which he was sent, here, in a fit of insanity. For that 
murder he should be sent to (if there had been one) the Hospital 
for the Insane. Perhaps the Legislature, in its wisdom, may au- 
thorize his removal to that institution, as this is poorly calculated 
for such patients, y 

There is another class of convicts, who, in my opinion, (though 
perhaps this more properly belongs to the Chaplain to recom- 
mend,) should be otherwise provided for. I allude to the young- 
boys less than sixteen years of age, of whom there are perhaps six 
or eight. For such, there should be provided in our State an in- 
stitution to take charge of them during their minority — to educate 
and to completely restrain them from crime. This institution is 
poorly suited to their wants. They are not capable of performing 
the hard labor given for the punishment of crimes incident to 
adults; hence they cannot be placed under the discipline intended 



IOWA PENITENTIARY. 



27 



for such, and it may be well doubted whether they are not made 
worse, especially by short terms. 

Our hospital accommodations remain the same as at rny last 
report, yet we are looking forward hopefully to that in progress of 
construction. The very good health of the prisoners for the past 
two years, may, I think, in part, be attributed to so much of the 
labor being done outside of the shops upon the new buildings, &c. 
There is no cause here for sickness, except the confinement, for no 
pains are spared to keep everything in perfect order. The diet is 
plain and substantial. The cells are kept scrupulously clean as 
well as the persons who occupy them. New convicts are frequently 
sent here from county jails requiring the use of water and soap, 
ointments, washes and medicine, to purify them and make them fit 
for clean cells and to avoid contamination of the whole institution. 

In conclusion, allow me to express my gratitude to you and 
all your officers for their friendly co-operation to make my prac- 
tice successful and agreeable. 

EDWARD WIIINERY, M. D., 
Physician and Surgeon to the Iowa Penitentiary. 

CHAPLAIN'S REPORT. 

To His .Excellency Wm. M. Stone, 

Governor of the State of Iowa : 

Sir : —The Rev. Mr. Williams was Chaplain during the first year 
included in this report. Upon his resignation, Sept. 30th, 1864, 
the responsible duties of this office were imposed upon the pastor 
of the Baptist Church, Fort Madison, from which he is now re- 
lieved by the appointment of the Rev. Mr. San ford as his suc- 
cessor. During this year, the services have been shared in by the 
pastors of the Presbyterian and Methodist Churches. 

In preaching the word it has been our purpose to present the 
practical truths of the gospel, and make the way of Salvation 
plain, so that "he who runneth may read." After this faithful 
sowing ot the good seed of the kingdom, the results of the harvest 
are left to the angel reapers. The fixed attention, the tearful eye, 
not less than private journals of some of the convicts, which have 
come to my hand, indicate that God's word has not been spoken 
in vain. The seed of Divine Truth seems to be producing " the 
blade, the ear, and the full corn in the ear." However, we have 



28 



IOWA PENITENTIARY. 



left all decision respecting the genuineness of conversion, and the 
sincerity of professed penitence for Him who " looketh not upon 
the outward appearance," but " knoweth what is in man." 
are to be regarded as a favorable class, rather than to be considered 
beyond the reach of that Divine Grace, which, through the gospel, 
becomes "the power of God unto salvation to every one who be- 
lieveth." None certainly have better opportunities for healthful 
Sabbath reflections than the inmates of this prison. Immediately 
after supplying the physical wants each Sabbath morning, the 
moral and religious necessities receive attention. God's truth, 
which is " able to make wise unto salvation " is unfolded in the 

Not altogether the most guilty, hardened and unimpressible peo 
pie of our young State, wear the striped uniform of the I. P. 
Here, too, with steady habits, and regular physical employment, 
the mind naturally settles down under the consideration that one's 
lot is unchangeably fixed for a definite period, so that the convicts 
public preaching. God's word and religious works are furnished 
the convicts in their cells, so that during the quiet and rest of 
God's holy day, they must think, and it would be strange if the 
truth did not affect their hearts. No doubt the silent influences of 
the Sabbath contribute much to the peace, prosperity, and good 
order which are apparent in the Towa Penitentiary. 

In short, the object contemplated in the imprisonment of con- 
victs can only be accomplished by a high toned, moral and deeply 
religions influence brought continually to bear upon them. 

The only true reform flows from the religion of Jesus Christ, and 
the clearer and more constantly the simple and practical doctrines 
of grace are presented, the more satisfactory must be the result. 
I am, dear (r, yours, obediently, 

C. F. TOLMAN. 



REPORT 



OF TUB 



STATE LIBRARIAN, 



TO THE 



ELEVENTH GENERAL ASSEMBLY. 



JANUARY, 1866. 



DES MOINES: 
F, W. PALMER, STATE PRINTER. 

1806. 



STATE LIBRARIAN'S REPORT. 



Iowa State Library, Des Moines, January 8th, 18C6. 

Gentlemen of the Senate and House of Representatives : 

In compliance with Section 701, of the Revision of 1860, I beg 
leave to submit the following report of additions made to the State 
Library during the years 1861- 1 65, by exchange with the several 
States and the United States, by donations from the Scientific So- 
cieties and individuals, and by purchase. 

ARKANSAS. 

VOLS. 

Second Eeport of a Geological Reconnoissance of the Southern 
Counties of Arkansas, made during the years 1859-'60. . . 1 

CALIFORNIA. 



Assembly Journal, 1861 1 

Appendix to Assembly Journal 2 

Senate Journal, 1861 . . 1 

Proceedings of California Academy of Natural Sciences, Vol. 

3, Pt. 2, 1861 1 

Statutes of 1861 1 

Supreme Court Reports, Vol. 22, by Hilly er 2 

" " " Vols. 23, 21, 25, 26, and 27, by Tuttle, 

(2 copies each) 10 

CONNECTICUT. 

House Journal, 1861, and Special Session, 1863-'61 2 

Senate " " " " " 1863-'61 2 

Legislative Documents, 1861 1 

Private Acts and Resolutions, 1861 1 

Public Acts, 1861, (3 copies) 3 

Supreme Court Reports, Vol. 31, by Hooker 1 



4 



REPORT OF STATE LIBRARIAN. 



DAKOTA TERRITORY. 

VOLS. 

House Journals, 1864-'65 , ., 2 

Senate Journals, 18 64-' 6 5 2 

Laws of 1804-'65 2 

DELAWARE. 

Annual Eeport of the Wilmington Institute, 1865 1 

Laws of 1863 3 

ILLINOIS. 

Adjutant General's- Eeport, 1861-'63 2 

Private Laws, 1863 1 

Public and Executive Laws, 1863 1 

Supreme Court Reports, Vol. 1, by Breese & Beecher 1 

" " u Vols. 27, 28, 29, 30, by Peck 4 

INDIANA. 

Laws of 1863 (2 copies) 2 

Supreme Court Reports, Vol. 17, by Harrison. 1 

" " u Vols. 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, by Kerr 5 

IOWA. 

Adjutant General's Report, 1864 100 

" " " 1865 100 

Iowa Reports, Vol. 14, by Withrow 50 

" * " 15 50 

" " 16. ...... 50 

House Journal, 1864 15 

Senate Journal, 18(^4 15 

Laws of 1864 50 

Legislative Documents, 1864 (2 Vols.) 2 

Statutes of 1843 2 

Printed Bills of the 10th General Assembly 1 

KANSAS. 

Laws of 1863, (2 copies,) 2 

KENTUCKY. 

Common School Report, 1864 1 



REPORT OF STATE LIBRARIAN. 5 

YOI&. 

Documents of 1864: and 1865 . .. 2 

House Journal, 1865 1 

Senate Journal, 1865 1 

Laws of 1864-'65, 2 VoIb., (2 copies each) , 6 

Supreme Court Eeports, .Vol. 4, by Metcalf 1 

LOUISIANA. 

Auditor's Eeport, 1864 1 

Debates of the Constitutional Convention, 1864 1 

Journal " " " 2 

MAINE. 

Acts and Eesolves of 1863, 1864, and 1865 3 

Adjutant General's Eeport, 1863 1 

Agricultural Eeport, 2d series, 1863-'64 2 

Documents of 1864 and 1865 2 

School Eeport 1864, 2 

Supreme Court Eeports, vols. 49, 50, by Hubbard, 2 

MARYLAND. 

House Journal and Documents, 1864-5, -. . 2 

Senate Journal and Documents, 1864-5, 2 

Laws of 1864-5, • 2 

Supreme Court Eeports, Yol. 19, by Brewer, 1 

MASSACHUSETTS. 

Acts and resolutions 1863, 1864 and 1865, . 3 

Allen's (Sup. Court) Eeports Yols. 5, 6, 7 and 8, 4 

Gray's .Eeports Yols. 9, 10 and 11, .... - . 3 

Public documents 1863, 4 Yols., and 1864, 4 Yols., 8 

Twenty-First Eegistration Eeport 1862, 2 

MICHIGAN. 

Laws of 1865, 1 

Joint documents of 1865, e 1 

Statistics of 1804, 1 

Supreme Court Eeports, Yols. 11 and 12, by Cooley, 2 



6 



REPORT OF STATE LIBRARIAN. 



MINNESOTA. 

VOLb. 

Executive documents 1863 and 1864:, 2 

House Journal 1864:, 2 

Senate Journal 1861, 2 

Session Laws of 1861 and 1865, 2 

Supreme Court Reports, Vols. 8 and 9, by officer, 2 

MISSOURI. 

Laws of 1863, 1861 and 1865, 3 copies each, 6 

Supreme Court Reports, Vols. 33 and 34, by Whittlesey, 2 

NEBRASKA TERRITORY. 

House Journal, 1865, 1 

Council Journal, 1865, 1 

Laws of 1863 and 1865,. . 2 

Message of Gov. Saunders, 1865, 1 

NEVADA. 

Assembly Journal, 1865, (2 copies,) 2 

Appendix to Senate Journal, 1865, (2 copies,) 2 

Statutes of 1865, (2 copies,) 2 

NEW HAMPSHIRE. 

Common School Report, 1863, 1 

House and Senate Journals, 1863, 2 copies, 2 

Laws of 1861 and 1865,. 2 

Supreme Court Reports, Yols. 43 and 11, by Chandler, .-. 2 

Supreme Court Reports, (2d series, Yols. 4 and 5,) Yols. 16 

and 17, 2 

NEW JERSEY. 

Executive documents, 1864,.... 1 

Laws of 1864, 1 

Nixon's Digest of laws from 1700 to 1861, 1 

Register of N. el. Yolunteers in the U. S. service, 1 

Supreme Court Reports, Yols. 1 and 5, by Dutch er, ......... 2 

..." " " ,., . Chy., by Beasley) Yol. 2, 1 

♦ 



REPORT OF STATE LIBRARIAN. 



7 



NEW YORK. 

VOL!?. 

Assembly Journals 1863 and 1864, 2 

Senate Journals 1863 and 1864, 2 

Assembly documents 1863, 9 Vols.; 1864, 12 Vols., 21 

Senate documents 1863, 5 Vols.; 1864, 1 Vols., 

Insurance Report,, 1864, 1 

Transactions of State Agricultural Society, 1862, 1 

Report of Regents of State University, 1863-4, 2 

Report of same on the condition of the Cabinet of Natural 

History, 1863,. 1 

Report of the Trustees of the State Library, 1863, 1864 and 1865, 3 

Laws of New York, 1864 and 1865, 2 copies each, 4 

Barbour's (Sup. Ct.) Reports, Yols. 37, 38, 39, 40, 41 and 42,. . 6 

Smith's (Court of Appeals) Reports, Vols. 11, 12 and 13, 3 

Tiffany's . . « «... Reports, Vol. 5, 1 

Parker's Criminal Reports, Vol. 5, 1 

OHIO. 

Adjutant General's Report, 1864, 1 

Agricultural Reports, 1862, 1863 and 1864, 3 

Auditor's Reports, 1862, 1863 and 1864, 3 

Executive documents, 1863 and 1864, each 2 copies, 4 

House Journals, 1863 and 1864, 2 

Senate Journals 1863 and 1864, 2 

Laws of 1863, 1864 and 1865, 3 

Ohio State Reports, Yols. 13 and 14, by Critchfield, 2 

Report of Commissioners of State Library, 1863 and 1864, 2 

Report of Commissioner of Common Schools, 1863, 1 

Report of Super ntendent of State House, 1863, I 

Report of Trustees of the Central Ohio Lunatic Asylum, 1863,. . 1 

Report of the Commissioners of Morgan's Raid Claims, 1 

Statistics of 1862, 1863 and 1864, 3 

PENNSYLVANIA. 

Address on the occasion of the death of lion. R. R. Reed, 1 

Adjutant General's Report, 1863 and 1864, 2 

Auditor General's Report, 1864 1 

Executive Documents, 1863, 1864, each 2 vols 4 



Ml bna 



8 REPORT OF STATE LIBRARIAN. 

VOLS. 

Legislative Documents, 1865 , 2 

House Journal, 1865 1 

Senate Journal, 1865. 1 

Laws of 1864, 1865 2 

Pennsylvania State Reports, vols. 13, 44, 45, 46, 47, by Wright 5 

Report of Executive Office Military Dept., 1864 . . 1 

Railroad Report, 1863 1 

Report of State Librarian, 1864 1 

Report of Select Committee on the National Cemetery at Get- 
tysburg, 2 copies. , 2 

School Report 1863, 1864 2 

Journal of Prison Discipline and Philanthropy, 1864 1 

RHODE ISLAND. 

Acts and Resolves, 1865 1 

TENNESSEE. 

House Journal, 1865, 2 copies 2 

Senate Journal, 1865, 2 copies 2 

Laws of 1865, 2 copies 2 

Inaugural Message of Gov. Brownlow, 1865, 3 copies 

Report of the Comptroller of the Treasury, 1865, 3 copies 

VERMONT. 

Adjutant General's Report, 1864, 1865 2 

Auditor's Report, 1864 1 

Directory and Rules of Senate and House of Reps., 1864 1 

House Journals 1863, 1864 2 

Senate Journals 186% 1864 ... 2 

Laws of 1863, 1864.. 2 

Register of Commissioned Officers of Vermont Volunteers.. . . 1 

Report of Board of Education 1864, 1865 2 

Supreme Court Reports, vols. 34, 35, by Shaw 2 

Supreme Court Reports, vol. 36, by Veazey 1 

WISCONSIN. 



Supreme Court Reports, vol. 15, by Spooner 



1 



REPORT OF STA'lE LIBRARIAN. 9 
UNITED STATES— Department of Interior. 

VOLS. 

Executive Documents, 1st Sess. 36th Cong., vol. 14 1 

Senate Documents, 1st Sess. 36th Cong., vol. 14 1 

Two sets Documents, 2d Sess. 3Gth Cong 58 

Documents 1st Sess. 37th Cong 4 

Two sets Documents 2d Sess. 37th Cong 66 

Two sets Documents 3d Sess. 37th Cong 46 

Two copies Eighth Census, 1860 : 2 



Catalogue of additions to Library of Congress 1863 and 1865.. 2 

GREAT BRIT km -Royal Geological Society of Dublin. 

Dublin Quarterly Journal of Science, No. 12, 1863 ; Nos. 13, 14 
and 15, 1864. 

SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION, WASHINGTON, D. C. -Royal Academy of 

Scieness at Munich. 



Annalen der Kceniglichen Sternwarte bie Munchen, vol. 12, 

vol. 4, Supplement 2 

[Iber die Stellung und Bedentung der pathologischen Anato- 

mie, von Dr. Buhl 1 

Die Stellung Yenedigs in der Wellgeschichte, von Dr. Georg 

Martin Thomas 1 

Sitzungsberichte der Kconigl, bayer Akademie der Wissen- 

schaften, Zu Munchen— 1862, vol. 2, Nos. 2, 3 and 4 : 

1863, vol. 1, Nos. 1, 2, 3, 4 ; 1863, vol. 2, Eos. 1, 2, 3, 4 ; 

1864, vol. 1, (Supplement) No. 5 ; and 1864, vol. 2, No. 1, 4 
Konig Maximilian 2d und die Wissenschaft 1 



Ilesultate photometrischer Messungen an Zweihundert und 
acht der vorsunglichsten Fixsterne, von Ludwig Seidel. . . 1 

Monographic der fossilen Fischo aus der lithographischen 
Schiefern Bayerns. Bearbeitet von Dr. Andreas Wagner 1 

Royal Geological Society at Vienna. 

Jahrbuch Der K. — K. Geologischen Keichamstalt 1864, vol. 14, 

Nos. 1 and 4 ; 1865, vol. 15, No. 1 2 

Die Fossilen Mollusken des Tertiaer — Beckens von Wien. Yon 



Dr. Moriz Ilcernes 1 

Die Neogenen Ablagerungen in getiete der Murz und Mur in 

Ober — Steirmark von Dionvs Stur 1 

2 



10 REPORT OF STATE LIBRARIAN. 

The Catholic University of Louvain. 

VOLS'. 

Annuaire de L'Universite Catholique de Louvain, 1863 and '64 2 

TJic Geological Society of Berlin. 

Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft, vol. 12, 
No. 3 ; vol. 15, Nos. 3 and 4; vol, 1(5, Nos. 1, 3 and 4 ; 
vol. 17, No. 1.... .. 

Justus Perthes, publisher. 

Mitthellungen aus Justus Perthes' Geographischer Anstalt uber 
Wichtige Neue Erforschungen auf dem Gesammtgebiete 
der Geographie von Dr. A. Peterman ; 18G3, Nos. 11 and 
12 ; 1864, Eos. 1 to 15 inc. ; 1865, Nos. 1 to 7, with index. 

Leonard Brown, Author. 

Poems of the Prairies 1 

The following named books were purchased by the Judges of 
the Supreme Court with the sum appropriated by the 10th General 
Assembly : 

Abbott's Digest of K. Y. Reports t> 

Adams' Doctrine of Equity 1 

Aiken's Reports (Vermont) 2 

Alabama Reports, vols. 4, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22 and 32. . . . 9 

Alabama Reports, (new series,) vol. 1 , 1 

American Law Register 12 

Alden's Condensed Reports (Pa.) 3 

Angell on the Law of Carriers 1 

Anthon's Nisi Priiis Reports (N. Y.) 1 

Archbold's Criminal Pleading 2 

Arkansas Reports, vols. 14, 17, 20, 21 . s . . . . . 4 

Arnould on Insurance 2 

Ashmead's Reports (Pa.) 2 

Baldwin's U. S. Cir. Ct. Reports 1 

Ball & Boatty's Reports (Irish) 2 vols, in 1 

Barbour's Sup. Ct. Reports (K Y.) vols. 8, 9 and 10 3 

Barbour on Parties 1 

Barclay's Digest (Mo.) 1 

Bennett & Hard's Leading Criminal Cases 2 



REPORT OF STATE LIBRARIAN. 1| 

VOLS. 

Bennett & Hard's Digest (Mass.) . . 2 

Binney's Eeports (Pa.) vols. 5 and 6 2 

Bishop on Criminal Law 2 

Black's Reports (IT. S. Sup. Ct.) 2 

Blackstone II. Reports (English) 2 

Blackwell on Tax Titles . . 1 

Bland's Chancery Eeports (Md.) 3 

Blatchford's (U. S. Cir. Ct.) Eeports 2 

Bossauquet & Puller's Eeports (English) 5 

Bosworth's Eeports (1ST. Y.) 7 

Bourier's Law Dictionary 2 

Bradford's N. Y. Surrogate Eeports. 4 

Brightly's Digest [U. S.] 1 

Brightly's Digest, Supplement 1 

Brightly's "Nisi Prius Eeports [Pa.] 1 

Brown's Eeports [Pa.] 2 

Brown's Chancery Eeports [English] L 

Burge on Suretyship 1 

Burrill on Assignments 1 

Burrill on Circumstantial Evidence 1 

Caine's Eeports [N. Y.] 3 

Chipman D. Eeports [Yermt.] 2 vols, in 1 

Chitty on the Law of Contracts 1 

Charlton E. M. Eeports [Georgia] ■. 1 

Collier on Mines 1 

Collyer on Partnership 1 

Common Bench Eeports [English] vols. 5 to 10 inclusive 

Comstock's Eeports [N. Y.] vol. 3 1 

Connecticut Digest. 1 

Connecticut Eeports, vols.* 1 to 18 and vol. 21 . . 10 

Cord on Legal and Equitable Eights of Married Women 1 

Cox's Eeports [K J.] 1 

Cranch's Eeports [U. S. Cir. Ct.] 

Crocker on Sheriffs 1 

Curtis' Digest IT. S. Eeports 1 

Curtis' Reports [U. S. Cir. Ct.]. , 2 

Cushing's Parliamentary Law 1 

Cushing's Reports [Mass.] vols. 2, 5 and 3 



10 REPORT OF STATE LIBRARIAN. 

VOLS 

Cushman's Reports [Miss.] vols. 1, 2, 3, 1, 5 and 7. . 6 

Dart on Vendors 1 

Dallas' Reports [Pa. j vol. 2 1 

Davis' Indiana Digest 1 

Dellart's Military Law 1 

De Sausser's Equity Reports [S. Car.] 4 

Dixon on Subrogation 1 

Douglas' Reports [English] 2 

Drake on Attachments 1 

Drier's Reports [K Y.] ...... . 6 

Dunlap's Paley's Agency 1 

Durnford and East's Reports [English] 8 

Dutcher's Reports [1ST. J.] vols. 1- and 5 2 

East's Reports [English] 16 vols, in 8 

Eden's Chy. Reports [English] 2 vols, in 1 

Eden on Injunctions [Waterman] 2 

Edwards on Bailments 1 

Edwards on Rills 1 

Edwards oh Referees 1 

Edwards' Chy. Reports [K Y..] vols. 1, 2 and 4 3 

English's Reports [Ark.] vols. 1, 4, 5, 6 and 8 5 

English Common Law Reports, 32 to 103, except vols. 39 & 71 . . 69 

English Chancery Reports l . . . -13 

" Ecclesiastical Reports, vols. 6 and 7 2 

u Exchequer Reports . . . . 11 

u Exchequer Digest 1 

" R. R. and Canal Cases 6 

Fire Insurance Decisions 1 

Fell on the Law of Guaranty and Suretyship 1 

The Forum 2 

Fry on Specific Performance 1 

Gallison's [Cir. Ct.] Reports 2 

Georgia Reports [Kelley] 1 

Gibbs' Reports [Mich.], vol. 2 1 

Gills' Reports (Md.), vols. 3, 4, 5, and 8 1 

Gill and Johnson's Reports (Md.), vol. 12 1 

Gould's Pleadings 1 

Grant's Cases (Pa.) 3 



REPORT OP STATE LIBRARIAN. 13 

VOLS. 

Grattan's Reports (Va.), vols, 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8 5 

Gray's Reports (Mass.), vols.. 10 and 11. . 2 

Green's Law Reports (N. J.), 3 

<; Chy. Reports " vol. 2 .... . 1 

Greenleaf's Cruise on Real Property 3 

u Overruled Cases 1 

" Reports [Maine], 9 vols, in 8 

llandy's Reports [Superior Ct. of Cin., O.,] 2 vols. in. ...... . 1 

Halstead's Law Reports [N. J.] 7 

Harrison's Law Reports [N. J.], vol. 4. . . . 1 

Haywood's Reports [I.C] 2 

Haywood's Reports [Tenn.], vol. 1 1 

Heard on Libel and Slander 1 

Hempstead's Reports [U. S. Circuit Court] 1 

llilliard on Torts 2 

Hilton's Reports, [N. Y.] 2 

Hoffman's Chy. Reports, [N. Y.] 1 

Hoffman's Legal Study 1 

Howard's New York Code 1 

Howard's Reports [Miss.], Vol. 7 1 

Humphrey's Reports [Tenn.], Vols. 1, 5 and 6 3 

Hopkins' Chy. Reports [1ST. Y.]. 1 

Hurd on Habeas Corpus 1 

Illinois Digest, Vol. 3 1 

Illinois Reports, Vol. 15 1 

Iredell's Law Reports [N. C], Vols. 3 and 5 2 

Iredell's Equity Reports [JST. C], Vols. 1 and 3 2 

Kentucky Reports, Bibb 4 

" u Jana,9Vols 5 

u " Little, 5 Vols 3 

A. K. Marshall, 3 Vols, in 2 

" u J. J. Marshall, 7 Vols, in 4 

" " Benjamin Monroe, Vols. 1 to 7 7 

" " T. B. Monroe, 7 Vols, in 3 

Roman's Reports [KY.], Vols. 1 and 2 I 2 

Lambert on Dower 4 1 

Leading Criminal Cases 2 

Leigh's Reports [Va.], Vols. 3, 4, 0, 7, 8, 9 and 11 7 



14 



REPORT OP STATE LIBRARIAN. 



v 

Louisiana Condensed Eeports, 20 Vols 

" Eeports, 19 Vols, in 

" Annual Eeports, Vols. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 

Maddock's Chy. Eeports [English], G Vols, in 

Maine Eeports,' Vols. 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 24-, 32 

Maine's Ancient Law 

Maryland Eeports, Vols. 1, 5, 9, 16, .17, 19 .. .. 

Massachusetts Eeports, Vol. 1G 

Maule & Selwyn's Eeports [English], 5 Vols, in 

McAllaster's [Cir. Ct.] Eeports 

McLean's [Cir. Ct.] Eeports Vols. 2, 5, G 

Meigs' Eeports [Tenn.] Vol. 1 

Merivale's Eeports [English] 

Metcalfe's Eeports [Mass.], Vols. 1 to 9, and Vol. 13 

Millen's Digest Georgia Eeports 

Minnesota Eeports Vol. 4 

Missouri Eeports Vols. 8, 11, 15, 17, 19, 20, 21 

Mississippi Eeports [George] Vols. 1, 2 

Murphy's Eeports [North Car.] A r ol. 3 

Nash's Digest of Ohio Eeports 

New Hampshire Eeports [Foster] Vols. 2, 3 

North Carolina Law Eepository 2 Vols . ., . 

Overton's Eeports [Tenn.] 

Parsons on Mercantile Law 

Parsons on Notes and Bills 

Parsons on Wills 

Pennsylvania State Eeports [Barr] ; 

, " " " [Jones] 

" V " [Harris] 9 Vols., & Vols. 11, 12. . 
" " ■ - 4 , [Casey] Vols. 1, 4 

Paine's [Cir. Ct.] Eeports Vol. 2 

Peer Williams' Eeports [English] 

Pennington's Eeports [N. J.] 

Peters' Digest of Federal Courts 

Pike's Eeports [Arkansas], vols. 1, 2, 3, 5 

Pomeroy's Municipal Law 

Porter's Eeports [Ala.], vols.- 2, 4, 5, G 

Quincy's Eeports [Mass.], vol. 1 



REPORT OF STATE LIBRARIAN". 15 

VOLS. 

Rawle's Covenants for Title 1 

Randolph's Reports [Ya.], vol. 5 . . 1 

Redfield on Railways 1 

Redfield on Wills 1 

Heboid's Surrogate Reports [N". Y.] ... 1 

Ri.ehards M1 ' s Law Reports [S. C], vols. 11, 12 2 

RiciTartib0.n ; s Equity Reports [S. 0.], vols. 9, 10 2 

Robinson's Reports [La.] 11 

The Reporters 1 

Sandford's Chy. Reports [K Y.] , 4 

Sandford's S. C. Reports [». Y.], vols. 3, 4, 5 3 

Saunders's Reports [English] 3 

Saxton's Chy. Reports [N. J.] . . . 1 

Scribner on the Law of Dower 2 

Seidell's Reports [N. Y.], vols. 1 and 5 2 

Seney's Ohio Code 1 

Sharswood's Blackstone's Commentaries 2 

Smeedes and Marshall's Reports [Miss.], vols. 1 and 3 2 

Smeedes and Marshall's Chy. Reports [Miss.] 1 

Smeedes' Digest [Miss.] 1 

Smith on Constitutional Law 1 

Smith's Reports [Indiana] 1 

Smith's Reports [N. Y.], vol. 1 1 

E. D. Smith's Reports [K Y.] . 1 

Southard's Reports [N. J.]. 2 

Stephens's Pleadings 1 

Stewart's Reports [Ala.] ' 1 

Story on Sales . . . 1 

Strange's Reports /English] 2 

Sugden on Powers. 2 

Sumner's Reports [IT. S. Circuit Court], vols. 2 and 3 2 

Swan's Pleading and Practice 1 

Tapping on Mandamus 1 

Taylor's Landlord and Tenant 1 

Taylor's Law Glossary 1 

Texas Digest • . . . 1 

Texas Reports, vols. 23, 21. 2 

Thatcher's Criminal Cases [Mass.] 1 



16 



REPORT OF STATE LIBRARIAN. 



VOLS 

Tyler's Reports [Vermont] 5 . . . 2 

Vattel on the Law of Nations 1 

Vermont Reports, vols. 10, 11, 12, 11, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19 , 9 

Vesey Sen. Reports [English] * 3 

Walker's American Law • • • 1 

Walker's Chy. Reports [Mich.] 1 

Wallace Jim. (Cir. Ct.) Reports, /. *»2 

Washburn's Digest (Vermont,) f^J* 

Washburn on Easements, . . . . . . 0. 

Washburn on Real Property, . . . . Jgfr 

Washington's (Va.) Reports, w 

Watts' Reports (Pa.) Vols. 7, 8, 9 and 10, ....<. ^ 

Watts & Sergeant's Reports, (Pa.) 9 

Wendell's Reports [N. Y.], Vol. 22, 1 

Wharton's American Criminal Law, 2 

Wharton's [Pa.] Digest, 2 

Wharton's [Pa.] Digest, Supplement, J 

Wharton and Stilles' Medical Jurisprudence,. . . 1 

Wheeler's Criminal Cases, [N. Y.] 3 

Whitney's War Powers under the Constitution, 1 

Wisconsin Reports, [Chandler, Vols. 1 and 2,] 2 

Wisconsin Reports, Vols. 1 to 5 inclusive, 5 

Woodbury and Minot's Cir. Ct. Reports, ■ 8 

Woolsey's International Law, 1 

Yelverton's Reports, [English]. . . 

Number of Vols, received by exchange and donations, 948 

Number of Vols, received by purchase, 744 



Whole number of Vols, added, 1,692 

Respectfully submitted, 

L. I. COULTER, State Librarian. 



FIFTH BIENNIAL REPORT 



OF THE 



BOARD OF CURATORS 



OF THE 



STATE HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 



TO THE 



GOVERNOR AND GENERAL ASSEMBLY 



OF THE 



S T ATE OF IOWA. 



DECEMBER 1, 1865. 



DES MOINES: 

F. W. PALMER, STATE PRINTER. 

186G. 



Iowa City, December 21st, 1805, 
To His Excellency, William M. Stone, Des Jloines, lovm : 

Sir ; — I have the honor herewith to inclose the Biennial Report 
of the Board of Curators of the State Historical Society of Iowa, 
for the period ending December 1st, 1865. 

This report has been dela}'ed by the absence of its author, Prof. 
T. S. Parvin, late Corresponding Secretary of the Historical So- 
ciety. 

The copies of the "Annals" promised in the body of the Tleport 
to be sent with it, are forwarded in a separate package. 

I am, very respectfully, your Excellency's obedient servant, 

FKEDEPJCK LLOYD, 

Oar. Sec 1 ij State Hist, Society of Iowa* 



REPOKT. 



To His Excellency \ William M. Stone, Governor, and to the Gene- 
ral Assembly erf the State of Iowa : 

Gentlemen : — In accordance with the provisions of an Act of 
the General Assembly, approved January 28th, 1857, and entitled 
" An Act to provide for an annual appropriation for the benefit of a 
State Historical Society," " the Executive Committee," Board of 
Curators, would respectfully report " the manner of expenditure of 
the said sums of money so appropriated," together with their 
" management of its affairs," for the biennial period ending Decem- 
ber 1st, 1865. 

The interest to our citizens, and the people of the great and 
United Nation of which we form an integral part, during the period 
of this report, has not abated from that of the period embraced in 
our last report, when the nation was struggling to be free and pre- 
serve the " Union of States." Happily for us and all people, the 
struggle is ended, and now as the "smoke of battle " . passes away, 
the duty we owe the past and its heroic defenders, as well as the 
future student, imperatively demands of us who are present, that we 
diligently improve the opportunity to " collect, embody, arrange, 
and preserve, in authentic form, the materials illustrative of the 
state of the history of Iowa," in the " great rebellion," whose his- 
tory will ever stand forth as a beacon light of warning to those 
who may dare to plot treason against the people's government. 

There are enough to sound the praises of Iowa heroes in a thous- 
and battles, but few patiently and diligently to labor to collect 
facts and material for the future historian to weave into an authen- 
tic history, when the passions and prejudices of the day shall have 
given place to sober truth and correct judgment. 

As officers of a society organized and commissioned to meet this 
demand and duty, we have felt the responsibility devolved upon us. 



4 



STATE HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



We have labored without fee or reward as far as we have had the 
ability, and with but little assistance from those best able to give 
it, and from whom we had a just right to expect it, and while we 
have not at all met onr own expectations, we yet trust our labor 
has not been in vain, or our strength spent for naught. 

INCREASED APPROPRIATION. 

The General Assembly, in our organic act, not only enjoined upon 
the Society the duty of "collecting and preserving in authentic 
form, manuscript, papers, &c, &c, and other materials illustrative 
of the state of the history of the State, * * * to collect facts 
and statements relative to the history, genius and progress and 
decay of our Indian tribes, &c, &c," but also directed " the publi- 
cation of such of the collections of the Society as the Society shall 
from time to time deem of value and interest." It also directed the 
binding of its books, pamphlets, manuscripts and papers, and all 
out of the small appropriation, not large enough to pay the neces- 
sary incidental expenses of the Society. 

The Society has, as will be seen by reference to the appropriate 
headings of this report, (title annals, newspapers, &c.,) commenced 
a compliance with these injunctions, by the publication of part of 
the material it has collected, and binding, for better preservation, 
the valuable collection of the papers of the State. In doing this it 
has exhausted its means, while the labor has become so great that 
the Society can no longer secure the services of a competent per- 
son to edit its work and superintend its affairs, gratuitously. 
Gentlemen have for years given their time and means for the very 
love of the cause, b" t such devotion will not fill hungry mouths, 
and the "game has played out," to use a homely but expressive 
phrase. 

• Two years ago, Governor Kirkwood, in his annual message, 
recommended a further appropriation of one thousand dollars to 
meet the exigencies of the Society, and, as no action was had there- 
on, the Society would again respectfully call the attention of the 
Executive and General Assembly to the importance of the subject. 

OFFICERS OF THE STATE HISTORICAL SOCIETY — 1868-04. 

President— His Excellency, Samuel J. Kirkwood, of Iowa City. 
Vice President— Hon. G. W. M.cOleary, Pres. O. M. Spencer, 



STATE HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



5 



I). D., Hon. F. II. Lee— all of Iowa City; WiHard Barrows, Esq.. 
of Davenport; Capt. H. B. Horn, of Bloomfield; and Col. Win. 
M. Stone, Governor elect, of Des Moines. 

Corresponding Secretary and Librarian — Prof. T. S. Parvin, of 
Iowa City. 

Recording Secretary — James W. Morrison, of Iowa City. 
Treasurer — J. P. Wood, of Iowa City. 

Board of Curators— Pros. 0. M. Spencer, I). D., Rev. M. S. 
Osmond, Hon. P. H. Lee, G. II. Jerome, Esq., J. P. Wood, Esq., 
Hon. G. W. McCleary, Prof. James T. Roberts, D. D., William 
Crum, Esq., I. 'N. Jerome, Esq., Prof. N. P. Leonard, Rev. S. S. 
Howe, J. R. Ilartsock, Esq., Pev. F. M. Gray— all of Iowa City ; 
Rev. W. Barris, of Burlington ; Hon. W. II. Tuthill, of Tipton; 
Col. H» A. Wilts©, of Dubuque ; Hon. J. B. Grinnell, of Grinnell : 
Hon. E. Price, of Gnttenberg. 

OEFICEBS, lSb'I-'65. 

President — Hon. S. J. Kirkwood, of Iowa City. 
Vice Presidents — F. II. Lee, N. II. Brainard of Iowa City, John- 
son County ; Hon. J. F. Dillon, Scott County ; Hon. George G. 
Wright, Keosauqua, Van Buren County ; W. Duane Wilson, Polk 
County; and L. H. Langworthy, Dubuque County. 

Corresjjonding Secretary — Prof. T. S. Parvin, of Iowa City. 

.Librarian— Charles E. Borland, of Iowa City. 

Recording Secretary — S. E. Paine, of Iowa City. 

Treasurer — J. P. "Wood, of Iowa City. 

Board of Curators — J. R. Ilartsock, Rev. S. M. Osmond, S. C. 
Trowbridge, G. H. Jerome, N. II. Brainard, G. W. McCleary. 
Pev. Benjamin Talbot, Prof. N. R. Leonard, Dr. J. T. Robert, Dr. 
Win, Vogt and W. A. Sales — ail of Johnson County ; Hon. J. B. 
Grinnell, of Grinnell; Hon. James Wilson, of Fairfield ; Hon. J. 
A. Kasson, of Des Moines ; Hon. W. B. Allison, of Dubuque ; Hon. 
Hiram Price, of Davenport; and Hon A. W. Hubbard, of Sioux 
City. 

DEATH OF THE TREASURER. - 

During the past year the Societ y Buffered a great loss in the 
death of its Treasurer, Joseph Pembroke Wood, who had been a 
valuable member of the Board I'm- many years. Mr. Wood h; : d 



6 



STATE HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



ever taken delight in serving the Society and aiding the cause to 
which its best energies were devoted. He died on the 9th of Sep- 
tember last, and his place has been filled by the election of 

Welton, Esq., of Iowa City. 

HALL OF THE SOCIETY. 

The Society having been incorporated by the General Assembly 
u in connection with and under the auspices of the State Universi- 
ty," the Trustees of that institution, upon its organization, assigned 
to it rooms in the University building. The increased number of 
its students making it necessary to occupy the room so appropri- 
ated, the Trustees, in September, 18G2, voted the use of a suit of 
rooms in the so called Normal building or Academy. These rooms 
the Society continued to use and occupy till March, of the present 
year, when, in consequence of a portion of them being adversely 
occupied, (to the inconvenience ol the Society,) the Board memo- 
rialized the Trustees to provide other rooms, which they did by au- 
thorizing the Society to occupy jointly with the University tho 
library room. 

PORTRAIT OF GOVERNOR LUCAS. 

In the second report, of 1859, it w r as stated that the Society had the 
promise of the painted portrait of all the ex-Governors then living. 
" and from Geo. II. Yewell, Esq., of a half length painting from a 
photograph "of Robert Lucas, deceased, first Governor of Iowa 
Territory." 

This portrait has been painted during the past year by Mr. Yew- 
ell, and is now suspended upon the walls of the society. The art- 
ist was formerly a resident of Iowa City, and after spending sever- 
al years in Europe studying his profession, has taken up his resi- 
dence in New York. 

The Hon. R. P. Lowe, ex-Governor, has, since this report was 
written, presented to the society his portrait, painted in oil by Mrs. 
Almira Reeder Dayton, of Muscatine, a pupil of Mr. Yewell, and an 
artist of merit. 

The Board regret, however, to report that the portraits of the other 
honorable gentlemen who have filled the gubernatorial chair have 
not been furnished as " promised. " This is much to be regretted as 
the portraits of these gentlemen would prove a valuable and in- 



STATE HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



7 



teresting addition to the society's collection, and in after years be 
more highly prized than even at present. 

AMENDMENT TO ORGANIC LAW. 

In their last report the Board called the attention of the Gener- 
al Assembly to the expediency if not the necessity of an amend- 
ment to the law granting to the society [certain publications for 
exchange. 

They beg here again to reiterate the suggestion and in the same 
words. 

We would recommend that section third of the law organizing 
the society, be amended so as to grant fifty bound copies of all 
works published by the State, or under its authority, to be used ac- 
cording to the discretion of the Society. It will be seen by refer- 
ence to the section (see Chap. 203, Laws of 6th Gen. Ass.,) that 
the amendment proposes a less donation on the part of the State 
than is now allowed. According to the present law we are re- 
quired, of the eighty copies, to send fifty to M, Yattemere, Paris, 
for the purpose of international exchange. Now it has been the 
uniform experience of the Society, that this system of exchange is 
a complete failure, or at least barren of any good result to us, and 
the same experience has proved the desirableness of the propose! 
change. 

ANNALS. 

It was stated in a previous report that the Society has issued "a 
quarterly publication," styled "The Annals of Iowa, by the State 
Historical Society." This work has been continued during the past 
two years with increasing success and. usefulness. The last num- 
ber of the third volume was issued in October. A copy of the 
work for the year accompanies this report, and the January No. 
(first of the 4th volume for 18G6,) will be placed upon the desks oi 
the General Assembly. 

Owing to the increased cost of publication, the Board have ad- 
vanced the price to one dollar a volume. It is edited by the Cor- 
responding Secretary of the Society, and seven hundred copies are 
issued annually. During the past year it has circulated in fifteen 
of the loyal States, and is much sought after out of the State, while 
within less than half the number published have been sold. 



8 



STATE HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



EXCHANGES. 

The General Assembly lias provided by law that ' " that there 
shall be delivered to the Society, a certain number of bound 
copies of all documents published by order of the State, for* the 
purpose of effecting exchanges with similar societies in other 
States." 

The organic act directs that thirty copies of all documents pub- 
lished by the State shall be so delivered, yet with the order of 
publication for each work, subsequently, a different number has 
been named when providing for their distribution. Besides fifty 
copies are to be added for foreign exchange. 

The Secretary has compiled from the various laws the following 
table exhibiting the number of works voted the Society, and added 
the number actually sent to it by the Secretary ; of State, who is 
directed by law to distribute the same. 

NEWSPAPERS OF IOWA. 

The Society from its organization has sought to enlist the pub- 
lishers of the papers of the State to furnish their papers regularly 
to the Society, where they are carefully filed for binding and pre- 
1 nervation. In this, however, we have only been partially success- 
fill. 

The following list of papers received at this date will show that 
very many are not received at all. It seems to the Society that 
the publishers would find it to their interest to have complete files 
of their papers placed where they might be open for general exam- 
ination and consultation. 

These papers have proved of invaluable aid in making up the 
war history of Iowa during the great rebellion, as they contain full 
and interesting correspondence from the army late in the field. 



STATE HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



9 



LIST OF IOWA PAPERS RECEIVED BY HISTORICAL SOCIETY DK 

CEMBER, 18C5. 



NAME OF PAPER. 

Buchanan County Bulletin . 
Independence Conservative 
Guardian of Independence. 

Vinton Eagle 

Cedar Falls Gazette 

Boonsboro Index 

Bremer County Phoenix . . 

Clinton Advocate 

Davenport Democrat 

Der Demokrat. . : 

Davenport Gazette ....... 

Clinton Herald 

Lyons Mirror 

DeWitt Observer. 

McGregor Commercial. . . . 

Hampton Courier 

Cerro Gordo Republican . . 
1 ) oblique Nation'1 Dem'krat 

Dubuque Herald 

Religious News Letter .... 

Dubuque Times 

Burlington Hawk-Eye 

Delaware County Union. . . 
Charles City Intelligencer. 

American Union 

Guthrie Yedette 

Guthrie County News 

1 lamilton Freeman 

Home Journal. 

Hardin Sentinel. . , 

Iowa North-West . ; 

Union Banner. 

Anamosa Eureka 

Fairfield Ledger 

State Press 

Towa City Republican .... 
Iowa City Daily Bulletin . . 
rl ackson County Sentinel . . 
Progressive Republican . . . 

Tipton Advertiser 

Linn County Register 

Cedar Valley Times . . 
Cedar Rapids Atlas 



TOWN. 



Independence 



Yinton 
Cedar Falls. 
Boonsboro . 
Waverly. . . 
Wheatland. . 
Davenport . 



Clinton 

Lyons 

DeWitt 

McGregor 

New Hampton 
Mason City . . . 
Dubuque 



Burlington . . 
Manchester . 
Charles City 

Sidney 

Panora .... 



Webster City 
Mt. Pleasant. 
Eldora 



Fort Dodge. 



Bellevue 
Anamosa . 
Fairfield . . 
Iowa City 



Maquoketa . . , 
Marengo . . . . 

Tipton 

Marion 

Cedar Rapids 



COUNTY. 

Buchanan. . 

u 



Benton .... 
Black Hawk 

Boone , 

Bremer 

Clinton 

Scott 



Clinton, 



Clayton 

Chickasaw. . 
Cerro Gordo 
Dubuque . . . 



Des Moines 
Delaware . . 
Floyd.... . 
Fremont. . . 
Guthrie . . . . 



Hamilton 
Henry . . . 
Hardin. . 
Webster . 
Jackson . 
Jones. .. . 
Jefferson . 
Johnson . , 



Jackson. 
Iow r a . . . 
Cedar. . 
Linn . . . 



10 



STATE HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 
LIST OF PAPERS — Continued. 



NAME OF PAPERS. 



TOWN. 



COUNTY. 



Ft. Madison Plaindealer 
Constitution (Daily) 

Gate City 

Muscatine Courier 

Hawk-Eye Flag 

Oskaloosa Herald 

North-Iowan 



Mitchell County Press . . 

Glen wood Opinion 

Marshall County Times. 

Albia Union 

Council Bluffs Thigle 

Council Bluffs Nonpareil 

Iowa Homestead 

Iowa State Register 

Iowa Statesman 

Montezuma Republican. 
Page County Herald. . . . 
Story County yEgis. 

Iowa Transcript 

Keosauqua Republican . . 

Indianola Banner 

Washington Democrat.. 

Washington Press 

Corydon Monitor 

Iowa Decorah Republic. 



Fort Madison 
Keokuk 



Muscatine. . . . 

Winterset. . ... 

Oskaloosa. . . . 

Osage .... ... 

West Mitchell 
Glenwood 
Marshalltown . 

Albia 

Council Bluffs 



Lee 

u 



Muscatine. 
Madison. . 
Mahaska . . 
Mitchell. . , 



Des Moines 



Montezuma 
Clarinda. . . 
Nevada 

Toledo 

Keosauqua. 
Indianola. . 



Washington 



Corydon 
Decorah. 



Mills 

Marshall 

Monroe 

Pottawattamie. 



Polk 

u 



Poweshiek . . 
Page ...... 

Story 

Tama 

Van Bur en. . 
Warren . . . . 
Washington 



Wayne. . . . 
|Winnesheik 



IOWA DOCUMENTS. 



The Board of Cur tors have cordially seconded the efforts of the 
Secretary to constitute and give prominence to the Iowa depart- 
ment in the collection of books, pamphlets, &c., illustrative of tlu 
history of the State. The Society has (a donation from the Secre 
tary) a full and complete set (it is believed the only one in the 
State except that in the private library of the Secretary) of the law* 
of Iowa, bound, 1836-64: ; Journals Senate, bound, 1838-61 ; Jour- 
nals House Representatives, bound, 1S3S-61 ; Journals Constitu- 
tional Conventions of 1844, 1816 and 1857. 

In this department are also placed sets, more or less complete, 
of the Reports of State Institutions and officers, of the State Agri- 
cultural Society, Supreme Court Reports. 



01 



STATE HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



11 



PUBLICATIONS. 



ENTI- ItECEIV- ONHAKl* 
TLED TO. 



Laws 1858, 80 

Laws 1860, 80 

Laws 1861, special, unbound, SO 

Laws 1862, 80 

Laws 1862, special, unbound, SO 

Laws 1861, SO 

Journals Senate and House, 1858, unbound,. . 80 

. . ." " . .1860 80 



ED. 


FOR EX 


80 


51 


so 


SO 


80 


SO 


80 


7 ( J 


80 




80 


65 


1 




SO 


79 



..." " "...1862, 80 

..." ".. "...1S61, unbound,.. SO 

Laws " Board of Education," 1S5S, SO 

.." u " 1860, 80 

.."•......". ..1862,... 80 .. 

Journals of Board of Education, 1858, 80 

..." «. .1S60, SO 2 

..." " " 1862, SO 2 

School Laws, Revised, 1861, unbound, 80 SO 07 

Reports of State Institutions styled "Legisla- 
tive Documents," 1S60 80 32 2i» 

Reports of State Institutions styled "Legisla- 
tive Documents," 1862 SO 

Reports of State Institutions styled "Legisla- 
tive Documents," 1S61 80 35 32 



By a reference i ! o the laws of the 6th session, page 337, it will b 
seen that the Society is entitled to receive eighty copies of eacl 
of the above publications. The second column will show the mi 
ber actually received from the State Department. 



c 
i 

m- 



SUPREME COURT REPORTS. 

Of these the Society is entitled to 31 copies. See Laws of !<Hh 
Session, page 18. 

Volume XIII., 31 5 2 

Volume XIV., 31 31 21 

Volume XV., . ... 31 

Volume XVI., 31 31. 25 



1 2 



STATE HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



ADJUTANT-GENERAL'S REPORT. 
See Laws 9th Session, page 117, 1863, 20 20 12 



u .10th...." "....9, 1864) 50 50 4 



... u ... . 10th . . . . « « . .144, 1805,. ....... 50 50 47 

STATE AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY'S REPORT. 

The General Assembly has made no provision for supplying the 
Society with these reports. The Secretary of State has, however, 
furnished the Society with the following volumes for exchange, viz.: 

Year 1859, ...... . . 72 G8 

Volume VII., 1860, 10 6 

Volume VIII., 1801-2, 10 7 

Volume IX., 1863, . . 28 25 

Volume X., 18G4, 10 7 

The Society has received from the Secretary of State, and now 
has on exchange, the following additional publications, viz : 

Laws, 1848, extra session . 6.1 

Laws, 1856, " " . ... ..61 

Laws, 1856, regular session : . .39 

Journal, Senate, 1854 5 

" " 1856 59 

Journal, House, 1854, unbound 10 

u " 1856, extra .56 

" « 1856, regular 61 

Census, 1856..,,.. SO 

• None of later years .received. 

Constitutional Debates, 1857 66 

Journal Constitutional Convention, 1S5T 35 

Geological Survey, 1858. 57 

Appendix, (Legislative Reports,) 1856 64 

SUMMARY OF 1500KS AND PAMPHLETS IN THE LIBRARY, DECEMBER 1ST. 

Iowa documents, bound volumes '. . . . 146 

Iowa pamphlets, unbound ...... 452 

Miscellaneous books, bound. 1,307 - 

Miscellaneous pamphlets, unbound 1,900 

Total books 1,453 



STATE IHSTOIUCAL SOCIETY. 



13 



Total pamphlets 2,352 

Exclusive of Legislative documents for Exchange, 

numbering volumes, 1,726 

Many pamphlets, classified as follows : 

Laws 540 

Journals, Senate and House of Representatives.. . . 338 

School Laws 67 

Legislative documents . 125 

Supreme Court reports 54 

Adjutant General's Report . Ill 

Geological Survey 57 

Constitutional Debates . . 66 



Journal Constitutional Convention 

Census, 1856 SO 

Agricultural Reports, Iowa 245 

Number of volumes received during past two years, 975 
Number cf pamphlets, none. 

FINANCES. 

In accordance with the provisions of Section 2d, of the Organic 
Act, requiring "an accurate account of the manner of expenditure 
of the sums of money appropriated, to be furnished to the Govern- 
or, together with the vouchers thereof, 1 ' there accompanies this re 
port, the Treasurer's report for the years 1864 and 1865. 

From this report we take the following summary: 

1863-'64. 

Dr. 

1863, December 1st, balance in Treasury $164 49 

1864, January 1st, State Warrant 500 00 

Membership fees . 20 00 

Sale of Annals 196 64 

$881 13 

Or. 

Orders No. 99 and 113. ' $539 30 

Balance.... 341 83 

$881 13 



14 



STATE HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



1864-'65. 

Dr. 

1864, December 1st, balance in Treasury ........ $341 83 

1865, January 1st, State Warrant. 600 00 

Membership fees 35 00 

Sale of Annals 150 00 



$1,026 83 
Cr. 

Orders Nos. 116 and 153 $973 65 

Balance 53 18 



$1,026 83 

Respectfully submitted, 
By order of the Board of Curators. 

FREDERICK LLOYD, 

Covrespondin g Secretary. 

TRESURER'S REPORT. 
The Treasurer of the Iowa State Historical Society, begs leave to 



submit the following report : 

1863. 

December 1st, balance in Treasury $164 49 

Annual membership fees received during year 31 00 

1864. 

January 1st, State Warrants 500 00 

December 1st, Annals s^ld during year 185 64 



Total receipts for year ending December 1, 1864 . . .$881 13 

DISBURSEMENTS. 

borOrdersNos.99,$0.90; 101, 1.00; 102, S.20; 103, 
8.00; 104, 83.25 $101 35 

IS OS. 105, $10.50 ; 106, 7.00 ; 107, 25.00 ; 10S, 3.25 ; 
109,71.60; 110,7.00; 111,2.25; 112,11.50; 113, 
85.40 223 50 

Nos.114, $50.00; 115, 62.60; 117,25.00; 118, 8.55; 
100,2.00; 121, 66.00 214 45 



tfotal expenditures, year ending Dec. 1st, 1864. . . $539 30 



t 



STATE HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 15 
1864. 

December 1, balance in Treasury $341 83 

Annual membership fees received during year 35 00 

1865. 

January 8, State Warrants 500 00 

Annals sold during year 150 00 



Total receipts year ending December 1st, 1865. . .$1,026 83 

DISBURSEMENTS. 

For Orders Nos. 116, $50.00; 119,1.00; 120,17.15; 

122, 7.15 $ 75 30 

Nob* 123, $7.00 ; 121, 6.00 ; 125, 25.00 ; 126, 50.00 ; 

127, 36.45 ; 128, 113.90 ; 129, 114.70 ; 130, 2.50. . 355 55 
Nos. $131, 3.35; 132, 1.30; 133, 15.80; 134, 4.00; 

135, 25.00; 136, 50.00; 139, 3.50. 93 15 

Nos. 140, $15.00; 141, 107.30; 142, 15.00; 143, 50.00; 

144, 50.00 ; 145, 25.00; 146, 25.00 ; 147, 18.20.. . 305 50 
Nos. 148, $4.40 ; 149, 5.35 ; 150, 20.00 ; 151, 91.90 ; 

152, 10.00; 153, 2.50. 134 15 



Total expenditures year ending Dec. 1st, 1865. . . . $975 65 

December 1st, balance in Treasury $53 18 

AHof which, with accompaning vouchers, is respectfully sub- 
mitted. 

H. S. WELTOK, Treasurer. 



SECRETARY'S REPORT. 



To the Honorable, the General Assembly of the State of Iowa : 

In accordance with the provisions of Section 1703, Revision of 
1860, the Board of Directors of the Iowa State Agricultural So- 
ciety have the honor to present the following " review of the con- 
dition of agriculture throughout the State " of Iowa for the year 
1865 : 

The year just closed was full of blessings. The same kind Prov- 
idence which nourished the germ of our great nation — protected it in 
its infancy — defeated its enemies in the trying days of the Revolution 
■ — kept us from the assaults of foreign enemies, and the dangers of 
domestic strife, for so many years, has, after four years of war and 
desolation, rebuked treason, scattered the armies of the rebellion, 
and restored to our land the benignant reign of peace. The year 
just closed has been replete with the evidences of the signal care 
and goodness of God ; and instead of the enginery of war, are be- 
held the development of the arts of peace ; instead of the treading 
of hostile armies leaving a track of desolation in their path, are 
beheld the highways of travel and commerce, crowded with busy 
multitudes pursuing the eager chase of pleasure or wealth, and 
loaded with the j'eh products of every branch of industry. Our 
State, erect in the pride of her glorious record during the fierce 
rebellion, now so fortunately subdued, welcomes to her embrace 
the thousands who left her bosom to raise aloft the Starry Flag- 
that had been stricken down by the hand of treason. Many sleep 
the sleep that knows no waking. We honor their memory ; we 
revere their sacred dust; and amid the " rushings of the busy 
world " we stop to thank God that He gave us sons of such valor, 
endurance and patriotism. 

It was predicted that the disband ment of so vast armies of men 
as were marshaled in the contest, would disarrange the whole sys- 
tem of American labor and industry. Coupled with the sudden re- 



2 



STATE AGRICULTURAL REPORT. 



turn of the soldiers, was the emancipation of four millions of slaves, 
who constituted before the war almost the entire working force of the 
•States in rebellion. Many viewed with great apprehension, the 
possible dangerous results of a surplus of laborers above the de- 
mand. Profligacy, excess, idleness, riots and various hobgoblins 
seized upon the fancy, and furnished a most unwelcome picture of 
our future. But the abstraction of these thousands of men, in the 
North at least, not only did not stagnate industry, extinguish the 
fires of a thousand manufactories, reduce the products of agricul- 
ture, and send starvation to the farms of the people, but it stimu- 
lated every branch of labor, and yielded a prosperity unparalleled 
in the annals of the country. One illustration may not be inaptly 
introduced. While England sent out her Alabama to prey upon 
our commerce, and turned her batteries against our merchant ma- 
rine, America sent out her Griswold, bearing food for the starving 
operatives of her great manufacturing cities. America carried on 
the most gigantic war of modern times, and yet so boundless were 
her resources that she fed the poor of the nation that, through its 
rulers, would have dissolved our Union and made the experiment 
of free government a failure. And the return of the army presents 
a sublime moral spectacle never before witnessed in the history of 
the race. These vast multitudes of men, instead of disarranging 
the order of business, have been absorbed in our population, with- 
out causing even a ripple on the surface of society. The farm, the 
work-shop, the office, the varied occupations have been as quietly 
resumed as they were laid aside, and the return of a million of 
men from the camp to the fireside, the plow, the loom, the anvil is 
readily likened to Pie single smith who left his shop an hour to 
visit a friend and returned so soon that the fire had not yet died 
out of the forge. It forms the most remarkable element in the 
history which our nation has made the past four years. 

The return of fifty thousand men has not disturbed the relation 
of employers and employed ; wages are better than they have been 
for several years ; and the supply of farm hands, mechanics, arti- 
sans, and men for every position of honorable labor, is inadequate 
to the demand. 

GENERAL FARMING. 
Al no period in the history of the State are so many encouraging 



STATE AGRICULTURAL REPORT. 



3 



evidences presented, that the agriculturist is appreciating the dig- 
nity and importance of his calling. Years ago farming was con- 
ducted with apparently no higher end in view than to make a 
living with as little labor as possible ; and all the improvements 
made were with a view to assist in selling out, that the owner 
might ''go farther West." Groves to beautify, adorn, and protect 
from the heat of summer and the storms of winter, were hardly 
thought of; and these now number 20,285 acres. It has been 
demonstrated that Walnut, Maple, Cottonwood, Locust, and per- 
haps other native forest trees, will in a short time, and with trifling 
cost, produce shade, shelter and timber, when cultivated on the 
prairie. Houses, barns and all improvements have a look of com- 
fort and permanency, representing the idea of home. Fruits, flow- 
ers, shrubbery, vegetables — so long neglected — claim a general 
share of attention, and their healthfulness and beauty are duly ap- 
preciated. The old saying that ■" Iowa is no country for fruit," 
has been so frequently disproved by a comparison of our fruits 
with those of the finest regions of the United States, that it is now 
only mentioned to illustrate the tardiness of a former age and the 
activity of the present. 686,458 trees were bearing fruit in 1864, 
and at the same period 2,523,905 more were planted, and will soon 
cheer the heart and minister to the enjoyment of life by their 
healthful products. 

Improved agricultural implements to save labor, and quicken 
the operations of the farm, are in general use ; their value being 
$7,707,027, or an increase of two and a half millions of dollars in two 
years. 

The average of tl e more important crops are calculated from the 
census returns of 1863 and 1865 : 





SPRING 


WINT 'r 






POTA- 










OATS. 


CORN. 




RYE. 


FLAX. 




WHEAT 


WHEAT 






TOES. 






1863 


8 


15 


24 


37 


66 


12 


6 


1865 


9 


10 


30 


47 


65 


14 


6 



1863 
1865 



AGGREGATE. 



I CORN, BUSHELS. 



..63,883,916 
/. 48,471,133 



Decrease 15,412,773 



9^284^565. 




Increase . . 


. 489,244 



2,362,918 
2,730,811 



4 



STATE AGRICULTURAL REPORT. 



The processes of agriculture are too generally conducted in an 
impiric manner. There are but few who can assign a satisfactory 
reason for any particular method that is followed by good results. 
There is a lamentable lack of knowledge of agricultural chemistry 
in the daily operations of the farm. Work is done after a pre- 
scribed method, because the same succeeded once or twice before. 
But there seems to be a disposition on the part of many, to emerge 
from this routine practice and conduct a farm on the sure basis of 
science. Improved methods of tillage are not generally adopted. 
More light is required as to fertilizing, subsoiling, under-draining, 
surface draining, and on all the appliances and practices which 
force from the soil a more generous crop than can be obtained by 
methods deduced from experience only. It is truly gratifying to 
observe that a more liberal view of scientific farming is being taken 
by our people ; and the day is dawning when the prejudice against 
" book farming " shall be removed, and the agriculturist shall con- 
duct his pursuit with the accuracy and certainty of success, which 
attend all philosophical processes. 

Emigration to the State has received a new impetus; there are 
no data upon which to estimate the numbers who have sought a 
home within our limits. Its extent may be conjectured from the 
fact that lack of houses has been a source of very general com- 
plaint, not only in the cities and towns, but in the country. The 
demand for improved farms could be but partially supplied. So 
great was this scarcity, that, in some places, building associations 
have been organized, with capital to erect houses for sale or rent. 
Many cities, if they could have furnished houses for strangers, 
would have added greatly to their population and the wealth of the 
State. This demand, following the well established principles of 
trade, enhanced the price of property and improved lands, and 
dwellings have exchanged hands at unusual prices. In 1863 the 
population was 707,162; number of houses, 126,918. In 1865 the 
population was 763,736; number of dwellings, 128,410; showing 
an increase of 66,574 souls, and an increase of only 1,492 houses. 
In 1863 and 1864 but comparatively little lumber was brought 
down the Mississippi, owing to the low stage of -water. In 1865 
this embargo was removed, and the trade in lumber assumed mam- 
moth proportions, and it is believed that, could a census bo taken 
nowj it would reveal a large increase in the number of dwellings. 



STATE AGRICULTURAL REPORT. 







CATTLE. 

The report of the Commissioner of Agriculture states the whole 
number of cattle and oxen in 1861, at 7,^65,439, and, in 1805, at 
7,072,501, being a decrease of 892,8-18 ; 'of cows, in 1861, G,0GG,748, 
and, in 1805, 5,7G8,130, being a decrease of 298, Gl 8, or an aggre- 
gate decrease of 1,191,460 head. The State census of 18G3, give6 
the number of cattle, oxen and milch cows at 1,215,808 ; the return 
of 1805 shows the number to be 1,219,085, or an increase in two 
/ears, of 3,817. Thus, while the nation at large has suffered an 
immense loss by the demands of the war, and for other purposes, 
we still have made an actual increase. This single fact is full of 
encouragement to the stock-grower, and is an additional evidence 
of the entire adaptation of this country to stock-raising. The oc- 
casional importation of choice Durham and Devon stock, and the 
high prices which improved breeds of cattle bring, are cheering in- 
dications of the interest taken in this branch of farming. 

A virulant disease has attacked the herds in Russia, Great Brit- 
ain, and other parts of Europe. It is called the " Rinderpest," 
and has hitherto baffled the skill of the most eminent veterinary 
surgeons and stock-growers, and has been extremely fatal. It is 
doubtless both a contagious and infectious disease, and the people 
of Iowa should second the recent action of Congress, and insist 
that the importation of stock from Europe shall be absolutely pro- 
hibited during the prevalence of the malady. Prompt decision, 
energetic action now, may save our people the loss of millions of 
dollars, and entirely protect us from the effects of the plague, while 
a temporizing poli y may bring upon us all the disastrous conse- 
quences of a wide spread epidemic. 

The following table shows the exports of cattle in 1801 and 1805, 
through the sources named : 

1801. 1865. 

By the Burlington & Missouri River R. R., 35,220 31,063 

Mississippi " " 22,4-72 21,591 

Dubuque and Sioux City Railroad, 8,250 7,060 

. .". . .Chicago and .Northwestern Railway, 19,265 

Cedar Falls and Minnesota Railroad, 2,400 

HOGS. 

In no kind of farm stock has so much improvement been made. 



6 



STATE AGRICULTURAL REPORT. 



The Magee, Chester White, Suffolk, Poland, and perhaps other 
breeds have been introduced, to the manifest improvement of the 
general stock. There are but few localities which do not boast of 
some blooded swine. In this shape, the vast crops of corn are 
readily brought to market, and form a principal source of revenue 
to the people of the State. The whole number in the U. S. in 
1864 was 16,148,712; and in 1865, 13,670,887, showing a decrease 
of 3,077,825. In Iowa, in 1863, by State Census, there were 
1,743,865, and in 1865, there are returned 1,037,117, being a de- 
crease of 706,748. The hog cholera, so called, has. been very 
destructive in some localities. As yet there is no remedy for this 
disease, because it is believed there is no adequate knowledge of its 
essential nature. Multitudes of people have been victimized by 
purchasing secret or patent receipts for its cure ; and opinions are 
extremely conflicting as to the proper treatment. The recommen- 
dation of stone coal bountifully, as a preventive, has many advo- 
cates. In order to arrive at a rational plan of treatment, investiga- 
tions should be made, even at a considerable outlay of money, if it 
were necessary, to determine the precise conditions of system which 
belong to the distemper. In this way only can a preventive and 
cure be discovered. 

EXPORTS OF HOGS FOR 1864-5. 

1864. 1865. 

Burlington & Missouri Eiver E. E., 148,246 45,442 

Mississippi & Missouri E. E., 84,600 44,220 

Dubuque & S. O. & W. E. E., 26,715 18,480 

Chicago & JST. W. Railway, 41,341 

Cedar Falls & Minnesota E. E., 2,220 

SHEEP. 

Since the report of 1864, to the Governor, this interest has been 
steadily and rapidly growing in importance and value. In 1863 
the number of sheep w as 509,938, and the number of pounds of 
wool shorn in 1862, 1,429,209. In 1864, there were 1,000,541 
sheep, and the clip reached 2,813,620 pounds, or nearly double the 
return of two years ago. Coupled with this gratifying increase, is 
the fact, also gratifying, that wool-growers find it remunerative to 
pay high prices for line wool sheep. The interest is also magnified 



STATE AGRICULTURAL REPORT. 



7 



in the active working of a Wool-Growers' Association, and the 
entire success of a sheep-shearing festival, in the summer of 1864. 
Spanish Merinoes are most highly esteemed, and when satisfac- 
tory evidences are produced of the genuineness of the pedigree, as 
having been grown by some well known and responsible breeder, 
fabulous prices have been paid, and growers contemplate with 
pride the fleece and the flock. Diseases have not been reported to 
any extent. In one county, some flocks of diseased sheep were in- 
troduced from a neighboring State, which infected the flocks 
already on hand, and many died. The severest penalties of our 
excellent law, should be visited upon the guilty sellers ; and a les- 
son should be taught these dishonest men, which would forever 
deter any from the commission of so grave an offense as the sale of 
diseased stock. 

With the rapid increase of sheep, there has sprung up a pressing 
necessity for mills and machinery to convert the wool into fabrics 
for family use. Hence in many places already have been erected 
commodious woolen factories, and many counties consume the bulk 
of the product of wool, in manufacturing cloths and woolens. At 
no period in our existence as a State has so much wearing apparel 
been made at home, as in the year just closed. The Census of 
1863 returns under the somewhat indefinite headings " Value of 
domestic Manufactures " and " Value of general Manufactures," 
$3,919, 881 worth; in 1865, under the still more unmeaning head- 
ing, "Value of Manufactures," $7,100,165. The large propor- 
tion of this sum, doubtless embraces fabrics of linen and woolen 
goods made in factories or in families ; in any event it matters little 
how many items Inay be embraced in the title "Manufactures;" 
the increase of value is a record of which all may boast. Many 
counties express the need of factories which will give employment 
to many persons and enable them to clothe themselves, independ- 
ent of the extortion of railroads and monopoly of manufactures 
of the Eastern States. Here water power is abundant, every fa- 
cility seems naturally afforded for the manufacture of woolen fab- 
rics ; yet capital is wanting to turn all these elements to good 
account. 

An instructive lesson may be learned from the fact, that there 
were returned in 1861, 86,060 dogs, and since no general epidemic- 
has prevailed among them, it is safe to conclude that the number, 



8 



STATE AGRICULTURAL RETORT. 



at present, greatly exceeds the returns. The value of sheep des- 
troyed by wolves and dogs the same year, is. $126,148, and since 
sheep have increased and there is no evidence of failure of the 
canine appetite for mutton, it is not extravagant to imagine, that 
the value of sheep destroyed in 18G5 has by no means been les- 
sened. A tax of one dollar per head on dogs, would raise a rev- 
enue sufficient to pay all the annual appropriations to agricultural 
societies, and in a very few years, would build an Agricultural 
College, endow it with professorships, stock an experimental farm, 
purchase a chemical laboratory, found a museum of Natural His- 
tory, and prepare the way for the education of hundreds of youths. 
The total amount of appropriations for all the agricultural societies 
in Iowa, including the publication of the annual volume of the 
State Society in 1865, is only $8,215, and for the College Farm 
$50,000 for two years just closed, making in all $58,215. This 
entire sum, which all agree is a most wholesome and judicious 
expenditure, is not half the amount of value of sheep destroyed 
in a single year. 

The following tables indicate the imports and exports of sheep, 



through the avenues named, for the years 1863, 1864 and 1865 : 

Exports. Imports. 

Burlington & Missouri Eiver E. K., 1863, 5,611 17,948 

Mississippi & Missouri E. E., " 678 36,620 

C. I. & N. & C. E. & M. E. E., « 15,540 

Burlington & Missouri Eiver E. E., 1864, 9,598 47,159 

Mississippi & Missouri E. E., ' " 5,760 51,360 

Chicago & North-Western Eailway, " 36,000 

McGregor Ferry, " 25,000 

•Burlington & Missouri Eiver E. E., 1865, 11,342 9,521 

Mississippi & Missouri E. E., " 3,201 3,033 

Chicago & North-Western E. E., " 6,212 20,562 



Total :.. 42,402 262,743 

Aggregates. Exports. Imports. 

1863 6,289 70,108 

1864 16,585 159,519 

1865 20,755 33,116 



In 1863 the proportion of exports to imports was one in over 
eleven ; in 1864 as one in about ten, and in 1865 as one in about 
one and a half. 



STATE AGRICULTURAL REPORT. 
CORN. 



9 



The corn crop of the United States, in 18(53, was 451,967,959 
bushels; in 1861, 530,581,103 bushels; in 18G5, 701,127,853 bush- 
els. In Iowa, in 1803, the number of acres was 1,733,503, yielding 
63,883,911 bushels, or an average of a little less than 37 bushels 
per acre. In 1861, as returned by State Census of 1865, there 
were 1,727,777 acres, yielding 48.171,133 bushels, or an average of 
a little more than 29 bushels per acre. It is believed that the crop 
of 1865 will average not less than forty bushels per acre; the 
favorable seasons for planting, cultivating and gathering all con- 
spiring to increase the quantity, and moreover greatly to improve 
the quality. Estimating the same surface as 186*1, being a decrease 
of 5726 acres, compared to 1863, the crop will reach 69,100,080 
bushels or an increase of over six millions of bushels over 1863. 
In other words Iowa produced about one tenth of the entire corn 
crop of the United States. A very inconsiderable quantity is ex- 
ported in bulk, the large proportion finding its way to market, fed 
to cattle and hogs. 

Nearly all the counties deplore the loose' and careless manner of 
raising the corn crop. The plowing is condemned as being too 
shallow, and the sum total of the cultivation as being the embodi- 
ment of the idea of covering as much ground as possible, with as 
little labor and expenditure of care as are consistent with a yield 
of from 30 to 50 bushels per acre. Evidences are abundant that, 
with careful tillage, one hundred, and up to one hundred and sixty 
bushels have been produced from an acre, and there is no substan- 
tial reason why the general average should not be greatly increased. 
The present method is exhaustive to the soil, and can hardly fail, 
in a few years, of producing disastrous results. The experience of 
the older States, and in part of our own, should warn the agricul- 
turist to feed the soil as he draws nourishment from it, by all the 
appliances of modern culture. Corn is, and must, for many years 
to come, remain the principal source of revenue of our people ; and 
a wise determination should be taken and followed, to harvest the 
greatest number of bushels from the smallest breadth of land, that 
the soil, labor, care and every other expenditure, shall be sedu- 
lously economized, 
o 



10 



STATE AGRICULTURAL REPORT. 



SORGHUM. 

In 1858 there were 5,606 acres, yielding 416,776 gallons. 
In 1859 " " 26,866 " « 1,993,474 " 
In 1862 ■* " 36,607 " " 3,012,396 a 
In 1864 « " 21,452 " ■" 1,443,605 " 

The product of sugar in 1862, was 21,469 pounds. 1 

" " " 1864, was 8,386 « 

It is entirely safe to place the quantity of syrup made in 1865, 
at 4,000,000 of gallons, or the largest that has been produced in the 
State. The magnificent weather, during the greater part of Octo- 
ber, gave the farmers an unusually favorable opportunity to " work 
up" the cane ; and the quality of the syrup is unsurpassed. More 
than thirty counties have reported, and most agree that the quan- 
tity produced will supply the home demand, and in some instances, 
will afford a surplus for exportation. New and improved mills 
have been introduced that have expressed a greater amount of 
juice from the stock than could be done by the old-fashioned wooden 
mills, thus increasing the average yield per acre, and, the method 
of manufacture being better understood, a greatly superior quality 
of syrup has been obtained. The importance of having the pans, 
evaporator and furnaces, full, and all the requisite appliances in 
readiness for completing the working of the crop, is thoroughly 
appreciated. There is no case of failure, and no cause of dissatis- 
faction reported. 

The principle difficulty in the cultivation of cane is its mixing 
with broom-corn and other crops ; yet this is not without remedy. 
The average price of i superior quality of syrup is about fifty 
cents per gallon. This crop has become a necessity to the State, 
and could be, by no means, dispensed with. All the methods hith- 
erto to make a merchantable sugar have failed. Small quantities 
have been returned, the result rather of accident than of design or 
well conceived operation. Yery many patent processes have been 
offered to the people ; the results are far from gratifying. It is 
believed that sugar can be made from Sorghum, and in remunera- 
tive quantities. As yet the process has not been discovered. The 
average per acre, of syrup, is but seventy-six gallons. With im- 
proved machinery, and other advantages, this quantity could be 
readily doubled. Even at the moderate average, it is a highly re- 



STATE AGRICULTURAL REPORT. 



11 



munerative crop. The scarcity of labor at the season when it must 
be worked, is a great obstacle ; and many acres annually go to 
waste because help cannot be found to gather the crop. The dis- 
couragements of a year ago also turned to brilliant hopes, and the 
Sorghum promises to become, not only a substitute for imported 
syrups and sugars, but a source of wealth, by the exportation of 
large quantities of both. 

HAY AND TAME GRASSES. 

Appended to this report will' be found the report of the Stand- 
ing Committee of the Board on Tame Grasses. There were, in 
1864, 340,793 acres of grass, yielding 289,047 tons, or less than one 
ton per acre. To this let there be added 713,119 tons of prairie 
hay, and the product is 1,002,106 tons ; estimated at an average of 
$4.00 per ton, the product is worth $4,008,661, or quite one-half 
the value of the entire crop of wheat, estimating the latter at $1.00 
per bushel. The introduction of large numbers of sheep, the 
greatly increasing interest in the matter of cattle raising, and. the 
indisputable proofs of the adaptability of our prairies for grazing 
purposes, have created a demand that the broad acres should be 
converted into meadows and pastures ; and a decided impetus has 
been given to this branch of husbandry. Since 1863, there has 
been an increase of 68,712 acres of tame grasses. 

WHEAT. 

The number of acres in 1862 was 1,149,836, yielding 8,795,321 
bushels. In 1864 the number of acres was 944,453, or a decrease 
of the surface sovvn of 185,384 acres. The yield was 8,003,271, a 
decrease of 792,050 bushels, yet showing an average increase of 
over one bushel to the acre. The crop of 1865 is greatly deficient 
in quality, most of it having been impaired by the continuous wet 
weather that prevailed in harvest. An enemy called by many 
writers " the scab," has greatly damaged the crop in many locali- 
ties, and not only reduced the number of bushels, but sadly . deteri- 
orated the quality of the grain. No new varieties have been in- 
troduced to any considerable extent, neither have the experiences 
of the past year developed anything peculiar to the cultivation of 
the crop. 



12 



STATE AGRICULTURAL REPORT. 



COUNTY AND DISTRICT AGRICULTURAL SOCIETIES. 

Thirty County and District Agricultural Societies have made 
reports to the State Society for JL865. ' Early in September, a com- 
prehensive circular (a copy of which is hereto appended,) was sent 
to every county of the State, with a view of obtaining a lull report 
of the agricultural condition, in which no part of our domain should 
be unrepresented. But very few persons were sufficiently inter- 
ested to make a report, in counties in wbich no Fair was held. 
Again, the law— Chapter 109, Laws 10th General Assembly— ex- 
cludes from the benefit of the State appropriation those County 
Societies whose receipts, exclusive of donations an^l appropriations 
in aid of purchasing or fitting up Fair Grounds, and of the money 
received from the State, the sum of $500, and thus, this Society is 
deprived of a report from the most populous and wealthy county 
of the State. There are reported, as members of the different 
agricultural associations of Iowa, but 7,143 persons. The receipts 
of the several agricultural exhibitions reach $15,275.80. The 
amount paid out in premiums will perhaps exceed this latter sum. 
There can be but one opinion as to the benefit of these agricultural 
meetings. They afford opportunity for an interchange of senti- 
ment; for the examination of newly introduced implements and of 
improved stock ; and present at a glance the average industry, skill, 
and thrift of the people/ The Legislature should remove the re- 
striction limiting its aid only to County and District Agricultural 
Societies whose receipts do not exceed $500. The appropriations 
for agriculture were sufficiently meagre, in comparison with other 
interests; and inster.- of curtailing them, let that body follow the 
teachings of retrenchment and reform in public expenditures, in 
other directions, that can be sacrificed with infinitely less damage 
to the State. 

THE STATE FAIR OF 18G3 

Was, perhaps, the most successful, in all particulars, of any ever 
held in the State. The beautiful grounds of the Des Moines Co. 
Agricultural Society, comprising thirty acres, were fitted up with 
stalls, halls, track, water, &c 3 &c, the local Committee exhibiting 
a general willingness to make arrangements commensurate with 
the wants of the Society. The management of the Fair was en- 
tirely satisfactory to the thousands of visitors and exhibitors who 



STATE AGRICULTURAL REPORT. 



IS 



were present. It may also be recorded, as illustrative of the moral 
character of our people, that there was no instance of disorderly 
conduct, to warrant any special police interference during the en- 
tire exhibition. 

The following tables indicate the entries in the different classes, 
for the years specified ; also the receipts for each year: 



ENTRIES. 



1856 1857 1858 1859 180 



1864 1865 



Cattle. 

Horses 

Mules 

Sheep 

Swine 

Agricultural Implements. 

Farm Products 

Other Classes 



145 
182 
14 
22 
27 
113 
106 
247 



Totals I 950 1129 1044 1269 1107 



169 
196 
13 
10 
19 
SO 
192 
444 



146 
179 

30 
33 
26^ 
25 
130 
475 



125 
156 
24 
37 
38 
26 
190 
673 



84 
129 
28 
78 
47 
126 
128 
487 



74 
150 

25 
107 

52 
181 
100 
303 



67 
217 

23 
77 
40 
221 
151 
480 



992 1276 



The large increase in the numbers of agricultural implements, 
and different kinds of farm machinery, is a very gratifying result. 
The decrease in the numbers of entries of sheep, is from no failure 
of the interest in that direction, but because large numhers were 
excluded from competition, the owners not being able to present 
evidences of pedigree, weight of fleece, ecc, and other require- 
ments of the Society. 

The receipts at the Fairs for nine years past are found in the 
annexed table : 



1856 


i857| ins 


1859 


1860 


1862 


1863 


1864 


1865 


$3,062 


mmi i 

3059! 2843.50 


2116 


3726.50 


3576 


4454 25 


7877.82 





THE NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL FAIR OF 18G6. 

The attention of the Board is respectfully called to the late ac- 
tion of the Kentucky State Agricultural Society. They affirm that 
"tlie individual interests of the country demand that a National 
Fair be held in the fall of 1866, that the central position of Ken- 
tucky, &c, renders it desirable that the Fair should be held in their 
State; they earnestly and cordially invite the Agricultural Socie- 



14 



STATE AGRICULTURAL REPORT. 



ties of all the States and Territories of the Union to co-operate 
with them in this great and patriotic movement, so vital to the in- 
dustrial interest of the nation, &c." It is recommended that im- 
mediate steps be taken to second the action of Kentucky, and to 
have the products of Iowa fairly represented at the National Exhi- 
bition ; also, this Society should send a proper person as its dele- 
gate, to look after the interests of Iowa exhibitors, and to make a 
full report of every department of the Fair. 

THE FRENCH UNIVERSAL EXPOSITION OF 1867. 

The French Nation has determined to have an exhibition of the 
industry of all Nations, to be open at Paris, April 1st, 18G7, and 
to close October 31st, 1867. J. C. Derby, No. 5 Spruce St., N. Y., 
has been appointed United States Agent. All applications for 
space in the building, of which thirty thousand feet have been as- 
signed the United States, or for ground in the park surrounding it, 
must be made through him, on printed blanks which have been 
widely distributed for that purpose. The United States, as here- 
tofore, will not be behind other countries in the display of products 
of art and industry, and our State should, of her vast resources, 
and abundance, exhibit in friendly competition with the Nations 
of the earth. It is thought that Congress will provide for the free 
transportation of all accepted articles, from New York to Paris and 
return. Iowa, in connection with a just representation of certain 
classes of her industry, should have an authorized agent at Paris, 
during the Exposition, to make a full report to the people, and es- 
pecially to report on those matters which may appear of peculiar 
use and benefit to < "ir agriculture. Such a report, showing partic- 
ularly the inventions and appliances, the discoveries and the im- 
provements best adapted to the wants of this people, would more 
than repay all the outlay incurred in such agency. It is submitted 
that the Legislature should appropriate a sufficient sum of money, 
to be placed under the control of the Executive Committee of the 
Iowa State Agricultural Society, who, with the consent of the Gov- 
ernor, should appoint a suitable person to represent Iowa at the 
National Exposition. 

STATISTICS FROM RAILROAD COMPANIES. 

The Board congratulate themselves upon the success which has 



STATE AGRICULTURAL REPORT. 



15 



attended their efforts to collect reliable statistical information from 
the great avenues of commerce, which form an important element 
in the material prosperity of Iowa, and they take this opportunity 
to thank the officers of the different Railroad Companies for their 
kindness and courtesy. The publication of these statistical tables, 
commenced three years ago, has received the approbation of agri- 
culturists, and many persons interested in the development of the 
great North-West, have expressed a desire that the same should be 
continued. The tables herewith presented afford a nattering pic- 
ture of our trade and commerce, and illustrate, better than any other 
way, the vast resources of our people. 

Respectfully submitted by V 

J. M. SHAFFER, Secretary, 
Fairfield, Iowa, January 8tii, 1865. 



IOWA SOLDIEHS' ORPHANS' HOME. 



To the General Assembly of the State of Iowa: 

Your Joint Committee, appointed to visit the " Iowa Soldiers' 
Orphans' Home," beg leave to report the following : 

That on the 13th and 14th of February, 1866, they visited the 
Home, or a branch of the same, situated at Cedar Falls, in Black 
Hawk county, on the Dubuque and Sioux City Railroad, one hun- 
dred miles west of Dubuque. 

This branch of the Institution was commenced on the 28th 
September, 1865, with live soldiers' orphan children, and has con- 
** tinued to increase and prosper to this time, and now has under its 
care one hundred and two such orphans, from the following named 
counties : 

Benton, 13 ; Black Hawk, 20 ; Butler, 9 ; Clayton, 19 ; Cerro 
Gordo, 2; Delaware, 8; Dubuque, 4; Floyd, 3 ; Franklin, 9 ; 
Fayette, 4; Hardin, 3; Jackson, 4 ; Marshall, 3 ; Mahaska, 2; 
Pottawattamie, 1; County not known, 5. Total, 109. 

This branch is under the management of Arthur Morrison, as 
Superintendent, and Mrs. E. G. Piatt, as Matron; besides these, 
there are one male and nine female employees. Of these,. the pay- 
is now, Superintendent, per month, $83^ — $1000 per year ; Mat- 
ron, per month, $50 ; Steward, per month, $20 ; First teacher, per 
month, $20 ; Music teacher, per month, $20 ; Seamstress, per 
month, $14 ; two employees, each $12 per month, $24 ; four em- 
ployees, each $10 per month, $40. Whole amount for employees, 
$271£ per month, or the gross amount of $3,256 per year. The 
gross expenditures of this branch for the month of January, 1866, 
was $872.33, on an average of about ninety orphans, which is at 
the rate of a little over $100 per head, per year. 

The building occupied by this Home was originally built a/nd 
used as a hotel ; the front part is built of brick, 30 k 62 feet, three 



(2) 

stories, with two projections from the rear, 28 x 40 feet, two stories, 
and built of wood. This building is upon Main street, in the city 
of Cedar Falls, upon a plat of ground 8 « 16 rods, extending in the 
rear of the building. There is upon this plat of ground another 
brick building 32x40 feet, two stories high, not now occupied by 
the Home, but will be. These premises are all now rented by the 
Home corporation for the term of three years, for $1,100, seven 
hundred of which may be expended on the premises, in repairs 
and improvements, and about two years' rent is already paid in 
this manner. This building is not the most conveniently arranged 
for this purpose, nevertheless it serves a -good purpose. Many of 
the rooms are furnished in a good, plain, comfortable manner, by 
the Ladies' Aid Societies of Black Hawk and surrounding counties. 
Others are furnished equally well by the Institution, much of the 
furniture, particularly the beds and bedding, being that once be- 
longing to the Government, and donated in part to the Home for 
this purpose. This branch 4*an accommodate, when the building 
and rooms are all prepared and furnished, about 150 children. It 
is the rule of this Home to receive orphans from two to sixteen 
years of age, though this rule is frequently varied, in those cases 
where the child has lost both parents. The children at this Home 
will compare favorably with an equal number of children gathered 
promiscuously anywhere. They are all plainly but comfortably 
clad, and in appearance are bright and cheerful, and happy. We 
found none sick, and there have been no deaths at this Home. We 
believe this institution is well conducted, and very successful. We 
find among the citizens of Cedar Falls a very friendly and sym- 
pathetic feeling towai 1 this branch of the Home, and an earnest 
desire that it may be continued and supported at that place. Con- 
stant applications are coming in for places, and from the best in- 
formation we can gather, the institution will be filled to its utmost 
capacity in six months to come. There is an excellent school con- 
nected with this institution, conducted by a teacher with whom one 
of your committee has been personally acquainted for the last five 
years, and knows her to be superior in this capacity. All children 
that are old enough are required to attend school, and on the Sab- 
bath, the Sabbath School, and Church. They are allowed to attend 
the Church where the parent or guardian prefers. 

Yovfr Committee further report that on the 20th and 21st of Feb- 



(3) 



rnary, they visted the Home at Davenport, in Scott county. This 
Home embraces what was formerly Camp Kinsman, with all its 
buildings, and thirty-three and one-half acres of ground. The 
buildings are situated in the form of a hollow square. AVhat was 
the officers' head-quarters, upon the east side of the square, is oc- 
cupied and used by the Superintendent, and some other officers of 
the Institution,, and for store-rooms. At the right and left of this, 
across the north and south sides of the square, are eighteen build- 
ings now called cottages, and occupied by the children. Since 
the camp has been occupied as a Home, the cottage buildings have 
been partitioned, and lathed and plastered, and are now very com- 
fortable. Each of thirteen of these cotfages is occupied with about 
28 children, and a cottage manager. They are nearly uniform in 
their arrangement inside, having a sitting room with tire; a bed- 
room for manager; a clothes press for their garments, and one 
large sleeping room ; some are occupied by boys, others by girls 
exclusively. These buildings are all built ot good pine lumber, 
with first quality pine shingle roof on each. On the west side of 
the square are situated 21 well-built and capacious buildings, for- 
merly used as stables, not now in use at all, but may be renovated 
and fitted up as cottages, should occasion ever require. In the 
south-west of the square is the spacious room, formerly a drill - 
room, "fifty by one hundred feet, now litted up, finished and fur- 
nished as a dining hall,. supplied with seventy-live tables and other 
suitable furniture, where all the children and managers together 
take their meals ; and following in the rear and outside of this hall 
is an extensive kitchen and kitchen arrangements, and a complete 
bakery; and iVHher on, a laundry, a drying room, and an ironing 
room, all connected and well arranged. In the south-east of this 
village of cottages and other buildings, at a. distance of from twenty 
to thirty rods are four good and well-iitted school rooms, in one 
building, with schools in operation under competent and experi- 
enced teachers. 

There are now at this Home $34 soldiers' orphans. Of these, 
38 are over 13 years of age, and 63 between 10 and i:\ years; the 
remainder under 10 years. 

These children are from various counties, as follows: Appa- 
noose, 16 ; Boone, 4; Clinton, 13; Muscatine, 22; Clarke, .'*; Car- 
roll, 3 ; Dallas, 3 ; Des ?yioines, Z ; Decatur, 8 ; Davis, 18 ; Fayette 



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3; Clayton, 1; Greene, 2; Henry, 11 ; Jones, 15; Johnson, 11 ; 
Jasper, 20 ; Jackson, 6 ; Jefferson, 12 ; Keokuk, 6 ; Lee, 7 ; Linn, 
17 ; Louisa, 1 ; Mahaska, 11 ; Madison, 2 ; Marion, 11 ; Monroe, 
4 ; Polk, 30 ; Pottawattamie, 1 ; Powesheik, 6 ; Scott, 6 ; Story, 1 ; 
Union, 4 ; Van Buren, 5 ; Wapello, 9 ; Warren, 2 ; Washington, 4 ; 
Wayne, 11. From fifteen to twenty have been received since this 
report was made by counties, and the number is constantly in- 
creasing. 

This institution is now under the management of Bufus Hub- 
bard, as Superintendent, and Mrs. L. B. Ely, as Matron, and forty 
other employees, with pay as follows : Superintendent, per month, 
$100 ; Matron, per month, $50 ; one teacher, per month, $25 ; three 
teachers, $20 per month each, $60 ; fourteen cottage-managers, $20 
per month each, $280 ; one seamstress, per month, $25 ; two seam- 
stresses, $12 per month each, $24 ; one in linen room, per month, 
$15 ; six in laundry, $12^ per month each, $72; one baker, per 
month, $50 ; one chief-cook, per month, $50 ; two cooks, $12 per 
month each, $24 ; two dish-washers, $12 per month each, $24 ; one 
in dining-room, per month, $12; one commissary, per month, $20; 
one water-man, &c, per month, $20; one tire-man, &c, per month, 
$30 ; five extra help, $12 per month each, $60. Whole expense 
for help, $973 per month ; whole expense for help, $11,676 per 
year, at present rates. 

Your committee found many of the inmates of this institution 
suffering from measles, of which there were reported 130 cases ; 
that the item of extra help is on this account. This disease has 
passed entirely through this institution, and nearly all are now con- 
valescent. At the time your committee were visiting, four cases 
only had proved fatal , these children are said to have been weakly 
and sickly when they came to the Home. This is a much smaller 
percentage of deaths than occurs from this disease outside of the 
institution, as reported by the physician. Aside from measles we 
report no cases of sickness. The best of care and the kindest at- 
tentions are bestowad by all concerned, on these suffering children. 
The citizens of Davenport deserve commendation for their kindness 
in volunteering to nurse the sick. This Home property is now esti- 
mated at $85,353 ; of this amount $1,211 was paid for the land; 
$10,54*2 for improvements; the balance was donated by the Govern- 
ment, by joint resolution of Congress ; of this we are assured by 



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correspondence of Hon. Hiram Price; the land was deeded in fee 
to the Association by private individuals, and properly evidenced 
by title deeds and records. 

The removal of this Home from Farmington late in the fall and 
early part of winter, and fitting up of this place was attended with 
extraordinary expenses, which will not again occur. 

The capacity of this institution may be extended to about one 
thousand children by fitting up all the buildings now on the prem- 
ises. Applications are quite frequent for places for orphans at this 
institution, and it is estimated by your committee that in the course 
of this year the number at this institution will reach at least 450 
or 500 orphans, and here, as at Cedar Falls, it is estimated that 
$100 per head per annum, is as small an amount as will feed, 
clothe, and educate each child. On this estimate they will have 
at both these institntions^within the next year 600 orphan chil- 
dren, at an estimated expense of $00,000 or $65,000. 

The available means, as reported, of the corporation is about 
$37,-1:00 in (Tovernment bonds, and about $40,000 on subscriptions; 
this they hope to collect, and in cash $2,2*23. Additional sub- 
scriptions and donations are now very difticult to obtain, and 
as a private enterprise, this institution cannot be maintained much, 
if any, to exceed another year; tire question then arises, shall the 
institution be suffered to go down ? 

Your committee beg leave to say, that as a general rule, they 
have found the institution well and systematically managed ; that 
these orphans are cheerlul, happy, and contented, and on this point 
your committee made especial inquiry and investigation ; that all 
those who are old enough and able, are required to assist in the 
work of the institution ; that they are all required to attend day 
schools, Sabbath schools, and religious service ;* that in the opin- 
ion of your c mimittee, the great majority of these children are better 
cared for, and are uuder better influences than ever before, or than 
they would be again were they turned out upon the world ; that as 
they are the children of those who saved us and our country, it is our 
privilege and duty, and ought to be our pleasure, to save them from 
sin, from ignorance, and from vice, and make them the brightest 
ornaments of society, and to this end we believe the State should 



* The four school rooms at this Home are so arranged that on the Sabbath they 
can be opened into one room, where religious services are held. 



lend a helping hand, that this noble institution should not now he 
suffered to fall into decay, but that the whole property of the State 
• should be taxed in some judicious manner for its support. 

Your committee would further report that they find the " Soldiers' 
Orphans' Home," under the control of a private corporation, styled 
the "Iowa Soldiers' Orphans' Home," of which the following are 
the officers : 

President— Hon. C. C. Cole. 

Vice Presidents — Hon. R. P. Lowe, Hon. J. A. Parvin, Hon. 
William Yandever, Mrs. J. Meyer, Hon. J. W. Cattell, Hon. P. 
Melendy. 

Corresponding Secretary and Gen'l Agent — Rev. P. P. Ingalls. 
Recording Secretary — Mary Kibben. 
Treasurer — B. F. Allen. 

Board of Trustees, lst^JDist. — Mrs. C. B. Darwin, Mrs. Annie 
Wittenmyer. 

2d Dist.— Hon. Hiram Price, Mrs. L. B. Stevens. 

3d Dist.— Hon. J. A. Elliott, Hon. Z. I). Scoby. 

4-th Dist.— Hon. J. R. Needham, Mrs. N. II. Brain ard. 

5th Dist,— Hon. James Wright, Hon. T. II. Benton. 

6th Dist. — Hon. G. M. Woodbury, Hon. Isaac Pendleton. 

With this report, we submit a copy of the Articles of Incorpora- 
tion, and its by-laws, for the information of the General Assembly 
on the subjects contained in the same. 

At the last meeting of shis association, a committee was appointed, 
consisting of the Judges of the Supreme Court, and Judge Wood- 
ward, to confer with this General Assembly on the subject of State 
appropriations for the benefit of the Home, and we are assured by 
said committee that the association will accede, on their part, to all 
reasonable requirements of the Legislature, in regard to the man- 
agement of the funds, or the conduct of the association, should 
they see proper to make an appropriation ; that they will be wil- 
ling to concede to the State the choice of a majority of managing 
officers of the association. And your committee are assured that 
no benefits accruing from any legislation on the part of the State, 
is sought tor, or expected, on the part oi the association, unless 
they^shall comply with all the requirements and conditions that 
may be imposed. Your committee would suggest that, should an 
appropriation be made, it be accompanied with a proviso that the 



(?) 



eame bo not used until such association shall accept, formally and 
officially, of the conditions imposed; and in this manner we may 
be assured of the proper application of the funds. The officers of 
the association report to your committee that about $132,000 has 
been subscribed for the purposes of this institution, and that there 
has been paid on such subscription the sum of eighty thousand dol- 
lars. The moneys for this association have been received by the 
General Agent, P. P. Ingalls, B. F. Allen, Treasurer, and by local 
Co. Treasurers in those counties where such societies have been 
organized. 

The Treasurer is now absent from the State, and your Commit- 
tee. are unable to ascertain and report the exact condition of the 
finances. Some moneys are yet in hands of County Treasurers, 
and we are not able to ascertain this amount. All of these officers 
are reported to have given approved securit}', as provided by the 
association. The General Agent gives bonds in the amount of 
$5,000 ; the Treasurer in the sum of $50,000 ; local agents, such 
bond as is required by local associations. These bonds are all 
conditioned for the faithful application of the fund collected for 
the purposes of the Orphans' Rome. The Treasurer receipts for 
all moneys received by him, and pays out the same on the order ot 
the President, countersigned by the Secretary. To the Superin- 
tendent of the Home money is paid, on presentation of estimates 
approved by a visiting committee, vouchers for all meneys. expend- 
ed are taken and filed in the office of the Secretary. The Superin- 
tendent is under bonds for the faithful application of all moneys 
and property in his hands ; this bond is in the sum of $2,000, which, 
in the judgment it your Committee, is insufficient. We are as- 
sured, however, that measures are taken to raise the same to the 
sum of h* ve thousand dollars. The President, Trustees, Executive 
Committee, and Kecording Secretary of the Association, are all 
without compensation. The only officer of the Association receiv- 
ing pay is the General Agent and Corresponding Secretary. This 
officer informs your Committee that his expenses of travel and 
correspondence have been paid, and that the amount of his salary 
is to be determined by the Trustees. No amount has ever been 
lixeg^; he only claims what is reasonable and just in the judgment 
of the Trustees. 

Ypur Committee are clearly of the opinion that the " Iowa 



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Soldiers' Orphans' Home " is in good hands, and that it has been 
well and economically managed ; and that its originators are its 
present managers, and they have prove themselves among the 
dearest and truest friends of humanity, and have enshrined their 
memories in the hearts of all the trute friends of the soldiers 
throughout our State. 

Your Committee are decidedly of the opinion that this institu- 
tion should be sustained, and that the States should render assis- 
tance. 

All of which is respectfully submitted without further recom- 
mendation. 

L. W. HART, 
A. M. LARIMER, 
R. M. BURNETT, 
II. M. THOMSON. 



ROM r 



5990H